UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity by hcj

VIEWS: 6 PAGES: 26

									UN Plan of Action
  on the Safety of
Journalists and the
 Issue of Impunity

                  3/27/2014   1
  What is the UN Plan of
         Action?
• It is a UN-wide plan which aims toward
  the creation of a free and safe
  environment for journalists and media
  workers, including social media
  producers, in both conflict and non-
  conflict situations, with a view to
  strengthening peace, democracy and
  development worldwide

                                   3/27/2014   2
UNESCO Condemns
Killings of Journalists




                      3/27/2014   3
           Cases Unsolved
• According to the Committee to Protect Journalists
  (CPJ), in 9 out of 10 cases in which journalists are
  murdered, the perpetrators go free
• As at 20 March 2012, 565 journalists have been
  murdered with impunity since 1992.




                                                 3/27/2014   4
         How did it began?
          …UNESCO-IPDC
In 2010, the 39-Member of the Intergovernmental
Council UNESCO-IPDC made the Decision on The
Safety of Journalists and the Issue of Impunity to
request the Director-General to consult with Member States
on:

“the feasibility of convening an inter-agency meeting of all
relevant UN agencies with a view to formulating a
comprehensive, coherent and action-oriented approach to
the safety of journalists and the issue of impunity.”


                                                      3/27/2014   5
           UN Plan of Action
              Timeline
2010 UNESCO-IPDC Decision on The Safety of
     Journalists and the Issue of Impunity

               1st UN Inter-Agency Meeting
             ( UNESCO Paris, 13-14 Sept 2011)
              UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and
               the Issue of Impunity (approved by the UN
                          CEB on 13 April 2012)

                             2nd UN Inter-Agency Meeting
                                (Vienna, 22-23 Nov 2012)
                                       Implementation Strategy
                               (Guideline for Implementing at Global and
                                            National Level)


                                    Operationalization Strategy at the National Level



                                                                            3/27/2014   6
         st
       1 UN Inter-Agency
       1
           Meeting
• On the basis of the responses received following this
  consultation, the Director-General decided to organize
  the first UN Inter-Agency Meeting on the Safety of
  Journalists and the Issue of Impunity, and this took
  place on 13-14 September 2011.
• The result of this meeting & further consultations with UN
  agencies, programmes & funds, Member States,
  professional associations and NGOs is the final draft of
  the UN Plan of Action on The Safety of Journalists
  and The Issue of Impunity that is now presented to the
  Intergovernmental Council.


                                                     3/27/2014   7
           UN Plan of Action
              Timeline
2010 UNESCO-IPDC Decision on The Safety of
     Journalists and the Issue of Impunity

               1st UN Inter-Agency Meeting
             ( UNESCO Paris, 13-14 Sept 2011)
              UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and
               the Issue of Impunity (approved by the UN
                          CEB on 13 April 2012)

                             2nd UN Inter-Agency Meeting
                                (Vienna, 22-23 Nov 2012)
                                       Implementation Strategy
                               (Guideline for Implementing at Global and
                                            National Level)


                                    Operationalization Strategy at the National Level



                                                                            3/27/2014   8
    Who has endorsed the
     UN Plan of Action?
• A: The UN Plan of Action on the Safety of Journalists
  and the Issue of Impunity , was endorsed on 13 April
  2012 by the UN Chief Executives Board, the highest
  level coordination mechanism of the UN system. In
  addition, the Plan has also been highly welcomed
  by international and regional press freedom
  organizations.




                                                 3/27/2014   9
 Objective of the UN Plan

Working toward the creation of a free and safe
environment for journalists and media workers
 in both conflict and non-conflict situations,
     with a view to strengthening peace,
  democracy and development worldwide.




                                        3/27/2014   10
         Specifically…
1. By Strengthening UN
   Mechanisms
2. By Cooperating with Member
   States
3. By Partnering with Other
   Organizations and Institutions
4. By Raising Awareness
5. By Fostering Safety Initiatives
                                 3/27/2014   11
      By Strengthening UN
          Mechanisms
• Establish focal points within the UN actors and a coordinated
  inter-agency mechanism
• Incorporate safety & impunity in UN strategies at country level
• Promote freedom of expression, safety and impunity issues
  within the wider UN development agenda
• Strengthening office of UN High Commissioner for Human
  Rights, as well as mandate and resources of the UN Special
  Rapporteur on the Promotion and Protection of the Right to
  Freedom of Opinion and Expression, and of the Special
  Rapporteurs on Extra-judicial Summary or Arbitrary
  Executions, Violence Against Women and Torture.



                                                          3/27/2014   12
      By Cooperating with
         Member States
• Assist MS to develop laws & mechanisms guaranteeing
  freedom of expression and information
• Assist MS to fully implement existing international rules and
  principles
• Encourage MS to take an active role in the prevention of
  attacks against journalists, and take prompt action in
  response to attacks
• Encourage MS to comply fully with UNESCO General
  Conference Resolution 29 entitled ‘Condemnation of Violence
  against Journalists
• Encourage MS to comply with the IPDC Decision on the
  Safety of Journalist and the Issue of Impunity
• Encourage MS to broaden scope of Security Council
  Resolution 1738, to also include safety of journalists and the
  fight against impunity in non-conflict situations.

                                                         3/27/2014   13
   By Partnering with Other
 Organizations and Institutions
• Reinforce collaboration between UN agencies and other
  intergovernmental organizations
• Strengthen partnerships between the UN and civil
  society organizations and professional associations
• Building momentum to the issues in conjunction with the
  International Day Against Impunity (23 Nov) and the
  International Anti-Corruption Day (9 Dec)




                                                   3/27/2014   14
      By Raising Awareness
•   The importance of FOE and the dangers that impunity for
    crimes against media professionals represents for freedom
    and democracy
•   Journalists, media owners and policy-makers on existing
    international instruments and conventions, as well as
    various existing practical guides on the safety of journalists
•   All the above to hostage-taking, sexual violence,
    kidnapping, wrongful arrest and other forms of punishment
    and other emerging threats to media professionals
•   General public on the importance of the safety of
    journalists
•   Encourage journalism schools to teach safety and impunity
    issues
•   Disseminate good practices on the safety of journalists and
    counteracting impunity

                                                                     3/27/2014   15
       By Fostering Safety
           Initiatives
• Urge all stakeholders, and in particular the media
  industry and its professional associations, to establish
  general safety provisions for journalists
• Develop accessible, real-time emergency response
  mechanisms for groups and media organizations
• Sensitize news organizations, media owners, editors and
  journalists on the dangers confronting their staff,
  particularly those faced by local journalists
• Strengthen provisions for the safety of journalists in
  conflict zones


                                                   3/27/2014   16
What is the progress of
the UN Plan of Action?




                     3/27/2014   17
           UN Plan of Action
              Timeline
2010 UNESCO-IPDC Decision on The Safety of
     Journalists and the Issue of Impunity

               1st UN Inter-Agency Meeting
             ( UNESCO Paris, 13-14 Sept 2011)
              UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and
               the Issue of Impunity (approved by the UN
                          CEB on 13 April 2012)

                             2nd UN Inter-Agency Meeting
                                (Vienna, 22-23 Nov 2012)
                                       Implementation Strategy
                               (Guideline for Implementing at Global and
                                            National Level)


                                    Operationalization Strategy at the National Level



                                                                            3/27/2014   18
       nd
     2 UN Inter-Agency
     2
      Meeting, Vienna
• 22-23 November 2012
• United Nations Office in Vienna, Austria
• Co-Hosted by UNESCO, UNDP, OHCHR, UNODC and
  supported by UNDPI
• 23 November: International Day Against Impunity
• Meeting outcome: Implementation Strategy




                                           3/27/2014   19
           UN Plan of Action
              Timeline
2010 UNESCO-IPDC Decision on The Safety of
     Journalists and the Issue of Impunity

               1st UN Inter-Agency Meeting
             ( UNESCO Paris, 13-14 Sept 2011)
              UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and
               the Issue of Impunity (approved by the UN
                          CEB on 13 April 2012)

                             2nd UN Inter-Agency Meeting
                                (Vienna, 22-23 Nov 2012)
                                       Implementation Strategy
                               (Guideline for Implementing at Global and
                                            National Level)


                                    Operationalization Strategy at the National Level



                                                                            3/27/2014   20
 Implementation Strategy
• Objective: formulating a concrete United Nations
  Implementation Strategy on The Safety of Journalists
  and the Issue of Impunity for the period 2013-2014 in
  order to implement the UN Plan of Action




                                                3/27/2014   21
 Implementation Strategy
• To be designed primarily by
   o UN agencies, programmes, funds & UN Special
     Rapporteurs
   o In consultation with other intergovernmental organizations,
     Member States, media houses, professional associations
     and NGOs




                                                         3/27/2014   22
           UN Plan of Action
              Timeline
2010 UNESCO-IPDC Decision on The Safety of
     Journalists and the Issue of Impunity

               1st UN Inter-Agency Meeting
             ( UNESCO Paris, 13-14 Sept 2011)
              UN Plan of Action on Safety of Journalists and
               the Issue of Impunity (approved by the UN
                          CEB on 13 April 2012)

                             2nd UN Inter-Agency Meeting
                                (Vienna, 22-23 Nov 2012)
                                       Implementation Strategy
                               (Guideline for Implementing at Global and
                                            National Level)


                                    Operationalization Strategy at the National Level



                                                                            3/27/2014   23
     Operationalization
  Strategy: Country Level
• Each country is faced with its unique challenges
  and opportunities. For an effective local
  operationalization strategy of the UN Plan, each
  strategy must be based the need of the country.
• To select 5 countries to begin to operationalize the
  UN Plan of Action:
   o   South Sudan
   o   Iraq
   o   Pakistan
   o   Nepal
   o   Mexico




                                                 3/27/2014   24
      Operationalization
   Strategy: Country Level
These needs could include:
•the need for legislation to protect freedom of expression, whether
for media professionals, bloggers or ordinary citizens;
•the need to implement legislation and improve institutional
capacity to do so;
•the need to decriminalise laws like criminal defamation
•the need for crimes against freedom of expression to be
investigated and the perpetrators prosecuted;
•the need for safety-related training for media professionals, media
owners, lawmakers, police forces, lawyers;
•the need for a safety fund for journalists in danger;
•the need for a network of lawyers for media professionals;
•the need for specific training for female media professionals;
•the need for dialogue with all relevant stakeholders and
harmonisation of activities.
•the need for national sensitization campaign

                                                              3/27/2014   25
 How can you contribute?
• The African Union Commission, NGOs including FAJ,
  and the Governments in Africa are vital partners in
  the success of UN Plan of Action
• The Special Rapporteur on Freedom of Expression
  and Access to Information in Africa




 Footer Text                                   3/27/2014   26

								
To top