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Advocacy Skills - New York State Juvenile Justice Advisory Group

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Advocacy Skills - New York State Juvenile Justice Advisory Group Powered By Docstoc
					Building Advocacy Skills to
            be an
Effective Committee Member
    Juanita Gamble and Emily NaPier
   Onondaga County Co-Coordinators
 Disproportionate Minority Contact Project

                Presented by the
    Center for Community Alternatives (CCA)
             ADVOCACY


Advocacy is the
  pursuit
of influencing
    outcomes…
       TYPES OF ADVOCACY

There are essentially two broad categories
of advocacy:

1. Individual Outcomes
2. Public Policy Outcomes
INDIVIDUAL
OUTCOMES
         EXAMPLES OF GOALS
n   To teach a young person how to
    appropriately interact with police if police
    contact occurs

n   To help your child avoid Family Court
    involvement by advocating for a diversion
    plan

n   To develop good relationships with
    probation officers, attorneys, etc. working
    with your child
         EXAMPLES OF GOALS

n   To encourage a judge to send your child
    home with you rather than to detention

n   To work with the Attorney for the Child to
    suggest alternative dispositions other than
    incarceration
      INDIVIDUAL ADVOCACY
An effective advocate possesses the
following characteristics:
n   Attitude
n   Skills
n   Knowledge
                   ATTITUDE
n   Feeling the need to make a difference
n   Respect for others’ opinions
n   Following policies and procedures
n   Following directions
n   Personal responsibility/self-respect
n   Courage
n   Self-confidence
n   Approach change with a positive can-do attitude
                       SKILLS

n   Communication: verbal, non-verbal, and written
n   Effective functioning in a group or one-on-one
    setting
n   Organization and preparation
n   Understanding of strengths and limitations
n   Conflict resolution: staying solution-focused
n   Knowing your “triggers”
n   Ability to admit when you are wrong or don’t know
                 KNOWLEDGE

n   Define the problem
n   Gather all related information/data
n   Utilize available resources
n   Know the responsibilities of all parties, including
    your own role
n   Avoid jumping to conclusions
n   Identify possible solutions
PUBLIC POLICY
 OUTCOMES
         EXAMPLES OF GOALS
n   Identify areas in the juvenile justice system
    where racial disparity exists
n   Educate key players and community
    members on issues of disproportionality
    and disparity in the juvenile justice system
n   Develop recommendations to reduce
    disproportionate minority contact (DMC)
    with the juvenile justice system
DISPROPORTIONATE MINORITY
      CONTACT (DMC)
    DMC occurs when the proportion of youth
    of color who pass through the juvenile
    justice system exceed the proportion of
    youth of color in the general population.

    DMC becomes worse as youth of color
    pass through the system starting with
    arrest and ending with placement or
    incarceration.
PROJECT TO REDUCE DMC IN
   ONONDAGA COUNTY
The NYS Division of Criminal Justice Services
(DCJS) has provided funding to the Center for
Community Alternatives (CCA) to work on
reducing DMC in Onondaga County.

The work is part of Onondaga County’s Juvenile
Detention Reform Committee that is made up of
government agencies and Family Court judges,
who are often referred to as System
Stakeholders.
       DMC SUBCOMMITTEE
A new DMC subcommittee is
being created that will include
youth, parents, and other
community stakeholders.

The DMC subcommittee will
report regularly to the Detention
Reform Committee and assist with
developing recommendations to
reduce DMC.
    WHO ARE THE KEY PLAYERS?
n   County Executive
n   Syracuse Police Department
n   Onondaga County Probation Department
n   County Attorney’s Office
n   Hillbrook and Hillside
n   Family Court Judges
n   Community Organizations
n   YOU!
             WHAT WILL THE
           SUBCOMMITTEE DO?
                 The DMC subcommittee will meet
                    on a
                 monthly basis to identify DMC at
                 various junctures in the Juvenile
                    Justice
                 System and discuss remedies for
                 successful reduction of DMC.
The subcommittee will review
   data
from various points in the
   system so
that its recommendations for
   reform
There were 103 admissions to Hillbrook in 2010. Of those, 73% were
African American, 18% were White, and 6% were Latino.
     ONONDAGA COUNTY DISPARITY

                                                     Black youth are:

                                                     •   Arrested 5.27 times
                                                         more often
                                                     •   Securely detained 1.42
                                                         times more often
                                                     •   Petitioned to Family
                                                         Court 1.14 times more
                                                         often

                                                     than White youth
Black youth are only 16% of the total youth population in Onondaga County but
represent 62% of the admissions to Hillbrook.
CUMULATIVE DISADVANTAGE
                               Law
                           Enforcement
                           Deployment
  Reintegration Services                 Appearance Ticket/
                                          Warn & Release

                                                   Court Appearance/
       Probation
                                                     Police Dropoff
       Violations
                            Cumulative
Disposition                                           Release/
                           Disadvantage               Detention


 Fact Finding                                     Diversion
   Hearing
              Probable
               Cause        Attorney for      Petition to
              Hearing        the Child       Family Court
    SERVING ON THE COMMITTEE:
              DO…
n   review any materials provided before the
    meeting and ask Juanita or Emily if you need
    help understanding them.
n   arrive on time for meetings and plan to stay for
    the scheduled time allotted.
n   dress like you want to be taken seriously – there
    will be County officials in the room.
n   try to remember the names, faces, and roles of
    people in the room for next time – Juanita and
    Emily can help with this.
    SERVING ON THE COMMITTEE:
              DO…
n   draw on your own experiences when offering
    comments and suggestions.

n   try to connect your experiences to the data being
    reviewed whenever possible.

n   keep your emotions under control and remain
    civil and professional.
n   hold firm to your opinions – you have as much
    right to be at the table as anyone else.
    SERVING ON THE COMMITTEE:
             DON’T…
n   be afraid to ask Juanita or Emily questions
    whenever something is unclear or you want to
    know more about something or someone.
n   get into emotional debates with other committee
    members – bring the discussion back to the data.
n   place blame on any committee members or
    agencies represented on the committee – stay
    focused on solutions.
    SERVING ON THE COMMITTEE:
             DON’T…
n   behave rudely to any other committee members
    or their staff people – no matter how rude they
    might be to you.
n   stray from the agenda – stay focused on the task
    to develop specific recommendations to reduce
    DMC.
n   forget that your personal knowledge of the
    system is just as important as other committee
    members’ professional knowledge.
       ADVOCACY KEY POINTS
n   Be positive
n   Increase your tolerance & appreciation for
    different points of views
n   Avoid jumping to conclusions
n   Place firm boundaries on your behavior
n   Don’t take it personally
n   Demonstrate emotional competence
n   Believe you can make a difference
   “The first duty of a wise
  advocate is to convince his
      opponents that he
 understands their arguments
and sympathizes with their just
            feelings.”

                     Samuel Coleridge
                       17th Century Poet/Activist

				
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posted:5/20/2014
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