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Human Growth and Development Grade 8


									     Human Growth and Development
          Grade 8 Curriculum
•   Explain the importance of abstinence as a
    positive choice for adolescents;
•   Identify symptoms, methods of transmission,
    prevention, and high-risk behaviours related to
    common STDs, HIV, and AIDS; identify
    methods used to prevent pregnancy;
•   Apply living skills (e.g., decision-making,
    assertiveness, and refusal skills) in making
    informed decisions, and analyse the
    consequences of engaging in sexual activities
    and using drugs;
•   Identify sources of support (e.g., parents/
    guardians, doctors) related to healthy sexuality
       Rules for the Health Classroom
1. No preaching; no put down of other’s values. All points of view are
    worthy of being discussed.
2. No questions are “dumb”. Questions only indicate a desire for
    knowledge, they do not tell you anything else about the person
    asking the question.
3. It is acceptable for the teacher to feel embarrassed or not know
    answers to all the questions. It is acceptable for the students to feel
    embarrassed or uncomfortable, however, it is expected that
    students deal with this material in a mature manner.
4. When possible, dictionary terminology should be used.
5. No asking personal questions of the teacher or of the class.
6. No talking about class members’ comments outside of the
7. Everyone has the right to refrain from activities or from answering
    questions they do not wish to answer. The teacher may also choose
    not to answer a question in front of the entire class.
8. Students have the right to say “NO” to any situation that they feel is
I.D.E.A.L. Decision Making Process
• I- Identify the problem
• D- Describe all of the possible
• E- Evaluate the solutions (positive
  and negative)
• A- Act- choose a solution and try it
• L- Learn- Did it work? Why? Why
       I.D.E.A.L. Scenario
Work through your scenario using
the I.D.E.A.L. decision making
Skills for Responding to Persuasive

 Read through the following skills.
    Refusal Skills: Learning to say no
•    Say ``No thanks``. If necessary, you may have
     to say this over and over again.
•    Ignore the pressure.
•    Say ``No`` and walk away.
•    Stay away from situations where you fell the
     pressure and you are tempted.
•    Give a reason or excuse.
•    Move on to a new topic.
•    Switch the pressure.
•    Hang out with people who have chosen to
     avoid risky behaviours.
    Refusal Skills: Choosing What
         Works Best For Me
• Read through
  Scenario 1.                 Skills
• Provide examples of        Refuse
  three different refusal
  skills that would be       Delay
  effective to say ``no``
  in this situation. Name   Negotiate
  the skills then state
  the response.
 Homework Activity- Refusal Skills
• Complete the follow worksheet.
Activity # 5 Do You Remember?
• Fill in the blanks below using the word
  bank given.
               STI or STD
• Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) and
  Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) are
  two terms for the same thing. STI, refers to
  the infection that comes first and is what
  needs to be prevented. The disease starts
  after a person has been infected.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
• I will assign a STI to research.
• Answer the questions below.
    Ways to help your immune system
              get in shape
•   Getting enough rest and sleep
•   Have a positive attitude
•   Eat a variety of foods
•   Find ways to manage your stress.
•   DPA
•   Drink plenty of water
     How are infections spread?
•   Touching objects that are contaminated.
•   Eating and drinking contaminated food or water
•   Breathing contaminated air
•   Passed by insects
•   Skin to skin contact with an infected person
•   When a person gets someone else's infected
    body fluids into his or her bloodstram.
• Read the handouts.
       Risk of HIV Infection
• Read the handouts.
           Prevention of HIV
• Abstinence
• Using a condoms provides good protection (but
  is not 100%)
• Avoid sexual behaviours that put a person at risk
  for STIs
• Avoid using drugs and alcohol
• Never share or re-use needles for drugs,
  tattooing or body piercing.
• Never share personal hygiene items such as
  razors and toothbrushes.
• HPV and Hep B Vaccines.
        Abstinence is ……?
• Abstinence is defined as choosing to avoid
  any type of sexual intercourse.
   Ashley and Jason Considering
• In groups of 3-4. Read aloud Ashley and
  Jason Considering Abstinence.
• In your groups brainstorm the possible
  reasons that Ashley and Jason might say
  no to sexual activity.
• Read the usual reasons for choosing
• Read the “How To’s" of abstinence.
       Abstinence is Best!
 (Reasons to choose Abstinence)
• Family moral beliefs and values.
• Not ready emotionally for a sexual
• Focus on developing a friendship.
• Don’t want to risk reputation, shame or
  feelings of guilt.
• Avoid pregnancy and STIs.
• Fear of HIV and certain types of cancer.
 Which one is not a symptom of an
• A. new or different discharge from the
• B. lumps or bumps on or near the genitals
• C. fainting
• D. no symptoms
• Answer C fainting
        The immune system
• A. is the body's natural defence system
  against infection
• B. is the system responsible for digestion
• C. is the body system that is different in
  males and females
• D. determines how tall a person will be
• Answer is A
        Which is not a long-term
        consequence of an STI?
•   A. infertility
•   B. cancer
•   C. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
•   D. diabetes
•   Answer is D
            AIDS stands for:
•   A. Active Immune Disease Syndrome
•   B. Active Immune Defence System
•   C. Acquired Immuno-Disease Syndrome
•   D. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
•   Answer is D
    How long does it usually take before
    HIV antibodies can be detected in a
             person's blood?

•   A. 4 weeks
•   B. 12 weeks
•   C. 48 hours
•   D. 6 months
•   Answer is B
     Risk of STI Transmission
• Are people involved in the following
  activities at risk for getting a STI (including
  HIV & AIDS)? Yes or No?
     STIs- Symptoms, Transmissions
             and Prevention
1.   Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HPV and Herpes.
2.   No symptoms
•    Lumps or bumps on or near the genitals
•    Blister or sores on or near the genitals
•    Itching on or near the genitals
•    Burning or pain when urinating
•    Urinating more often
•    Sore throat after oral intercourse
•    New or different discharge
•    Discharge from penis
•    Pain or swelling of the testicles
•    Abnormal periods or bleeding between periods
3. Any type of sexual intercourse as well as skin to skin
   contact with the genital area.
• Sharing needles
• Pregnancy (mother to baby)
• Childbirth, breastfeeding (mother to baby)
• Accidental injury (needle sticking)
4. Abstinence
5. Using a condoms provides good protection (but is not
• Never share or re-use needles for drugs, tattooing or
   body piercing.
• Never share personal hygiene items such as razors and
• HPV and Hep B Vaccines.
• Avoid using drugs and alcohol.
Test Your Knowledge of Pregnancy
• Indicate whether the statement is true or
  false with either a T or F.
• Five minutes to finish!!!!!!
    Internal Female Reproductive
 Use the words listed above to fill in the blanks for
            the female reproductive organs.
1. Cervix
2. Lining (Endometrium)
3. Ovary
4. Fallopian Tubes
5. Egg Ovum
6. Uterus
7. Vagina
            Menstrual Cycle
•   Menstruation (Period) – shedding the

•   Ovulation- thin lining and egg is released

•   -Thick lining –egg will dissolve away
     Male Reproductive Organs
 Use the words listed above to fill in the blanks for the male
                     reproductive organs.
1. Scrotum
2. Urethra
3. Penis
4. Bladder
5. Seminal Vesicle
6. Prostate Gland
7. Vas Deferens
9 Sperm
Fertilization or Conception
        Preventing Pregnancy
•   20 hours (5 days)
•   Condom
•   Abstinence
•   Pregnancy
•   3-5 days
•   Same time
•   Erect penis
•   Female condom
•   Ejaculation
•   Ovulation
•   Injection
•   One week
Intimacy Activity
My Choice Quiz
Circles of Support
Review for the Test

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