An Introduction to the Middle Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer

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					An Introduction to the Middle
 Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer

  English 12 & English 12 Advanced
     Woodland Hills High School
              Mr. Brown
          By Dr. Moschetta
         Warm Up 1.3.13

nIf you lived around the year 1350, what
  job do you think you would have?
2-4 sentences
              Warm Up

nGrab a “guided notes” Introduction to
 the Middle Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer
 worksheet from the back of the
 projector cart.
nTry and fill in the first section
    Literature from This Unit
n The Canterbury Tales
n By Geoffrey Chaucer
  n “Father of English Poetry”
  n First author to write in English (Middle English)
    [previously Latin]
  n Educated
  n Government official – work took precedence over
  n Worked on Canterbury Tales for 22 years; never
  The Middle Ages – Norman
n 1066 – Duke William of Normandy
n One-day long battle
n Defeated and killed King Harold of England
n William felt entitled to the English throne
  (Edward, previous king, left no heirs)
n Combined Norman emphasis on law and
  order with Anglo Saxon democracy and

n Caste system (social class)
n Military system
n Property system
n System of social behavior

n Top of the Ladder: William the Conqueror
  n Barons, vassals, lower vassals, landless knights,
             City Classes

nEventually many people left the country
 and moved to the cities
nCity classes not defined by the feudal
  nUpper, middle, lower
  nMiddle class = merchant class who could
   afford what they wanted
    Knighthood and Chivalry

nChivalry was a system of ideals that
 governed knights
  nLoyalty to overlord
  nRules of warfare
  nAdoration of a lady
  Crusades & Hundred Years’
n Crusades:                        n Hundred Years’ War
   n Series of religious wars        n Battles between
     to spread Christianity            England and France
     throughout Europe
                                     n Lasted over 100
   n Struggle against Muslims
                                       years (1337-1453)
   n Ultimately a failure
                                     n Feud stemming from
   n Europe benefited from
                                       Norman Invasion
     contact with higher
     civilization of Middle East     n Militarily
                                       unsuccessful for
                                       Britain; did increase
                                       sense of nationalism
               Black Death

n Highly contagious plague
n Spread through cities from fleas of infested
n Killed 1/3 of people in England
n Gave more power to people in lower classes
  n Caused labor shortage
  n Lower class workers willing to work could
    negotiate wages and working conditions
  Martyrdom of Sir Thomas a
n Thomas was a Norman who had great power
  in England as well as Catholic church (prime
  minister and Archbishop)
n Sided with the Pope rather than the King
n King Henry II (half joking) said he wanted
  Thomas put to death
n Henry’s knights killed Thomas in the cathedral
  at Canterbury
  Martyrdom of Sir Thomas a
n Saint Thomas the Martyr
  n Made a saint and martyred by a cult following who
    opposed the king
n People made pilgrimages to Canterbury to
  honor Saint Thomas’s memory
n The Canterbury Tales are a fictional collection
  of stories from a group of people making this
  pilgrimage to Canterbury

nRead and outline:
“Development of English” p90-91
“From Canterbury Tales” p92-93
     Worst Jobs in History

nMiddle Ages jobs
  mVcB2k (part 1)
  xuyBgM&NR=1 (part 2)

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