Why was capital punishment abolished? WALT: Identify the arguments used in the 1950s for and against capital punishment and explain what led to its abolition WILF: A: Evaluate the arguments for and against and develop your own conclusions. B: Explain arguments for and against C: Argue for OR against capital punishment. Starter – Key words A: Evaluate the arguments for Capital Offence and against and develop your own conclusions. Capital Punishment B: Explain arguments for and against Abolition In the 21st century, if we C: Argue for OR do not carry the death against capital penalty in the UK, why punishment. do other countries justify the use of it? Task1: Put the abolition time line in chronological order 1965 Capital punishment 1971 Arson in the Royal 1908 People under 16 no for murder cases Dockyards stopped being longer hanged suspended for 5 yrs a capital offence. 1950 Timothy Evans 1998 High Treason & 1969 Abolition of capital executed for the murder piracy with violence no punishment for murder of his wife. longer capital crimes 1933 People under the 1999 Home Secretary 1964 Last Executions: age of 18 no longer signs 6th protocol on the Peter Anthony Allen and hanged European Convention of Gwynne Owen Evans Human rights. Formally 1953 Derek Bentley to be abolishing CP. 1955 Ruth Ellis, the last hanged at Wandsworth woman hanged in the UK Prison Extension: Why do you think the abolition of Capital Punishment was not a sudden decision in 1969? Task 2: What are the arguments? A: Evaluate the arguments for • In pairs, one of you must argue for and against and develop your and one of you must argue against own the death penalty. conclusions. B: Explain arguments for and against C: Argue for OR against capital punishment. Task 3: Case studies A: Evaluate the arguments for • Look at the 3 case studies. and against and develop your • For each case, decide how the events own conclusions. may have encouraged people to B: Explain consider the abolition of the death arguments for penalty. and against C: Argue for OR against capital punishment. Timothy Evans Executed: 1950 Crime: Killing his wife and baby. Later evidence: It was found that his wife’s killer was a man named Christie who lived in the same block. Resolution: Evans was posthumously pardoned in 1966 Derek Bentley Executed: 1953 Crime: Bentley and his brother broke in to a London warehouse. His brother shot a policeman. Bentley had serious learning difficulties and a mental age of 11. Both men found guilty of murder. Only Bentley was executed because his brother was under 18. Resolution: Bentley was posthumously pardoned in 1998 Ruth Ellis Executed: 1955 Crime: Shot her boyfriend who had violently abused her. She planned the murder and she was sane. There was no other punishment for her and the jury had to find her guilty. She was the last woman in the UK to be hanged. “These figures show that the murder Task 4 rate is not soaring as a result of the abolition of capital punishment but remains remarkably stable.” James Callaghan, Labour Government Home Secretary in a speech to parliament on 16th December 1969 in the final debate on the abolition of capital punishment. “There are people dead today (because of murderers) who might have been alive if the law had been Look at sources A and B different.” What can you learn about the impact of abolishing the death The Conservative opposition penalty in the UK? Spokesman on Home Affairs, Quintin Hogg in the same debate. He believed that murders had happened because violent crimes no longer feared being hanged for murder.. Exam practice • “Explain why Derek Bentley’s execution was important in changing attitudes to capital punishment.” 9 marks • Level 1: Answer gives a reason but little detail • Level 2: Gives details about public protests and Derek Bentley’s execution but does not fully explain importance. • Level 3: Adds to level 2 an explanation to show public opinion became more critical of the use of CP. Add your answers on the way out, using the board Plenary pen. Why was Capital Punishment abolished?
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