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Oilfield/Oil Patch Worker GHS USA You MUST BE Trained OSHA’s revised Hazard Communication Standard. It is intended to provide employers and trainers with background on the new requirements. This presentation is not a substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S. Department of Labor. Introduction • OSHA revised its Hazard Communication Standard to align with the United Nations’ Globally Harmonized System of Classification and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS). • Two changes require the use of new labeling elements and a standardized format for Safety Data Sheets (SDS), formerly known as Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS). • OSHA is phasing in the specific requirements over several years, December 1, 2013 through June 1, 2016. Introduction, cont. • The first compliance date is December 1, 2013. • By that date, employees must be trained on the new label elements and the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) format. • This training is needed early in the transition process since employees will begin to see the new labels and SDSs on the chemicals in their workplace. • To ensure employees have the information they need to better protect themselves from chemical hazards in the workplace during the transition period, it is critical that employees understand the new label and SDS formats. Purpose of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard To ensure that employers and employees know about chemical hazards and how to protect themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced. Hazard Container Safety Communication Labeling Data Sheet Program Program SDS Label Employer Responsibilities • Identify and list hazardous chemicals • Obtain Safety Data Sheets (SDSs) • Label hazardous chemicals • Implement a written Hazard Communication Program, including labels, SDSs, and employee training • Train employees The Written Program • Hazardous Chemical List • SDS • Labels • Non-Routine Procedures • Training How must chemicals be labeled? Each container of hazardous chemicals entering the workplace must be labeled or marked with: • Product identifier • Signal word • Hazard statement(s) • Pictogram(s) • Precautionary statement(s) • Name, address and telephone number of the manufacturer, importer, or other responsible party Label Elements • Product identifier § Chemical name, code number, or batch number • Signal word § “Danger” or “Warning” • Pictogram(s) § Black hazard symbol with red frame. Label Elements, cont. • Hazard statement(s) § Describe the nature of the hazard(s) of the chemical, including where appropriate, the degree of hazard. • Precautionary statement(s) § A phrase that describes recommended measures that should be taken to minimize or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure. • Name, address and telephone number of the chemical manufacturer, distributor, or importer Use of Labels in the Workplace • Information on the Labels can be used to ensure proper storage of hazardous chemicals • Information on Labels can be used to quickly locate information on first-aid when needed by employees or emergency personnel How Information on Labels Work Together • When a chemical has multiple hazards, all applicable Pictograms are used to identify the various hazards. • But, when there are similar precautionary statements, only the one providing the most protective information will be the one included on the label. Pictograms Health Hazard Flame Exclamation Mark Carcinogen Flammables Irritant (skin & eye) Reproductive Toxicity Self-Reactives Skin Sensitizer Respiratory Sensitizer Emits Flammable Gas Acute Toxicity Target Organ Toxicity Pyrophorics Narcotic Effects Aspiration Toxicity Self-Heating Respiratory Tract Irritant Mutagenicity Organic Peroxides Pictograms Gas Cylinder Corrosion Exploding Bomb Gases Under Pressure Skin Corrosion/Burns Explosives Eye Damage Self-Reactives Corrosive to Metals Organic Peroxides Pictograms Flame Over Circle Skull and Crossbones Oxidizers Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic) Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Prepared by the chemical manufacturer or importer and describe: § Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion § Health hazards, such as signs of exposure § Routes of exposure § Precautions for safe handling and use § Emergency and first-aid procedures § Control measures § Must be readily accessible to employees in their work area Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Format: 16 Sections 1. Identification 2. Hazard(s) identification 3. Composition/information on ingredients 4. First-aid measures 5. Fire-fighting measures 6. Accidental release measures 7. Handling and storage 8. Exposure control/personal protection Safety Data Sheets (SDS) • Format: 16 Sections (cont.) 9. Physical and chemical properties 10. Stability and reactivity 11. Toxicological information 12. Ecological information 13. Disposal information 14. Transport information 15. Regulatory information 16. Other information Safety Data Sheet (SDS) sample • SDS are useful for: § Learning potential hazards § Determining safe handling procedures § Emergency response • Example: send a copy along with an employee going to the Doctor after an incident.) Training • Training is required for employees who are exposed to hazardous chemicals in their work area: § At the time of initial assignment § Whenever a new hazard is introduced into their work area What training is needed to protect workers? • Explanation of the Hazard Communication program, including information on labels, SDSs, and how to obtain and use available hazard information • Hazards of chemicals • Protective measures such as engineering controls, work practices, and the use of PPE • How to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical (using monitoring devices, observation, or smell) What information must be provided to workers? • Employees must be informed of: § The Hazard Communication standard and its requirements § Operations in their work areas where hazardous chemicals are present § Location and availability of the written hazard communication program, list of hazardous chemicals, and the required SDSs Summary • OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard is based on a simple concept - that employees have both a need and a “right-to-know” about the hazards and identities of the chemicals they are exposed to when at work. • Employees also need to know what protective measures are available to prevent adverse effects.
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