Chapter 5: Mental and
l Key Terms:
– Mental Disorder
– Anxiety Disorder
– Mood Disorder
– Conduct Disorder
– Cluster suicides
– Behavior Therapy
– Cognitive Therapy
– Family Therapy
– Group Therapy
– Drug Therapy
l Have you ever experienced
l What caused your anxiety?
Symptoms of Anxiety
l Feelings of fear or dread
l Perspiration, trembling, restlessness,
or muscle tension
l Rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, or
shortness of breath
What is Depression?
l Have you ever experienced
l What caused your depression?
Two Types of Depression
l 1.) Reactive Depression- a response to a
stressful event, such as the death of a
l 2.) Major Depression- a medical condition
requiring treatment. This is more severe
and lasts much longer than reactive
depression; may develop from reactive
depression, or may be the result of a
chemical imbalance in the brain or a
Symptoms of Depression
l Irritable or restless mood
l Withdrawal from family and friends
l Change in appetite or weight
l Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
l A sense of hopelessness
l Write your feelings in a private
l Draw, dance, or engage in some
other creative activity.
l Talk about your feelings with your
family and friends.
l Do something nice for someone else.
It will take the focus away from you
and your feelings.
Types of Mental Disorders
l Anxiety Disorders
l A strong and irrational fear of something specific,
such as high places or dogs.
– Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder:
l When a person is trapped in a pattern of repeated
thoughts or behaviors.
– Panic Disorder:
l A person has sudden, unexplained feelings of terror;
a condition in which fear and anxiety get in the way
of a person’s ability to function and enjoy life.
Anxiety Disorders, cont.
– Post-traumatic Stress Disorder:
l Common after a personal assault, such as rape;
natural or human-made disasters, such as
earthquakes or bombings; accidents, such as plane
crashes; or military combat.
l Mood Disorders
– Clinical Depression
l Results from a chemical imbalance that a person
cannot overcome without professional help; approx.
19 million Americans are affected every year.
Mood Disorders, cont.
– Bipolar Disorder
l Also known as manic-depressive disorder
is marked by extreme mood changes,
energy levels, and behavior.
l Eating Disorders
– Anorexia Nervosa
– Bulimia Nervosa
– Compulsive exercising
– Compulsive overeating
l Antisocial Personality Disorder
– People tend to be irritable, aggressive,
impulsive, and violent; in many cases,
they are unable to show remorse for
l Passive-Aggressive Personality
– People are often uncooperative; they
resent being told what to do, yet they
rely on others’ direction.
Personality Disorders, cont.
l Borderline Personality Disorder
– People frequently experience a series of
troubled relationships; they tend to engage in
high-risk activities, and many have poor self-
– A severe mental disorder in which a person
loses contact with reality. Symptoms include
delusions, hallucinations, and thought
disorders. Professional help and medication
are necessary to successfully treat
Suicide Risk Factors
l Substance abuse, violence, or
emotional, physical, or sexual abuse
l Prior suicide attempts; family history
of depression or other mental
Suicide Warning Signs
l 1.) Depression and hopelessness.
l 2.) Lack of energy and zest for life.
l 3.) Withdrawal from family, friends,
and social activities.
l 4.) Drop in grades.
Warning Signs, cont.
l 5.) Giving away prized possessions.
l 6.) Rebellious behavior or running
l 7.) Drug and alcohol abuse.
l 8.) Violent actions.
l 9.) Personality changes.
l Signs of Mental Health Problems:
– 1.) Prolonged sadness for no specific
– 2.) Hopelessness- the sense that one’s
life is out of control.
– 3.) Violent or erratic mood shifts.
– 4.) Inability to concentrate or to make
decisions about daily life.
– 5.) Overwhelming fear, anxiety, or
anger at the world.
– 6.) Severe sleep disturbances-
nightmares, insomnia, fitful sleep.
– 7.) Compulsive behaviors such as
Kinds of Professional Help
l Clinical Psychologist
l Psychiatric Social Worker
l Mental and Emotional Problems
l Suicide Prevention
l Getting Help