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Chapter 10_ Mental Disorders


  • pg 1
									Chapter 5: Mental and
Emotional Problems
 l   Key Terms:
     – Mental Disorder
     – Anxiety Disorder
     – Anxiety
     – Emotions
     – Depression
     – Mood Disorder
     – Conduct Disorder
     – Apathy
Terms, cont.

  –   Suicide
  –   Alienation
  –   Cluster suicides
  –   Psychotherapy
  –   Stigma
  –   Behavior Therapy
  –   Cognitive Therapy
  –   Family Therapy
  –   Group Therapy
  –   Drug Therapy

 l   Have you ever experienced

 l   What caused your anxiety?
Symptoms of Anxiety

 l   Feelings of fear or dread
 l   Perspiration, trembling, restlessness,
     or muscle tension
 l   Rapid heart rate, lightheadedness, or
     shortness of breath
What is Depression?

 l   Have you ever experienced

 l   What caused your depression?
Two Types of Depression

 l   1.) Reactive Depression- a response to a
     stressful event, such as the death of a

 l   2.) Major Depression- a medical condition
     requiring treatment. This is more severe
     and lasts much longer than reactive
     depression; may develop from reactive
     depression, or may be the result of a
     chemical imbalance in the brain or a
     genetic tendency.
Symptoms of Depression

 l   Irritable or restless mood
 l   Withdrawal from family and friends
 l   Change in appetite or weight
 l   Feelings of guilt or worthlessness
 l   A sense of hopelessness
Managing Depression

 l   Write your feelings in a private
 l   Draw, dance, or engage in some
     other creative activity.
 l   Talk about your feelings with your
     family and friends.
 l   Do something nice for someone else.
     It will take the focus away from you
     and your feelings.
Types of Mental Disorders

 l   Anxiety Disorders
     – Phobia:
        l   A strong and irrational fear of something specific,
            such as high places or dogs.
     – Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder:
        l   When a person is trapped in a pattern of repeated
            thoughts or behaviors.
     – Panic Disorder:
        l   A person has sudden, unexplained feelings of terror;
            a condition in which fear and anxiety get in the way
            of a person’s ability to function and enjoy life.
Anxiety Disorders, cont.

     – Post-traumatic Stress Disorder:
        l   Common after a personal assault, such as rape;
            natural or human-made disasters, such as
            earthquakes or bombings; accidents, such as plane
            crashes; or military combat.

 l   Mood Disorders
     – Clinical Depression
        l   Results from a chemical imbalance that a person
            cannot overcome without professional help; approx.
            19 million Americans are affected every year.
Mood Disorders, cont.

     – Bipolar Disorder
        l   Also known as manic-depressive disorder
            is marked by extreme mood changes,
            energy levels, and behavior.

 l   Eating Disorders
     – Anorexia Nervosa
     – Bulimia Nervosa
     – Compulsive exercising
     – Compulsive overeating
Personality Disorders

 l   Antisocial Personality Disorder
     – People tend to be irritable, aggressive,
       impulsive, and violent; in many cases,
       they are unable to show remorse for
       their behaviors.
 l   Passive-Aggressive Personality
     – People are often uncooperative; they
       resent being told what to do, yet they
       rely on others’ direction.
Personality Disorders, cont.
 l   Borderline Personality Disorder
     – People frequently experience a series of
       troubled relationships; they tend to engage in
       high-risk activities, and many have poor self-

 l   Schizophrenia
     – A severe mental disorder in which a person
       loses contact with reality. Symptoms include
       delusions, hallucinations, and thought
       disorders. Professional help and medication
       are necessary to successfully treat
Suicide Risk Factors

 l   Substance abuse, violence, or
     emotional, physical, or sexual abuse
 l   Prior suicide attempts; family history
     of depression or other mental
Suicide Warning Signs

 l   1.) Depression and hopelessness.
 l   2.) Lack of energy and zest for life.
 l   3.) Withdrawal from family, friends,
     and social activities.
 l   4.) Drop in grades.
Warning Signs, cont.

 l   5.) Giving away prized possessions.
 l   6.) Rebellious behavior or running
 l   7.) Drug and alcohol abuse.
 l   8.) Violent actions.
 l   9.) Personality changes.

Getting Help

 l   Signs of Mental Health Problems:
     – 1.) Prolonged sadness for no specific
     – 2.) Hopelessness- the sense that one’s
       life is out of control.
     – 3.) Violent or erratic mood shifts.
     – 4.) Inability to concentrate or to make
       decisions about daily life.
Signs, cont.

   – 5.) Overwhelming fear, anxiety, or
     anger at the world.
   – 6.) Severe sleep disturbances-
     nightmares, insomnia, fitful sleep.
   – 7.) Compulsive behaviors such as
     repeated hand-washing.
Kinds of Professional Help

 l   Psychiatrist
 l   Neurologist
 l   Clinical Psychologist
 l   Counselors
 l   Psychiatric Social Worker

 l   Mental and Emotional Problems
 l   Depression
 l   Suicide Prevention
 l   Getting Help

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