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„Before and before the after” CHILD ADMISSION AND LEAVING CARE AS THE KEY PROCESSES OF PROVIDING QUALITY IN ALTERNATIVE CARE EXPERIENCES OF FAMILY- BASED CARE PROGRAMMES IN SOS CHILDREN’S VILLAGES POLAND TOMASZ SAJ, JERZY LEZIAK SOS CHILDREN’S VILLAGES POLAND QUALITY IN ALTERNATIVE CARE. PRAGUE 4 - 6.04.2011 Programmes of SOS CV Poland in 2011 45 SOS families Karlino in 4 SOS Children’s Villages Siedlce 4 Youth care programmes Lublin 3 Short-term placements Kraśnik 4 FSP programmes Biłgoraj (10 FSP facilities) Ustroń 3 SOS kindergartens SOS CV POLAND CHILD ADMISSION - FIGURES Ø About 800 children have been admited to SOS family-based care programmes in Poland since 1984 till 2010 Ø About 100 new children will be admited to SOS family-based care programmes till 2016 (according to plan) Child admision to SOS families in Poland – former experiences v Admission children without sufficient information about their status (life history, family situation, state of development, needs) v Admission children without their acceptance and approval their relatives v Admission children with serious disabilities (mental and physical) v Admission children with serious behavioral disorders v Admission children without cooperation with their parents or relatives v Admission children under different kind of preasure Child admision to SOS families in Poland – former experiences vSome facts of involving children and their family of origin members in making decision and admission process vOne's own initiative of parents or other relatives to entrust their child to the SOS family vRunning effective support for admitted children in SOS families despite of difficulties and disorders in the admission process ADMISSION CRITERIA AND PROCEDURES EXPERIENCES OF POLISH SOS FAMILY- BASED CARE PROGRAMMES BASED ON NATIONAL CHILD ADMISSION CONCEPT We are able to admit to SOS families those children for whom this form of alternative care has been chosen as the most fitting, according to their individual needs, life situation and social background. SOS families are able to admit § Children under 10 without any serious physical or mental disabilities. Older children can be admitted according to the rule of keeping siblings together. In justified cases children over 16 years old can be admitted directly to the youth care programmes. § Children whose parents have been deprived of their parental rights or have limited parental rights § Children that stayed before in different form of alternative care (informal and formal) or that come directly from their families of origin SOS families are able to admit § Children whose history, needs, family situation and background have been carefully examined § Children from locations nearby this SOS FBC Programmes they are to be admitted to (local district, voivodeship, neighbouring voivodeships) Admission rules § Parents/care-givers approve of the SOS family as a future environment for their child and if possible they participate in the admission process § A child accepts the fact of his/her transition to the SOS family § Decision about child’s admission is taken by the SOS Programme Committee, based on decission of the future caregiver (SOS mother/parents) Admission rules § SOS FBC Programme Committee members, in particular future SOS caregivers have reliable information about the child, his/her history and the background § Formal admission to the SOS family is based on the decision of a Family Court and declaration of District Centre for Family Support / City Centre for Family Support § Siblings are admitted to the same SOS family and they grow up together. Children are separated only in very special situations Admission rules The above rules do not apply if there is a court decision to place a child in a family-based care programme with immediate effect or in the situation when a child is a victim of any kind of external violence connected with his/her environment or if a child’s life or health are in danger.* ( Ordinance of the Minister of Labour and Social Policy of 19.10.2007 on care-giving and educational facilities §15 and §18) Admission procedure qDeveloping of annual child admission plan SOS FBC programme director knows about the number of children that can be placed in each SOS family in current year Annual child admission plan qSearching for the children in need, who can be admitted to SOS families (children for whom SOS family is the most fitting place to take care of them) Social worker has some proposals of children that can be admitted to the SOS families A proposed list of children to be admitted Admission procedure q Preparation of future caregivers (SOS mother/parents), the child and his/her parents concerning the decision process A. Preparation for the decision of caregiver (SOS mother/parents) SOS mother/parent has agreement to accept a specific child/children Decision of SOS mother/parents about admission of a child - memo of the discussion Written description of a child and his/her needs-identification of SOS family that might potentially best satisfy the needs Admission procedure B. Support for a child and its family of origin in the decision-making process A child and his/her parents accept the fact that the child will be placed in a village family Declaration of approval of a child’s placement with a village family - memo of the discussion qMaking decision about admission of a child to SOS family SOS Programme Committee makes a decision (based on SOS mother/parents decision) Decision of the SOS Programme Committee about the child’s admission- protocol Admission procedure qAdmission of a child to the SOS family Child belongs to the SOS family The child becomes a member of a specific SOS family and the fact of admission is a positive experience for the child.Parents sign rules of contacts and pledge to adhere to them. qStart of IDP process Developing of Individual Developing Plan for a child Developed Individual Developing Plan Child admission process Positive factors Negative factors • Contact and cooperation with child • Lack of contact with child and his/her and his/her family of origin family before potential admission • Extensive knowledge about the child (status of the family of origin, • Lack of information or deficient information background, strengths, weak points) about the child (life history, family • Making decision and admission situation, state of development, needs) is a team work • Individual efforts according decission • Proper selection of an individual making and admission caregiver and the alternative care • Accidental selection of care giver program (e.g.SOS family) and an alternative care programme • Planning and making preparation as well for admission of a new child/children • Unprepared admission/admission under • Good cooperation with external pressure (time,external stakeholders, stakeholders superiors etc.) • Immediate start with IDP process • Lack of cooperation with external stakeholders • Delay of IDP process Indicators of proper admission ü High measures of capacity utilization of alternative care programmes (SOS FBC programmes) ü Positive results of a child admission plan evaluation ü Smooth transitions children to the youth care programmes ü Correct age balance of children in alternative care programmes (SOS FBC programmes) ü Proper planning an occupational career of care givers (SOS mothers/parents) ü Continuation of cooperation with the child’s family of origin members ü Good relationships with other child-focused organisations „Before”- making decission and child admission o Responsibility to admit only those children to whom we are able to offer support appropriate to their individual and specific needs o Good start for the very intensive time of child’s development in an alternative care programmes, based on IDP process. o Cooperation and Partnership with the family of origin o Effectiveness in gaining successful independence o Efficiency in managing of own resources by alternative care programmes (human, material, financial, etc.) THANK YOU ! 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