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The Basic House Design

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									THE BASIC HOUSE DESIGN
Chapter 2
   Four Main Designs for Residential
              Homes
One Story (Ranch)
One-and-one half story
Two story
Split
      The One Story Ranch Design
Living space is located
 on one level
Lends self to beautiful
 indoor and outdoor
 living
Absence of
 stairs…unless it has a
 basement
           The One Story Ranch
Low pitched roof with wide overhangs
Outside is easy to maintain due to one story
May be built with full basement
Disadvantage of Ranch Design
More costly to build
  Requires more roof area
  Requires more foundation
   Disadvantage of Ranch Design
Requires a larger lot
Maintainace costs may be more expensive due to
 large roof and exterior wall surface
  One-and-One Half Story Design
This home is often called
 the Cape Cod
One story with steeper
 roof which allows for
 expansion of the attic
Dormers
Advantages of 11/2 Story
Economy
Built in expansability

Bedrooms and bath are generally built into attic
 space

Second floor is about ½ the size of the first floor.
       One-and-One Half Story
Could be left unfinished at first
Heating costs are minimal
Rooms must be planned for the ultimate number of
 occupants
                The Two Story
More economical to
 build than Ranch or the
 1 ½ story designs
Requires smaller lot
Heating and cooling is
 economical
The Two Story
Not as popular today as when it was introduced.
Usually traditional in style
Disadvantages of Two Story
Maintenance may be difficult and more costly
Does not lend itself to variations in style
              The Split Design
Designed for the sloping
 or hilly lot

Takes advantage of
 troublesome elevation.
              The Split Design
Lowest level houses
 heating and cooling
 equipment, storage and
 shop or washroom
Basement occupies 40-
 60 percent of house
 space.
             The Split Design
             The Intermediate Level

Generally houses
 garage and recreation
 area
Ground level
  Patio
  Porch
  Terrace
                The Split Design
                    The Living Level

Also located at grade level
Kitchen, dining room, living room, Full or half bath,
Foyer, mud room, wash room may also be located
 on this level.
Patios and terraces
               The Split Design
                 The Sleeping Area

The highest level of the house
The half-level difference between the living and
 sleeping levels affords greater privacy and
 quietness
              The Split Design
Often more expensive than two story but cheaper
 than a ranch
Heating tends to be a problem but is resolved by
 different thermostats
   Variations of Split-Level Design
1. Side-by-Side
2. Front-to-Back
3. Back-to-Front

Depending on the way the lot is sloped
            Traffic Circulation
Primary consideration
Moving from one room
 to another
Planned with maximum
 efficiency
             Traffic Circulation
Distance from garage to kitchen should be short
 and direct
Foyer should be centrally located
All bedrooms need to be close to a bath
Few rooms have traffic patterns
Family room and eating nook are exceptions
Primary Considerations
     CHAPTER 3
What to consider:
Neighbors
Climate
Shopping
Transportation
Room for Expansion
Cost & Restrictions
Costs
  tree removal
  grading
  drainage
The deed
Zoning and Codes
Zoning Ordinances
  Commercial or Residential
Topographical Features
Slope
Contour
Size
Shape
Elevations
Trees
Rocks
Soil/Water Conditions
Family Needs
Find/Build a home that fits needs of family
Eating
Sleeping
Laundry
Hobbies
Studying
etc.
Other Considerations
Planning the home not only from inside-out.
Modular Aspects
Modular homes
 Factory build homes
 Utilize materials
 adding extra foot around house not big expense
Modular Aspects
Material Size
  Plywood - 4’ X 8’
  Paneling - 4’ x 8’
  Concrete Block
       Modules of 4”
  Lumber
      8’, 10’, 12,’ 16’

      To reduce waste
Drawings include a set of plans
Plot Plan
Foundation Plan
Floor Plan
Elevations
Electrical Plan
Construction Details
Pictorial Representation
CHAPTER 3
Primary Consideration
What to consider:
Site Consideration
Community
Cost
Zoning restrictions
Style
Location
Schools
What to consider:
Neighbors
Climate
Shopping
Transportation
Room for Expansion
Cost & Restrictions
Costs
  tree removal
  grading
  drainage
The deed
Zoning and Codes
Zoning Ordinances
  Commercial or Residential
Topographical Features
Slope
Contour
Size
Shape
Elevations
Trees
Rocks
Soil/Water Conditions
Family Needs
Find/Build a home that fits needs of family
Eating
Sleeping
Laundry
Hobbies
Studying
etc.
Other Considerations
Planning the home not only from inside-out.
Modular Aspects
Modular homes
 Factory build homes
 Utilize materials
 adding extra foot around house not big expense
Modular Aspects
Material Size
  Plywood - 4’ X 8’
  Paneling - 4’ x 8’
  Concrete Block
       Modules of 4”
  Lumber
      8’, 10’, 12,’ 16’

      To reduce waste
Drawings include a set of plans
Plot Plan
Foundation Plan
Floor Plan
Elevations
Electrical Plan
Construction Details
Pictorial Representation
CHAPTER 5
The Bedroom
                The Bedroom
Home divided into three basic areas
Sleeping
Living
Service
          The Sleeping Area
Bedrooms
Baths
Dressing Room
Nurseries
                The Bedroom
Should be located in the Southwest corner of the
 house
Homes are categorized into categories of 2,3 & 4
 Bedroom homes
The 3 BR home has the greatest sale potential
Bedrooms are located on a separate wing of the
 house or upstairs
                The Bedroom
FHA minimum - 100 Square Feet
Average - 125-175 Square feet
Largest Bedroom is referred to as the Master
 Bedroom
             Bedroom Closets
4 linear feet for a man’s
 closet
6 linear feet for a
 woman’s closet
Minimum of two feet deep
Should be 30 inches if
 possible
Located along interior
 wall of Bedroom
Access to Bedroom Closets
Variety of Options
  Bifold door 8’ in length
  Accordion Door in 8’ length
  Flush Door

  Door Height = 6’-8”
  Be sure to have good lighting in closet
Bedroom Windows
Windows on two walls if possible
              Bedroom Doors
Doors swings into Bedroom
Locate door near corner of Bedroom
At least one entry door
1 3/8” Thick
6’-8” Height
2’ to 3’ Wide
  minimum of 2’-6” wide
                  Assignment
Design an average size bedroom according to the
 FHA specifications. Make a plan view drawing of
 the room including bed, dresser, chest pf drawers,
 and other furniture to meet the needs of your own
 activities. You may want to include study or
 reading areas.
Attach a closet to the bedroom.
  3’ x 8’ with maximum door access
CHAPTER 6
Living Room
                  Living Area
Composed of a number of rooms
  Living room
  Dining room
  recreation or family room
  den or study
  special purpose rooms
  foyer
  patios
  guest bedroom
                 Living Room
Center of Activity
Play room for children
TV room
Conversation Place
                 Living Room
Size
 Small
   150 square feet
 Medium (average)
   250 square feet
 Large
   400 + square feet
     Most Important Questions Regarding
             Size of Living Room
1.    What furniture is planned to this room?
2.    How aften will the room be used?
3.    How many people are expected to use the room?
4.    How many functions are combined in this room?
5.    Is the living room size in proportion to the
     remainder of the house?
           Living Room Location
Traffic pattern should not pass through living room
Slightly raise or lower the floor to help discourage
 “thru traffic”
Room should be positioned at grade level
No main entrance way in room
                 Living Room
Large windows or sliding doors give the room of
 feeling of spaciousness.
Adequate wall space for furniture
Located near dining room
Should be exciting and colorful
              The Dining Room
Most modern homes have dining rooms
The function is to provided a special place for
 eating
             The Dining Room
Size
 Small - 120 square feet
 Medium - 180 square feet
 Large - 252 square feet and larger
              The Dining Room
Possible Furniture to Include
  Rectangular, Oval, or Round Table
  China Cabinet or Hutch
  Buffet
  Server or Cart
  Corner Cabinet
  Dining Chairs
Dining Room Chairs
Allow at least 2’-3” from center line to center line of
 dining room chair
Allow 2’-0” space for serving (behind the chair to
 the wall or piece of furniture).
Location of Dining Room
Adjacent to the kitchen
near family/living room
between kitchen and living room (ideal)
                 Dining Room
Lighting should be able to be adjusted to set a
 mood
Bright warm and cheerful atmosphere should be
 presented
           Entryway and Foyer
All houses have at least one entryway but not
 necessarily a foyer
                   Entryway
 Three basic types of entryways
  1. Main Entry
  2. Service Entry
  3. Special Purpose Entry
                    Entryway
Main Entryway
  Designed to Impress
  Need not be large
  Creative use of materials will enhance beauty
  Centrally located
  Should lead into foyer rather than room
                    Entryway
Main Entryway
  Should be designed so that caller can be viewed from
   inside the home
  Protection from weather is a consideration
  Entry doors are normally 3’-0” wide x 1 ¾” Thick x 6’-
   8”High
                    Entryway
Main Entryway
  Should be designed so that caller can be viewed from
   inside the home
  Protection from weather is a consideration
  Entry doors are normally 3’-0” wide x 1 ¾” Thick x 6’-
   8”High
                    Entryway
Service Entrance
  Usually connected to the kitchen
  May pace a mud room or utility room between the
   door and kitchen
                     Entryway
Special Purpose Entries
  Those providing access to patios, decks and terraces
  Not intended to be striking
                       Foyer
Functions as a place to greet guests and remove
 coats
Floor must be made of materials not affected by
 moisture and dirt
Must have coat closet
  Minimum size – 2’x3’ but 30” x 4’-0” is more desirable
                         Foyer
Size of Foyer depends on several factors
  The size of home
  Cost of the home
  Location
  Personal preference
                       Foyer
Minimum foyer size
  6’ x 6’
Average foyer size
  8’ x 10’
Large foyer size
  Anything larger than 8’ x 10’
Foyer
Often provide access to other rooms in house
 through halls
Hall spaces should be kept to minimum
Minimum hall width – 3’-0”
More desirable – 3’-6” to 4’-0”
        Family Recreation Room
The family recreation room provides a place where
 the family can play or pursue hobbies
Designed for functionality and maintenance
Often provides for overflow of space if needed
        Family Recreation Room
Can be places near patio to take advantage of
 pool, outdoor picnics or sunbathing
Often located in basement
Common size – 12’ x 20’
       Patios, Porches and Courts
Architect should plan for outdoor living
                     Patios
Near house but not structurally connected
Usually at ground level
Concrete, brick, and stone are common materials
 used
Designed for entertainment, relaxation, playing,
 living
                      Patios
Locate patio to ensure privacy
Off living, dining or family room
                    Patio Size
 Small – 10’ x
  14’
 Large – 20’ x
  30’

 Should be
  designed
  proportional to
  the house
 Take into
  consideration
  the sun, wind
  and view
                      Porch
Structurally connected to the home
Usually covered
                     Courts
May posses characteristics of both a patio and a
 porch
Used for dining, relaxation and entertaining
Often used to break up floor plans
Provide natural light into the home
CHAPTER 7
Room Planning and Service Area
                   Chapter 7
The service area supplements the Living and sleeping
  areas of the house.
Includes:
  Kitchen, Laundry, Work Center, Utility, Garage and
   Storage
                   Chapter 7
The service area supplements the Living and sleeping
  areas of the house.
Includes:
  Kitchen, Laundry, Work Center, Utility, Garage and
   Storage
                    Kitchen
Food preparation but can be used for dining,
 laundry, and storage
Usually the most expensive room in the house
              Efficient Kitchen
Placement of appliances
Providing adequate storage cabinets
food preparation facilities
Minimum amount of walking distance
              The Work Triangle
Measure of kitchen
 efficiency
Lines drawn from the
 center of the range, sink
 and refrigerator
Lengths of lines are added
 together
Practical kitchen should not
 exceed a 21’ work
 triangle
         Six Basic Kitchen Styles
Straight Line
“L” Shaped
Corridor
“U” Shaped
Peninsula
Island
            Straight Line Kitchen
Used in cottages and apartments
Little space is required
Two disadvantages
  Not very interesting
  Provides little cabinet space
“L” Shaped Kitchen
           Located along two
            adjacent walls
           attractive
           Two work centers are
            located along one wall
            and a third along another
            wall
           Not intended for large
            kitchens
            The Corridor Kitchen
Located on two walls
 opposite each other
Small to medium size
Ideal for long, narrow
 room
Open space between the
 cabinets should be at least
 four feet
The “U” Shaped Kitchen
             Most popular design
             High level of efficiency
             No through traffic
             Work triangle is compact
              and functional
               The Peninsula Kitchen
 Popular because it provides
  plenty of work space
 Attractive
 Easily joined to the dining room
  using the peninsula as a divider
 Peninsula may be used as a
  cooking center, eating area,
  food preparation
 Traffic is reduced to a minimum
 Work triangle is compact
The Island Kitchen
           Island may house the sink,
            cooking center, food
            preparation, work space,
            snack bar
           Island should be accessible
            from all sides
           At least four feet
            clearance should be
            allowed on all sides of the
            island
Cabinets and Appliances
        Cabinets and Appliances
Appliances are available in a variety of styles,
 colors, and sizes
Standards are located on page 137
Cabinets
      Provide most storage in
       kitchens
      Available in standard
       sizes but can be custom
       made
      Standard base cabinets
       are 34 1/2” high, 24”
       deep, and width
       increments in 3” multiples
       (15”, 18”, 21”)
                   Cabinets
Wall cabinets are either 12 or 13 inches deep
 (standard)
Cabinets are 12” to 30” high in increments of 3
 inches
                    Cabinets
Figure 7-26 on page 140
  manufactures numbers are located on each cabinet
  wall cabinets are represented by a hidden line
                    Cabinets
Figure 7-26 on page 140
  manufactures numbers are located on each cabinet
  wall cabinets are represented by a hidden line
              Kitchen Location
Near outside door for easy access to trash
Near dining room
Windows should be placed so that children can be
 observed in yard
Near laundry room
Near bathroom
                  Ventilation
Wall fan is good but hood with fan is better
Exhaust should not be expelled into the attic
                Kitchen Decor
Pleasant
Well Lighted - over work stations
Colors of appliances should be consistent with the
 overall design of the kitchen
Kitchen materials should be easy to maintain
          Clothing Care Centers
Located near the kitchen
Should include place to take care of laundry
  Washer
  Dryer
  Ironing board
  Sewing machine
                 Assignments
Finish room design
Plot room design
Design a medium-size living room with furniture
Design a modern Kitchen.
Design and draw plans for a dining room which is
 designed to seat six people.

								
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