Safe and Healthy Friendships

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					                          Peer Pressure and Refusal Skills
Lesson   2
Your friends are trying to persuade you to go to a party,
but you aren’t sure because you don’t know the person
who’s throwing the party.




                  What will you do?
                                           Lesson Objectives
Lesson   2
In this lesson, you will learn to:


• Develop the skills you need for making responsible
  decisions under pressure

• Demonstrate the use of refusal skills and the avoidance
  of unsafe situations
                                                  Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Peer Pressure

• Your peers can sometimes influence how you think, feel,
  and act.

• Peer pressure can have a positive or negative influence on
  your actions and behaviors.

• It is useful to learn to evaluate forms of peer pressure and
  develop healthful strategies for responding to it.
                                                  Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Positive Peer Pressure

• Peers can influence you in many positive ways.

• Positive peer pressure may involve not participating in risky
  behaviors or activities.

• You can also use positive peer pressure to influence others in
  healthful ways.

• You can be a role model by inspiring peers to take part in a
  positive act or a worthwhile cause.
                                                Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Negative Peer Pressure

• Peers sometimes pressure others to take part in behaviors or
  accept beliefs that have negative consequences.

• Negative peer pressure can involve harassment, which
  includes name-calling, teasing, or bullying.

• Negative peer pressure may also lead some teens to engage
  in behaviors that go against their values.

• Manipulation is another way of exerting negative peer
  pressure on others.
                                 Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Common Methods of Manipulation
                            Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
How to Resist Peer Pressure

• One way to resist negative peer pressure is to avoid it.

• Develop friendships with people who share your values and
  interests.

• Have friends who stand by you and support your decision.
                          Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Things to Remember When Faced with Peer Pressure



   It is important to            Make decisions that
   remain firm and stay          have the best possible
   true to yourself.             effect on your
                                 well-being.




   Your health and                Respect yourself,
   safety come first.             stand by your values,
                                  and be assertive in
                                  your refusal.
                           Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Assertive Refusal

• Assertive communication is when you state your position
  and stand your ground while acknowledging the rights of
  others.

• This is the most effective approach when facing negative
  peer influences.
                             Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Refusal Skills

Effective refusal skills involve a three-step process.

•   State your position. Give an honest reason for your
    response. Offering a legitimate reason will help strengthen
    your refusal.

2. Suggest alternatives. Your suggestion is most effective if
   it takes you away from the dangerous or unpleasant
   situation.

3. Stand your ground. Use strong body language and maintain
   eye contact.
                        Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Body Language and Assertive Refusal
                       Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Passive and Aggressive Responses

                         To some people, a passive
   Passive               response to negative peer
  Responses              pressure seems more natural.

                         Teens who respond passively
                         to peer pressure may believe
                         they are making friends by
 Aggressive              going along.
 Responses
                         Passive people may be viewed
                         as pushovers who aren’t
                         worthy of respect.
                            Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Assertive Communication

• Learning and practicing assertive communication is the most
  effective way to deal with peer pressure.

• Being assertive shows that you know strategies for solving
  interpersonal conflict without harming yourself and others.
                                        Quick Review
Lesson   2

Choose the appropriate option.


                                 • harassment
Q. The influence that people     2. manipulation
     your age may have on you
     is called ______.           3. peer pressure

                                 4. assertive
                                    communication
                                     Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2




A. 3. Peer pressure
    The influence that people your age may have on you is
    called peer pressure.




                         Click Next to attempt another question.
                                                     Quick Review
Lesson   2

Q. Which of the following is NOT a common method of
    manipulation?

    •   Mocking or teasing another person in mean or
        hurtful ways

    •   Displaying genuine compassion and caring

    •   Using “guilt trips” to get desired results

    •   Using flattery or praise to influence another person
                                    Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2



A.   2. Displaying genuine compassion and caring
     Common methods of manipulation do not include
     displaying compassion and caring.




                        Click Next to attempt another question.
                                       Quick Review
Lesson   2

Choose the appropriate option.



Q. Friends who have respect for         True
     your health and well-being will
     be less likely to pressure you
     into doing something that goes     False
     against your values.
                                        Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2




A. True. Friends who have respect for your health and
    well-being will be less likely to pressure you into doing
    something that goes against your values.




                            Click Next to attempt another question.
                                                  Quick Review
Lesson   2

Q. Suppose a group of friends exhibit inconsiderate
     and disrespectful behavior, such as teasing another
     student in your school. In what ways can you show
     disapproval of this behavior?
    •   Not participate in any of the disrespectful behavior,
        even as a spectator

    •   Show compassion to the student who was teased

    •   Treat everyone you encounter with respect

    •   All of the above
                                        Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2



A.   4. All of the above
     Ways to show disapproval of inconsiderate and
     disrespectful behavior such as teasing include not
     participating as a spectator in any disrespectful behavior;
     and showing compassion to the student who was teased;
     treating everyone you encounter with respect.




                           Click Next to attempt another question.
Lesson   2




                      End of Lesson 2




Click Home to view the Main menu.
                       Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Passive and Aggressive Responses

                         Some people may feel more
   Passive               comfortable with an
  Responses              aggressive response.

                         This may involve verbal or
                         physical force.

 Aggressive              Most people react to
 Responses               aggressive behavior by
                         avoiding the individual or by
                         fighting back.
                                                  Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Peer Pressure

• Your peers can sometimes influence how you think, feel,
  and act.

• Peer pressure can have a positive or negative influence on
  your actions and behaviors.
                     Peer pressure
                     Peer pressure
               is the influence that
                is the influence that
• It is useful to learn to evaluate forms of peer pressure and
               people your age
                people your age
  develop healthful strategies for responding to it.
               may have on you.
                may have on you.
                                                Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Negative Peer Pressure

• Peers sometimes pressure others to take part in behaviors or
  accept beliefs that have negative consequences.

• Negative peer pressure can involve harassment, which
  includes name-calling, teasing, or bullying.
                                             Harassment
                                              Harassment
• Negative peer pressure may also lead some teens to engage
                                        is persistently
                                         is persistently
  in behaviors that go against their values.
                                        annoying others.
                                         annoying others.
• Manipulation is another way of exerting negative peer
  pressure on others.
                                                Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Negative Peer Pressure

• Peers sometimes pressure others to take part in behaviors or
  accept beliefs that have negative consequences.

• Negative peer pressure can involve harassment, which
  includes name-calling, teasing, or bullying.

• Negative peer pressure may also lead some teens to engage
  in behaviors that go against their values.
                         Manipulation is
                         Manipulation is
                    an indirect,
                     an indirect,
• Manipulation is another way of exerting negative peer
                    dishonest way to
                     dishonest way to
  pressure on others.
                    control or influence
                     control or influence
                    others.
                     others.
                            Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Assertive Refusal

• Assertive communication is when you state your position
              your
  and stand Being ground while acknowledging the rights of
              Being
  others.
        assertive means
         assertive means
        standing up for
         standing up for
               most
• This is the rights effective approach when facing negative
        your rights in a
         your         in a
  peer influences.
        firm but positive
         firm but positive
        way.
         way.
                             Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Refusal Skills

Effective refusal skills involve a three-step process.

                        Refusal skills are
                         Refusal skills reason for your
• State your position. Give an honest are
                   communication strategies
                    communication strategies
   response. Offering a legitimate reason will help strengthen
                   that can help you say no
                    that can help you say no
   your refusal.
                   when you are urged to take
                    when you are urged to take
                   part in behaviors thatis most effective if
2. Suggest alternatives.in behaviors that are
                    part Your suggestion are
                   unsafe, unhealthful, ororthat
   it takes you away from the dangerousorthat
                    unsafe, unhealthful,     unpleasant
   situation.      go against your values.
                    go against your values.


3. Stand your ground. Use strong body language and maintain
   eye contact.
                       Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Passive and Aggressive Responses

                         To some people, a passive
   Passive               response to negative peer
  Responses              pressure seems more natural.
                                   Passive people
                                    Passive people
                               have a tendency to
                                have a tendency to
                         Teens who respond passively
                               give up, give in, or
                                give up, give in, or
                         to peer pressure may believe
                               back down without
                                back down without
                         they are making friends by
                               standing up for rights
                                standing up for rights
 Aggressive              going along.
                               and needs.
                                and needs.
 Responses
                         Passive people may be viewed
                         as pushovers who aren’t
                         worthy of respect.
                       Resisting Negative Peer Pressure
Lesson   2
Passive and Aggressive Responses

                         Some people may feel more
   Passive               comfortable with an
  Responses              aggressive response.

                          This may involve verbal or
                             Aggressive
                             Aggressive
                          physical force.
                       people are overly
                        people are overly
 Aggressive               Most people react to
                       forceful, pushy,
                        forceful, pushy,
 Responses                aggressive behavior
                       hostile, or otherwise by
                        hostile, or otherwise
                          avoiding their
                       attacking inthe individual or by
                        attacking in their
                          fighting
                       approach. back.
                        approach.
                                      Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2




A. Correct! The influence that people your age may have on
    you is called peer pressure.




                          Click Next to attempt another question.
                                      Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2



You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try
again, or click Next to view the correct answer.
                                     Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2




A. Correct! Common methods of manipulation do not include
    displaying compassion and caring.




                         Click Next to attempt another question.
                                      Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2



You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try
again, or click Next to view the correct answer.
                                         Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2




A. Correct! Friends who have respect for your health and
    well-being will be less likely to pressure you into doing
    something that goes against your values.




                            Click Next to attempt another question.
                                      Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2



You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try
again, or click Next to view the correct answer.
                                       Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2




A. Correct! Ways to show disapproval of inconsiderate and
    disrespectful behavior such as teasing include all of the
    following: not participating as a spectator in any
    disrespectful behavior; and showing compassion to the
    student who was teased; treating everyone you
    encounter with respect.




                           Click Next to attempt another question.
                                      Quick Review - Answer
Lesson   2



You have answered the question incorrectly. Go back to try
again, or click Next to view the correct answer.

				
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posted:3/20/2014
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