LOCK OUT TAG OUT IN THE PATCH oc k otthis l th e key o ntrol one else You c no The LOTO standards define procedures for isolating and rendering inoperative power sources for machinery while servicing or maintenance is being performed. The procedure also requires that a tag be placed on the locked device with a warning, advising that it should not be turned on. The key is FOLLOWED Lockout/Tagout is a safety protocol which is widely used in the petroleum industry to make sure that dangerous machines are properly shut down and cannot be started up again before the completion of maintenance, repair or servicing work. The procedure requires that hazardous power sources be "isolated and rendered inoperative" before any procedure is begun. "Lock and tag" is implemented in combination with a locking device or the power source, using a hasp, and placing it in such a location that no power source can be turned on to create a hazard. The process additionally requires that a tag be placed on the locked device warning that it should not be activated. Zero is not attainable if you don’t think safety 24-7-365 When incident occur the Big Questions finally get answered • Why wasn’t the machine locked out? • Policy versus Practice! • What was the Lockout Policy? • What was the Practice for un-jamming? • Mechanical/Electrical provisions? • What should the training include? • Compliance Elements Required to Prove DUE DILIGENCE AND COMPLIANCE • The employer failed to keep the workplace free of a hazard to which employees of that employer were exposed • The hazard was recognized • The hazard was causing or was likely to cause death or serious physical harm • There was a feasible and useful method to correct the hazard • Not the lack of a particular abatement method • Not a particular accident The Tools and Education the Keys To Zero Incidents gs, s, Ta ck Lo Lockout/Tagout • Locks/tags identify equipment or circuits being worked on – Critical systems: include identity of worker • Train and discipline personnel • Lock/tag removed by person who installed it, or authorized replacement – If neither available, supervisor may remove after ensuring no hazard created THE WHOLE GAME JUST GOT BIGGER Yours is the only key LOTO Program Equipment • One key will be issued to the authorized employee applying the lock. • Additional keys will only be used to remove locks in the event the abandoned lock procedure must be implemented. The control of hazardous energy (lockout/tagout) Cleaning, repairing, servicing, adjusting, and UNJAMMING. Provisions of Electrical Section Affected and Authorized persons Cord and plug equipment Energy Control Procedures and Training FOUR PRIMARY DEFINITIONS TALK THE WALK THEN WALK THE Affected Employee: WALK An employee whose job requires operation or use of equipment/machines on which service/maintenance activities are performed under lockout/tagout, or whose job requires work in an area where such service/maintenance activities are being performed. Authorized Employee: An employee who locks out or tags out equipment/machines in order to perform service/maintenance activities. An Affected Employee becomes an Authorized Employee when that employee's duties include performing service/ maintenance activities covered under the Company Written Lockout/Tagout Program. Energized: Connected to an energy source or containing residual or stored energy. Energy Isolating Device (Mechanism): A mechanical device that physically prevents the transmission or release of energy, including but not limited to the following: A manually operated electrical circuit breaker, a disconnect switch, a manually operated switch by which the conductors of a circuit can be disconnected from all ungrounded supply conductors and, in addition, no pole can be operated independently, a line valve, a block, and any similar device used to block or isolate energy. Push buttons, selector switches and other control circuit type devices are not energy isolating devices. PREVENTION - Training and communication • Authorized employee shall Affected receive training in the recognition Authorized of applicable hazardous energy sources…, • Affected employee shall be instructed in the purpose, application, and use of…., • All other employees, shall be instructed about the procedure, and about the prohibition relating to attempts to restart or reenergize machines or equipment which are locked out or tagged out. • Everyone must understand the consequences of not following proper lockout procedures! YOUR RIG SITE KNOWLEDGE BASE AND TRAINING MUST INCLUDE Typical items covered in a review would include • an evaluation of current energy control methods • correct energy source identification • proper lockout device usage • methods used to release stored energies • a review of employee responsibilities • deficiencies identified by employees using the procedure • availability of necessary recordkeeping FULL PROTECTION • There’s a difference between simply turning off a machine and disengaging or de-energizing it. The control switch itself still contains electrical energy. The risk is “unexpected" energization or start up of the machines or equipment, or release of stored energy will cause serious injury Hazardous Energy Control Procedures • Procedures for affixing appropriate lockout devices or tagout devices to energy ure s ced isolating devices LO Pro CK T OUT OU • Other standards in this part TA G require the use of lockout or tagout Why is LOTO important? • The Lock Out/Tag Out procedure prevents the unexpected start up or release of stored energy that could cause injury to employees by placing a lock and/or warning tag on an energy isolation device. Hazardous Energy Sources • Electrical • Mechanical (i.e. motors, drive belts) • Chemical (i.e. natural gas, propane) • Thermal • Pneumatic • Hydraulic YOU HAVE A BIG JOB Supervisor’s Responsibilities • Complete equipment specific LOTO procedures; • Conduct annual & periodic inspections; • Keep a list of authorized employees; • Issue LOTO devices to employees; • Ensure all affected employees are properly trained on LOTO procedures; • Enforce compliance with Company LOTO program; and • Provide employees with copies of the LOTO Program upon request. OUR RIG SITE LOTO Program Equipment • Must be singularly identified; • Must be the ONLY devices for controlling energy; and • Must NOT be used for any other purposes. A few items to remember Equipment is exempt from written, equipment-specific procedures when all of the elements listed below exist. (Note: Equipment covered by this partial exemption must still be locked out following established procedures listed in rig operating manual and approved by the company.) • Equipment/machine has no potential for stored or residual energy. • Equipment/machine has a single energy source that can be readily identified and isolated. • Isolation and locking out of energy source completely de-energizes and deactivates equipment/machine. • Equipment/machine is isolated from the energy source and locked out during the course of service/maintenance activities. • A single lockout device will achieve a lockout condition. • Lockout device is under the control of a single individual doing the service/maintenance. • Service/maintenance does not create hazards for others. NEVER FORGET A STEP IN LOCK OUT TAG OUT --- NEVER EVER! REMEMBER IT COVERS ALL ENERGY SOURCES Canada or the United States same rules Regardless of the device used, all LOTO devices must meet the following minimum criteria: • They must be of durable construction and capable of withstanding the conditions in which they are placed. • They must be identified as such and must only be used for the control of hazardous energy sources. All other uses are prohibited. • They must identify the individual applying the device. • They must not be bypassed, ignored or otherwise defeated. • They should be standardized within each department in color, size, shape and format. • They should be removed by the Authorized Employee originally attaching them. Removal by anyone else must be performed by following the guidelines in the written company safety manual (Removal of Lockout/Tagout Devices.) HOW DID THEY KNOW IT WAS YOU LOTO Program Equipment • T/O devices must include a legend such as: DO NOT START, DO NOT OPEN, DO NOT CLOSE, DO NOT ENERGIZE, DO NOT OPERATE, etc. • T/O devices must have standardized print and format. OUR RIG SITE LOTO Program Equipment • L/O devices must be durable & withstand the environment to which they are exposed. T/O devices must be constructed & printed so they do not deteriorate or become illegible; • LO/TO devices must be standardized by color, shape or size; • LO/TO devices must be substantial enough to prevent early or accidental removal and removal without excessive force. NOT JUST LOCKS LOTO Program Equipment • Lock out will be accomplished using a lock and key. Chains, or other hardware, may be used in conjunction with the lock to isolate the energy source. YOU HAVE TO TELL AND CHECK LOTO Program Procedures • Preparation for shutdown • Shutting down the equipment • Equipment isolation • Application of LOTO devices • Release of stored energy • Verifying equipment isolation LOTO Program Shutting Down Equipment • Notify ALL affected employees that a LOTO procedure is being used and why. • Shut the equipment down using operating controls. • Follow proper procedure for the equipment to avoid endangering anyone during the shutdown. LOTO Program Verifying Equipment Isolation • Make certain all dangerous areas are clear of personnel. • Verify that the equipment cannot be turned to the “on” position. Press all “start” buttons and activating controls on the equipment. • Return all controls to the “off” position after certain that LO is effective. Rig Equipment and New Equipment LOTO Program Equipment Specific Procedures Procedures must be updated when: • New equipment is installed; or • New energy sources are added to a facility or individual equipment; or • Magnitude of an energy source changes; or • Designated isolation points change. COMPLIANCE - Lockout/tagout • Accident prevention signs or tags or both shall be placed on the power source controls. • Machine or equipment shall be designed to accept a lockout device. • Means shall be provided to accommodate multiple locks for multiple and complicated operations. Tagout Yes PAPERWORK Once the specific maintenance or service work has been completed, the person who attached the lock or tag is responsible for promptly removing that device. Removal of LOTO devices will be accomplished by following the steps listed below: 1. Inspect the work area. Ensure that the equipment/machine is fully assembled and operational, all tools and nonessential items are removed, and all safety guards are reinstalled. 2. Ensure that all employees are clear of the equipment/machine. 3. Remove the LOTO device. Each device must be removed by the person who put it on unless the conditions listed below in “Removal of Another Person’s Device” are met. 4. Reenergize the equipment/machine. 5. Notify Affected Employees that servicing has been completed and the machine is ready for use. 6. Complete the Energy Control Procedures form. File with the department's Lockout/Tagout Program. You were not available someone has to say yes but they are AUTHORIZED Removal of Another Person’s Device Before removing a lock or tag that has been affixed by another employee, the supervisor must • verify that the employee who attached the device is not available to remove the device. • make all reasonable efforts to notify the employee that their device will be removed. • ensure the Authorized Employee knows that the LOTO device has been removed. This must be done before the employee resumes work. COMPLIANCE - Our Rig Site Energy Control Program 1. Specific Procedural Steps 2. Steps for shutting down 3. Steps for blocking/securing 4. Steps for lockout devices 5. Steps for testing lockout 6. Steps for inspections 7. Steps for instructions 8. Steps for training 9. Compliance of steps PREVENTION – 100% APPLICATION EVERYONE ON THE RIG SITE CLEARLY UNDERSTANDS THE PURPOSE AND APPLICATION!
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