LOCK OUT TAG OUT IN THE OIL PATCH.pptx by TPenney

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									         LOCK OUT TAG OUT IN THE
                 PATCH


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  The LOTO standards define procedures for isolating and rendering inoperative power
sources for machinery while servicing or maintenance is being performed. The procedure
  also requires that a tag be placed on the locked device with a warning, advising that it
                                  should not be turned on.
           The key is FOLLOWED
Lockout/Tagout is a safety protocol which is widely used in
the petroleum industry to make sure that dangerous
machines are properly shut down and cannot be started up
again before the completion of maintenance, repair or
servicing work. The procedure requires that hazardous power
sources be "isolated and rendered inoperative" before any
procedure is begun. "Lock and tag" is implemented in
combination with a locking device or the power source, using
a hasp, and placing it in such a location that no power source
can be turned on to create a hazard. The process additionally
requires that a tag be placed on the locked device warning
that it should not be activated.
Zero is not attainable if you don’t think
            safety 24-7-365
        When incident occur the Big
       Questions finally get answered
•   Why wasn’t the machine locked out?
•   Policy versus Practice!
•   What was the Lockout Policy?
•   What was the Practice for un-jamming?
•   Mechanical/Electrical provisions?
•   What should the training include?
•   Compliance
     Elements Required to Prove
   DUE DILIGENCE AND COMPLIANCE
• The employer failed to keep the workplace free of
  a hazard to which employees of that employer
  were exposed
• The hazard was recognized
• The hazard was causing or was likely to cause
  death or serious physical harm
• There was a feasible and useful method to
  correct the hazard
• Not the lack of a particular abatement method
• Not a particular accident
The Tools and Education the Keys
To Zero Incidents
               gs,
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              Lockout/Tagout
• Locks/tags identify equipment or circuits
  being worked on
  – Critical systems: include identity of worker
• Train and discipline personnel
• Lock/tag removed by person who installed it,
  or authorized replacement
  – If neither available, supervisor may remove after
    ensuring no hazard created
THE WHOLE GAME JUST GOT BIGGER
Yours is the only key
   LOTO Program
    Equipment
           • One key will be issued to
             the authorized employee
             applying the lock.
           • Additional keys will only
             be used to remove locks
             in the event the
             abandoned lock
             procedure must be
             implemented.
The control of
hazardous energy (lockout/tagout)

  Cleaning, repairing, servicing, adjusting,
  and UNJAMMING.
  Provisions of Electrical Section

  Affected and Authorized persons

  Cord and plug equipment

  Energy Control Procedures and Training
         FOUR PRIMARY DEFINITIONS
       TALK THE WALK THEN WALK THE
Affected Employee:
                  WALK
An employee whose job requires operation or use of equipment/machines on which
service/maintenance activities are performed under lockout/tagout, or whose job requires work
in an area where such service/maintenance activities are being performed.
Authorized Employee:
An employee who locks out or tags out equipment/machines in order to perform
service/maintenance activities. An Affected Employee becomes an Authorized Employee when
that employee's duties include performing service/ maintenance activities covered under the
Company Written Lockout/Tagout Program.
Energized:
Connected to an energy source or containing residual or stored energy.
Energy Isolating Device (Mechanism):
A mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of energy, including but
not limited to the following: A manually operated electrical circuit breaker, a disconnect switch, a
manually operated switch by which the conductors of a circuit can be disconnected from all
ungrounded supply conductors and, in addition, no pole can be operated independently, a line
valve, a block, and any similar device used to block or isolate energy. Push buttons, selector
switches and other control circuit type devices are not energy isolating devices.
PREVENTION - Training and communication

•    Authorized employee shall            Affected
    receive training in the recognition              Authorized
    of applicable hazardous energy
    sources…,
•   Affected employee shall be
    instructed in the purpose,
    application, and use of….,
•   All other employees, shall be
    instructed about the procedure,
    and about the prohibition relating
    to attempts to restart or
    reenergize machines or
    equipment which are locked out
    or tagged out.
•   Everyone must understand the
    consequences of not following
    proper lockout procedures!
   YOUR RIG SITE KNOWLEDGE BASE
    AND TRAINING MUST INCLUDE
Typical items covered in a review would include
• an evaluation of current energy control methods
• correct energy source identification
• proper lockout device usage
• methods used to release stored energies
• a review of employee responsibilities
• deficiencies identified by employees using the
procedure
• availability of necessary recordkeeping
FULL PROTECTION
• There’s a difference between simply
  turning off a machine and
  disengaging or de-energizing it. The
  control switch itself still contains
  electrical energy. The risk is
  “unexpected" energization or start
  up of the machines or equipment, or
  release of stored energy will cause
  serious injury
Hazardous Energy Control
Procedures
• Procedures for affixing
  appropriate lockout devices
  or tagout devices to energy                       ure
                                                       s
                                                ced
  isolating devices              LO          Pro
                                      CK                  T
                                         OUT            OU
• Other standards in this part                      TA
                                                      G

  require the use of lockout
  or tagout
Why is LOTO important?
           • The Lock Out/Tag Out
             procedure prevents the
             unexpected start up or
             release of stored energy
             that could cause injury
             to employees by placing
             a lock and/or warning
             tag on an energy
             isolation device.
Hazardous Energy Sources
            • Electrical
            • Mechanical (i.e. motors,
              drive belts)
            • Chemical (i.e. natural
              gas, propane)
            • Thermal
            • Pneumatic
            • Hydraulic
            YOU HAVE A BIG JOB
         Supervisor’s Responsibilities
• Complete equipment specific LOTO procedures;
• Conduct annual & periodic inspections;
• Keep a list of authorized employees;
• Issue LOTO devices to employees;
• Ensure all affected employees are properly trained
  on LOTO procedures;
• Enforce compliance with Company LOTO program;
  and
• Provide employees with copies of the LOTO Program
  upon request.
OUR RIG SITE LOTO Program
        Equipment
             • Must be singularly
               identified;
             • Must be the ONLY
               devices for
               controlling energy;
               and
             • Must NOT be used
               for any other
               purposes.
         A few items to remember
Equipment is exempt from written, equipment-specific procedures
when all of the elements listed below exist.
(Note: Equipment covered by this partial exemption must still be
locked out following established procedures listed in rig operating
manual and approved by the company.)
• Equipment/machine has no potential for stored or residual energy.
• Equipment/machine has a single energy source that can be readily
identified and isolated.
• Isolation and locking out of energy source completely de-energizes
and deactivates equipment/machine.
• Equipment/machine is isolated from the energy source and locked
out during the course of service/maintenance activities.
• A single lockout device will achieve a lockout condition.
• Lockout device is under the control of a single individual doing the
service/maintenance.
• Service/maintenance does not create hazards for others.
    NEVER FORGET A STEP IN
LOCK OUT TAG OUT --- NEVER EVER!
REMEMBER IT COVERS ALL ENERGY SOURCES
         Canada or the United States
                 same rules
Regardless of the device used, all LOTO devices must meet the
following minimum criteria:
• They must be of durable construction and capable of withstanding
the conditions in which they are placed.
• They must be identified as such and must only be used for the
control of hazardous energy sources. All other uses are prohibited.
• They must identify the individual applying the device.
• They must not be bypassed, ignored or otherwise defeated.
• They should be standardized within each department in color, size,
shape and format.
• They should be removed by the Authorized Employee originally
attaching them. Removal by anyone else must be performed by
following the guidelines in the written company safety manual
(Removal of Lockout/Tagout Devices.)
       HOW DID THEY KNOW IT WAS YOU
               LOTO Program
                 Equipment
• T/O devices must
  include a legend such
  as: DO NOT START, DO
  NOT OPEN, DO NOT
  CLOSE, DO NOT
  ENERGIZE, DO NOT
  OPERATE, etc.
• T/O devices must have
  standardized print and
  format.
            OUR RIG SITE LOTO Program
                   Equipment




• L/O devices must be durable & withstand the environment to
  which they are exposed. T/O devices must be constructed &
  printed so they do not deteriorate or become illegible;
• LO/TO devices must be standardized by color, shape or size;
• LO/TO devices must be substantial enough to prevent early or
  accidental removal and removal without excessive force.
              NOT JUST LOCKS
               LOTO Program
                Equipment
• Lock out will be
  accomplished using
  a lock and key.
  Chains, or other
  hardware, may be
  used in conjunction
  with the lock to
  isolate the energy
  source.
       YOU HAVE TO TELL AND CHECK
             LOTO Program
               Procedures
•   Preparation for shutdown
•   Shutting down the
    equipment
•   Equipment isolation
•   Application of LOTO
    devices
•   Release of stored energy
•   Verifying equipment
    isolation
               LOTO Program
         Shutting Down Equipment
• Notify ALL affected employees that a LOTO
  procedure is being used and why.
• Shut the equipment down using operating
  controls.
• Follow proper procedure for the equipment to
  avoid endangering anyone during the
  shutdown.
                  LOTO Program
          Verifying Equipment Isolation
• Make certain all dangerous
  areas are clear of personnel.
• Verify that the equipment
  cannot be turned to the
  “on” position. Press all
  “start” buttons and
  activating controls on the
  equipment.
• Return all controls to the
  “off” position after certain
  that LO is effective.
    Rig Equipment and New Equipment
              LOTO Program
      Equipment Specific Procedures
Procedures must be updated when:
• New equipment is installed; or
• New energy sources are added to a facility or
  individual equipment; or
• Magnitude of an energy source changes; or
• Designated isolation points change.
COMPLIANCE - Lockout/tagout
• Accident prevention signs or
  tags or both shall be placed on
  the power source controls.
• Machine or equipment shall be
  designed to accept a lockout
  device.
• Means shall be provided to
  accommodate multiple locks
  for multiple and complicated
  operations.                       Tagout
                   Yes PAPERWORK
Once the specific maintenance or service work has been completed, the
person who attached the lock or tag is responsible for promptly removing
that device. Removal of LOTO devices will be accomplished by following the
steps listed below:
1. Inspect the work area.
Ensure that the equipment/machine is fully assembled and operational, all
tools and nonessential items are removed, and all safety guards are
reinstalled.
2. Ensure that all employees are clear of the equipment/machine.
3. Remove the LOTO device.
Each device must be removed by the person who put it on unless the
conditions listed below in “Removal of Another Person’s Device” are met.
4. Reenergize the equipment/machine.
5. Notify Affected Employees that servicing has been completed and the
machine is ready for use.
6. Complete the Energy Control Procedures form.
File with the department's Lockout/Tagout Program.
 You were not available someone has
 to say yes but they are AUTHORIZED
Removal of Another Person’s Device
Before removing a lock or tag that has been affixed by
another employee, the supervisor must
• verify that the employee who attached the device is
not available to remove the device.
• make all reasonable efforts to notify the employee
that their device will be removed.
• ensure the Authorized Employee knows that the LOTO
device has been removed. This must be done before
the employee resumes work.
COMPLIANCE - Our Rig Site
Energy Control Program

          1. Specific Procedural Steps
          2. Steps for shutting down
          3. Steps for blocking/securing
          4. Steps for lockout devices
          5. Steps for testing lockout
          6. Steps for inspections
          7. Steps for instructions
          8. Steps for training

          9.   Compliance of steps
PREVENTION – 100% APPLICATION




 EVERYONE ON THE RIG SITE CLEARLY
  UNDERSTANDS THE PURPOSE AND
          APPLICATION!

								
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