Que le spectacle commence by liuhongmei


									                                 What a show !
                                 The stage of entertainment
                                 through toys and dolls

                                 Temporary Exhibit
                                 October 3, 2006 – March
                                 18, 2007

What a show ! An exhibit of the universe of the stage through

The new temporary exhibit of the Museum displays yesterday and
today’s dolls and toys related to the fascinating universe of the
stage and circus.

The following scenes will be presented :

- circus and fair with Aunt Sally, many comical and sad clowns,
performing dogs and monkeys, elephants and acrobats…
- opera through characters from the famous operas such as
“Carmen”, “La Traviata”…
- dance with figurines inspired from classical ballets such as
“Le Sacre du printemps”, “L’Oiseau de feu”, “L’Après-midi d’un
faune”, “Rhapsody in blue” or even folk dances…
- theater through representations of sweet Pierrot and Columbine
inspired from commedia dell’arte, true miniature theaters an
operas with their scenery and puppets, string puppets and the
famous Guignol…
- cinema : from magic lanterns to dolls representing movie stars.

Jumping jacks, dolls, figurines, string puppets, finger puppets,
magic lanterns, tea sets, dancers, musical boxes, automaton,
plush monkeys, dogs, elephants, celluloid toys, and masks are
exhibited.    About 500 pieces are presented in       red   curtain
backdrop sceneries creating the theater atmosphere.
The exhibit is divided in 3 parts :

         - The games offering shows for children : phonograph,
           dolls with mechanism for example the waltzer doll, the
           whistler baby, the kicking and crying baby, automatons,
           mechanical animals, magic lanterns, miniature operas,
           the Guignol theater, puppets and theater sceneries…
         - Toys representing the entertainment world with dolls
           depicting celebrity, characters from the commedia
           dell’arte or from the circus…
         - Toys recalling the entertainment universe for the
           amusement of adults such as dolls created by artists
           or fascinated with the themes of opera, circus, dance
           or theater. These objects should be considered more as
           cultural references or esthetical models than toys.


 Origins of the circus :
The oldest documents showing circus date from 35000 years. 3000
years ago, Egyptians organized parades with wild animals coming
from Africa : lions, camels, and elephants.
The first open air theaters appeared in Greece but the Romans
were the first to use the name CIRCUS to identify the stadium.
The spectators sitting on the terraces could wager on fights
between man (gladiators) or on « bestiary » fighting against
wild animals such as big cats, bears or bulls.
In the middle ages, people rushed at the fairs to see jugglers,
bear trainers and performing monkeys. Every notable king of
France and Europe had menagerie with lions, bears, lynx or
In the middle of the XIXth century, France experienced a large
developpement of circus mainly in Paris.

 Circus and its show:
- THE MENAGERIE- is a collection of animals. In the past, animals
coming from Africa or Asia provided the public with natural
science lessons.
 - TIGHTROPE WALKERS- they work at 2 meters in the air and use a
large pole to keep their balance.
 - ACROBATS- acrobatics are the basis of every circus job. The
main figures are flip-flap, cartwheel, and somersault. Other
acrobats work in the air with ropes and rings.
- TRAPEZE ARTIST – this is the star circus act because it combines
the risk to man’s dream to fly by its own means.
- JUGGLERS- they through all types of objects such as balls,
clubs, hats, plates… Speed and suppleness are important for
- CYCLISTS- they pedal forwards and backwards on monocycles.
- HORSES- riding acts are the origin of the circus. The size of
the circus corresponds to the length of the 13 meters horse
trainer’s whip.
There are 3 types of riding acts among which flying trapeze
exercises and dressage.
- BIG CATS- at first, the animals were trained in ferocity and the
acts were violent. Today, training is done with patience,
kindness and a good observation that gets the big cats obey. The
trainer works in a high iron cage that occupies the entire
circus ring and that is connected to the menagerie by tunnels.
- ELEPHANTS- the largest animal of the menagerie, spectacular by
its size and strength. It is difficult to train but it is one of
the most gifted. An elephant can remain balanced on a pedestal,
walk while leaning on his predecessor’s back, play music, go
- BEARS- have been trained for a long time. Polar bears are very
good equilibrists. Some can juggle, others can ride bicycles.
- MONKEYS- in the past century, monkeys were trained to imitate
man in all his attitudes, meals, and walks. Today people prefer
to see them show their natural agility to jump.
- DOGS- performing dogs jumped in hoops, pulled carts...
Small animals such as doves, parakeets, chicks, geese and even
cats were trained and presented in costumes.
 - CLOWNS- are great artists because they must be actors, acrobats
 and good musicians at the same time. Circa 1870, the clown act
 was combined with the comic with his red nose and oversize
 costume, and enormous shoes which contrast with the elegant
 spangled dress and conical white hat of the white clown.

The comic is the one who entertains the public during the
scenery changes of the coming acts.
The origin of the clown was not derived from Italian comedy, or
in the fool of popular fairs, or jesters of the Middle Ages, or
the Greek or Roman mimes. The clown, of recent traditions has no
ancestors except from a few recent generations.
They all appeared from the inborn need of man to laugh and to
ridicule others. This is the only reason that explains the
appearance and disappearance of comic types throughout the ages.
The white clown has a white make up, ears tipped in blue and
shaggy eyebrows demonstrating his personality. He always keeps
his   back to the public, never looking at him. He gracefully
uses his arms and seems to say « look how beautiful I am ». He
is the ruler of all he surveys.
The comic is the red nose clown with the smallest of all masks
and wears make-up on the mouth, cheeks and eyes reveling his
character. He can cross the ring and go in the public. He taunts
the white clown even if he is good-natured. The clown has to
succeed a performance made of accidents and misunderstanding.
His universe often crashes into the white one’s that dominates

 Circus and toys :
The magical world of circus is largely transformed into toys
mainly the clown character under the shape of dolls. Many doll
makers from de XIXth and XXth centuries have created colorful
clowns with wonderful make-ups or ludicrous expressions. It was
very common to include a clown outfit or of another circus
artist in the doll’s wardrobe. Animals have been used as models
for plush animals such as monkeys, mechanical bears, and
elephants on wheels…

The commedia dell’ arte’s characters

The main characters inspired from the Italian tradition are :
Harlequin, Punchinello, Columbine, and Pantaloon…
Some of them have been used for dolls, automatons, puppets or
toys just like other typically French ones like Pierrot,
Scaramouch and Polichinelle who should not be mixed with
Punchinello the « maschera » from Naples.

 Pierrot
In the Commedia dell’arte, he appears as an honest but naive
servant. He is in love with Columbine. He is a funny character.
He is also very cowardly. His biggest fault is disruption,
producing the majority of mix-ups in the Commedia dell’arte.
Playful, he likes to dress up and play tricks. He can also cry
and is very greedy.

The dreamy, naïve and love-sick Pierrot, appeared in the XIXth
century in the theater of Paris. He replaced the ignorant
Harlequin. His white costume was inspired from Punchinello’s.

 Harlequin
This servant from Bergamo wears a ill-fitting hat that does not
completely cover his shaved head and that is decorated with a
rabbit tail. His highly colored is made of tattered cloth with
patches of various pieces of fabric. In the XVIIth century the
rags   change  to   blue,   green  and   red   triangles,  sewed
symmetrically with a yellow braid. He wears light and flat shoes
that enable him to perform acrobatics. A purse is fixed on his
belt as well as a bat he uses as a club. At first, uncouth,
naive and awkward, the character became more cunning, cynical,
quick and immoral and often uses obscene language. As an
optimist, he always finds an answer to his problems. Lazy,
greedy and womanizer he can also be sweet and faithful. He is
children’s favorite of children and in fact, looks very much
like them. He resembles the dog for his faithfulness and
obedience, the monkey for its agility, the cat for his autonomy
and independence. Harlequin likes to have fun and to display
one’s wit.

 Punch
This character comes from the la commedia dell'arte’s servant
Punchinello. He has a quick, cynical and mocking temper. He is
greedy, liar, can be violent and even cruel.       His physical
appearance is different from the Italian one. He has a double
hump, one on the front and one on the back, a hooked nose, a
large costume and a cocked hat that is sometimes decorated with
feathers, and wears a black shiny mask. Punchinello looks more
like a white dressed Pierrot with no hump.


 Definition and origins
In French, the word “puppet” comes from the Middle Ages and
represents a small doll looking like the Virgin Mary with a
nickname of “little Mary”. In the other European countries,
puppets are called by names meaning “doll that plays”. For
instance “puppe” in German, “puppet” in English although the
string puppet is also called “Marionette”, “titere” in Spanish,
“burattino” or “pupazzi” in Italian whether they are string
puppets or glove puppets.
The puppet is an articulated figurine that can be operated with
a glove or by using strings and sticks. Puppets are made of
light and fragile materials to be easily manipulated.

Fragile materials that puppets are made of make their
conservation very difficult and this is one of the reasons why
it is not easy to fix their origin. Moreover there are very few
texts left on the subject. Despite those difficulties many
museums show puppets from Antiquity. This tends to prove that
they were very popular and numerous. Puppets have no related
origin. They appear at various times in different areas with no
particular links. They can be found in Europe, Asia, America and
also in Africa especially in Egypt. Some articulated dolls,
including puppets have also been found on other places of the
world as in Polynesia or in the Arctic’s Inuit. Puppets and the
art of using them have mainly been developed in Asia and Europe.

 Puppet show
It is fascinating to see that puppets have evolved in a similar
way everywhere they have been used.
First, puppets have mainly been used for religious goals to
illustrate myths of religion.
Later they secularized to tell legendary heroes achievements.
The puppet plays have also been used against autocratic rulers
or lacks of personal liberty, as in the character of Guignol.
Finally, they succeeded in getting closer to people’s everyday
life through humor and fantasy.

Circa 1610, Giovanni Briocci came from Italy to France with his
burattini or glove puppet. He changed his name to Jean Brioché
around 1649. His most famous burattino is Punch. Even though the
name comes from Punchinello, he has a different costume and his
temper has changed.
The character of a puppet can change in time and space. One can
see it with Punchinello changing to Polichinelle in France,
Punch in England, don Cristobal Polichinela in Spain, and even
Petrouchka in Russia ! This is also true with Girolamo a naïve
Italian farmer becoming Chignol in Lyon that finally turned into

 Guignol
Guignol is a French puppet created in 1808 in Lyon by Laurent
Laurent Mourguet, silk worker, goes through a difficult period
at the beginning of the XIXth century and becomes a bazaar
merchant. After his sales pitch, he uses Punch and a puppet
theatre to attract his customers.
Abandoning Punch, he creates Guignol. From now on, this
sympathetic woodenhead character becomes the spokesman for
people of modest means.
He criticizes social injustice, taunts the middle classes as
well as regional or national authorities. His salty language,
his rebellious spirit, his impertinence, his wild but easygoing
personality has made Guignol a popular and attractive puppet.
Today, Guignol shows still attract many delighted children.

Magic lanterns

The magic lantern, ancestor of the projection equipment was
described for the first time in 1671. The German inventor
Athanasius Kircher (1601-1680) gives a complete description of
this optical instrument.
It is made of three elements : first, a source of light such as
a candle, an oil lamp and later an electric bulb, secondly, a
painted glass plate and thirdly, a convergent lens.
The images painted on the plate were enlarged in that manner and
shown on a screen.
There are many variations of the magic lantern using a concave
mirror and other lenses to concentrate added light but the light
source can vary. A double focus lantern has even been created
that enables a fade in-fade out between two glass plates. These
glass plates sometimes have small mechanisms that enable to move
parts of the image and spark the public’s imagination. The magic
lantern was improved and sold during Kircher’s lifetime by the
Danish physician, Thomas Walgenstein. It rapidly became very
popular. Speakers, using barrel organs, often gave life to these
shows. For several centuries, the magic lantern has been the
preferred instrument of witches and charlatans. It gave them the
means to produce special effects to simulate monsters and
phantom appearances.

Magic lanterns have also been made in small size for children
with glass plates that have illustrations of history or artistic
Activity/tales for children : « shush its beginning… »

After your visit of the Museum, go on your trip in the magical
world of the show while listening to stories told by Vanessa

Wednesday 4.30 pm from October 4, 2006 to March 18, 2007
Prices (museum + tales) : 10€ adult - 8€ reduced - 7€ child –
with reservation 01 42 72 73 11
Lasting (visit + tales) : about 1h30 – For children from 3 to 10

Activity/workshops for children : « Funny masks » and « Cloth
clown »

Workshops to make a mask or a cloth clown are scheduled for
children from 5 to 12 years old.
Children can visit the museum and be inspired by the objects
presented in the exhibit before the workshop.

Masks and cloth clowns’ workshops are scheduled on alternate
Wednesdays at 10 am from October 4, 2006.
During Paris school holidays : workshops on Tuesday, Wednesday
and Thursday at 10 am.
Prices (workshop + museum) : 12€ clown / 10€ mask – With
reservation 01 42 72 73 11
Materiel provided – limited number of person : 5 - 11 children
- Lasting (visit + workshop) : 2 h.

Activity/workshop for collectors and children above        10   :
« creative workshop on LEEANN doll » with Denis Bastien

The workshop includes a pullover, tights, boots, a head
decoration and a nice « Christmas tree » costume to be decorated
with ribbons, pearls, ornaments that will have to be sewed and
glued as you like. Leeann doll is for sale at the Museum’s shop
for 49€.

Material provided – Limited number of person : 20
Saturday October 21, 2006     at 4 pm   - Price : 40€     - With
reservation 01 42 72 73 11

Birthday parties with dolls

Have your birthday party with your friends and dolls.
Self-guided tour of the Museum with an educational questionnaire
+ cake and drinks (not provided) + stories.

Group 8-14 person                                            7€/child - 10€/adult
Group 15-25 person                                           6,5€/person
With reservation 01 42 72 73 11

Shrove Tuesday          :   free     entrance      for    any     children      coming      in
costume !

Any children coming in costume on Shrove Tuesday will get a free
entrance to the Museum.

A specialized shop, a bookstore

The Museum’s shop is open at the same time as the exhibition
rooms     and    is     also  available   on    the    web :

Play dolls and collectible dolls, clothes and accessories, as
well as a wide range of books and products are for sale. Dolls
and objects related to the show will be available at the shop
during the exhibit.

A doll hospital and appraisals

The Museum’s doll hospital repairs antique dolls, baby dolls, plush animals and makes appraisal
and identity cards for dolls.

Véronique Derez, our doll doctor, is usually here on Thursday from 11am to 4pm but you can
come any other day for an estimate.
Free estimate of the repairs are given on presentation of the sick doll or plush animal.
Appraisals and doll identity card with charge are made on appointment and on presentation of
the doll.

A seamstress for dolls

The seamstress makes clothes especially designed for your dolls.
Isabelle Banon, our seamstress, is at your disposal on Tuesday and Thursday to examine your
Free estimate on presentation of the doll to be dressed.

Museum’s friends association: l’AMPP
 Mrs Colette Bauer, vice-president of the museum’s friends association is on duty at the museum
 on Friday from 1PM to 5PM. She remains at your disposal to talk about the actions of the
 Association and share her passion for dolls.
 AMPP – C/O Musée de la poupée, 28 rue Beaubourg, 75003 Paris. Tel : 01 42 72 73 11

 Next temporary exhibit

  « Barbie’s    R   Thousand and One lives » March 27                   – September 30,

 About the Museum

  Access
 Musée de la Poupée-Paris
 Impasse Berthaud (near 22 rue Beaubourg), 75003 Paris
 M° Rambuteau - Bus 47 - 75 - 38 - 29 – Car park Beaubourg – Wheel chair access
 Mental and aural « Handicap & Tourism » National Label
 Tel : 01 42 72 73 11 - Fax : 01 44 54 04 48
 Email : musee.poupee@noos.fr - website : www.museedelapoupeeparis.com

  Opening hours
 Open from Tuesday to Sunday 10AM to 6PM
 Closed on Monday and holidays

  Prices
 Adult                                                                      6€
 Reduced : more than 65, unemployed, students under 26                      4€
 Children from 3 to 18, handicapped, AMPP member                            3€
 Museum’s visit + stories (Wednesday 4.30PM–with reservation)               10€-8€-7€

 Group minimum 15 children – self-guided tour                               2,5€
 Group 15-30 children – self-guided tour + stories                          6,5€
 Group 5-15 handicapped – self-guided tour                                  3€
 Group minimum 15 handicapped – self-guided tour                            2,5€
 Group minimum 15 adults – self-guided tour                                 4€
 Group 15-30adults – guided tour                                            8€
 (Groups with reservation only)

  Contact
 Claire Favot - Photos on demand - Visit on appointment -
 Tel : 01 42 72 73 11 - Fax : 01 44 54 04 48
 Email : claire.favot@noos.fr

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