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WORKSHOP REPORT Environmental Indicator Building for Quang Nam Province Within the Environmental Information and Reporting Project (EIR) supported by DANIDA and based on the official letter of number 1407/BVTMT dated in October 10, 2005 on organizing a workshop on environmental indicator building for the four pilot province of Thai Nguyen, Ha Noi, Quang Nam, and Ha Nam, Department of Natural Resources and Environment of Quang Nam has cooperated with the EIR Project in organizing the Workshop on “Environmental Indicator Building for Quang Nam” in order to present and discuss on applying environmental indicator for Quang Nam in the next year. Time: Workshop begins at 8h00 and fishes at 11h30 on 22/11/2005. Venue: Swiss- Bell hotel Golden Sand Resort, Cua Dai, Hoi An Town, Quang Nam Province. I. PARTICIPANTS: Project Steering Committee. National Environmental Protection Agency, Environmental Information and Reporting Project. Provincial Parliament Delegates, Provincial Party Office, Education and Communication Department of Provincial Party, People’s Council, and People’s Committee of Quang Nam Province. Relevant Departments and Provincial Sectors, Media such as Quang Nam Newspapers, Radio and Television of Quang Nam. People’s Committees of Districts and Towns. Representatives for other provincial Departments of Natural Resources and Environment: Da Nang city, Binh Dinh, Kon-Tum, Quang Tri, Thua Thien Hue. Representatives for School of Economy and Technique, School of Teacher of Quang Nam Province. International, national, and local consultants. II. THE WORSHOP CONTENTS: 1 The workshop objectives are to introduce and present the environmental indicators, and to discuss the proposal coastal environment indicators and methodology for building these indicators in Quang Nam Province. Mr. Nguyen Ngoc Dung, an Vice Director of Department of Natural Resources Environment gives gave an opening speech in which he emphasized on the necessarily of obtaining an environmental indicators for Quang Nam as well as the lack of information for building these indicators. 1. Introduction of Building Environmental Indictor within the EIR Project. Mr. Nguyen Van Son – EIR Project Assistant, introduced the report on the process of building environmental indicators. The report comes up with the following notes: - Environmental indicator definition. - Environmental indicator objectives and using. - Introduction model for building environmental indicators, DIPSIR model (Driving forces – Pressure – State – Impacts – Responds). - Procedure for indicator building. - Building standards and selecting indicators - Project works for indicator development until November of 2005. 2. Coastal water indicator building for Quang Nam Province. 2.1. Mr. Karsten Dahl – International consultant on building coastal water indicators, introduced methodology, standards for selecting environmental indicators of Quang Nam, which emphasis on: - The DIPSIR model was selected for oritation of indicator building activities. This model will help to improve better understanding of complexity of linkages and feedback between the causes and effects within environmental issues. - Identify indicators to explain and quantify these linkages and feedbacks. - Standards for evaluation of feasibility of indicators. - Proposal for the list of environmental indicators of Quang Nam. 2.2. Pr. Dr. Pham Van Ninh; Director of Center for Research and Consultation on Marine Environment, National consultant presented on: 2 - The proposal list of coastal environment of Quang Nam. - Process of indicator development for Quang Nam. 3. Chair and facilitate workshop discussion: Mr. Nguyen Ngoc Dung, vice director of Department of Natural Resources and Envionment facilitates discussion. Chair board for discussion: 1/ Mr. Nguyen Ngoc Dung – Vice director of Department of Natural Resources and Environment. 2/ Pr. Dr. Pham Van Ninh – Director of Center for Research and Consultation on Marince Environment; National consultant. 3/ Dr. Ngo Van Hung – Chief of Provincial Party Office. Workshop discussion focussed on the following issues: The neceserity of environmental indicator development for Quang Nam. Relevance of indicators applied for Quang Nam province. Advange and disadvantage in bulding or development of indicators and environmental factsheet for Quang Nam province. Comments for accuracy of each indicator. 4. Comments from worshop participants: - Building the environmental indicators for Viet Nam in the general and for Quang Nam Province in particular is very necessary, because the province has planed the orientation for economic development for the whole Quang Nam including the coastal zone. There are 125 km of coastal line which includes different ecosystems of agricultural lands, mangroves, urban areas, industrial zones, beautiful beaches, and Chu Lai open economic zone. Therefore, dealing with this point, Quang Nam reflects in both kinds D and I indicators. Sustainable development is the first priority in economic tendency of Quang Nam Province with a range of activity programs such as: education improvement, employment adjustment, agricultural development within limited chemical using, supported IPM. Building environmental indicators will give contribution for economic development of Quang Nam province by following the above orientation. 3 - Methodology for building environmental indicators and suggestion for establishing environmental indicator sheets for Quang Nam province, - Agreed with the performed methodology, - Agreed with the introduced environmental indicators for Quang Nam province, especially, here is not only sea water environment mentioned but also extending to coastal environment where there are different important habitats such as mangrove forest, sea grass beds, and coral reefs. - Some advantages for building environmental indicators in Quang Nam province in term of data analyze and monitoring programs, because of following reasons: - The province has participated in the Integrated Coastal Zone Management. - The province has established the Cham islands Marine Protected Area - The province has planted coastal protected forests, replanted mangrove forests (coconut tree forests) - Running protected program against erosion along rives and coastal banks - Some scientific research programs have been conducted in the province are: - Studied programs against coastal erosion - Studied programs against river aggregation and erosion - Environmental monitoring program - Provincial eco-tourism development orientation - Studied program for environmental planning in central Viet Nam (Institute of Tropical Environment involved) - Indicators for water environment will be focused in the period of 2005 and 2006, others will be considered after 2006. - There are some indicators which are broadly in concept such as marine sediment, so I have a suggestion that we need just focus on sediment in the river mouths. To untibio- medecine will be tested for all seafood products not only for exported. - Sub-indicator 23.1 (Loss of mangrove area) should be corrected into: Changing mangrove forest, wetland, coastal forests areas, because the province planed to recover all these areas by reforestation, so that the forest area of Quang Nam will be increased. - Indicator 25. (Number of beaches which are not meet the standards of water quality) should be corrected into: Changing in beach seawater quality. - Sub-indicator 1.6 (Increase in number of cities (level 1 and 2), towns (current number and increasing number). However, there is only one town of level 3 in Quang Nam now. - Sub-indicator 32.2. (Number of cities of level 1, 2 and industrial zones within solid wastes and waster water treatments) should be corrected into: The situation of solid wastes and waste water treatment in towns. - Sub-indicator 32.4. (Number of oil spilling cases that were confronted). Currently, the province has not come up with oil spilling cleaning, however, it is just discussed in 4 prevention solution for these risks. This sub-indicator should be arranged into indicator kind of R, ready in prevention. - Methodology of indicators training: It is very reflected in specific areas, however managers mostly consider indicators in general more than in particular, so that I think it is necessary to have an indicator map together with environmental indicator sheets. - Implementation conditions: It should be included human resources, equipments; therefore, it is necessary to consider a capacity development training program, as well as investment of equipment for Quang Nam province. - It is necessary to have national and international expertise support, but it should be carried out by the province by 2015 mainly. - The province should allocate own budget to support for environmental study in general. - Quang Nam province has 125 km of coastal line including an area of 140 Km2 fishing ground, 30,000 ha of water surface for aquaculture where support livelihood for 100,000 people of fishing, Mari culture, and processing. - Sub-indicator 3.2 (Number and capacity (tone/year) of seafood processing units). It is suggested to add: Number and current capacity. - Indicator 5 (Chemical using in aquaculture). It should be changed into: Using chemicals in processing and Mari culture. - Indicator 7 (Number and load weight of fishing boats). It should be corrected into: Number and capacity of fishing boats. - Indicator 8 (Number of fishing dynamite and poisonous chemical cases). It should be corrected into: Number of case of electronic fishing, dynamite fishing and poisonous chemical fishing. - Indicator: Impacts on natural resources and environment: It should be considered into: - Limited fishing seasons - Number of violation cases on fishing banned seasons (ex: lobster breeding season) - Number of violation cases on fishing banned size. - Number of violation cases on fishing with exceedingly permitted light intense. - Sub-indicator: 20.1 (Concentration and changing heavy metals). It should be corrected into: Concentration of heavy metals in fish, shrimp, squid and bivalve animals. - Data on fishing port and safe harbor will be provided for indicators. - It is necessary to study the environmental situation of road construction along the coastal line. The construction of the current two roads along the Quang Nam coastal side impacts on the environmental quality. - There is an environmental impact assessment for these two road construction, but the framework for assessment is not standardized, just focused on erosion. 5 - Sub-indicator 25.1 (Concentration of E.coli in beach water). It should be corrected into: Concentration of E.coli and relevant micro-organism. - Indicator 26 (Number of people infected by beach sea water pollution). It should be corrected into: Number of people infected by water resources pollution. - Indicator 27 (Number of cases and people suffered by eating poisonous seafood). It should be corrected into: Number of cases and people suffered by eating aquatic foods. (infected fish). - Currently, there are 23 hospital over the province, but there is only the hospital of Tam Ky within a solid waste treatment of Austria technology, the rest of them just have simple garbage collection and then transfer into the urban environmental company for treatment. - All waste water of these hospitals discharge into public sewage systems without treatment. - It is suggested that indicators on solid waste and waste water treatment in hospitals should be included. - Raw marine products dropped within pre-processing such as drying by sun light are subsistence but there is no indicator for monitoring. - Indicator 9 (Number and list of industrial units along the coastal zone) and indicator 15 (The total load of pollutants discharge form rivers (SS, BOD, nutrient, heavy metal, oil, organic chlorine) involved together). - Handy craft (iron and bronze casting), sediment mining in Quang Nam province, particularly, gold mining in Phuoc Son, Bong Mieu, located in the upstream of rivers and discharge into the two main river mouths in the north and the south of the province). - Solid waste from rivers categorized into tow kinds: the first is soft solid (nylon, plastic) that always float in to the river banks, while the others such as lead or sediment are sunk down to the river. - Indicator 9 (Number and list of industrial units along the coastal area). It should be corrected into: Number and list of industrial enterprises. - Indicator 10 (Number, location, and production capacity of mineral sediment mining along the coastal area). It should corrected into number, location, and product capacity of mineral mining in the coastal area (such as sand, mud), while the mineral sediment is just titan here. - Currently, Quang Nam has 5 industrial zones, 18 industrial communities, and 18 handy craft villages; however, there is no any central treatment plant. Each unit has just own treatment. - Sub-indicator 16.2 (From industrial zones, processing, aquaculture areas, marine ports, dredging channels). It is suggested that it need to add: industrial communities and handy craft villages. 6 - Polluted enterprises were treated by the Government Decision: Not allow produce tile and brick by handy (open kilns), but should transfer into tunnel or vertical kilns. - Hoi An is one of the 16 districts and towns of Quang Nam province, - Agreed with Mr. Ngo Van Hung on the point of view that it is necessary to add the training and equipment supports for local province within this project. - It should have a field monitoring program. - Indicator 23 (Main ecosystems) - Indicator 25 (Number of beaches without qualified water quality standards). It should be corrected into: Number of beaches without qualified quality standards. - Indicator 28 (Impacts on livelihoods). It is suggested that this indicator should be supported by data collected from community reality. - It is necessary to collect additional data from provincial, national projects and must be realistic. - Indicator 13 (Increasing number of visitors in the coastal areas) and indicator 14 (Increasing number of tourist enterprises); these information could be collected from Department of tourism, - Indicator 17 (Quantity and amount of undetermined oil spilling cases). It is suggested that this part should focus on ship wreck, especially oil and chemical carried ships. - Indicator 18 (Number and changing marine pollutants exceeded permitted limitation). It is suggested that this part should be measured on amount of pollutants. - Sub-indicator 23.1 (Lost of mangrove forest areas). It is suggested that this indicator should just focus on destroyed forestry areas. Because lost of mangrove forests also related into lost jobs, livelihood, and measuring these events is very difficult. - Sub-indicator 32.1 (Number of extremely environmental polluted enterprises were treated in the province). It is suggested that this part should reflected the status of implementation of Decision 64 on entirely resolving environmental polluted production units. - It is needed to add additional indicators on public health stations within wastes treatment plants. - The status of implementing Degree 67 on waste water fees collection, - The proportion compared between investment costs and shared budged for environmental protection. - The province should budget for environmental protection. - There are many sources for investment in environmental protection such as government or projects. - Indicator 2 (Changing in use of chemicals in coastal agriculture practices). It is suggested that this indicator should add the trend of using herbicide. - Indicator 14 (Increasing number of tourism enterprises). It is suggested that this indicator should add the situation of waste water treatment in these tourism units. 7 - Indicator 16 (Total amount of pollutants directly influenced into the coastal zone). It is suggested that this area should be added waste water discharge for tourism enterprises. - Sub-indicator 25.1 (Amount of E.coli found in beach waters). It is suggested that this part should add the amount of Coliform in addition to E.coli. - Sub-indicator 21.3 (Concentration of anti-bio medicine in seafood products). It is suggested that it should add seafood products for exportation. - Sub-indicator 22.1 (Number of disease infected Marin culture cases). It should be corrected into infected disease and lost in Mari culture practices. - Indicator 27 (Number of cases and people infected by poisonous seafood products). It is needed to change into number of cases and people infected by polluted fish. - Indicator 30 (Conventions, Agreements, and International Organizations). It is suggested that it should transfer into programs and international organizations participated by the province. - Sub-indicator 32.1 (Number of extremely environmental polluted enterprises treated within the province). It is suggested that this indicator should add including enterprises which were listed by the government or without listed. III. CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS: 3.1. Conclusion: In overall, workshop participants agreed with proposed indicators on marine environment in Quang Nam province, however, it expected that it should be corrected in some areas which will be suitable for reality conditions of Quang Nam province. Department of Natural Resources and Environment will received all workshop’s participants comments of the main following contents: - On fishing, number of fishing boats. - On heavy metal concentration. - On negative impacts by road construction along the coastal areas. - On risks and growth compatible with sustainable development. - Other disease infected creatures beside E.coli. - Infected during aquatic food processing - Influenced from industrial zones and traditional handy crafts villages. - Training programs and monitoring. - Changes generated from tourism development, pollution risks, environment degradation, shifting forests and forestry land areas. - Concentration of herbicide in agricultural practices. - Waste water treatment in tourism enterprises. 8 3.2. Recommendations: It is suggested that international and national consultants study all workshop’s participants comments for completing the Quang Nam coastal water indicators which will be feasible. It is recommended that the EIR Project support for software development for updating information, data collected from local districts for indicator improvement. It is required that the EIR will organize training courses for people who work for environmental management and other relevant sectors on environmental indicator fact sheets development. Receive: On behalf of The Director - As above, VICE DIRECTOR - PPC, - Record. 9
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