Design Technology - First Class Login by hcj


									Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazard

             • Your
Spot the hazard
         • Supervision must
           be adequate
         • Check work
Spot the Hazard

         • Hazardous
         • Check also
           hazsubs register
           and MSDS
         • Decanting
Spot the Hazard
         • Store room
         • Check frequency
           of access, who is
           responsible for
           this area
Spot the Hazard

         • Missing fire
         • Check also other
           arrangements I.e.
School Bus
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
    Spot the Hazards
Spot the Hazards
        Spot the Hazards
         Practice Activity

Handout: Identify The hazards and Control

 - Fill in table for the following 3 pictures
             Place in your portfolio
Handouts: Performing A Job Hazard Analysis and Blank sheet

• We are going to perform Job analysis on grinding of a
  metal casting.

• Based on the steps, please identify the hazards and
Video: Log Loading Safety
National Fire Protection
  Association (NFPA)

 Hazard Rating Diamond
               NFPA Diamond
The NFPA diamond is designed to give general hazard
  information for chemicals.
                 NFPA Diamond
• The diamond:
   – Uses colors, numbers, & symbols to indicate
     presence of hazardous materials

 Higher number = greater hazard
      Hazard Rating
      4 Severe
      3 Serious
      2 Dangerous
      1 Minor
      0 Slight
Handout: NFPA Diamond Worksheet
Video: NFPA

Handout: Chemical Handling Guidelines (discuss)

Quiz # 2 Slides 23A – 28B

- Fire Safety
- Fire Extinguisher
- Hazards
- Handling Chemicals
Workplace Hazardous Materials Information System

What is it?

• A system put in place to respond to the Canadian workers' right
  to know more about safety and health hazards of the materials
  they use in their workplace.

• Canada-wide legislation with specific Provincial input.

• Provides specific information about hazardous materials
  (controlled products).

              *See Video : Making WHMIS Work
Three parts to WHMIS:

•   Labels:

                            •   MSDS:

•   Education / Training:
Labels: Alert worker to the
     identity and dangers of the
     product and to basic safety

Labels may contain symbols form
     the 6 Classes of Hazardous
MSDS are technical documents that provide more detailed hazard,
  precautionary, and emergency information about a substance.

• An MSDS must be present for each hazardous material
  regulated under WHMIS

Canadian MSDS consist of nine pieces of information:
At your table review the Handout and complete the
  worksheet provided.

Handout: WHMIS Presentation
Handout: WHMIS Presentation Worksheet

Handout: Becto MSDS
Handout: Becto MSDS Worksheet
             Definition of OH&S
Handout: OH&S Worksheet

OH&S is a discipline designed to protect people, property, and
 the environment in a workplace setting.

   It attempts to promote safe and healthy work environments,
   as well as healthy attitudes towards safe work practices.
              OH&S Legislation
Every province and territory has an Act:

In NL the Occupational Health and Safety (OH&S)
   Act and Regulations were created in 1978

The purpose of the act was to:
  to protect workers while on the job.
How is the legislation enforced?
Federal and provincial jurisdictions have inspectors who:

      Conduct inspections

      Investigate accidents and serious injuries

      Complete tests such as air quality assessments

      Inspect radiation controls

      Enforce the OH&S legislation
         OH&S Directives
When inspectors find that an employer is not complying with
OH&S Legislation, they may issue directives.

A directive states the law they must comply with and a time-
frame for compliance.

   For example, if required training has not been given, the
   directive will state that the training session must be
   completed by a certain date.
       Stop-Work Order
If inspectors discover that all or part of work at a workplace
poses an immediate risk to the health and safety of workers or
other people, they may issue a stop-work order.

A stop-work order means that all work stops until the unsafe
condition is corrected
    Internal Responsibility System
• The OHSA is based on an Internal Responsibility System
  (IRS) - A concept based on the principle that the
  workplace parties themselves are in the best position to
  identify health and safety problems.
Occupational Health and Safety Committee
An occupational health and safety committee is group made up of
representatives from management and workers who address
health and safety concerns in the workplace.
                OH&S Requirements
In brief, the requirements for an occupational health and safety
committee are as follows:

• A workplace having 10 or more workers must have a committee.

• The committee may consist of two to 12 members.

• At least half the members shall be elected by workers.

• The other half shall be appointed by the employer.

• Committee meetings shall be held every three months

• Minutes of meetings are to be posted in the workplace and a
copy is to be forwarded to the Commission.
The OH&S committees responsibilities are to:

• Investigating workplace accidents and incidents

• Conducting inspections and detailed audits of workplaces

• Enforcing Occupational Health and Safety Legislation.
When it comes to safety at work, it’s everyone’s responsibility.

Employers are responsible to do the following:

            • Provide a safe workplace, equipment, systems and tools.

            • Provide information, supervision and safe facilities

            • Ensure that workers, are familiar with all hazards

            • Consult and cooperate with their OH&S Committees
Employees are responsible to protect:

  • Their own health and safety

  • The health and safety of other workers

   • Report unsafe conditions in the workplace.

   • Co-operate with the occupational health and safety

Video: Safety at work ppe helmet
                  Basic Rights
What are the basic rights of workers?

     The right to know

     The right to participate

     The right to refuse
         The Right to Know
Workers have a right to know about all of the hazards to which they
 might be exposed in their workplace, such as:

      Chemicals present and first aid treatment required
      Dangers associated with equipment
   The Right to Participate
Workers have the right to take part in protecting themselves
 against injury or illness in the workplace. This may mean

     Being a member of the OH&S committee
     Assist in developing safe work procedures
     Reporting unsafe conditions
         The Right to Refuse
Workers have a right to refuse unsafe work if the feel that the work
 will cause injury or illness to themselves or others

                   There is a full section (45) of the OH&S Act that
                   deals with this right.

                   When a worker decides to refuse unsafe work it is
                   important that the supervisor is the first one
            The Right to Refuse
                     Important Note:

  •Workers cannot be disciplined if they use their right to refuse
unsafe work when they have reasonable grounds to believe that the
work is dangerous to the health and safety of themselves or others.

•Video: Right to refuse work
       Workplace Injuries

A workplace injury is one that:

Happens at work, Needs medical treatment; and May or may not
need time away from work.

When you are first notified of the injury, and are confident the
worker has received the necessary care, collect details about
the incident.

1. Note what happened, 2. where it happened and 3. the names of
people who saw the incident;

               Activity: Work injury report and form 6
Workplace Health, Safety &
 Compensation Commission
Workplace Health, Safety & Compensation Commission
 (WHSCC) is an employer-funded no fault insurance
 system that promotes safe and healthy workplaces,
 provides return-to-work programs and compensation to
 injured workers.
             SAFE work Program
The SAFE work program is sponsored by the Workplace Health,
Safety & Compensation Commission (WHSCC).

The program strives to educate Newfoundlanders and
Labradorians about workplace health and safety.

                Videos : Safework (8 videos)

Quiz # 3 Slides 28 - 60

- WHMIS (worksheet)
- OH&S (worksheet)
- WHSCC Website
- Safe Work Website
Shop and Tool Safety
            Activity: Shop Tour
After touring the shop draw a floor plan of the
  fabrication room indicating on it all of the emergency
  materials and their location.
                    Safety Tests
•   Workshop
•   Drill
•   Bench Grinder
•   Drill Press
Unit 1: The End

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