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At the Doctor's

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At the Doctor's Powered By Docstoc
					Medicine
Тематическая папка
                                   Contents
Chapter I. Glossary                                                3
Chapter II. Medical Care in Great Britain and the United States    9
Chapter III. Russian Medical Care                                 10
Chapter IV. The National Health Service                           11
Chapter V. Dialogues                                              12
Chapter VI. Texts                                                 19
Chapter VII. Proverbs, songs, riddles                             26
Chapter VIII. Exercises                                           30
Bibliography                                                      38
Appendix
                         Chapter I. Glossary
Tonsillitis – Aнгина, тонзилит
Appendicitis – Aппендицит
Asthma – Астма
Bronchitis – Бронхит
Inflammation – Воспаление
Pneumonia - Воспаление лёгких
Influenza (Am.-grippe) – Грипп
Diphtheria – Дифтерит
Constipation – Запор
Fever – Жар, лихорадка
Whooping - cough – Коклюш
(the) Measles – Корь
Bleeding Malaria – Кровотечение
Absess – Нарыв
Chicken – pox – Ветрянк а
Diarrhoea – Понос
Cancer – Рак
Rheumatism – Ревматизм
Mumps – Свинка
Heart disease – Болезнь сердца
Scarlet fever – Скарлатина
Typhus – Сыпной тиф
Typhoid – Брюшной тиф
Consumption (TBC) – Туберкулёз лёгих
Boil –Фурункл
AIDS – СПИД
(In)curable disease – (Не)изличимая болезнь
Epidemic disease – Эпидемическая болезнь
Catching disease – Заразная болезнь
Infectious disease – Инфекционная болезнь
Allergy – Аллергия
Anemia – Анемия
Cholera – Холера
Cold – Простуда
Diabetes – Диабет
Food poisoning – Отравление
Gout – Подагра
Hepatitis – Гепатит
High blood pressure – Высокое давление
Insomnia – Бессонница
Indigestion – Расстройство желудка
Measles – Корь, краснуха
Nausea – Тошнота
Polio – Полио
Smallpox – Черная оспа
Tuberculosis – Туберкулез
Typhoid fever – Брюшной тип
Ulcer – Язва
Upset stomach – Расстройство желудка
Burn – Ожог
Scald – Шрам
Vomiting – Тошнота
Scratch – Царапина
Swelling – Опухоль
                          Names of specialists
          1. Allergist – аллерголог
          2. Cardiologist – кардиолог
          3. Chiropodist – педикюрша
          4. Dermatologist – дерматолог
          5. Family doctor – семейный доктор
          6. Neurologist – невролог
          7. Obstetrician – акушер
          8. Ophthalmologist – офтальмолог
          9. Orthodontist – ортадонт
          10.Orthopedist – ортопед
          11.Pediatrician – педиатр
          12.Psychiatrist radiologist – психиатр радиолог
          13.Surgeon – хирург
          14.Dentist – дантист
          15.Anesthesiologist – анестезиолог
          16.Gynecologist – гинеколог
          17.Urologist – уролог
          18.Endocrinologist – эндокринолог
          19.Stomatologist – стоматолог.


Equipment and remedies many people keep in their homes
     adhesive tape                             thermometer
     aspirin                                   iodine
     antacid                                   milk of magnesia
     baking soda                               nasal drops/spray
     Band-Aids                                 petroleum jelly
     boric acid                                rubbing alcohol
     cough medicine                            sterile gauze
                        What are your symptoms?

ache/ pain
  ache – a continuous, not sharp or sudden pain, usually used in compounds:
headache, earache, backache, toothache, stomachache
      e.g. After three days the ache in his shoulder had almost disappeared
  pain – suffering of mind or body, localized kind of bodily suffering
      e.g. I suddenly got a stabbing pain across heart and collapsed to the floor.
         pains – pain that we feel repeatedly inside part of our body
         to be in pain
         to cry with pain
         to feel some/no/not much/a great deal of pain
         pain-killer
         pain-relief
         painful
         a pain in the knee
to ache/to pain/to hurt
  to ache - to have a steady or continuous pain
     e/g. I went to an aerobics class on Tuesday and I’ve
        been aching ever since.
to pain – to have or give pain
     e.g. My foot is still paining me.
to hurt – to cause bodily injury or pain to; to damage
     e.g. Put the stick down, Terry, you might hurt someone with it.
         To be/to be/fall ill
         To laid up with an ulcer/a virus/a bug
         To be down with (pneumonia)
         To break one’s wrist/leg
         to feel out of sorts
         to have a (bad, awful) cold/a cough/ a stuffy)running) nose/a heart
           trouble/a sore throat/a fever/a stomachache/chest pains/an earache a pain
           in one’s side/a rash on one’s chest/spots/a bruise on one’s leg/a black
           eye/ a lump on one’s arm/indigestion/diarrhea/painful
           joints/blisters/sunburn
         to feel sick/dizzy/breathless/shivery/particularly bad at night
         to be depressed/constipated/tired all the time
         to have a cavity into get worse
         to itch(about skin)
         to lose one’s appetite/voice
         to sprain one’s ankle one’s tooth/a bad tooth
                  The parts of body




1. head – голова
2. forehead – лоб
3. back – затылок
4. temple – висок
5. face – лицо
6. cheek – щека
7. ear – ухо
8. eyebrow – бровь
9. eye – глаз
10.eyelash – ресница
11.nose – нос
12.mouth – рот
13.chin – подбородок
14.neck – шея
15.shoulder – плечо
16.chest – грудь
17.back – спина
18.arm – рука
19.wrist – запястье
20.hand – кисть
21.elbow – локоть
22.palm – ладонь
23.fingers – пальцы
24.thumb – большой палец
25.nail – ноготь
26.back – бок
27.waist – талия
28.stomach – живот
29.leg – нога
30.thigh – бедро
31.knee – колено
32.ankle – лодыжка
33.toes – пальцы
34.heel – пятка
35.foot – ступня
   skeleton – костяшка (пальца)
   knuckle – скелет
   skull – череп
   gum – десна
   gullet – пищевод
   backbone/spine – хребет , позвоночник
   to nurse – позвоночник
   analysis – анализ
   cotton wool – вата
   vitamin – витамин
   milk teeth – молочные зубы
   invalid – инвалид
   blood – кровь
   medicine – медицина
   hospital nurse – мед сестра
   first aid – первая помощ
   microscope – микроскоп
   mixture – микстура
   anesthetization – анестезия
   virus – вирус
   plaster – пластырь
   appendix – аппендикс
   bowels/intestines – кишки
   circulation – кровообращение
   nervous system – нервная система
   pulse – пульс
   marrow – костный мозг
   tonsils – гланды, миндалины
   spleen – селезенка
   sinew – сухожилие
   pant/gasp – задыхаться
   sneeze – чихать
   masculine – мужской
   feminine – женский
   limp – хромать
   stutter – заикание
   dumb/mute – немой
   deaf – глухой
   innate – врожденный
   malignant – злокачественный
   vocal cords – голосовые связки
 Chapter II. Medical Care in Great Britain and the
                  United States
   In Britain, there is a National Health Service (the NHS), which is paid for by
taxes and national insurance, and in general people do not have to pay for medical
treatment. Every person is registered with a doctor in their local area, known as a
general practitioner or GP. This means that their name is on the GP’s list, and they
may make an appointment to see the doctor or may call the doctor out to visit them
if they are sick. People do sometimes have to pay part of the cost of drugs that the
doctor prescribes. GPs are trained in general medicine but are not specialist in my
particular subject. If a patient needs to see a specialist doctor, they must first go to
their GP and then GP will make an appointment for the patient to see a specialist at
a hospital or clinic.
  Although everyone in Britain can have free treatment under the NHS, it is also
possible to have treatment done privately, for which one has to pay. Some people
have private health insurance to help them pay for private treatment. Under the
NHS, people who need to go to the hospital may have to wait a long time on a
waiting list for their treatment.
  Anyone who is very sick can call an ambulance and get taken to the hospital for
free urgent medical treatment. Ambulances are a free service in Britain.
  American hospitals are in general well-equipped and efficient, and doctors earn
incomes far above the general average. For anyone who is sick, cost of the
treatment is very high. There is a strong prejudice against “socialized medicine”,
and there are only two federal health programs. Medicare provides nearly free
treatment for the elderly people do not recover the full cost or some types of
expensive treatment. Even so, the cost of Medicare to federal funds rose to seventy
billion dollars in 1985 or more than two thousand dollars for each of the thirty
million participants. Medicaid, for the poor, varies from one state to another
because the states are heavily involved in it and some contribute more generously
than others. Working people and their families are normally insured through
private plans against possible loss of earnings if they are sick. The plans are often
operated by deductions from one’s salary. They too enormously expensive and the
cost are rising. No single insurance system is absolutely comprehensive; some
people have more than one policy and yet remain liable to bear some costs
themselves. Among ordinary people anxiety about the possibility of illness is
accentuated by fears about its cost. These fears are reflected in some resentment
against the medical profession, and this resentment is not alleviated by doctors’
reluctance to visit patients in their homes. When people are sick, they usually go
first to an internist. Unlike in Britain, however, people sometimes go straight to a
specialist, without seeing their general practitioner first. Children are usually taken
to a pediatrician. As in Britain, if a patient needs to see a specialist, their general
doctor will usually give them the name of one. Doctors do not go to people’s
homes when they are ill. People always make appointments to see the doctor in the
doctor’s office. In emergencies, people call an ambulance. Hospitals must treat all
emergency patients, even if the patient does not have medical insurance. The
government would then help pay for some of the cost of the medical care.
                   Chapter III. Russian Medical Care
  Americans have always judged other countries on the basis American life. The
press in the United States of America is no exception, and recently they have been
analyzing the dire situation that Russian hospitals find themselves in at this present
time. However, the press in the United States does send to over exaggerate these
problems, and they tend to shed a very dreary light upon the present state of
Russian medicine.
  To say that Russian medicine does not have any problems would be to falsify
information. In actuality, Russian medicine does have many problems. For
example, Russian hospitals are in the very difficult position of having absolutely
no money. This much-needed capital needed to pay doctors’ salaries, to buy
medicines, needles, etc. without this money, Russian hospitals leave to scramble to
find ways of merely surviving in this quickly changing world.
  How are many Russian hospitals able to survive? Many doctors are not paid for
several months at time. They continue to work merely because they cannot
abandon the profession that they have chosen. Many of them argue that they chose
to become doctors in order to help people, and they cannot leave it now just
because of the mere fact that they are of getting paid.
  However, medicine seems to be an even bigger problem. After all, how can a
patient hope to be cured without the healing effects of medications that hospitals
are supposed to supply? Medicines are very expensive, and Russian hospitals just
cannot afford to supply them. Here again, a temporary answer has been reached.
The patient must supply his or her own medicine. However, the stay in the hospital
continues to be free.
Thus patients are able to supply the medication that they need.
  As for the facilities of Russian hospitals, they are in bad need of repair. Buildings
are beginning to fall apart, and there is no money to repair them. This casts an eerie
glow upon the Russian hospitals when half of the lights in the hospitals do not
work. However, this is a much less serious problem than the pervious ones, but
nonetheless one that needs to be addressed.
  The strength of Russian medicine seems to lie in the people who remain devoted
to their given professions. This quality of care that doctors can give considering the
circumstances that they are faced with is truly astounding. They are able to work
and care for patients as well if not better than the doctors who have all amenities
those Western countries usually possess in their hospitals. Despite this lack of
medicine, Russian doctors have obviously not forgotten their Hippocratic Oath,
and continue to work to help people in the best way that they can.
  In conclusion, it would be unfair to say that Russian medicine is in a horrible
state. The fact is that it does need monetary help, but the level of competence of
Russian medicine is on the same level as any other sophisticated country. If Russia
ware able to finance all of its hospitals and supply them with adequate medicines
as well as pay their doctors salaries on the time, Russian medicine would certainly
be one of the best examples of modern health-care in the world.




              Chapter IV. The National Health Service
   Medical treatment, except for statutory charges towards the cost of medicines,
dental services and glasses, under the National Health Service is free to persons
who are ordinarily resident in Britain.
   As an overseas student residing in this country you may receive medical
treatment under the National Health Service during your stay. (If toy are here on a
short-term basis is this generally limited to any necessary treatment for conditions
occurring after your arrival in Britain but may be permitted emergency treatment
for conditions you were suffering from before arriving but only if treatment cannot
await your return home.) As soon as you have found somewhere to live you should
register with a doctor practicing under the National Health Service so that he can
attend you get sick. If you need advice about registering ask the manager of the
hostel, or your landlady, or the local National Health Service Family Practitioner
Committee, whose address can be obtained from the local post office. If you live
far away from your college it is better to register with a doctor near where you live.
If your college has its own Student Health Service you could register at the college
instead of with a local doctor.
   If the doctor you contact has room on his list and is willing to accept you he will
give you a card to complete which he will then forward to the National Health
Service Family Practitioner Committee. They will send you a medical card bearing
your registration number and the doctor’s name and address. Keep this card in a
safe place since you will be asked to produce it and give your registration number
if you have treatment. There are statutory charges payable towards the cost of
prescriptions, dental services and glasses. You will, for example, if you are 21
years old or over have to pay a proportionate part of the cost of dental treatment up
to maximum 0f £10 and, at present, the pharmacist will generally charge 20p for
each item on the doctor’s prescription for medicines and other necessary items.
While vision testing is free, the charges for spectacles broadly cover their cost.
   The National Health Service will provide you with advice and treatment for
illness that occur or recur in aggravated form after your arrival in this country. If,
as a student here on a short-term basis, you seek treatment for a condition
(including pregnancy) which existed before your arrival, you will be regarded as a
private patient and expected to pay all expenses. A bed in a hospital can cost over
J100 a week and you may have to pay specialists fees. It is important for you to
find out from the doctor or hospital providing the treatment whether they regard
you as a private patient or are treating you under the National Health Service.
There is no way in which fees paid as private patients can be refunded and if your
situation is such that you may be not specifically want to be treated privately, you
should make this clear at the start. It will be in your interest to have a complete
medical check-up and X-ray before you leave home to ensure that you are in good
health.
  In Northern Ireland students at recognized places at study receive general
medical and dental services under the National Health Service, but they usually
have to pay hospital charges. In Northern Ireland also the families of married
students are not eligible for health service benefits.


                        Chapter V. Dialogues
                                 At the doctor’s
Patient. May I see Doctor N., the therapeutist?
  Clerk. Doctor N. is not receiving just now. You can see Doctor M.
        P. Where does he see his patients?
       Cl. Room 20. Second floor to the right.
        P. Thank you.
       Q. Are you all waiting for Doctor M.?
    2 nd P. No, there are only two of us to see Doctor M.?

        P. Is he a good specialist? I’ve never been to him before.
   2 nd P. Oh, yes, he’s quite an experienced doctor, I should say. He examines

           patients thoroughly. I’ve been… Oh, here comes the patient. It’s my turn
.          now. Excuse me.

                             In the Consulting - room

Patient. Good morning, doctor.
Doctor. Morning. What is wrong with you?
      P. I’m awfully sick, doctor. All night I’d been having an awful pain in the
         stomach.
     Dr. Why didn’t you call in a doctor?
      P. Well, it had subsided a little in the morning so I thought I might come
        myself.
     Dr. Where does it pain you?
      P .Here, doctor.
     Dr. Strip to the waist, please, and lie down on the couch.
          (The patient undresses and lies down.)
     Dr. Which side did you say the pain was on?
      P. Right here, doctor.
          (The doctor feels his stomach with his fingers.)
     Dr. Any rigidity here?
      P. I don’t feel any.
     Dr. Here?
      P. Oh, yes.
     Dr. What have you been eating of late?
      P. Well, I think everything that I’ve always been used to – meat, cabbage,
         and others.
     Dr. Does this often happen with you?
      P. Not that I remember, doctor.
     Dr. Seems you will have to be operated on for appendicitis.
      P. Yes? I’m rather scared, doctor.
     Dr. You needn’t be. Stand up and let me check your heart and blood pressure.
        (The doctor checks.)
      P. Is it all right, doctor?
     Dr. Yes, and your blood pressure is almost normal too.
        (He gives the patient the thermometer.)
         Put this under your armpit.
       ( After some time.) A slight temperature. You may dress now. Well, here is
       An admittance to the hospital. Good-bye.

                                     A call.
MOTHER. Someone is ringing. Go and see who is at the door, Annie.
  ANNIE. It’s the doctor, ma. He has come to see little George.
MOTHER. Good morning, doctor. I an sorry to tell you that my little boy is ill.
DOCTOR. Indeed! I am sorry to hear it. Where is he?
MOTHER. This way, doctor.
DOCTOR. How long has he been ill?
MOTHER. Since yesterday morning, doctor.
DOCTOR. Well, my little friend, what is the matter with you?
GEORGE. I have a pain in my head and in my throat.
DOCTOR. Let me see your tongue. It is thickly furred. Give me your hand and let
         me feel your pulse.
MOTHER. High, doctor?
DOCTOR. Rather. There is a little fever. (To George.)Have you any appetite?
GEORGE. No, sir. I have no eaten since yesterday.
DOCTOR. Are you thirsty?
GEORGE. Yes, sir.
DOCTOR. Do you sleep well?
GEORGE. Sometimes. Last night I did not sleep at all.
DOCTOR. I shall make out a prescription. (To the mother.) He should take the
         medicine a tablespoonful every 4 hours.
MOTHER. Yes, doctor. But is it serious?
DOCTOR. No, you need not fear. I’ll call around tomorrow at about the same
        time. Good-bye.
MOTHER. Good-bye, doctor.

                                At the doctor’s.
1.
Doctor: Would you like to come in?
Patient: Thank you.
Doctor: That cough sounds really very bad. How long have you had it?
Patient: Two days now.
Doctor: I think I should listen to your chest and lungs. Take off your shirt. Breathe
in
         deeply; and again, please; and once more, please. Sit down. You can put
on
         your shirt. I’m going to take your blood pressure. Well, your blood
pressure is
         110 to 70. It’s normal. I think you’ve got a bad cold.
Patient: what should I do?
Doctor: I’ll describe you some medicine. It’s nothing serious but you’d better stay
in
          bed for some days. Take the medicine regularly, three times a day. Drink
         warm milk with honey and you will recover soon.
Patient: Thank you very much, doctor. Good-bye.
 2.
Doctor: Who is the next?
Patient: Good day, doctor.
Doctor: Come in, please. Sit down. What is your complaint?
Patient: I keep feeling dizzy and I’ve got a headache. Maybe I’ve got a fever?
Doctor: I should take your temperature. Oh, your temperature is running. 38
degrees.
         Show me your throat. You have a sore throat.
Patient: Yes, it’s difficult for me to swallow and to breathe.
Doctor: I should feel your pulse. It’s serious. I think you have quinsy.
Patient: What should I do?
Doctor: I’ll prescribe some medicine for you. Ask somebody to go and buy the
         medicine at the chemist’s. And you must immediately go home and go to
bed.
         I’ll come to se you in a couple of days.
Patient: Thank you, doctor. Good-bye.

                          Near the consulting-room.
A.: My friend is feeling bad.
B.: Has he caught a cold?
A.: He neither coughs nor sneezes.
B.: What does he complain of?
A.: Yesterday he had a headache. He complained of a toothache and earache.
B.: It’s a strange case.
A.: He looks pale and tired.
C.: It’s all nerves. Most likely he needs a rest and then he’ll be fine.
B.: What did the doctor say? Pneumonia, flu, quinsy?
A.: Nothing of the kind.
B.: Is it serious?
C.: It’s a virus. It’s as old as the hills. No medicine can help. The man hasn’t fallen
ill.
     He is hopelessly in love.
D.: And if I’m not mistaken the virus is blonde, blue-eyed, slim, long-legged and
with
     an irresistible smile!
                          The doctor and the painter.
   A famous painter was very worried about his sick doctor, which had a badly
inflamed throat. But he knew that a doctor would not examine a dog. So, in order
to get a specialist to come to his house to look at his dog, he decided to pretend that
he himself was the one who was ill. This artist was a very selfish man, so in spite
of the fact that it was past midnight, he called a prominent throat specialist.
Doctor: Hello! This is Dr. Knowitall.
Artist: Oh, Doctor Knowitall, you must come to my house immediately.
D.: Sir! I am a famous throat specialist. I only see patients during the day and by
    appointment.
A.: But…but doctor. I’m the celebrated portrait painter, Raphael DePicter, and this
is
     an emergency.
D.: I’ve had a busy day, and I have to operate very early tomorrow morning. Can’t
you
    wait until tomorrow afternoon?
A.: Oh, no, doctor. That would be too late. I beg you, please come right away. And
     hurry!
D.: Very well. Since you are Raphael DePicter, I’ll make an exception. I will come
      right away.
 When doctor Knowitall arrived at Mr. DePicter’s house and saw that the patient
was not the artist but his dog, he was furious. But immediately he thought of a plan
to get even. Hiding his anger, he said calmly:
D.: I can’t tell you right now what’s the matter with your dog, but this medicine
will
    alleviate it. I will study the case and call you when I have made the diagnosis.
    At midnight of the following day Mr. DePicter was awakened when his
telephone
   rang.
A.: Who is it?
D.: This is Doctor Knowitall. Mr. DePicter. Come quickly to my house. It’s
urgent!
A.: But doctor, it’s past twelve! Besides, early tomorrow morning I have an
    appointment to paint of a very important person. Can’t you wait until tomorrow
   afternoon?
D.: Oh, no! That would be too late! And what I have to say is too important to
discuss
     over the telephone. Please hurry!
Mr. DePicter, thinking it was about his illness, jumped out of bed, got dressed, and
ran
    to the doctor’s house.
A.: Doctor, doctor! What’s the matter? Why did you call me at this time of night?
D.: I’m very concerned about something, and I must know the answer right now.
A.: All right, all right. What is it?
D.: Please tell me: how much would you charge to paint my house?

                             Short conversations.
1.
A.: I have a sore throat.
B.: How bad is it?
A.: Pretty bad. It’s burning feeling.
B.: How long have you felt this way?
A.: For a few days. I’ve been sick since Monday morning.
2.
A.: I’ve got a stomachache.
B.: Is it a sharp pain or a dull ache?
A.: It’s more like a dull ache.
B.: When did you first notice this pain?
A.: It didn’t bother me until Sunday afternoon.

3.
A.: there are so many vitamins. Which one should I take?
B.: Take this Daily Multiple Vitamins. They got everything you need.
A.: What about these Super Vitamins?
A.: I don’t think you need those. They are just a waste of money.
4.
A.: Hello?
B.: Carmen? Is that you? Are you OK?
A.: Uh-uh. I caught a terrible cold.
B.: you too? Well, I have news for news for you. We’re in the same boat. Ahchoo!
A.: Bless you.
B.: Thanks.
A.: Why don’t you come over and keep me company? I haven’t talked to anyone
all day long.
B.: I’d like to, but I can’t stop sneezing. Ahchoo! And I have a sore throat. I just
want to go to bed.
A.: I know what you mean. Do you have a fever?
B.: I don’t know for sure but I think so. I was going to take my temperature, but I
dropped the thermometer and it broke.
A.: It sounds like you should just…ahchoo! Excuse me. You should just take two
aspirins and go to bed. Chances are you’ll feel better in the morning.
B.: I hope so. And I hope you’ll get over your cold soon. Are you going to school
tomorrow?
A.: I don’t think so. I’m in really bad shape. I may have to be absent for a few
more days.
B.: Listen to us! We feel sorry for ourselves today, don’t we?
5.
A.: Dr. Norman’s office.
B.: Hi, this is Bob Franklin. I’m a patient of Dr. Norman.
A.: Oh, yes, Mr. Franklin.
B.: I’m calling to make an appointment with the doctor. It’s not an emergency. I
just need a recent physical in order to get enrolled in a new insurance plan at
school.
A.: I see. Well, the doctor has several openings on June third.
B.: Hmmm. Anything sooner than that? I have to turn in the application on the
first.
A.: Yes. He has May twenty-ninth at two o’clock or May thirtieth at four-thirty.
B.: Oh, good. I’ll take the twenty-ninth at two o’clock.
A.: All right. I have you down. Since it‘s for physical, you will need to come in a
week before the appointment to get a blood work-up.
B.: Oh.
A.: You can do that without an appointment. Just come into the office before may
twenty-second, and the nurse will have the results of the tests when he sees you.
B.: Okay.
6.
A.: I hate to go to the doctor.
B.: Yeah, but you’re running a high fever. It’s 103 F.
A.: I know. But if I go she’s going to take blood and ask me to give her a
specimen.
     Then she’ll tell me to take two aspirins and call her in the morning. And it will
     probably cost me 50 bucks.
B.: well, I’m going to make an appointment anyway. You need a throat culture.
A.: You’re probably right. My throat really hurts. I’ve had the runs for two days,
and I
     threw up twice this morning. Go ahead.
B.: You know, Don, you really have let yourself get run down. You should take
better
     care of yourself.
                                   Feeling bad.
  “Hello. How are you?”
  “I’m not doing very well. I’ve got a cold.”
  “Oh, I’m sorry to hear that. You must go to the doctor at once.”
  “Well, I’m sure I’ll recover in no time.”
  “Take care of yourself. I hope you feel better soon.”
  “Thank you. Bye.”
  “Bye-Bye”
                              Short Conversations.
                                 Calling First Aid.
   “Hello!”
   “First Aid here. What happened?”
   “A man here is having a serious heart trouble.”
   “Name and age?”
   “Skidoo, 58 years old.”
   “Address?”
   “Number 24, May Street, Flat 16.”
   “A car will arrive in ten minutes.”
                                   I don’t feel well.
   “What’s the matter with you, sonny, where does it hurt?”
   “I don’t feel well.”
   “Where is the pain?”
   “I’ve got a very bad headache and my nose is running.”
   “You have caught a cold. Take this pill. Have a cup of hot tea with honey and go
to bed.”

                                At the Doctor’s.
   “Take off your jacket and shirt and let me examine you.”
   “All right, Doctor.”
   “You don’t cough, I suppose, or feel any pain anywhere, do you?”
   “No, doctor, not at all, I fell quite well.”
    “Fine, now le me listen to your heart…With a heart like that you will live to be
two hundred. Now, what about your stomach? Lie down and I’ll see if anything is
wrong there…This was where you had the pains when you were ill, wasn’t it? Any
pain now?”
   “Yes, that was the place, doctor, but it doesn’t hurt at all now.”
   “Well, a few weeks at a sanatorium in Kislovodsk will do you a world of good, I
think. Get dressed now while I write out your papers.”
   “Thank you, Doctor.”
                                   Toothache.

  “Hey. What’s the matter with you?”
  “I’ve got toothache.”
  “Why don’t you go to the dentist’s then?”
  “I’m afraid to have teeth out, it hurts!”

                               At the Chemist’s.
  “Will you make up this prescription, please?”
  “Just a minute…Here you are. One tablespoon before meals three times a day.”
  “Thank you.”
  “As for these tablets, you can get them without a prescription in the other
department.
                             Doctors and patients.
“I saw the doctor today about my loss of memory.”
“What did he do?”
“Made me pay him in advance.”
                                         ***
The doctor smiled as he entered the room.
“You look much better today.”
Yes. I followed the directions on your medicine bottle.”
“What were they?”
“Keep the bottle tightly corked.”
                                         ***
“Doctor, I want you to look after my office, while I’m on my vacation.”
“But I’ve just graduated, doctor. I’ve had no experience.”
“That’s all right, my boy. My practice is strictly fashionable. Tell the man to play
golf and ship the lady patients off to Europe.


                            Chapter VI. Texts
                               The laws of health.
  One of the first duties we owe to ourselves is to keep our bodies in perfect health.
If our body suffers from any disorder, our mind suffers with it, and we are unable
to make much progress in knowledge, and we are unfit to perform those duties
whish are required of us in social life.
  There are certain laws of health which deserve particular attention and they are
so simple that even a child can learn them. A constant supply of pure fresh air is
indispensable to good health. To secure this, nothing impure should remain either
within or near our homes, and every room in house especially the bedrooms,
should be properly ventilated every day.
  Perfect cleanliness is also essential. The whole body should be washed as often
as possible. The skin is full of minute pores, cells, blood vessels and nerves. It
“breathes” the way the lungs do. Therefore it should always be clean.
  Besides its importance to health, there is a great charm in cleanliness. We like to
look at one who is tidy and clean. If the skin is kept clean, the teeth thoroughly
brushed, the hair neatly combed, and the finger-nails in order, we feel pleased with
the person, even though his (her) clothes may be coarse and much mended.
  A certain amount of exercise is necessary to keep the body in perfect condition.
All the powers (mental and bodily) we possess are strengthened by use and
weakened by disuse. Therefore labor and study should succeed each other. The
best way of getting exercise is to engage in some work that is useful and at the
same time interesting to the mind. It is most essential for the old and the young to
do morning exercise with the windows wide open in your room or, if possible, in
the open air.
  Remember that exercises warm, invigorate and purify the body. Rest is also
necessary to the health of both body and mind. The best time for sleep is during the
darkness and stillness of the night.
  Late hours we are very harmful to the health as they exhaust the nervous system.
We should go to bed early and get up early. It is a good rule to “rise with the lark
and go to bed with the lark”.
  Most essential to our body is food. Our body is continually wasting, and requires
to be repaired by fresh substance. Therefore food, which is repair the loss, should
be taken with due regard to the exercise and waste of the body. Be moderate in
eating. If you eat slowly, you will not overeat. Never swallow your food
wholesale- you are provided with teeth for the purpose of chewing your food – and
you will never complain of indigestion. We should abstain from everything that
intoxicates. The evils of intemperance, especially of alcohol, are too well known.
  Intemperance exits bad passions and leads to quarrels and crimes. Alcohol costs
a lot of money, which might be used for better purposes. The mind is stupefied by
drink and the person who drinks will, in course of time, become unfit for his
duties. Both health and character are often ruined.
  Thus we must remember that moderation in eating and drinking, reasonable
hours of labor and study, regularity in exercise, recreation and rest, cleanliness and
many other essentials lay the foundations for good health and long life.
                                 At the dentist’s.
  Once I had a toothache for several days, but I couldn’t pluck up courage to go to
the dentist. As a matter of fact I went twice, but just as I got on his doorstep and
was going to ring the bell the toothache seemed to have gone away, so I went home
again. But at last I had to go back, and this time I rang the bell and I was shown
into the waiting- room.
  There were a number of magazines there, and I had just got in the middle of an
exciting story when the maid came in to say Mr. Puller was ready to see me – I’ll
have to wait for the next toothache to fish the story.
  Well, I went into the surgery (the room where a doctor or dentist gives advice or
treatment) and he told me to sit in a chair that he could move up and down,
backwards and forwards, and then he had a look at the inside of my mouth. He put
a little mirror on a long handle inside my mouth and pocked about for a while, then
he looked serious and said, “Yes, I’m afraid we can’t save that one, it will have to
come out.”
  I asked him to give me an injection. He filled a syringe with a liquid called
cocaine. I felt a little prick on the gum and then injected the cocaine. He did this in
two or three places and waited for a minute or so.
  My mouth felt rather dead. Then he took a pair of forceps, gripped the tooth,
gave a twist, then a pull, and the tooth was out. I could see it and hear it but I
couldn’t feel it. Then he said, “It’s all over. Spit in there and then wash your mouth
out with this disinfectant.”


                                     Being ill.
 “You don’t look your usual self this morning,” said my wife at breakfast.
   “No, I’m not feeling up to much,” I said. » I don’t know what I’ve got, but I
hardly slept a wink all night, and now I’ve got a splitting headache.”
   “Poor old thing,” she said “feeling my forehead. “If feels as you’ve got a bit of a
temperature.”
   At work, I felt ghastly all morning. My head was now throbbing violently and
there were moments when if felt as if the whole office was going round. At eleven
o’clock I took a couple of aspirins with my coffee, they didn’t seem to do any
good. By lunchtime I had to admit that I was running a temperature: I felt hot and
shivery at the same time.
   I called my secretary in. “Look, Pam,” I said. “I’m not feeling too well do the
same when you’ve finished the letters. Perhaps you would ring up Fraser and let
him know.”
   “Yes, of course, Mr. Garter. You do look poorly. I hope you haven’t caught this
nasty flu that’s around”.
   Feeling rather sorry for myself, I put on my overcoat and wrapped a scarf found
my neck.
   When I got home I went straight to bed and my wife gave me a hot water bottle.
I certainly felt better lying down.
   “I’ll bring you some lunch in a minute,” said my wife.
   “No, thank you,” I said. “I couldn’t eat a thing. All I want is a glass of water.
Then I think I’ll sleep for a bit.”
   “Don’t you think I’d better call the doctor?” she said. “I shouldn’t be surprised if
you’ve got this flu, like Mrs. Higgins.”
   Mrs. Higgins was our daily help, and she’s been off work for the last few days.
  Then I must have dozed off, for I woke up, sweating all over, to hear the doctor
coming up the stairs. “Quite an epidemic of it,” I heard him say to my wife. I sat to
feeling stiff and uncomfortable; my pajamas were sticking to me.
   “Now then,” said the doctor, sitting on the edge of the bed. “Let’s have a good
look at you.” He opened his bag and stuck a thermometer in my mouth. While he
was waiting he took my pulse. Then he took out the thermometer and looked at it.
“Just over a hundred and two,” he mumbled.
   He put a stethoscope in his ears and listened to my chest.
  “Now the throat. Say ”Ah”. Silence. “Looks a bit sore. Does it hurt when you
swallow?” I nodded. “Mm. It’s flu all right. The throat’s nothing serious.” He
looked for his pen. “Look here, I’m to keep you in bed for a day or two. Keep
taking plenty of aspirin to bring your temperature down, and I’ll give you some
pills to help you to sleep at night. You should stay away from work for the rest of
the week and take it easy. It’s much better to shake it off in one go if you can.
Otherwise, if you go back to work too soon, it might drag on indefinitely.”
   He wrote out a prescription and handed it to my wife. As she saw him to the door
I heard him say case I’ll drop in again the day after tomorrow to see how he’s
getting on. Keep him well covered up.
   For two days I was terribly weak. When ever I had to get out of bed, I felt giddy
and was glad to lie down again. Moreover, I couldn’t face eating anything; all I
wanted was lots of drink and plenty of sleep. I didn’t even feel like reading. Then,
suddenly, I felt much better. My temperature was almost too normal, my appetite
came back, and I felt I wanted to do something useful. Now my wife had a struggle
to keep me in bed. “You’re not to overdo it,” she said. “Flu takes it out of you
more then you think.” So I spent the time propped up with lots of pillows, catching
up with my reading. In fact, it was now all rather pleasant.
VOCABULARY:
shivery - trembling, esp. with fever
flu (influenza) - general name for viruses that cause chills, fever, headache, and/or
nausea
hot water bottle - rubber container for hot water which is used for warming beds
“Just over a hundred and two” - 102F (Fahrenheit) corresponds to 38, 9
Centigrade.
giddy - dizzy: feeling as everything is spinning around.


                              Health and the body
  Keeping fit and staying healthy have, not surprisingly, become a growing
industry. Quite apart from the amount of money spent each year on doctor’s
prescriptions and medical treatment, huge sums are now spent on health foods and
drugs of various kinds, from vitamin pills to mineral water, not to mention health
clubs and books and videos about keeping fit. We are more concerned than ever, it
seems, about the water we drink and the air we breathe, and are smoking less,
though not yet drinking less alcohol. This does not appear to mean that coughs and
sneezes have been banished, or that we can all expect to live to a hundred. To give
a personal example one of my friends, who is a keeping –fit fanatic, a nonsmoker
(and teetotaler), and who is very particular about what heat’s is at present lying in
bed with a wrist in a cast and a badly sprained ankle. He also cycles everywhere,
and if you have ever tired to cycle through rush-hour traffic with a sprained ankle,
you will understand now he acquired the broken wrist. For health, it seems, is not
just a matter of a good diet and plenty of exercise. Too much exercise can be
harmful, as many joggers have discovered. Eating the right food can easily become
an obsession, as I can overworking, which you might have to do to be able to
afford your membership in the squash club, your mountain bike, your health food,
and a few holidays in peaceful and healthy paces.

                                  Vegetarians.
A vegetarian is someone who avoids eating the flesh of animals (meat, or fish,
including shellfish). Most vegetarians will also not eat eggs or cheese or use
cosmetics or toiletries made that contain animal ingredients or are tested on
animals. The word “vegetarian”, coined around 1842, comes not from “vegetable”
but from the Latin word vignettes meaning “whole, fresh, and full of life”.
People are vegetarians for a number of reasons. Some think that it is wrong to keep
and kill animals for use as food and in other products. Others choose to be
vegetarians because they believe that a vegetarian diet is healthier than a diet that
includes meat. Indeed, a vegetarian diet fits in very well with modern medical
advice to cut down on fats, salt and sugar, and to eat more fiber and fresh
vegetables. It is also cheaper than meat. Some people are vegetarian because of
their religious beliefs. Some people have
chosen to be vegetarian for ecological reasons. They argue that the growing of
vegetables takes up much less valuable space than the raising of livestock;
moreover, it is easier to provide food for all the people on earth by growing
vegetables for food rather than raising vegetable-eating animals.


                            How to remain Healthy.
  To live a happy life, to keep fit and not to suffer from poor health yours should
keep to some simple rules. You don’t have keep to a definite diet, but you should
see to it that you eat healthier food: fruit, vegetables and salad. You may eat dairy
products too: milk, cream, cottage cheese. Sometimes you may eat fried meat,
through it is not too good for health. You can eat both bitter and sweet things. In
winter you should drink more juice, while in summer, when is not, you may also
have soft drinks like Pepsi, Coke or Sprite. If there are something you definitely do
not like, do not make yourself eat it –it just means it’s not your cup of tea. And of
course you should take regular exercise-playing different games, riding a bicycle,
swimming, etc.
  These simple rules will surely keep you fit.

                                  About health.
  Health is very important for all people. Schoolchildren do not speak about health
very often. They discuss other things. But when their classmates fall ill everybody
wants them to become well again. They should come to school again and take an
active part in school life.
  Why do young people fall ill? The answer may be very simple. You will not
catch cold, for example, if you take care of your health. Your health can be
excellent and it can be bad. You must choose. So the best thing for you is to go in
for sports. You must also remember some of the rules about how to be in good
health.
  To live in a healthy climate is not enough. What you also need is to spend a lot of
time in the open air. It is very useful to go for long walks in the country. And do
not forget to keep your room and your hands clean.

                                The doctor visit.
  When it was time for Lena to get up one morning, she told her mother that she
was not feeling well.
  Her mother felt her forehead, which was hot, and said, “Yes, you were coughing
during the night, perhaps you have caught a cold.” then she took her daughter’s
temperature.
  “Your temperature is too high,” she said, “you can’t go to school today, you must
stay in bed and I shall call a doctor.”
  Then Lena’s mother telephoned the home visiting service of the district
polyclinic.
  “Will you please send a doctor,” she said. “My daughter, fifteen years old, has a
temperature of thirty-seven point nine. She was coughing during the night and has
a bad headache.” Then she gave the address and the voice in the telephone
promised that the doctor would come during the day.
  Some time later the bell rang and Lena’s mother opened the door to a woman
about her age who was wearing a white doctor’s coat under her coat and carrying a
small bag in her hand.
  “So you have a cough and a temperature?” she asked, entering Lena’s room.
“Well, let’s see what the matter is.”
  She took Lena’s temperature, counted her pulse, and then examined the patient.
  When she had finished her examination she said to Lena’s mother, “You
daughter has the flu. She must stay in bed for three or four days and take the
medicine I shall prescribe.”
  The doctor wrote out the prescription and continued, “Take this prescription to
the chemist’s and you will be given some pills. Give your daughter one pill four
times a day before meals. The girl will not want to eat while her temperature is
high, but give her a lot to drink. Keep her warm in bed, but leave the window open.
I shall come to see her the day after tomorrow, but if she gets worse you must ring
up the policlinic immediately. However, I don’t think she will get worse.
Tomorrow she will cough less and in a day or two she will feel quite herself
again.”
  Everything happened just as the doctor had said. Lena took her medicine as
prescribed, her temperature became normal, and the fourth day she was able to get
up, three days later she could go out, and in two days she retuned to school, glad to
see her friends and teachers again.

                                A very long root.
  An Irishman had a toothache, so he went to the dentist’s to have his tooth pulled
out. But as soon as he was in the armchair, he thought the dentist was going to hurt
him very much and he would not open his mouth.
  Seeing this, the dentist pricked his leg with a pin, and when the man opened his
mouth to cry out, he pulled out his tooth.
  “I didn’t hurt you as much as you thought, did I?” asked the dentist.
  “No, you didn’t,” answered the Irishman putting his hand on the place where he
had been pricked, “but I didn’t think that the root of my tooth went down as ear as
that.”

                            What the doctor wrote.
  I remember going to the British Museum one day to read up the treatment for
some illness of which I had a touch. I got down the book and read all I came to
read and then, in an unthinking moment, I turned the pages and began to study
illnesses generally. I forget which the first I read about was but before I had looked
down the list of symptoms, I was sure I had it.
   Then I turned over the pages again. I came to typhoid fever-read the symptoms-
discovered that I had typhoid fever-wondered what else I had and so started to read
alphabetically. I read through the twenty-six letters and found out that I had all the
illnesses.
   Then I wondered how long I had to live. I tired to examine myself. I felt my
pulse. I could not at first feel my pulse at all. Then, all of a sudden, it seemed to
start off. I took out my watch and timed it. I made it a hundred and forty-seven to
the minute. I tired to fell my heart. But I could not feel or hear anything…I went to
my medical man. He is an old friend of mine, and feels my pulse, and talks about
the weather, all for nothing, when I think I am ill.
   The doctor looked at me and said, “Well, what’s the matter with you?”
   I said, “I shall not take your time, dear boy, with telling you what the matter with
me is. Life is short and you might die before I have finished.
   And I told him everything.
   Then he opened me and looked down me. After that he sat down and wrote a
prescription, and gave it to me, and I put it in my pocket and went out.
   I did not open it. I took it to the nearest chemist’s and handed it back. He said he
didn’t keep it.
   I said, “Are you a chemist?”
   He said, “I am a chemist, not a co-operative store and family hotel combined”.
   I read the prescription.
                         “I pound beefsteak, with
                          I bottle of beer ever six hours.
                          I ten-mile walk every morning.
                          I bed at 11 every night.
   And don’t fill up your head with things you don’t understand.”
                                                                (After    Jerome     K.
Jerome)

                                No Smoking Day.
  Giving up smoking is a good idea – in fact, it is one of the most important things
that someone can do to improve his or her health. I recommended having a No
Smoking Day. And it took place at the end of April at my school. But we found
that nothing unusual resulted. Nothing had changed – smokers think that a lack of
nicotine means that they are more likely to have problems at school or at home if
they try to give up smoking.
  As you see, some of my friends think that No Smoking Day could damage one’s
health.
                                        ***
  A man comes into a doctor’s office. He coughs. The doctor tells him that the
cough sounds quite bad. He says he wants to listen to the man’s chest and lungs.
After the doctor has finished checking those, he takes the man’s blood pressure and
feels his pulse. Then the doctor says that the man should take regular exercise
because it is good for his health. He also says that if the man stops smoking
immediately it is going to make him healthier. After that the doctor takes his
patient’s temperature and gives him medicine take three times a day.
  Suddenly the man says that he came not about his cough, but about his left foot
which hurts every time he walks. The man says he has had this pain for about a
week. The doctor examines his left food and says he doesn’t it is broken. He says it
is probably because of the man’s shoe which may be too small for his foot. The
man tells the doctor he is silly, says good-bye and leaves the office.
                                           ***
  Last Saturday my friends and I went to the cinema. The film was quite good and
 exciting, but it was rather cold in the cinema. Besides, when we were going home
 it started raining. When I came back home I felt something was wrong with me. I
had a headache and a sore throat and it was difficult to swallow, I understood I had
                                        fallen ill.
  When our family doctor came the next morning she asked me if t felt bad. I
couldn’t say anything, I just nodded. I really didn’t fell well-I was sneezing and
coughing all the time, and I could hardly move my tongue. After the doctor
examined me she told me not to worry too much. She said there was nothing
serious wro0ng with me-just a bad cold. After that she prescribed some medication
for my sore throat, told me to drink hot milk with honey and said I would recover
soon-if I followed hear advice.

             Chapter VII. Proverbs, songs, riddles
                  Health is above wealth. Здоровье – это богатство.
      Wealth is nothing without health. Богатство – ничто без здоровья.
      Prevention is better than cure. Лучше предотвратить, чем лечить
      An apple a day keeps a doctor away. Яблоко в день держит от доктора
       прочь.
      Healthful habits make healthy body. Целебные привычки делают
       здоровое тело.
      A healthy mind in a healthy body. В здоровом теле, здоровый дух
      Just what the doctor ordered. То, что доктор прописал.
      A blind leader of the blind. У слепого слепой поводырь.
      Early to bed and early to rise makes a man healthy, wealthy and wise. Кто
       рано ложиться и рано встаёт, здоровье, богатство и ум наживёт.
      Health is not valued till sickness comes. Здоровье не ценится пока не
       приходит болезнь.
      A sound mind in a sound body. Тот здоровья не знает, кто болен, не
       бывает.
      Agues come on horseback, but go away on foot. Болезни к нам являются
       верхом а от нас уходят пешком.
      Diseases are the interests of pleasures. Болезни –это проценты за
       полученые удовольствия.
  The best is oftentimes the enemy of the good. От здоровья не лечатся.
  The remedy is worse than the disease. Лекарство хуже болезни.
  Time cures all things. Время – лучший лекарь.
  Time is the great healer. Время – великий лекарь.
  Wealth is nothing without health. Богатство ничего без здоровья.
  Time heals all wounds. Время излечивает все раны.
  He who has health has hope, and he who has hope has everything. Человек,
   который имеет здоровье, имеет надежду, и человек, который имеет
   надежду, имеет всё.
  Health is better than wealth. Здоровье – лучше, чем богатство.
                                   Songs.
                                     1.
Put your finger on your head (You may also do gestures while singing this song).
                         Put your finger on your head,
                         Put your finger on your head
                         On your head, on your head,
                          Don’t forget, don’t forget.

                        Put your finger on your nose,
                        Put your finger on your nose,
                        On your nose, on your head,
                         Don’t forget, don’t forget!

                         Put your finger on your ear,
                         Put your finger on your ear,
                         On your nose, on your head,
                        Don’t forget, don’t forget! etc.
                                      2.
                               I have two eyes
                                 And I can see
                              A book and a pen
                                In front of me.
                               I see a window
                                 And a door.
                               I see the ceiling
                                And the floor.
                                      3.
                            I have two legs with
                               Which I walk,
                            I have a tongue with
                                Which I talk.
                              And with it too I
                                Eat my food
                         And tell if it is bad or good.
                3.
   1) Alouette, little Alouette,
Alouette, play the game with me!
Put your finger on your head,(2)
     Don’t forget, Alouette,
   2) Alouette, little Alouette,
Alouette, play the game with me.
Put your finger on your nose, (2)
          On your nose,
          On your head,
     Don’t forget, Alouette.
       3) On your mouth.
         4) On your chin.
                4.
    I’ve got 10 little fingers,
      I’ve got 10 little toes.
           I’ve got eyes,
          I’ve got 2 ears
    And jus tone little nose.
                5.
       We have fingers,
        We have toes,
    How many of these? 10
    How many of those? 10
        We have eyes,
       How many? Two
    When they look at you,
  They say “How do you do?”
                6.
If you are happy and you know it
         Clap your hands.
If you are happy and you know it
         Clap your hands.
If you are happy and you know it
 And you really want to show it,
If you are happy and you know it
         Clap your hands.
         Stamp your feet.
          Shap your fingers.
        Click your tongue.
         Nod your head.
             Say ok.
            Do all six.
                7.
                           Shoes have a tongues-
                              But cannot talk.
                             Tables have legs-
                             But cannot walk.
                            Needles have eyes-
                              But cannot see.
                             Chairs have arms-
                            But can’t catch me.
                                      8.
                      This is the way I wash my hands,
                      Wash my hands, wash my hands.
                       This is the way I wash my hands
                            So early in the morning.
                          I wash my face, neck, ears.
                                I brush my teeth,
                      I clean my clothes, I go to school.

                     Riddles about parts of the body.
    1. What is the best thing to put in to pies?(Your teeth)
    2. What is that above your head and under your cap? (Your hair)
    3. Two brothers live across a path,
         But never see each other. (Eyes)
    4. A little ball can reach the sky. (An eye)
    5. The doors are open in the morning but shut at night.
         If you look into them, you see yourself inside. (Eyes)
    6. What has an eye, but cannot see? (A needle)
    7. These two brothers
       Live not very far apart;
       One on the left,
       One on the right;
       But they never have been each other. (Two ears)
    8. A thick forest which grows as fast as it is cut down. (Hair)
    9. Thirty two white horses upon a red hill,
        Now they tramp, now they chap,
        Now they stand still. (The teeth and gums)
    10.What kind of teeth cannot bite? (The teeth of a comb)
    11.Without it you couldn’t say a word. (A tongue)
    12.It lives behind a bony wall but is heard by everybody. (When a box of
severs
        makes it water)
    13.When is a mouth not mouth? (Your voice)
    14.What goes allover the house,
        But touches nothing? (A nose)
    15.It lives alone between two bright stars. (A nose)
      16.Between two little moons I am quite alone. (The hands of a clock)
      17.What are hands that cannot hold anything? (Fingers)
      18.Two mothers have five sons each, and all have the same name.
         What are they? (When it is an iron nail)
      19.When is a nail not a fingernail? (When it is a fire arm)
      20.When is it dangerous to have an arm? (The face of the clock)
      21.Whose face needs no washing? (A bottle)
      22.What has a neck but no throat? (A bald head)
      23.What is it that no one wishes to have, yet no one wishes to lose. (Heart)
      24.It always beats and hops;
         It never sleeps or stops;
         Life – long we don’t part
         With our little… (Heart)


                        Chapter VIII. Exercises.
№1. How much do you know about looking after yourself?
Try this quick quiz.
  1. The main advantage of regular exercise is
    a) it’s good for your complexion;
    b) it’s gives you a healthy appetite;
    c) it helps your heart and arteries stay younger.
2. Regular exercise builds up your strength, develops your stamina and keeps you
   supple. Which of these qualities is the most important for protecting your heart?
    a) strength;
    b) stamina;
    c) suppleness;
3. Which is the best sign this the exercise you re doing is likely to build up stamina?
    a) you are sweating;
    b) you are slightly out of breach;
    c) your muscles hurt.
4. Here are three forms of exercise. Which is the best for developing stamina?
    a) swimming
    b) yoga;
    c) weight-lifting.
5. Which of the following does the average person eat too much of?
    a) proteins;
    b) vitamins
    c) roughage.
6. Which of the following does the average person eat too much of?
    a) fatty foods;
    b) frozen vegetables;
    c) breakfast cereals.
7. Which of the following foods is the most fattening?
    a) whole wheat bread;
   b) potatoes:
   c) salted peanuts.
8. Apart from looking and feeling better, what is the main advantage of staying slim?
   a) you can eat bigger meals;
   b) you can think faster;
   c) your heart and arteries stay younger for a longer period of time.
 Key.
(c; b; b; a; c; a; c; c)

№2.I’m Coco the Clown. Do you remember me? It’s raining outside. I’m wet.
I’ve lost my nose and my mouth and all my colors. Help me! (Draw the missing
details of the Clown on his face and color him.)




 №3. Match numbers and pictures (you need cards with numbers and words.)




 1 – hair
 2 – eyes
 3 – mouth
 4 – nose
 5 – ears
 №4. Which doctor do you chose?
    1. if you are sad and depressed
    2. if you are pregnant
  3. if you are tired and feel sick
  4. if you ache all over
  5. if you break your leg
  6. if you can’t see very well
  7. if you have a sick baby
  8. if you have a heart condition
  9. if have a foot problem
  10.if you have a skin problem
  11.if you have food poisoning
  12.if you have a burn
  13.if you have a pain in the back
  14.if you have a painful joints
  15.if you have a cavity in your tooth
  16.if you need an X-ray
  17.if you need an operation
  18.if you need a blood test
  19.if you sneeze a lot very spring and fall
  20.if your eyes itch
№5. Choose the right word and fill in the blanks.
  a) disease/illness/condition
  1. Small pox is an infectious (catching)              marked by fever and small red
     spots on the body. It often leaves permanent marks.
  2. The doctor diagnosed the         as tuberculosis.
  3. The business of doctor is to prevent and cure          .
  4. There hasn’t been much          in the village this winter.
  5. Measles, mumps and influenza are common               .
  6. An infectious             can be spread by means of bacteria carried in the
     atmosphere in winter.
  7. After the treatment I felt quite cured of all my         .
  8. Children’s         are treated by a pediatrician, specializing in the pediatrics.
  9. Smoking is a major course of heart           .
  10.The most common symptoms of the                are a high temperature and pain in
     the chest.
  11.She died yesterday after            .
  b) ache/pain/to ache/to hurt/to pain
  1. We’ve given him an anesthetic so that he won’t feel any           .
  2. These pills should help to ease the          .
  3. My hand suddenly started to            , with a dull which soon spread in to my
     wrist.
  4. Don’t worry, the injection won’t           at all.
  5. Can’t we stop for a while? We’ve been walking for hours and my felt are
     .
  6. I        allover after climbing the rock.
  c) to cure/to treat/to heal
   1. After scarlet fever complications developed, any they had to be                for a
      month before the patient completely
   2. The open air life on the farm        him of his headaches.
   3. The doctor sad that if I followed his instructions, I should soon be              of
      the disease.
   4. Pam’s foot is       quickly, but it’s still a little painful and she can’t walk on
      it.
   5. My Dad is in the hospital where he is being             for a heart condition.
   6. Many cancer patients can be            if the disease is detected early enough.
   7. The seawater is now so polluted that it would infect rather than            .
   8. There are any diseases which doctors still cannot          .
   9. This drug is used to heart disease       .

№6. Choose the words from the list that can go with the following: sickness,
pain, measures, medicine, disease, words, condition, throat, ailment, operation,
health.
  Curable, slight, mild, serious, bad, communicable, painful, dangerous, dull,
growing, constant, annoying, sudden, delicate, urgent, sore, bitter.

№7. Give as many word combinations as you can with the verbs and the
nouns from the columns.
e.g. to treat-a person/a serious sickness/ a mirror sickness/ symptoms/a pain/ an
infection.
               A                                   B
            to cure                            AIDS
           to treat                            a cold
           to ease                            operation
           to relieve                         allergies
           to avoid                           a person
           to catch                           a serious sickness
           to get                             a minor sickness
           to have                            symptoms
           to prepare                         a pain
           an infection                       a blood test

№8. Write the opposites of the words in italics. There can be more than
correct answer.
         1. a curable disease:          .
         2. a painful operation:          .
         3. a terrible pain in the left side: .
         4. a slight headache:        .
         5. a breathless body:         .
         6. a slight cold:      .
         7. a terrible headache:        .
         8. a serious illness:      .
         9. an awful cold:        .
         10.a mild pain:      .

№9. Complete the following table.
noun                         adjective                       verb
       .                infectious                                 .
       .                burned                                     .
       .                prepared                                   .
       .                shivery                                      .
treatment                          .                               .
         .              swollen                                     .
cure                                .                              .
         .                          .                    to expose
         .                            .                  to faint
         .                            .                  to spread


№10. Number the following events in the order which they usually happen.
       a) You are cured of sickness                                   .
       b) You ease the pain caused by a sickness                      .
       c) You get a sickness                                1           .
       d) You get over a sickness                                       .
       e) You have a sickness                                            .
       f) You treat a sickness                                            .

№11. Fill in the blanks with a suitable word from the box.
state    guilt benefit      promote relationship
health outlet optimistic anxious dominate
   1. A study of family           conducted in California comes to some interesting
      conclusion.
   2. For a family to remain healthy the          between a husband and wife plays a
      major role.
   3. What           1the health of the husband doesn’t necessarily promote the
      health of the wife.
   4. Giving an          to feelings is healthy.
   5. There may be            for one party but not for the other.
   6. If the wife gives her husband a feeling of              , he is likely to become
      depressed.
   7. If the wife lets her husband              on the argument, her mental state will
      suffer.
   8. When men dominate in the domestic arguments, their wives become
      and depressed.
   9. A person’s mental             is closely linked to his physical state.
   10.A healthy family is          , church-going and led by a male.
№12. Circle the words in the word search.
c e l s t k a n o k
v i t b u h c o b e
d m a d g a e s e y
a m m o u e l y g l
b a j j l t a x u e
d h n a l h r m m u
v f i c e m h e a d
u a c d t o k c a o
s r e e g p i h t e
e a u l r f s i n a

№13. Fill in the prepositions if necessary:
   1. If the experiments go well               the clinical trials, products could be
      routine use one day.
   2. The specialists presume that the new range               products will contribute
      sales.
   3. The device       treating epilepsy can be launched         next autumn.
   4. The talks      relieving pain      of curing disease are controversial.
   5. The world’s biggest market              medical implants continues to be the
      development        new products.
   6. Everybody hopes that one day cures          all illnesses would be found.
   7. Most of the annual sales came        heart pacemakers        the late 1980s.
   8. The device is wired        to receive signals directly    the brain.
   9. This company specializes         implanted devices.
   10.The firm is going to start trials     humans      next year.
Key: 1) in, in 2)of, to 3)for,- 4)about, instead 5)of, of 6)for 7)from, in 8)up, from
9)in 10)in,-.

№14. Word-matching:
  Match the words from the left column to those on the right and then make up
five sentences of your own using these word-combinations:
      1. to specialize                       a. the disease
      2. to treat                             b. trials
      3. to carry out                        c. in food industry
      4. to continue                         d. to sales
      5. range                               e. the factory
      6. to sponsor                          f. a catastrophe
      7. to receive                          g. signals
      8. to start                            h. the development
      9. to prevent                          i. of products
      10.to contribute                        j. the experiments
Key: 1)c 2)a 3)j 4)b 5)I 6)h 7)g 8)e 9)f 10)d
№15. Fill in articles where necessary:
  1.         world’s biggest market of             medical implants continues to develop
           New products.
  2.           implants is inserted under              skin by         chest and wired up to
      receive         signals from            brain.
  3. Through this mechanism,               device could tune into           signals is about to
      take
       place.
  4. In         late 1980s, most of its             annual sales came from                heart
      pacemakers.
  5.           other new products will this year contribute to             sales of more than
      $5 billion.
Key: 1) the, -, - 2) the, the, the, -, the 3) the, the, an, - 4) the, -, - 5) -, -

№16. Read the texts below and look carefully at each line. Some of the lines
are correct, and some have the word which shouldn’t be there. If a line is
correct, put a letter R if a line has a word which shouldn’t be there, write the
word.
                     When a cold season is around the corner.
   1            The lack of vitamins and sunlight takes it toll on people
   2            making them to move to cold and flu. This year, as usual,
   3            doctors expect seasonal influenza. How should people
   4            to prepare themselves& very simply: by gradually buil-
   5             ding up of their immunity. Sun, fresh air, and water will
   6            help to you. An incremental decrease in water tempe-
   7            rapture, contrasting showers, exercise and sunbathing
   8            will be your salvation. You have to get your body used to
   9            some radical temperature changes, and you should not
   10           be afraid of the cold and drafts. Contrasting showers
   11           are wonderful. The body needs minor stresses is tend
   12           under a warm shower, then under a cold one for a few
   13           some seconds. Do not forget to keep your immunity up.
   14           take off normal doses of vitamin C as a preventive
   15           sure, but if you have feel you are coming down with an
   16           illness, take an entire gram at a time.

№17. Complete each sentence by adding ly to each word in brackets. Write
the new word on the line.
   1. Eating            everyday helps an athlete keep fit. (healthy)
   2. A trainer should            supervise every work out. (reliable)
   3. Proper training technique can prevent               injury. (body0
   4. Training           will not help an athlete. (lazy)
   5. Jogging can strengthen               legs. (wobble)
   6. If athletes practice             , they will perform poorly. (sloppy)
   7. Athletes should no begin weight training            . (hasty)
   8. They must always warm up              . (sensible)
   9.         many athletes are born with coordination. (lucky)
   10.People with good coordination can usually exercise more . (ready)
   11.Athletes in good shape can do exercises          (easy)
   12.Sometimes athletes should           take time off from training. (happy)
   13.It is not necessary to exercise          . (day)
   14.Gymnasts can move              on the parallel bars. (nimble)
   15.Athletes should accept both victory and defeat           . (noble).

№18. Write “balanced” or “unbalanced” beside each meal.
  1. Chiсken carrots, rice, and a salad.      .
  2. Fried fish, a glass of milk, and eggs.   .
  3. Lettuce, onions, fish, and noodles.      .
  4. Potato chips, chocolate, and candy.     .
  5. Cheese, tortilla, tomato, and onion.    .

№19. Crossword.
ACROSS.
  4. You use your          to listen to music.
  5. Lifting weights makes you           .
  6. Good foot and exercise help you stay       .
  9. You use your         to watch a game.
  10.Candy, potato chips and hamburgers are called             foods.
  12. Play       a toy.
  14.Exercise in water.

DOWN.
   1. What makes your body parts move?
   2. By yourself.
   3. You use your            to kick a ball.
   6. Running and swimming are good for your               .
   7. He is          the park.
   8. A sport with rackets.
   11. My book is           my bag.
Key:
Across: 4) ear, 5) strong, 6) healthy, 9) eye, 10) junk, 12) with, 14) swim
Down: 1) muscles, 2) alone, 3) leg, 6) heart, 7) at, 8) tennis, 11)arm, 13) in
                       Bibliography
1. Боярская Ю. А., Английский язык: руководство для подготовки к
   экзаменам. – М.: издательство «АсТрель – АСТ», 2004
2. Зыкова Г. И., Английский язык для студентов языковых вузов: Второй
   этап обучения. – М.: издательство «АсТрель – АСТ», 2002
3. 333 загадки на английском языке. – М.,1994
4. Medicine//English. – 1998. - №24
5. Medicine//English. – 1999. - №48
6. Medicine//English. – 2000. - №4, 2, 10, 11, 13
7. Medicine//English. – 2001. - №1, 5, 12, 15
8. Medicine//English. – 2003. - №2, 4, 10, 11, 13
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10.Medicine//English. – 2005. - №7, 8, 18, 22
11.Medicine//English. – 2006. - №2, 7, 11, 16
12.Galina Dolya, Happy English – 1., published by “Eng – Рус”, 1992
13.Starkov A. P., English, 6th year. – M.:AСТ – АсТрель, 2005
14.Voyetenok V.,Voyetenok A., Conversational English. – M.: Айрис
   Пресс,2001

				
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