By Selena And Natty
Introducing Erik Erickson
June 15, 1902 – May 12, 1994
Was a Danish-German-American Developing
Known for his theory on social development
Erikson did not have a bachelors degree but he was a
professor at Harvard and Yale
Erik Erikson’s primary influence for a decent period of time, was our
own Siggy. However, differently then Freud Erikson believed the ego
exists from birth. And that behavior is not always a defense.
Erikson broke his philosophy up into two major themes.
The world gets bigger as society moves along.
And that Failure is cumulative.
Ex. A child who dealt with any sort of traumatic circumstance in childhood will
unlikely be able to negotiate in later stages of life.
Ex.2. Some orphans who weren’t stroked as infants have an extremely hard
time communicating and connecting as teens and adults, and often die
form lack of human contact.
However, it is still always possible that somewhere along the line, ones spirit
Stage 1: Infancy- Birth-18 months
Ego development: Trust vs. Mistrust
Basic Strength: Drive and Hope
AKA- Oral sensory stage
Ex. Babies love putting random objects in their mouths.
Major emphasis on mothers positive and loving care for the baby.
Visual contact and touch= very important.
Ideally if this stage goes successfully, children learn the “trust” that life
Stage 2: Early Childhood-18mnt-3years
Ego development: Autonomy vs. Shame
Basic Strengths: Self Control. Courage and Will.
Learn to master skills for the self.
Walk, Talk, feed, Fine motor movement, and toilet training.
Self esteem begins building here. Autonomy as well.
Independence or freedom of action.
Learning right from wrong.
The ability to use “NO” starts here
This stage can also be very vulnerable. If shamed during child’s toilet
training the little one will experience mass shame and doubt towards
capabilities and it may result in lowered self esteem.
Most significant relationship is with parents.
Stage 3: Play Age! 3-5 years.
Often find desire to copy adults surrounding.
Time to take 1st initiative in creating play situations.
Ex. Making up stories with Barbie, Ken, and the teddy bear during tea time.
“Why” finally becomes a part of vocabulary.
Very important to learning experience.
A.K.A. THE ?QUESTION!?
While Erikson believed that biological sexuality(the difference between male
and female.) favors psychosocial conflicts in parents and children. (Ones
development in interaction with social environment.)Erikson associated this
stage with social “Oedipal struggle” which is solved through natural role
The struggle to realize the difference between male and female.
When frustrated over natural desire and goals, guilt is first experienced.
Most significant relationship: basic family.
Stage 4:School Age: Age 6-12
This stage is called latency. In this stage, learning,
creating and accomplishments are started here.
As well as new knowledge's and skills to create a
feeling for industry.
At this stage it is often to have an inferiority among
peers. This stage helps ones self esteem, or lowers it.
Most important relationship: School and Friends.
And now for a filler!
The child that achieved flight.
Hidden disgize of children