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Chapter 5: Mental and Emotional Problems l Key Terms: – Mental Disorder – Anxiety Disorder – Anxiety – Emotions – Depression – Mood Disorder – Conduct Disorder – Apathy Terms, cont. – Suicide – Alienation – Cluster suicides – Psychotherapy – Stigma – Behavior Therapy – Cognitive Therapy – Family Therapy – Group Therapy – Drug Therapy Anxiety l Have you ever experienced anxiety?? l What caused your anxiety? Symptoms of Anxiety l Feelings of fear or dread l Perspiration, trembling, restlessness, or muscle tension l Rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, or shortness of breath What is Depression? l Have you ever experienced depression?? l What caused your depression? Two Types of Depression l 1.) Reactive Depression- a response to a stressful event, such as the death of a friend. l 2.) Major Depression- a medical condition requiring treatment. This is more severe and lasts much longer than reactive depression; may develop from reactive depression, or may be the result of a chemical imbalance in the brain or a genetic tendency. Symptoms of Depression l Irritable or restless mood l Withdrawal from family and friends l Change in appetite or weight l Feelings of guilt or worthlessness l A sense of hopelessness Managing Depression l Write your feelings in a private journal. l Draw, dance, or engage in some other creative activity. l Talk about your feelings with your family and friends. l Do something nice for someone else. It will take the focus away from you and your feelings. Types of Mental Disorders l Anxiety Disorders – Phobia: l A strong and irrational fear of something specific, such as high places or dogs. – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder: l When a person is trapped in a pattern of repeated thoughts or behaviors. – Panic Disorder: l A person has sudden, unexplained feelings of terror; a condition in which fear and anxiety get in the way of a person’s ability to function and enjoy life. Anxiety Disorders, cont. – Post-traumatic Stress Disorder: l Common after a personal assault, such as rape; natural or human-made disasters, such as earthquakes or bombings; accidents, such as plane crashes; or military combat. l Mood Disorders – Clinical Depression l Results from a chemical imbalance that a person cannot overcome without professional help; approx. 19 million Americans are affected every year. Mood Disorders, cont. – Bipolar Disorder l Also known as manic-depressive disorder is marked by extreme mood changes, energy levels, and behavior. l Eating Disorders – Anorexia Nervosa – Bulimia Nervosa – Compulsive exercising – Compulsive overeating Personality Disorders l Antisocial Personality Disorder – People tend to be irritable, aggressive, impulsive, and violent; in many cases, they are unable to show remorse for their behaviors. l Passive-Aggressive Personality Disorder – People are often uncooperative; they resent being told what to do, yet they rely on others’ direction. Personality Disorders, cont. l Borderline Personality Disorder – People frequently experience a series of troubled relationships; they tend to engage in high-risk activities, and many have poor self- esteem. l Schizophrenia – A severe mental disorder in which a person loses contact with reality. Symptoms include delusions, hallucinations, and thought disorders. Professional help and medication are necessary to successfully treat schizophrenia. Suicide Risk Factors l Substance abuse, violence, or emotional, physical, or sexual abuse l Prior suicide attempts; family history of depression or other mental disorders Suicide Warning Signs l 1.) Depression and hopelessness. l 2.) Lack of energy and zest for life. l 3.) Withdrawal from family, friends, and social activities. l 4.) Drop in grades. Warning Signs, cont. l 5.) Giving away prized possessions. l 6.) Rebellious behavior or running away. l 7.) Drug and alcohol abuse. l 8.) Violent actions. l 9.) Personality changes. Video l http://music.aol.com/video/hold- on/good-charlotte/1117377 Getting Help l Signs of Mental Health Problems: – 1.) Prolonged sadness for no specific reasons. – 2.) Hopelessness- the sense that one’s life is out of control. – 3.) Violent or erratic mood shifts. – 4.) Inability to concentrate or to make decisions about daily life. Signs, cont. – 5.) Overwhelming fear, anxiety, or anger at the world. – 6.) Severe sleep disturbances- nightmares, insomnia, fitful sleep. – 7.) Compulsive behaviors such as repeated hand-washing. Kinds of Professional Help l Psychiatrist l Neurologist l Clinical Psychologist l Counselors l Psychiatric Social Worker Conclusion l Mental and Emotional Problems l Depression l Suicide Prevention l Getting Help Questions???
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