Human Growth and Development
Grade 8 Curriculum
• Explain the importance of abstinence as a
positive choice for adolescents;
• Identify symptoms, methods of transmission,
prevention, and high-risk behaviours related to
common STDs, HIV, and AIDS; identify
methods used to prevent pregnancy;
• Apply living skills (e.g., decision-making,
assertiveness, and refusal skills) in making
informed decisions, and analyse the
consequences of engaging in sexual activities
and using drugs;
• Identify sources of support (e.g., parents/
guardians, doctors) related to healthy sexuality
Rules for the Health Classroom
1. No preaching; no put down of other’s values. All points of view are
worthy of being discussed.
2. No questions are “dumb”. Questions only indicate a desire for
knowledge, they do not tell you anything else about the person
asking the question.
3. It is acceptable for the teacher to feel embarrassed or not know
answers to all the questions. It is acceptable for the students to feel
embarrassed or uncomfortable, however, it is expected that
students deal with this material in a mature manner.
4. When possible, dictionary terminology should be used.
5. No asking personal questions of the teacher or of the class.
6. No talking about class members’ comments outside of the
7. Everyone has the right to refrain from activities or from answering
questions they do not wish to answer. The teacher may also choose
not to answer a question in front of the entire class.
8. Students have the right to say “NO” to any situation that they feel is
I.D.E.A.L. Decision Making Process
• I- Identify the problem
• D- Describe all of the possible
• E- Evaluate the solutions (positive
• A- Act- choose a solution and try it
• L- Learn- Did it work? Why? Why
Work through your scenario using
the I.D.E.A.L. decision making
Skills for Responding to Persuasive
Read through the following skills.
Refusal Skills: Learning to say no
• Say ``No thanks``. If necessary, you may have
to say this over and over again.
• Ignore the pressure.
• Say ``No`` and walk away.
• Stay away from situations where you fell the
pressure and you are tempted.
• Give a reason or excuse.
• Move on to a new topic.
• Switch the pressure.
• Hang out with people who have chosen to
avoid risky behaviours.
Refusal Skills: Choosing What
Works Best For Me
• Read through
Scenario 1. Skills
• Provide examples of Refuse
three different refusal
skills that would be Delay
effective to say ``no``
in this situation. Name Negotiate
the skills then state
Homework Activity- Refusal Skills
• Complete the follow worksheet.
Activity # 5 Do You Remember?
• Fill in the blanks below using the word
STI or STD
• Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) and
Sexually Transmitted Infection (STI) are
two terms for the same thing. STI, refers to
the infection that comes first and is what
needs to be prevented. The disease starts
after a person has been infected.
Sexually Transmitted Infections
• I will assign a STI to research.
• Answer the questions below.
Ways to help your immune system
get in shape
• Getting enough rest and sleep
• Have a positive attitude
• Eat a variety of foods
• Find ways to manage your stress.
• Drink plenty of water
How are infections spread?
• Touching objects that are contaminated.
• Eating and drinking contaminated food or water
• Breathing contaminated air
• Passed by insects
• Skin to skin contact with an infected person
• When a person gets someone else's infected
body fluids into his or her bloodstram.
• Read the handouts.
Risk of HIV Infection
• Read the handouts.
Prevention of HIV
• Using a condoms provides good protection (but
is not 100%)
• Avoid sexual behaviours that put a person at risk
• Avoid using drugs and alcohol
• Never share or re-use needles for drugs,
tattooing or body piercing.
• Never share personal hygiene items such as
razors and toothbrushes.
• HPV and Hep B Vaccines.
Abstinence is ……?
• Abstinence is defined as choosing to avoid
any type of sexual intercourse.
Ashley and Jason Considering
• In groups of 3-4. Read aloud Ashley and
Jason Considering Abstinence.
• In your groups brainstorm the possible
reasons that Ashley and Jason might say
no to sexual activity.
• Read the usual reasons for choosing
• Read the “How To’s" of abstinence.
Abstinence is Best!
(Reasons to choose Abstinence)
• Family moral beliefs and values.
• Not ready emotionally for a sexual
• Focus on developing a friendship.
• Don’t want to risk reputation, shame or
feelings of guilt.
• Avoid pregnancy and STIs.
• Fear of HIV and certain types of cancer.
Which one is not a symptom of an
• A. new or different discharge from the
• B. lumps or bumps on or near the genitals
• C. fainting
• D. no symptoms
• Answer C fainting
The immune system
• A. is the body's natural defence system
• B. is the system responsible for digestion
• C. is the body system that is different in
males and females
• D. determines how tall a person will be
• Answer is A
Which is not a long-term
consequence of an STI?
• A. infertility
• B. cancer
• C. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease
• D. diabetes
• Answer is D
AIDS stands for:
• A. Active Immune Disease Syndrome
• B. Active Immune Defence System
• C. Acquired Immuno-Disease Syndrome
• D. Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome
• Answer is D
How long does it usually take before
HIV antibodies can be detected in a
• A. 4 weeks
• B. 12 weeks
• C. 48 hours
• D. 6 months
• Answer is B
Risk of STI Transmission
• Are people involved in the following
activities at risk for getting a STI (including
HIV & AIDS)? Yes or No?
STIs- Symptoms, Transmissions
1. Chlamydia, Gonorrhea, HPV and Herpes.
2. No symptoms
• Lumps or bumps on or near the genitals
• Blister or sores on or near the genitals
• Itching on or near the genitals
• Burning or pain when urinating
• Urinating more often
• Sore throat after oral intercourse
• New or different discharge
• Discharge from penis
• Pain or swelling of the testicles
• Abnormal periods or bleeding between periods
3. Any type of sexual intercourse as well as skin to skin
contact with the genital area.
• Sharing needles
• Pregnancy (mother to baby)
• Childbirth, breastfeeding (mother to baby)
• Accidental injury (needle sticking)
5. Using a condoms provides good protection (but is not
• Never share or re-use needles for drugs, tattooing or
• Never share personal hygiene items such as razors and
• HPV and Hep B Vaccines.
• Avoid using drugs and alcohol.
Test Your Knowledge of Pregnancy
• Indicate whether the statement is true or
false with either a T or F.
• Five minutes to finish!!!!!!
Internal Female Reproductive
Use the words listed above to fill in the blanks for
the female reproductive organs.
2. Lining (Endometrium)
4. Fallopian Tubes
5. Egg Ovum
• Menstruation (Period) – shedding the
• Ovulation- thin lining and egg is released
• -Thick lining –egg will dissolve away
Male Reproductive Organs
Use the words listed above to fill in the blanks for the male
5. Seminal Vesicle
6. Prostate Gland
7. Vas Deferens
Fertilization or Conception
• 20 hours (5 days)
• 3-5 days
• Same time
• Erect penis
• Female condom
• One week
My Choice Quiz
Circles of Support
Review for the Test