Water resources development a path to IRAN- TURKMENISTAN

Document Sample
Water resources development a path to IRAN- TURKMENISTAN Powered By Docstoc
					Doosti Dam on shared river of
 A Friendship Bridge Between
    Iran and Turkmenistan

              Saeed Nairizi
    Head of the Board & Managing Director ,
       Toossab consulting Engineers Co.
Shared river : Iran- Turkmenistan-
Total length : 900 km
Catchments Area : 54000 km2
River Flow Regime : Seasonal
Mean Annual Runoff : 1 km3
    Historical Background
l   The first agreement on Harirood River
    development ,Iran and Soviet Union– 1921
l   S.U. proposal to build dam – 1926
l   Agreement to embark on feasibility study – 1958
l   Conducting the F.S. (1974 to1979) and submission
    to Khorasan Water Authority (KWA)
l   Approval by Iranian government – 1983
l   A new protocol between Iran and Turkmenistan
l   Awarding a contract to a Turkmen Consultant to
    execute F.S -1991
l   protocol to construct the diversion system – 1996
    Historical Background
l   Start of Doosti dam diversion system – 1996
l   protocol for construction of main dam 1997
l   Approval of F. S. by both governments – 1999
l   Comprehensive agreement signed by two
    Presidents and parliaments – 2000
l   Joint Management Committee – 2000
l   Selection of contractors upon the detail design
    executed by Toossab ,Iranian consultant and
    construction of the work – 2001
l   Impounding Reservoir – 2004
l   Project inauguration - 2005
     Doosti dam specification
l   Purpose: Irrigation & urban water supply
l   Dam type: earth fill dam with silty – clay core
l   Height: 78m
l   Crest length: 655m
l   Dam body volume: 5.8 MCM
l   Reservoir volume: 1250 MCM
l   Annual water regulation: 730 MCM
l   Spillway type: gated (8x15m)
l   Spillway design discharge: 3920 m3/Sec
l   Bottom outlet discharge: 105 m3/ Sec
     Joint Management Committee (JMC)
l   Responsibility :
    Managing all activities at project level (bidding,
    work assignment, supervision, conflict
l   Members:
    Three members from each country
    Cooperation Status
l   High government officials
    1 comprehensive agreement ,
    4 memorandums and 12 protocols
l   JMC
     more than 60 protocols and several
l   Consultants
     Numerous meetings to solve the
    technological differences and
    changing the project specifications
l   Contractors
    Coordinating the activities and
    sharing their capacities on day by
    day bases
    Main problems at the
    execution level

l   Language barrier

l   Differences in project execution systems

l   Differences in technological status

l   Collaboration of two contractors

l   Common border problems

l   Change in project specification

l   Lack of proper supervision

l   Project time schedule
Overcoming the problems
confronted at the execution
l   Designation of common border zone
l   Setting up JMC
l   USD as the base currency but minimizing money
    exchange by work balance
l   Using Standard and technical regulations of both parties
l   Dividing civil works to contractors according to their
    technical & equipment capabilities
l   Changes in project specification by consensus
l   Detail design, site supervision and OM guidelines were
    provided by Iranian consultant upon Turkmen approval
    Capacities to be strengthen

l   The dam operation and sharing
    water resources procedures
    particularly during the extreme
    climate should be defined and

l   The planning and budget for
    Operation and Maintenance of
    the facilities should be more
    defined and practiced .
Successful approach for other basins

l   Transparency in basin development plans,
    objectives and dialogues among the stakeholders.
l   Firm commitments and political will at very top
    officials is the key factor.
l   A competent JMC is a foundation for success.
l   Any negotiation must be upon win- win outcomes
    with a considerable flexibility among parties

Shared By: