NC-BQA TTT Presentation 2003 - gpvec by xiuliliaofz


The BQA Program
o   “BQA is a two pronged program. It
    helps inform producers about the
    latest management techniques and
    makes consumers more aware of the
    extra efforts the beef industry is
    making to deliver safe, quality beef.”
           o   Alan Janzen, Henderson, Nebraska cattle
               feeder, past president of Nebraska Cattlemen
Designed for
Cattlemen by Cattlemen
o   Based on
    n   FDA, EPA and
    n   Follows HACCP
    n   National
        program with
        individual state
    HACCP Principles
o   Key of HACCP: Identify what could go wrong
    or needs improved, and solve it before it
    n   Review all management programs.
    n   Identify control points.
    n   Establish critical limits.
    n   Establish control point monitoring
    n   Establish corrective actions.
    n   Establish effective record keeping procedures.
    n   Establish procedures for verifying the system is
      Beef Quality Audits -
         Show Results

1991, 1995 and now 2000 results incorporated into BQA
          Quality Control Points
Process              Control Point             Potential Hazard
Prevention &              Calving                 Injection-site
Treatment of                                        blemishes
health disorders       Weaning Calves
                                                Antibiotic residues

                     Receiving breeding          Broken Needles
                      or stocker cattle

       Control points are common management steps such as
   calving, purchasing feedstuffs, weaning and transporting cattle.
Partners in NC-BQA
NC-BQA Program Key Areas:
1) Feedstuffs & Sources.
2) Feed Additives & Medications.
3) Animal Health Treatments & Injections.
4) Record Keeping.
5) Care and Husbandry Practices.
6) Carcass Quality.

  o   Refer to page 8-9 in Certification Manual for complete
Implementation of NC-BQA
              Voluntary Program
o   Two year certification and recertification.
o   Certification Fee $15.
o   Recertification Fee $5.
o   Submit completed test and contract to
    Nebraska Cattlemen Office.

    n   NC membership is not required.
    Feedstuffs and Sources                             Page 10-11

o   Maintain records of any
    pesticide/herbicide use on
    pasture or crops that
    could cause a residue in
    grazing cattle.
    n   Observe grazing restrictions
        (eg. 2,4-D; Crossbow, Roundup)

o   Adequate quality control
    on incoming feeds and
    extra caution with use of
    commodity feeds.
                           • Analyze suspect feedstuffs
                           • Evaluate use of “high-risk” feeds
                           • Involve supplier in your BQA
Feed Additives and
o   Only FDA approved
    medicated feed
    additives can be
    n   supplements,
        concentrates, pre-mix
        o   e.g. MGA, Rumensin,

o   Extra-label use of
    feed additives is
    illegal and strictly
                                  Page 10-11
    Feedstuff Ban                       Page 10-11

o   No use of proteins derived from
    mammals in ruminant animals feed.
    n  Ruminant-derived protein
       (BSE prevention)
    Meat and bone meal
    n   Blood by-products and tallow
    n   Pure porcine or pure equine
    n   Gelatin
    n   Milk products
    n   Inspected meat products
Feedstuff Records                        Page 10-11

o   Complete records must be kept when
    formulating or feeding medicated
     e.g. Additive used, date run, ration name
       and number, amount produced
o   Records kept for minimum of 3 years
    from the date of transfer or sale of the
    cattle and have trace-back capability
Processing/Treatments and
Records                 Page 12-21

o   Withdrawal times
o   Extra-label drug use
o   Use injection zone

                                 Injections 4 inches apart

                           o   Keeping records
                           o   Syringe care
                           o   Needle know how
Follow the Label            Page 12-15

                   Be aware of
                      - the period of
                     time that must
                     pass after the
                     last dose is
                     given until
                     harvest of the
Follow the Label                                                Page 12

o   Extra label drug use should be used at a
    minimum and only prescribed by a
    veterinarian with a valid veterinarian client-
    patient relationship.
    n   ELDU – using a drug at a dose, for a condition or a species not on
        the label
    n   Questions on withdrawal are the responsibility of the prescribing
        veterinarian … info at

o   No extra-label use of Aminoglycosides,
    Fluoroquinolones … or FDA FEED ADDITIVES
    n   (eg.Neomycin, Gentamycin; Baytril and A180)
    n   AS700,Aureomycin, CTC, Oxytetracycline, Deccox, etc
Records                              Page 16-17

o   Processing and treatment
    records should be transferred
    with the cattle to the next
    production level.

o   Prospective buyers must be
    informed of any cattle that
    have not met withdrawal times.
o   Review both group &
    individual records before
    marketing … BEWARE of non-
    performing animals … they
    maybe a “High-Residue-Risk”
    Individual Records                  Page 16-17

o   Individual treatment
    records should
    n  Individual animal ID
    n  Date treated
    n  Product administered and
       lot/serial number
    n  Dosage Used
    n  Route or location of
       administration and who
       administered the product
    n  Earliest date animal will
       have cleared withdrawal
    Examples: pour-ons or injectables
Group Processing Records
   Processing Map                                 Page 16-17

                               □ Group or lot identification
                               □ Date treated
                               □ Product administered &
                                     lot/serial number

    □ Dosage used
    □ Route and location of administration
           and who administered the product
    □ Earliest date to clear withdrawal period
            (assigned to the entire pen)
BQA Approved Injection Zone
o   Move all injections to
    the neck region
    n    in front of the
    n    regardless of age
    n   injections can only be
        given in NC-BQA
        approved injection
Injection Zone
in the Neck Region
                     Injection Triangle
                     A - Ahead of point
                           of shoulder
            A        B – Above the
        B                 vertebrae

                     C - Below Nuchal
                                Page 18-19
    Injection Techniques                       Page 18-19

o   All products labeled for
    intra-muscular (IM) shall     Limit IM Injections
    be given in the neck
    region only (no exceptions,
    regardless of age).

o   All products cause tissue
    damage when injected IM.

o   No more than 10cc of
    product is administered
 Lesions from IM Injections Page 18-19

Lesion in the center of the eye of round from IM injection
Lesion Damage                           Page 18-19

   This lesion runs three inches deep
 Go SQ when possible                    Page 18-19

The Tenting Technique
     1/2 - 3/4 inch
     16-18 gauge needles

• Labeled SQ products stay ahead of
• Products cleared for SQ, IV or oral
      administration are recommended.
•Products with low dosage are
Dewlap Injection Approved

Locate the triangle region in front of slope of shoulder

                                                  Page 20
Dewlap Injection

• Use no larger than a 5/8” needle.
• Tent the skin in the dewlap region and administer a SQ injection.
                                                            Page 20
Select the Appropriate Needle Size

Syringe and Needle Care                          Page 21

CLEAN SYRINGES … Boiling water rinse.
Keep needles clean, change needles every 15 head.
Properly restrain cattle to prevent broken needles.
    Cleaning Metal Syringes   Page 21

o   Work in a clean area
o   Soap & water
o   RINSE 5 times …
    Distilled water 180°
o   Store in zip-lock
o   Re-rinse in boiling
    water before use
o   Let cool ~5 minutes
Animal Care and Husbandry
o    Feeding and Nutrition
o    Livestock Facilities
o    Shelter
o    Animal Health
o    Transportation
o    Environmental Quality

    Harvest before excessively fat.
                                      Page 22-25
Cattle Handling is key

Handle and transport cattle to minimize stress, injury and bruising
Bruising from improper handling

     Cost industry over $117 million
        Take 60-90 days to heal
Biosecurity Practices                                     Page 27

More than just hanging a sign at your ranch or feedlot entrance.
Biosecurity Check List    Page 27

o   Control disease
o   Purchasing
o   Environmental
    & pest control.
o   Disinfection.
o   Visitors.
o   Employees Training.
The BQA Basics
    Recruit your BQA Team:
       -Employees, Family,
          Suppliers, Specialists

o    Take a look at what could go wrong.
o    Figure out a plan to avoid problems.
o    Train & educate yourself and your employees or family.
o    Develop checklists and complete records.
o    Document & double check what you have implemented.
Why Be BQA Certified
o   Records allow for
    better business

o   To Eliminate carcass

o   Opens up marketing
    n branded beef

o   Maintain consumer
      Nebraska Cattlemen
Beef Quality Assurance Program
Note For Trainers:
NC-BQA Training Important Points
o   Understand each of the points in the personal
o   Make sure they know they are signing a personal
    contact …
    n To the best of their ability and within their
       control they will follow the BQA guidelines
o   Know how to / who to contact to find answers to
    their BQA questions.
o   Understand the relationship between BQA & NCFB
o   Sign their personal contract

To top