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					” Visual Analytics: key ENABLER to Canadian Public Security S&T”
Dr. Andrew L VALLERAND Director Public Security Technical Program DRDC Centre for Security Science Ottawa ON CANADA NVAC Consortium Nov 07
DRDC Centre for Security Science (CSS) • RDDC Centre des sciences pour la sécurité (CSS)

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Agenda
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• Who we are Value-added of S&T in Canadian Public Security.

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Border Security/Border Enforcement Communities of Practice : Document their Capability deficiencies & ADDRESS their GAPS

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Approach to Visual Analytics in CANADA.

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Conclusion.

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A changing world: a complex Security & Defence challenge!

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The Issue: Is Canada Prepared?
• New, complex & emerging threats oftentimes by S&T-savvy criminals, require forward-looking S&T solutions. • Investment in S&T solutions can advance Canada’s security capabilities to prepare for and prevent short and long-term, natural and human-made security threats and disasters.

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Congressional investigators have found U.S. borders, especially in the north, are vulnerable to terrorist entry. VOA's Alex Villarreal reports from Washington. • Speaking before the Senate Finance Committee, Director of Special Investigations at the U.S. Government Accountability Office, Greg Kutz, said the protection of U.S. borders is woefully inadequate.

Is Canada Prepared?

U.S. Border Patrol Agent Lonnie Schweitzer poses for a photo on the North Dakota-Canada border
DRDC Centre for Security Science (CSS) • RDDC Centre des sciences pour la sécurité (CSS)
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Tenet
• “Canada’s S&T capacity stretches across many Departments & Agencies, Academia & Industry, and it constitutes a strategic resource which, when appropriately engaged, will be a powerful enabler of the Federal Public Safety and Security agenda.”
Dr Bob Walker, Assistant Deputy Minister (S&T), 2007

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The S&T Context / Endorsement Today
• • • • • • • • Speech from the Throne draft National Security Statement Federal S&T Strategy Assistant Deputy Ministers (ADMs) of Science Integration Board led Federal S&T Enterprise Defence S&T Strategy Critical Infrastructure Strategy Cyber Strategy CBRNE Strategy…

S&T as KEY ENABLER of the implementation of above strategies
DRDC Centre for Security Science (CSS) • RDDC Centre des sciences pour la sécurité (CSS)
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Defence R&D Canada
Weapons Effects Vehicles Autonomous Systems Military Engineering Chem & Bio Defence

Radar, EW Space Systems Information Operations Communications Synthetic Environment

Electro-optics Combat Systems Command & Control Information Management Systems Environment TDP Program DIR Program

Centre for Security Science DRDC Centre for
Centre for Operations Research and Analysis

Security Science CRTI Prog PSTP Prog CPRC Prog

Underwater Sensing Materials Air Vehicles Marine Vehicles Signature Mgt.

Human Factors Decision Support Command Effectiveness Operational Medicine Simulation & Modelling
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Governance and Program Management Structure
Inter-Departmental MOUs
DMs of PSC & DND ADM Level Steering Committee (PSST SC)

International Program Engagement

DG Level Board Program Management Board (PSST PMB)
Mission Area Committees Portfolio/Project Management

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DRDC Centre for Security Science (CSS)

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Minister of Public Safety Canada

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21 PARTNERS
Challenge --- mobilize S&T community
–performers, transformers and receptors

+ Innovation System: Industry & Academia
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DRDC Centre for Security Science
• Created by Departments of Public Safety Can and National Defence – MOU DND/PS, signed August 2006 • Coordinates the federal public S&T Strategy and the resulting S&T program with a range of federal partners including academic and industrial networks • Coordinates S&T reach-back into the federal S&T community including DRDC, NRC, NRCAN, PHAC, CFIA, RCMP, etc….. • Funds Exercises/Workshops for Responder community • Integral part of Defence S&T program with links to Canada Command • Coordinates International Activities: MOU DHS S&T
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Center for Security Science
• Vision:
To be known worldwide as the Leader in Public Safety & Security S&T

• Mission:

Through S&T, to strengthen Canada’s ability to Prepare, Prevent, Respond & Recover from high-consequence public security events by our S&T Advice, R&D activities & Natl/Intl Leveraging

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Capabilities
• • • • • • • • • • • • • S&T Advice, R&D activities, Horizontal S&T funding Natl Leveraging for horizontal capabilities; Intl Leveraging (i.e: bi-lat PSTP, NATO); Natl & Intl S&T access; Consolidated Risk Assessment analysis; Capability Assessment analysis; Architecture Framework analysis (DoDAF); Modeling & Simulation & Synthetic Environment & Serious Games; Live, Virtual, Constructive M&S studies; Studies requiring Access to 1st Responders and to Priv. Sector (end-users); Rapid capacity to scale up for large studies with Industry & Academia; Rapid turnover of publications, supporting partner’s decision making with the right documentation.

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Expanding DND’s hugely successful “CRTI” model into a “PSTP” construct supporting new mission areas.

Mission Areas Program Elements
EM & enablers

Ops (SII) Targets (CIP)
CBRNE

PSTP
CRTI

All Hazards Threats

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Public Security S&T Mission Areas
Defeat CBRNE (CRTI)
• Chemical • Biological • Radiological/Nuclear • Explosives

Critical Infrastructure Protection (CIP)
•CI Vulnerability Assessment & Monitoring •CI Resiliency •Natural disaster Alert & Mitigation •E-Security • related to 10 CI Sectors,.their dependencies & 10 FPT Sector Councils

Surveillance, Intel. & Interdiction (SII)
• Integrated Comms, Surveill., Intel. • 1st Responder, Policing,Officer safety • Border & Transport SII, • Maritime SII • Forensics

Emergency Management & Systems Integration • Risk & Vulnerability Assessment,
Foresight • Int. Emergency Mgt systems • Interoperability Framework, Stds Modelling, Decision support; • Human Factors • Search and Rescue
• RDDC Centre des sciences pour la sécurité (CSS)

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M&S supports all Mission Critical Outcomes
• Canada has Public Safety and Security policies to enable Natl capability • Canada, its peoples, allies, institutions and socioeconomic fabric have a greater resilience to highconsequence public security events. • Canada has Natl capabilities that produce a secure and efficient flow of people, goods and services across its borders and ports of entry. • A Natl emergency management and response system capabilities that are in place and providing an effective full-spectrum protection of people, responders and critical infrastructure from all-hazards. • The public is confident that public security threats are being identified, assessed and addressed in a way that reflects Canadian values, and maintains the integrity of the criminal justice and national security systems.
DRDC Centre for Security Science (CSS) • RDDC Centre des sciences pour la sécurité (CSS)

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Obj. of “Surveillance Intelligence & Interdiction”: Identify and stop terrorists/criminals and their activities.
• • • • Border Security Transportation Security Marine Security First Responder, Policing and Officer Safety

• CONOPS: • Form the Community of Practice and analyze: Mandate – Capability –Capability Gaps – blend of People Process & Technology to fix the gap.

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Intl Border Enforcement Teams

Royal Canadian Mounted Police Canada Border Services Agency (CBSA) US Customs and Border Protection/Office of Border Patrol (CBP/OBP) US Bureau of Immigration and Customs Enforcement (ICE) US Coast Guard

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Capability–based approach: Mission to Capabilities to Technologies

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SII
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Capability-based Security S&T Program
Operational Capability Capability Integration *
* Includes interoperability and initial sustainment

Technology Acceleration

CBRNE

SI&I

Tech Maturity

Technology Development Research and Development

EMSI

Capability Management Capability Planning Risk Assessment & Foresight Policy
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CIP

Key OUTCOMES of SII mission Area:
• Increase detection of illegal border activity; • Increase detection, interdiction and targeting of cargo across the Point of Entry; • Radio Interoperability by ensuring connectivity to law enforcement officers; • Increase detection of WMD ; • Credible “Cross Government All Hazards Risk Assessment” analysis on front end, and on back end, “Capability Assessment & Metrics”.

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One Issue: Managing Massive Data Sets?
• DHS-funded Natl Visualization Analytics Centers (NVAC; http://nvac.pnl.gov/ ) investigate “Complexity Science/Complexity reduction” tools and techniques. • Due to an existing bi-lat between DHS S&T & DRDC, as well as CA interest & capabilities, CSS is establishing a Canadian Program of virtual Can Visual Analytics Centers.

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Must Deal with immensely different quantities of data
Information Logistics (Data Sciences)
>ingest @ massive rates) (Data capture-

Explosion of electronic data
• • FedEx :100 million transactions / day VISA: 150 million credit card transactions / day

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ATT: 300 million long distance phone calls on its network / day
DoD: 9 billion messages/ day. WWW: 35 billion e-mails worldwide / day WWW for all ISPs: 600 billion IP packets / day on DE-CIX backbone

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Visualization analytics
Visualization analytics assist in: • Interacting with data differently; • Visualizing the data set; • Detecting the Expected – discover unexpected; • COMBINING Human Intuition with the obj. Science of Mathematical deduction; • Perceiving Patterns; • Deriving Knowledge.

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Quickly derive knowledge:

Important for Border Security/ Enforcement?
DRDC Centre for Security Science (CSS) • RDDC Centre des sciences pour la sécurité (CSS)
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Quickly Perceive patterns: Important for Border Security/ Enforcement?
Visual analytics is the science of analytical reasoning facilitated by interactive visual interfaces.

Visual Analytics

Data Representations & Transformations

Visual Representations & Interaction
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Analytic Reasoning & Discourse
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DRDC Centre for Security Science (CSS)

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US R&D Agenda

(apparent)

Challenges: • Science of Analytical Reasoning• • Science of Visual Representations & Interactions• • Data Representations & Transformations• • Production, Presentation, & Dissemination• • Moving Research Into Practice• • Positioning for an Enduring Success; Engaging the RVACs

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Initial Canadian R&D Agenda
(Proposed )

Challenges:• • Real-time data access and aggregation, multisource, very large volume; • Data mining both structured and unstructured data; • Distributed collaborative visualization platforms; • Cognitive perceptions of large volume complex data representations • Operational use of V.A.; Engaging the CanVACs; Leveraging off xVAC, and ultimately, improving national capabilities.

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Using CA eyes, Potential value added of V.A. in HLS/HLD

Req. Def & Anal.

POLICY,

Prod., Mat. Acquisition

EMERGENCY

Ex, Training, Rehearsal

Visual Analytics
CD&E Capability Definition Planning, Management, Response, Recovery

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Proposed Approach
• Underpinned by the CIPaBS treaty between the 2 nations; • Underpinned by the CA/US PSTP “MOU”, between DND’s DRDC and DHS S&T; • Built a COOPERATIVE ACTIVITY AGREMENT (CAA) on V.A., signed by Under Sec. Cohen and Assist. Dep. Minister Walker; each Annex is a stand-alone Project. • PSTP is competing a “BAA”–like contract to: • Recognize “CanVACs”; • Enable a contracting vehicle to build S&T Agenda East-West North-South as required; • Engage Can Commercial Corp (Canada’s International Contracting Agency, a secure and transparent governmentto-government contracting platform (http://www.ccc.ca/eng/home.cfm) • Participate in Consortium coordination/networking activities to take V.A. to the next level, cooperatively;

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Conclusion
• Investment in S&T solutions can advance Canada’s security capabilities to prevent, prepare, respond & recover from hiconsequence events. • Visual Analytics can enable Communities of Practice, their partners in Border Security, Border Enforcement, Remote Sensing, Perimeter Monitoring incl. cross border, thus enhancing such capabilities. • Visual Analytics can become a key enabler that can transform Homeland Security capabilities, for Canada and partners; • Nations developing Visual Analytics programs that are complementary to NVAC, can only observe synergistic benefits.

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Questions? http://www.css.drdc-rddc.gc.ca http://www.crti.drdc-rddc.gc.ca http://www.pstp.drdc-rddc.gc.ca

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