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Plants and Animal Cells

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					SWBAT compare and               Warm-up 1/30
  contrast onion & cheek cell   (Use your microscope basics
  specimens & prepare a           notes to help)
  wet-mount slide.              1) When you use a higher
Agenda:                            magnification, what can
1) Warm-up                         you see more of?
2) Cell Pictures                2) Name 2 similarities
3) Onion & Cheek Cell Slides       between prokaryotes &
                                   eukaryotes.
4) Review Final
                                3) What are 2 differences
5) Finish Foldable                 between prokaryotes &
HW: STL OR Triton 12 about         eukaryotes?
   what we did today in         4) What kinds of organisms
   class on pg. 76                 are made up of
                                   eukaryotes?
Warm-up 1/30
(Use your microscope basics notes to help)
1) When you use a higher magnification, what can
   you see more of?
  •   You can see more details
2) Name 2 similarities between prokaryotes &
   eukaryotes.
  •   Membranes, cytoplasm, ribosomes, DNA
3) What are 2 differences between prokaryotes &
   eukaryotes?
  •   Eukaryotes have a nucleus, prokaryotes are smaller
4) What kinds of organisms are made up of
   eukaryotes?
  •   Plants and animals
How to make a wet-mount slide …
1 – Get a clean slide and coverslip from your teacher.
2 – Place ONE drop of water in the middle of the slide. Don’t use too much or the water
will run off the edge and make a mess!
3 – Place the edge of the cover slip on one side of the water drop.



4 - Slowly lower the cover slip on top of the drop.

                                Cover                 Lower slowly
                                 Slip



5 – Place the slide on the stage and view it first with the red-banded objective. Once you
see the image, you can rotate the nosepiece to view the slide with the different
objectives.

                         You do not need to use the stage clips when
                                 viewing wet-mount slides!
                  Lab Safety
• ONLY handle the slide with your cheek tissue (this
  includes viewing, clean-up, & disposal)
• Hold the slide on both edges
• When you are done, carefully remove the cover
• Rinse both sides of the slide in the sink & place it
  back on the cart
• Clean your work area with a sanitation wipe
                       Final
• Originally out of 63, but curved it to a 55
• Scores:
  – 50 and up = A
  – 44 – 49 = B
  – 39 – 43 = C
  – 33 – 38 = D
  – 32 and below = F
• Total score written on scantron
• Free response score + extra credit on White
  paper
SWBAT construct a concept          Warm-up 1/31 & 2/1
   map of plant and animal         1. What types of cells did we
   cells.                              look at last class?
Agenda:                            2. What was different about
1) Warm-up                             the two cells?
2) Plants vs. Animals Notes        3. What was the same?
3) Concept Maps                    4. Fact or Fiction:
4) Practice Identifying            The South American Batfish is a
5) Word Part GO                      flying fish found off the coast
HW: Use each of the following        of Brazil. It is small, not more
   terms in a sentence:              than 12 in. long, it is a poor
   Cellulose, plant cell, animal     swimmer, but great flyer.
   cell, eukaryote, chloroplast,     Unlike other flying fish, which
   central vacuole. On pg. 76        glide above the water for a
   (bottom of the page)              short time, it uses its strong
                                     bat-like fins to fly as fast as
                                     43.5 mi/hr. It is thought to be
                                     nocturnal.
  Objective: To compare and
contrast plant and animal cells.
 Title: Plants and Animal Cells
         Date: 1/31 & 2/1
              Pg. 77
          Cells

Prokaryotes       Eukaryotes
   Review- do not need to write
Prokaryotes          Eukaryotes

- No Nucleus         -Nucleus
-No Membrane-        -Membrane-Covered
Covered Organelles   Organelles
-Circular DNA        -Linear DNA
-Includes Bacteria   -All Other Cells
               Cells


 Prokaryotes            Eukaryotes

                                       All
Bacteria       Plants     Animals    Others
           Plants vs Animals
Plant AND Animal Cells Plant Cells Only
- Cell Membranes       -Cell Wall
-A Nucleus             -Vacuoles
-Membrane Covered      -Chloroplasts
Organelles             -Square or Regular
-Animal: Round,        shape
Irregular Shape
     Cell Walls (Plant Cells Only)
• Provides strength, and helps the cell hold its
  shape.
• Made of Cellulose, (Word Part: “-ose” = sugar or
  carbohydrate.)
     Chloroplasts (Plant Cells Only)
• Chloroplasts help plant
  cells do photosynthesis.
• Photosynthesis turns
  sunlight energy into
  sugar for the cell to use.
• Contain a chemical called
  Chlorophyll that gives the
  plant its green color.
• Word Parts:
   – “chlor” = green
   – “plast” = living substance
 Central Vacuole (Plant Cells Only)
• Large membrane-
  covered chamber that
  helps support the cell.
• Stores water and other
  liquids.
• Word Parts:
   – “Central” = center
   – “vac” = to store
   – “ole” = small
           Plants vs Animals
Plant AND Animal Cells Plant Cells Only
- Cell Membranes       -Cell Wall
-A Nucleus             -Vacuoles
-Membrane Covered      -Chloroplasts
Organelles             -Square or Regular
-Animal: Round,        shape
Irregular Shape
        Nucleus        Vacuole




Cell
         Chloroplast
Membrane                    Cell Wall
      How to Make a Concept Map
• From a list of concepts (terms, ideas, or topics),
  choose the one that is the main idea or concept
  and write it at the TOP of the page
• Then, arrange the rest of the concepts or terms
  in order of importance. The most specific details
  or terms should be towards the bottom of the
  page
• Put a circle or rectangle frame around each
  concept
• Connect all the terms with arrows that represent
  how you came up with the diagram
           Example Concept Map
                          Food


Desserts                             Fast Food




              Fattening          Yummy




  Sweet                                  Salty
      Make A Cell Concept Map
• Your Concept Map must include the following
  terms:
  –Cell, plant, animal, irregular shape,
   chloroplasts, nucleus, cell membrane
   & cell wall.
• Put a circle around each term and draw
  arrows connecting the terms together.
• Complete on pg. 78
Number   Plant or Animal?   Why?
1
2
3
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