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Digestive Disorders

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Digestive Disorders Powered By Docstoc
					                Introduction
 Doctors who specialize in gastroenterology see
  patients with digestive problems.
                 Symptoms
 The following are some of the symptoms one could
  have that indicate a digestive problem:
 Indigestion or heartburn
 Pain in the abdomen
 Nausea and vomiting
 Diarrhea or constipation
 Bloating after eating
 Loss of appetite
 Vomiting blood or blood in the stool (feces)
          Digestive Disorders
 Digestive disorders can be:
￿Structural: a physical abnormality that interferes with
  normal function.
￿Malabsorptive: problems with nutrient absorption.
￿Inflammatory: Something causes swelling and/or
  bleeding.
                Hiatus Hernia
 Structural disorder
 A portion of the
  stomach pushes up into
  the chest cavity through
  the spot normally
  occupied by the
  esophagus.
 Usually have this from
  birth, but can get it from
  obesity or from
  strenuous physical
  activity.
 Need surgery usually to
  correct it.
                Celiac Disease
 Malabsorptive disorder.
 An allergic reaction to
  gluten, a protein present
  in most grains.
 The villi and microvilli
  of the small intestine are
  destroyed therefore
  preventing the
  absorption of nutrients.     Normal villi   Celiac Disease villi
 Only treatment is a
  gluten free diet.
              Crohn’s Disease
 Inflammatory disorder
 A chronic inflammation of
  the intestines.
 Ulcers in the intestines.
 Rectal bleeding, weight
  loss and fever.
 It has no known cause.
 Nuclear imaging or
  colonoscopy are used to
  diagnose it.
 Treatment may include
  medication, surgery or
  nutritional supplements.
                  Homework
1) For each part of the digestive system, determine a
   disorder associated with that particular portion and
   determine what general type of disorder it is
   (structural, malabsorptive or inflammatory).
2) If someone had their gall bladder removed, what
   type of dietary changes would they have to make.
3) Is obesity a digestive disorder? Why or why not?

				
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posted:5/15/2014
language:English
pages:8