Holland's Typology of Personality and Sample Occupations by rrbuccat

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									Holland’s Typology of Personality and Sample Occupations

 Career development theorist John Holland, Ph.D.,

developed a theory of career choice based on the following premises:  Six themes of people and work environments, within which all jobs can be classified:  — Realistic  — Investigative  — Artistic  — Social  — Enterprising  — Conventional  Career satisfaction depends on the compatibility between your personality and your work environment.

 According to Holland, workers are not passive victims of their

environments, but actively seek potentially compatible work environments. If your personality and the work environment “fit”—that is, if your personality is congruent with your work environment—you will most likely enjoy your work, and you will develop and grow in your career.  Think about your interests, personality, and skills, and then determine which occupational theme(s) sound the most consistent with your personality.You can also use formal or informal assessments to determine which themes fit you. Note that everyone fits to some degree in more than one occupational theme.

Personality Characteristics Prefers physical Shy, genuine, persistent, activities that require skill, stable, conforming, strength, and coordination; practical prefers to work with things, present-oriented, structured pattern of thoughts, mechanical, athletic, persistent Work Environments •Technical / mechanical •Production Oriented •Hands-on Tasks •Industrial •Outdoors

Personality Characteristics Prefers activities that involve thinking, organizing, and understanding; mathematical, scientific, unique, problem solver Analytical, original, curious, independent Work Environments •rewards high academic achievement •uses technical abilities to complete tasks •creative scrutiny of physical biological or cultural theories

Personality Characteristics Prefers ambiguous and unsystematic activities that allow creative expression; rely on feelings and imagination, expressive, intuitive, values aesthetics Imaginative, disorderly, idealistic, emotional, impractical Work Environments •Unstructured •Allows non-conformity •Allows originality •Rewards creativity

Personality Characteristics Prefers activities that Sociable, friendly, involve helping and cooperative, understanding developing others; sensitive to needs of others, helpful, caring, empathic, enjoys interpersonal gatherings, values educational and social issues Work Environments •Cooperative •Interactive •Provides services to others •Rewards personal growth in others

Personality Characteristics Prefers verbal activities in which there are opportunities to influence others and attain power; adventurous, leadership, persuasive, values political and economic matters. Self-confident, ambitious, energetic, domineering Work Environments •Managerial roles in organizations •Business driven •Entrepreneurial •Rewards monetary gains and achievements

Personality Characteristics Prefers ruleregulated, orderly, and unambiguous activities; structured, accurate, detailoriented, loyal followers Conforming, efficient, practical, unimaginative, inflexible Work Environments •Business-detail •Data generated •Traditional •Rewards conformity and dependability

• People who choose to work in an environment similar to their personality type are more likely to be successful and satisfied. • How you act and feel at work depends to a large extent on your workplace environment. If you are working with people who have a personality type like yours, you will be able to do many of the things they can do, and you will feel most comfortable with them. • According to the theory, you want to choose an occupation whose personality type is the same as, or similar to yours. This is most likely to lead to your job satisfaction and success.

Compatible Work Environments
Your Personality Type Realistic Investigative Artistic Social Enterprising Conventional Compatible with… Investigative and Conventional Realistic and Artistic Investigative and Social Artistic and Enterprising Social and Conventional Enterprising and Realistic

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