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An Introduction to the Middle Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer

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					An Introduction to the Middle
 Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer

  English 12 & English 12 Advanced
     Woodland Hills High School
              Mr. Brown
          By Dr. Moschetta
         Warm Up 1.3.13

nIf you lived around the year 1350, what
  job do you think you would have?
nWhy?
2-4 sentences
              Warm Up

nGrab a “guided notes” Introduction to
 the Middle Ages and Geoffrey Chaucer
 worksheet from the back of the
 projector cart.
nTry and fill in the first section
    Literature from This Unit
n The Canterbury Tales
n By Geoffrey Chaucer
  n “Father of English Poetry”
  n First author to write in English (Middle English)
    [previously Latin]
  n Educated
  n Government official – work took precedence over
    writing
  n Worked on Canterbury Tales for 22 years; never
    finished
  The Middle Ages – Norman
          Invasion
n 1066 – Duke William of Normandy
n One-day long battle
n Defeated and killed King Harold of England
n William felt entitled to the English throne
  (Edward, previous king, left no heirs)
n Combined Norman emphasis on law and
  order with Anglo Saxon democracy and
  culture
                 Feudalism

n Caste system (social class)
n Military system
n Property system
n System of social behavior

n Top of the Ladder: William the Conqueror
  n Barons, vassals, lower vassals, landless knights,
    serfs
             City Classes

nEventually many people left the country
 and moved to the cities
nCity classes not defined by the feudal
 system
  nUpper, middle, lower
  nMiddle class = merchant class who could
   afford what they wanted
    Knighthood and Chivalry

nChivalry was a system of ideals that
 governed knights
  nLoyalty to overlord
  nRules of warfare
  nAdoration of a lady
  Crusades & Hundred Years’
            War
n Crusades:                        n Hundred Years’ War
   n Series of religious wars        n Battles between
     to spread Christianity            England and France
     throughout Europe
                                     n Lasted over 100
   n Struggle against Muslims
                                       years (1337-1453)
   n Ultimately a failure
                                     n Feud stemming from
   n Europe benefited from
                                       Norman Invasion
     contact with higher
     civilization of Middle East     n Militarily
                                       unsuccessful for
                                       Britain; did increase
                                       sense of nationalism
               Black Death

n Highly contagious plague
n Spread through cities from fleas of infested
  rats
n Killed 1/3 of people in England
n Gave more power to people in lower classes
  n Caused labor shortage
  n Lower class workers willing to work could
    negotiate wages and working conditions
  Martyrdom of Sir Thomas a
           Becket
n Thomas was a Norman who had great power
  in England as well as Catholic church (prime
  minister and Archbishop)
n Sided with the Pope rather than the King
n King Henry II (half joking) said he wanted
  Thomas put to death
n Henry’s knights killed Thomas in the cathedral
  at Canterbury
  Martyrdom of Sir Thomas a
           Becket
n Saint Thomas the Martyr
  n Made a saint and martyred by a cult following who
    opposed the king
n People made pilgrimages to Canterbury to
  honor Saint Thomas’s memory
n The Canterbury Tales are a fictional collection
  of stories from a group of people making this
  pilgrimage to Canterbury
            Homework

nRead and outline:
“Development of English” p90-91
“From Canterbury Tales” p92-93
     Worst Jobs in History

nMiddle Ages jobs
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8ZrE1
  mVcB2k (part 1)
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=mPgkf
  xuyBgM&NR=1 (part 2)

				
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posted:3/30/2014
language:English
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