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Oil Patch Workers GHS you must be trained.pptx

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					  Oilfield/Oil Patch Worker
           GHS USA
    You MUST BE Trained
     OSHA’s revised Hazard Communication Standard. It is
  intended to provide employers and trainers with background
       on the new requirements. This presentation is not a
 substitute for any of the provisions of the Occupational Safety
and Health Act of 1970 or for any standards issued by the U.S.
                       Department of Labor.
               Introduction

• OSHA revised its Hazard Communication
  Standard to align with the United Nations’
  Globally Harmonized System of Classification
  and Labeling of Chemicals (GHS).
• Two changes require the use of new labeling
  elements and a standardized format for Safety
  Data Sheets (SDS), formerly known as Material
  Safety Data Sheets (MSDS).
• OSHA is phasing in the specific requirements
  over several years, December 1, 2013
  through June 1, 2016.
              Introduction, cont.
• The first compliance date is December 1, 2013.

• By that date, employees must be trained on the new label
  elements and the Safety Data Sheet (SDS) format.

• This training is needed early in the transition process since
  employees will begin to see the new labels and SDSs on
  the chemicals in their workplace.

• To ensure employees have the information they need to
  better protect themselves from chemical hazards in the
  workplace during the transition period, it is critical that
  employees understand the new label and SDS formats.
  Purpose of OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard

   To ensure that employers and employees know
   about chemical hazards and how to protect
   themselves so that the incidence of illnesses and
   injuries due to hazardous chemicals is reduced.


   Hazard              Container             Safety
Communication           Labeling           Data Sheet
  Program

    Program                                   SDS
                          Label
        Employer Responsibilities

• Identify and list hazardous chemicals
• Obtain Safety Data Sheets (SDSs)
• Label hazardous chemicals
• Implement a written Hazard
  Communication Program, including labels,
  SDSs, and employee training
• Train employees
          The Written Program

•   Hazardous Chemical List
•   SDS
•   Labels
•   Non-Routine Procedures
•   Training
      How must chemicals be labeled?
Each container of hazardous
chemicals entering the workplace must
be labeled or marked with:
•   Product identifier
•   Signal word
•   Hazard statement(s)
•   Pictogram(s)
•   Precautionary statement(s)
•   Name, address and telephone
    number of the manufacturer,
    importer, or other responsible
    party
           Label Elements

• Product identifier
  § Chemical name, code
    number, or batch number
• Signal word
  § “Danger” or “Warning”
• Pictogram(s)
  § Black hazard symbol with red
    frame.
        Label Elements, cont.
• Hazard statement(s)
  § Describe the nature of the hazard(s) of the
    chemical, including where appropriate, the degree
    of hazard.
• Precautionary statement(s)
  § A phrase that describes recommended measures
    that should be taken to minimize or prevent
    adverse effects resulting from exposure.
• Name, address and telephone number of the
  chemical manufacturer, distributor, or
  importer
 Use of Labels in the Workplace

• Information on the Labels can be used to
  ensure proper storage of hazardous
  chemicals
• Information on Labels can be used to
  quickly locate information on first-aid when
  needed by employees or emergency
  personnel
How Information on Labels Work Together

• When a chemical has multiple hazards, all
  applicable Pictograms are used to identify
  the various hazards.
• But, when there are similar precautionary
  statements, only the one providing the
  most protective information will be the one
  included on the label.
                         Pictograms

  Health Hazard               Flame              Exclamation Mark




    Carcinogen              Flammables             Irritant (skin & eye)
Reproductive Toxicity       Self-Reactives           Skin Sensitizer
Respiratory Sensitizer    Emits Flammable Gas        Acute Toxicity
Target Organ Toxicity        Pyrophorics            Narcotic Effects
 Aspiration Toxicity        Self-Heating        Respiratory Tract Irritant
    Mutagenicity Organic Peroxides
                       Pictograms

   Gas Cylinder             Corrosion          Exploding Bomb




Gases Under Pressure   Skin Corrosion/Burns      Explosives
                           Eye Damage           Self-Reactives
                         Corrosive to Metals   Organic Peroxides
                    Pictograms

Flame Over Circle     Skull and Crossbones




   Oxidizers        Acute Toxicity (fatal or toxic)
             Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
• Prepared by the chemical manufacturer
  or importer and describe:
  §   Physical hazards, such as fire and explosion
  §   Health hazards, such as signs of exposure
  §   Routes of exposure
  §   Precautions for safe handling and use
  §   Emergency and first-aid procedures
  §   Control measures
  §   Must be readily accessible to employees in
      their work area
       Safety Data Sheets (SDS)
• Format: 16 Sections
  1.   Identification
  2.   Hazard(s) identification
  3.   Composition/information on ingredients
  4.   First-aid measures
  5.   Fire-fighting measures
  6.   Accidental release measures
  7.   Handling and storage
  8.   Exposure control/personal protection
     Safety Data Sheets (SDS)

• Format: 16 Sections (cont.)
  9. Physical and chemical properties
  10. Stability and reactivity
  11. Toxicological information
  12. Ecological information
  13. Disposal information
  14. Transport information
  15. Regulatory information
  16. Other information
Safety Data Sheet (SDS) sample

• SDS are useful for:
  § Learning potential hazards
  § Determining safe handling procedures
  § Emergency response
     • Example: send a copy along with an employee going
       to the Doctor after an incident.)
                  Training
• Training is required for
  employees who are
  exposed to hazardous
  chemicals in their work
  area:
  § At the time of initial assignment
  § Whenever a new hazard is
    introduced into their work area
 What training is needed to protect workers?

• Explanation of the Hazard Communication program,
  including information on labels, SDSs, and how to
  obtain and use available hazard information
• Hazards of chemicals
• Protective measures such as engineering controls,
  work practices, and the use of PPE
• How to detect the presence or release of a
  hazardous chemical (using monitoring devices,
  observation, or smell)
What information must be provided to workers?


• Employees must be informed of:
  § The Hazard Communication standard and its
    requirements
  § Operations in their work areas where hazardous
    chemicals are present
  § Location and availability of the written hazard
    communication program, list of hazardous
    chemicals, and the required SDSs
                Summary
• OSHA’s Hazard Communication Standard is
  based on a simple concept - that employees
  have both a need and a “right-to-know” about
  the hazards and identities of the chemicals
  they are exposed to when at work.

• Employees also need to know what protective
  measures are available to prevent adverse
  effects.

				
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