Doctors who specialize in gastroenterology see
patients with digestive problems.
The following are some of the symptoms one could
have that indicate a digestive problem:
Indigestion or heartburn
Pain in the abdomen
Nausea and vomiting
Diarrhea or constipation
Bloating after eating
Loss of appetite
Vomiting blood or blood in the stool (feces)
Digestive disorders can be:
Structural: a physical abnormality that interferes with
Malabsorptive: problems with nutrient absorption.
Inflammatory: Something causes swelling and/or
A portion of the
stomach pushes up into
the chest cavity through
the spot normally
occupied by the
Usually have this from
birth, but can get it from
obesity or from
Need surgery usually to
An allergic reaction to
gluten, a protein present
in most grains.
The villi and microvilli
of the small intestine are
absorption of nutrients. Normal villi Celiac Disease villi
Only treatment is a
gluten free diet.
A chronic inflammation of
Ulcers in the intestines.
Rectal bleeding, weight
loss and fever.
It has no known cause.
Nuclear imaging or
colonoscopy are used to
Treatment may include
medication, surgery or
1) For each part of the digestive system, determine a
disorder associated with that particular portion and
determine what general type of disorder it is
(structural, malabsorptive or inflammatory).
2) If someone had their gall bladder removed, what
type of dietary changes would they have to make.
3) Is obesity a digestive disorder? Why or why not?