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GIS and Public Health

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					GIS AND PUBLIC HEALTH
Jeff Jones, PhD, UK College of Public Health
Overview
What is public health?

How are public health researchers applying GIS?

How are public health practitioners applying GIS?
What Is Public Health?
Medicine = treating an individual who usually is
 already ill or dealing with a chronic condition

Public Health = intervening with a population to
 prevent negative health outcomes or promote positive
 health

Sanitation  Food Safety  CDC  Health Systems
  Immunizations  Health Administration 
Health Surveillance Systems 
 Emergency Preparedness
The Beginnings of Public Health

In the 1840s Dr.
John Snow, a
London
physician,
tracked
cholera deaths
in the Soho
neighborhood
to shared use
of a
contaminated
pump. Today
we view him as
the father of
epidemiology.
UK College of Public Health
Offers graduate degrees (MPH, MHA, PhD, and
 DrPH)

Biostatistics
Epidemiology
Gerontology
Health Behavior
Health Services Management
Preventative Medicine and Environmental Health
Public Health Research and GIS
Public health researchers use GIS in a variety of
 ways including:

  Basic locator maps for presentations
  Spatial analysis of disease clusters
  Increasing efficient linkage of patients to care facilities
  Assigning clinical staff to clinics in the most efficient
   manner possible
  Linking health outcomes to environmental factors
  Modeling emergency preparedness
Public Health Practice and GIS
Kentucky public health agencies regularly use GIS
 to show disease rates, service areas, and other
 data suitable for spatial presentation.

Some agencies use GIS to help them evaluate
 programming and other needs.

A number of public health websites now present
 data for states or counties in map formats.
Lead Abatement
The Kentucky Department for Public Health has
 done some innovative work tracking housing units in
 Louisville linked to repeated lead exposure in
 children.
The Future of GIS in Public Health
Currently GIS’ capabilities are not fully utilized in
 public health. GIS is primarily used to produce
 static maps rather than for spatial analysis or for
 interactive use.

GIS would likely be more widely used if ESRI
 offered a simpler version for basic mapping.
Thank You
Jeff Jones, PhD
UK College of Public Health
Jeff.Jones@uky.edu

				
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posted:6/4/2014
language:English
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