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WHS-175.1-Administering-First-Aid-Guidelines

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					Human Resources: Health and Safety



Administering First Aid Guidelines
Contents
1.     Introduction/Background ....................................................................................................2
2.     Purpose .............................................................................................................................. 2
3.     Administering first aid .........................................................................................................2
     3.1.    Consent.......................................................................................................................2
     3.2.    Refusal of Treatment...................................................................................................2
     3.3.    Providing First Aid .......................................................................................................2
     3.4.    Recording....................................................................................................................3
     3.5.    Precautions and Hygiene ............................................................................................3
       3.5.1.        Prior to Treatment.............................................................................................................3
       3.5.2.        During Treatment..............................................................................................................4
       3.5.3.        After Treatment.................................................................................................................4
4.     Related Documents............................................................................................................4
     4.1.    First Aid Register Monthly Report ...............................................................................4
     4.2.    First Aid Guidelines .....................................................................................................4
5.     References ......................................................................................................................... 4
6.     Program Evaluation............................................................................................................4
7.     Version Control...................................................................................................................4




WHS-175.1                                     Administering First Aid Guidelines.doc2013 Jan                                                         i
Document Custodian: Manager Health & Safety                   Date of last review:                               Date of Next review: Jan 2015
                Hardcopies of this document are considered uncontrolled please refer to UC website for latest version
                                                                                                              XX Guidelines


1.       Introduction/Background
First aid is the immediate care of an injured or suddenly sick person. It is the care a person
applies as soon as possible after an accident or sudden illness.

The main aims of first aid are to:

        Preserve life – this includes the life of the casualty, bystander and rescuer;

        Protect the casualty from further harm – ensure the scene is safe;

        Provide pain relief – this could include the use of ice packs or simply applying a sling;

        Prevent the injury or illness from becoming worse;

        Provide reassurance

2.       Purpose
This guideline outlines the provision of First Aid treatment at the University of Canberra, and
provides information to assist First Aid Officers in discharging their duties.

3.       Administering first aid

3.1.     Consent
Before starting to treat a casualty FAO should ask for and receive the casualty’s consent for the
treatment. If the casualty is unconscious or is unable to give consent due to their injuries you
can assume consent and start treatment.

You should not start treatment if an adult who seems to be of sound mind and able to make a
decision, refuses your offer of treatment.

You only have the casualty’s consent to treat them for a condition that affects their immediate
health. You should not provide help for any ailment that goes beyond your knowledge of first aid.

3.2.     Refusal of Treatment
Where an injured person declines treatment, the FAO should:

        Ask the person several times whether they can provide first aid assistance to the person;

        Document that the person refused treatment.

3.3.     Providing First Aid



 WHS-175.1                              Administering First Aid Guidelines.doc2013 Jan                                         2
Document Custodian: Manager Health & Safety         Date of last review:                       Date of Next review: Jan 2015
              Hardcopies of this document are considered uncontrolled please refer to UC website for latest version
Human Resources: Health and Safety

All FAO must work within the scope of their experience and training received. Generally this
means that the FAO should not undertake invasive procedures or use advanced skills, or
administer pharmaceuticals unless the FAO has undertaken and passed required training.

Once notified of an injury the FAO should seek consent to treat the casualty and then
commence administering the required first aid.

If further medical assistance is required the FAO (or a bystander) should contact either:

        Campus security (62012222)

        Health and Counselling Centre; or

        Ambulance

3.4.     Recording
FAO’s should always complete the First Aid Register Monthly Report (OHS.016) for any event
attended and treatment provided no matter how minor. A copy of this report is too forwarded
onto the Health and Safety Office monthly.

A University Accident Report form should be completed following First Aid treatment.

Note: Confidentiality of all records must be maintained according to legislation.

3.5.     Precautions and Hygiene
In administering first aid, care should be taken to ensure that the FAO’s own health and safety is
not at risk.

It is important first aid procedures have due regard for the risk of cross infection.

3.5.1. Prior to Treatment
        Wash hands with soap and water or rinse with antiseptic;

        Ensure hands are washed thoroughly between fingers and under nails;

        Place a barrier between you and the casualty’s body fluids;

        Always wear nitrile or laxtex gloves if available;

        Take care not to touch any unclean object when wearing gloves or once hands are
         washed;

        If possible, use a protective cover over clothing;



 WHS-175.1                               Administering First Aid Guidelines.doc2013 Jan                                         3
Document Custodian: Manager Health & Safety          Date of last review:                       Date of Next review: Jan 2015
               Hardcopies of this document are considered uncontrolled please refer to UC website for latest version
Human Resources: Health and Safety

        Cover any adjacent areas likely to produce infection.

3.5.2. During Treatment
        Use a face shield or mask with a one way valve or filter, if available, when performing
         resuscitation;

        Use only clean bandages and dressings;

        Avoid coughing, breathing or speaking over the wound;

        Avoid contact with body fluids

        Avoid treating more than one casualty without washing hands and changing gloves.

3.5.3. After Treatment
        Clean up both casualty and yourself;

        Clean up the immediate vicinity;

        Dispose of dressings, bandages, sharps, gloves and soiled clothing safely and correctly;

        Wash hands with soap and water thoroughly, even if gloves were used.

4.       Related Documents

     4.1. First Aid Register Monthly Report

     4.2. First Aid Guidelines

5.       References
Work Health and Safety (First Aid in the Workplace Code of Practice) Approval 2012.

6.       Program Evaluation
In order to ensure that these guidelines continue to be effective and applicable to the University,
this document will be reviewed every two years. However, more frequent reviews may be
required according to legislative requirements, organisational change or WHS performance.

7.       Version Control
Version Control      Date Released         Approved By                         Amendments
WHS175.1             Jan 2013              Manager Health & Safety             New Document




 WHS-175.1                              Administering First Aid Guidelines.doc2013 Jan                                         4
Document Custodian: Manager Health & Safety         Date of last review:                       Date of Next review: Jan 2015
              Hardcopies of this document are considered uncontrolled please refer to UC website for latest version

				
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