THE TUDOR CONSORT Director: Simon Ravens sing JOHN SHEPPARD – MISSA CANTATE in a liturgical reconstruction of the Third Mass of Christmas as it might have been celebrated in the Chapel Royal in 1555. Wellington Cathedral, Sunday 4 March at 8.00pm John Sheppard was, along with Thomas Tallis, the greatest English composer whose career spanned the Reformation of the mid-16th century. But unlike his better-known contemporary, Sheppard wrote relatively little music for the new English order of service. Through his English anthems and service music Tallis‟s name has lived on through the centuries, and curiosity fuelled by these works led to a remarkable revival of interest in his Latin music – almost all of which had vanished from the repertory – in the early part of this century. Sheppard, on the other hand, whose music was almost entirely for the Latin rite, vanished totally from the repertory until the pioneering work of David Wulstan in the 1960s. Since then Sheppard has gradually gained parity with not just Tallis, but also with the leading continental composers of the time. The exuberant Cantate Mass is set for six voices. Although it may or may not be an early work, its variety of full and reduced voice textures certainly place it firmly in the tradition of the Eton Choirbook composers of the late fifteenth and early sixteenth centuries. Tonight‟s performance involves too many compromises – for performers and listeners alike – for it to be regarded as “authentic”. Our lack of familiarity with the idioms of a late medieval church service would alone make such an experience impossible. However, whilst we might find it difficult to wholly sympathise with the workings of the Medieval mind, by placing a work such as the Missa Cantate in something of its original context we may at least hope to empathise both with Sheppard, and with his original singers and listeners. TRANSLATION OF THE TEXT OF THE THIRD (PRINCIPLE) MASS OF CHRISTMAS DAY PUER NATUS EST NOBIS Plainsong Unto us is born a child, and unto us is given a son: the government shall be upon his shoulders, and his name shall be called The Angel of Great Counsel. O sing unto the Lord a new song, for He has worked great miracles. Glory be... “TROPED” KYRIE: DEUS CREATOR OMNIUM Plainsong O God the creator of all things, in your pity have mercy. To you, O Christ, King of kings, rejoicing in praise together we pray you to have mercy. You to whom ever belongs praise, virtue, peace and dominion without end, have mercy. O Christ, King, only Son, co-eternal with your gracious Father, have mercy. You who saved lost man, restoring him from death to life, have mercy. Jesus, the Good Shepherd, that the sheep of your pasture do not perish, have mercy. O Spirit, the comforter, we your suppliants most humbly beseech you, have mercy. O Lord our strength and our salvation for ever, have mercy. O supreme and only God, bestow on us In your compassion the gifts of life, and deign to have mercy. GLORIA IN EXCELSIS DEO Polyphony (Sheppard) Glory be to God on high. And in earth, peace, goodwill to all men. We praise you, we bless you, we glorify you, we give thanks to you for your great glory. O Lord God, heavenly king, God the Father almighty. 0 Lord the only begotten Son, Jesus Christ. O Lord God, Lamb of God, Son of the Father. You, who take away the sins of the world, have mercy on. You, who take away the sins of the world, receive our prayer. You who sit on the right hand of the Father, have mercy on us. For you alone art holy, you alone are Lord, you alone are the most high: Jesus Christ, with the Holy Spirit in the glory of God the Father. Amen. Celebrant The Lord be with you: And with your spirit. Let us pray. COLLECT: CONCEDE QUAESUMUS OMNIPOTENS DEUS Celebrant We ask, almighty God, that the coming of your only begotten Son as a human child may free those who labour under the long slavery of sin. Through the same our Lord Jesus Christ, your only Son, who lives and reigns with you In one holy spirit, for ever and ever. Amen. LESSON: LECTIO ESAIE PROPHETE Sub-Deacon A lesson from the prophet: The Lord says: but on that day my people shall know my name; they shall know that it Is I who speak; here I am. “How beautiful upon the mountains are the feet of the herald who comes to proclaim prosperity and bring good news, the news of deliverance, calling to Zion, „Your God Is king‟. Hark, your watchmen raise their voices and shout together in triumph; for with their own eyes they shall see the Lord returning in pity to Zion. Break forth together in shouts of triumph, you ruins of Jerusalem; for the Lord has taken pity on his people and has ransomed Jerusalem. The Lord has bared his holy arm in the sight of all nations, and the whole world from end to end shall see the deliverance of our God.” EPISTLE: LECTIO EPISTOLE BEATI PAULI APOSTOLI AD HEBRAEOS Sub-Deacon A lesson from the letter of Paul to the Hebrews. Brothers: when in former times God spoke to our forefathers, he spoke in fragmentary and varied fashions through the prophets. But in this final age he has spoken to us in the Son whom he has made heir to the whole universe, and through whom he created all orders of existence; the Son who is the effulgence of God‟s splendour and the stamp of God‟s very being, and sustains the universe by his word of power. When he had brought about the purgation of sins, he took his seat at the right hand of God on high, raised as far above the angels, as the title he has inherited is superior to theirs. For God never said to any angel: “You are my son; today I have begotten you”, or again, “I will be father to him, and he shall be my son”. Again, when he presents the first-born to the world, he says, “Let all the angels of God pay him homage”. Of the angels, he says, “He who makes his angels winds and his ministers a fiery flame”; but of the Son, “Your throne, O God, is for ever and ever, and the sceptre of justice is the sceptre of his kingdom. You have loved right and hated wrong; therefore God, who is your God, has set you above your fellows, by anointing you with the oil of exultation”. And again, “By you, Lord, were earth‟s foundations laid of old, and the heavens are the work of your hands. They shall pass away, but you endure; like clothes they shall all grow old; you shall fold them up like a cloak; yes, they shall be changed like any garment. But you are the same, and your years shall have no end”. GRADUAL: VIDERUNT OMNES Plainsong All the distant borders of the earth have seen the salvation of our God; O be joyful all the whole earth. The Lord has made known his salvation: in sight of all the nations he has shown his righteousness openly. Alleluia: now the hallowed day sheds its light on us; then come, people, and kneel before the Lord your God, for today there has descended from heaven a light to guide us. SEQUENCE: CELESTE ORGANUM HODIE SONUIT IN TERRA Plainsong This day celestial melody was heard on earth, When the Virgin bore a Son the hosts above sang praise. What ails you, world below, why do you not rejoice with these? In pastoral charge the shepherds watch; Hark! angels‟ voices clear chant forth their strains of holy joy, of peace and glory; to Christ they render homage due, to us of grace they sing: Not unto all such gifts are given, but to men of goodwill; not irrespectively bestowed, but measured by desert; affections must be weaned from sin, so shall that peace on us be shed which to the good is promised. Earthly to heavenly things are joined, in this respect their praises join, but by desert they are separated. Rejoice, O man, when you ponder this. Rejoice, O flesh, associate with the Word. Rejoice, O flesh, associate with the Word. Rejoice, O flesh, associate with the Word. His rising is told by the stars with indicating light; Lo! starlit chiefs to Bethlehem follow the planet bright. The King of Heaven is found cradled amid the beasts He made, in a rude manger‟s narrow bed the Lord of all is laid. Star of the Sea! Your Blessed Son is adored by the holy Church; that You our service will accept, devoutly she implores. Let each redeemed thing sing the Redeemer‟s praises. Deacon The Lord be with you: and with your spirit. GOSPEL: INICIUM SANCTI EVANGELLI SECUNDUM JOHANNEM Deacon The start of the holy Gospel according to St. John: Glory be to God. In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word was God. The same was In the beginning with God. All things were made by him; and without him was not anything made that was made. In him was life; and the life was the light of men. And the light shines in darkness; and the darkness comprehended it not. There appeared a man named John, sent from God; he came as a witness to testify to the light, that all might become believers through him. He was not himself the light; he came to bear witness to the light. The real light which enlightens every man was even then coming into the world. He was in the world; but the world, though it owed its being to him, did not recognise him. He entered his own realm, and his own would not receive him. But to all who did receive him, to those who have yielded him their allegiance, he gave the right to become children of God, not born of any human stock, or by the fleshly desire of a human father, but the offspring of God himself. So the word became flesh; he came to dwell among us, and we saw his glory, such glory as befits the Father‟s only Son, full of grace and truth. CREDO IN UNUM DEUM Polyphony (Sheppard) I believe in one God, the Father almighty, maker of heaven and earth, and of all things visible and Invisible. And in one Lord, Jesus Christ, the only-begotten Son of God. God of God, Light of Light, very God of very God, begotten not made, being of one substance with the Father by whom all things were made. Who for us men and for our salvation came down from heaven. And was incarnate by the Holy Ghost of the Virgin Mary, and was made man. And was crucified under Pontius Pilate. He suffered and was buried. And the third day he rose again according to the scriptures, and ascended into heaven and sits on the right hand of the Father. And he shall come again to judge both the living and the dead, and the life of the world to come. Amen. Celebrant The Lord be with you. And with your spirit. Let us pray: OFFERTORY ANTIPHON: TUI SUNT COELI ET TUA EST TERRA Plainsong Yours are the heavens and the earth: you have laid the foundations of the whole earth and all that therein is: justice and judgement and equity are the habitation of your seat. Celebrant ... for ever and ever. Amen. The Lord be with you. And with your spirit. Let us pray. PREFACE: SURSUM CORDA Celebrant Lift up your hearts; we lift them to the Lord. Let us give thanks to the Lord our God: It is meet and right to do so. It is indeed fitting and right that we should, at all times and in all places, give thanks to you, Lord holy Father, almighty and everlasting God: for the light of your glory has flooded the eyes of our mind, and you, in the mystery of the Word made flesh and through him whom we recognise as God made visible, may we be caught up into a love of things unseen. And so with angels and archangels and with all the company of heaven we laud and praise your glorious name, evermore praising Him and saying... SANCTUS Polyphony (Sheppard) Holy, holy, holy, Lord God of Sabaoth. Heaven and earth are full of your glory, Hosanna in the highest. Blessed Is he who comes in the name of the Lord. Hosanna in the highest. Celebrant ... for ever and ever. Amen. Let us pray. Admonished by our saving precepts and following the divine institution, we are bold to say: LORD‟S PRAYER: PATER NOSTER QUI ES IN COELIS Celebrant Our Father, who is in heaven, hallowed be your name, Your kingdom come, your will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread: and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those that trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation. But deliver us from evil. ... for ever and ever. Amen. PAX DOMINI Celebrant The peace of the Lord be always with you. And with your spirit. AGNUS DEI Polyphony (Sheppard) Lamb of God, who takes away the sine of the world, have mercy on us. Lamb of God, who takes away the sins of the world, have mercy on us. Lamb of God, who takes away the mine of the world, grant us your peace. COMMUNION ANTIPHON: VIDERUNT OMNES Plainsong All the ends of the world have seen the salvation of our God. Celebrant The Lord be with you. And with your spirit. Let us pray. FINAL COLLECT: PRESTA QUAESUMUS OMNIPOTENS DEUS Celebrant Almighty God, we humbly pray, that as the new-born saviour of the world brings about our own rebirth to the life of God so may he give us this life for ever. The Lord be with you. And with your spirit. ITE MISSA EST Plainsong Go, the Mass is finished. Thanks be to God.