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					REVIEW OF THE
LITERATURE

   授課老師:任維廉
    報告者:蕭宜家

                2012/4/18
    作者介紹
2


    John W. Creswell
    Professor of Educational Psychology
     at University of Nebraska-Lincoln.
    He specializes in qualitative and quantitative research
     designs and methods, multimethod research.
    Outline
3


    1. The research topic
    2. The literature review
      2.1 The use of the literature
      2.2 Design Techniques
      2.3 The definition of terms
      2.4 A quantitative or mixed methods literature
      review
    3. Summary
    1. The Research Topic
4


    The topic is the subject or subject matter of proposed
     study.
    Draft a brief title to the study
     Try to complete this sentence, ”My study is
       about…”
     Creating title
        Be brief and avoid wasting words
        Make sure it includes the topic of the study
    Pose the topic as a brief question
    1. The Research Topic
5


    Whether the topic can and should be researched ?
    Can
     If researcher have participants willing to serve in
       the study.
     If investigators have resources to collect data and
       can analyze the information.
    Should
     Whether anyone outside the researcher’s own
       immediate institution or area would be interested in
       the topic.
     Researcher’s personal goal
    2. The Literature Review
6


    It shares with the reader the results of other studies.
    It provides a framework for establishing the
     importance of the study as well as a benchmark for
     comparing the results with other findings.
    Should be brief and summarize the major literature
     on the research problem.
    2.1 The Use of The Literature
7


    Qualitative research
      The literature is a manner consistent with the
       assumption of learning from the participant.
      Need to be answered from the researcher’s standpoint.
    Quantitative research
      Provides direction for questions or hypotheses.
      Introduce a problem or to describe the existing
       literature.
      Compare finding.
    Mixed methods study
    2.2 Design Techniques-
    Step in conducting a literature review
8


     1. Identify key word.
     2. Search the databases.
     3. Try to find about 50 reports of research or books
        related to your topic.
     4. Skim and duplicate those that central your topic.
     5. Identify useful literature. (literature map)
     6. Draft summaries of the most relevant articles.
     7. Assemble the literature review
    2.2 Design Techniques-
    Search computerized databases
9


    ERIC
    Google scholar
    Commercial database
      ProQuest
      Sociological abstracts
      Social sciences citation index
     2.2 Design Techniques-
     A priority for selecting literature material
10


       Journal article
         Easiest to locate and duplicate
       Dissertation
         Quality
         Difficult to read
       Web
         Easy to access
         Quality
         Online journals
     2.2 Design Techniques-
     A literature map of the research
11


     Organize the literature
     Build a visual picture of existing research
     Way to organize the literature map
                  Type                    Content
            Hierarchical        Top-down
            Flowchart           Left to right
            Series of circles   Circle represents literature
                                The intersection of the circles
     2.2 Design Techniques-
     A literature map of the research
12
     2.2 Design Techniques-
     Abstracting studies
13


     Mention the problem being addressed.
     State the central purpose or focus of the study.
     Briefly state information.
     Review key results that relate to the proposed
      study.
     2.2 Design Techniques-
     Style manuals
14


     Provide guidelines for creating a scholarly
      style of a manuscript.
      In-text references
      End-of-text references
      Headings
      Footnotes
      Tables and figures
     2.3 The Definition of Terms
15


     If there is any likelihood that readers don’t know
      the meaning.
     When it first appears in the proposal.
     Do not define the terms in everyday language.
     Qualitative studies
       Do not include the separate section
     Quantitative studies
       In the separate section
     Mixed methods studies
 2.4 A Quantitative or Mixed Methods
     Literature Review
16


     The literature be composed of 5 components
       Introduction
       independent variable
       dependent variable
       relates the independent variable to the depend
        variable
       summary
     3. Summary
17


     1. Identify your topic
     2. Qualitative research
       Literature helps substantiate the problem.
       At the end of study.
     3. Quantitative research
       Literature helps substantiate the problem.
       Not only helps substantiate the problem, but also
        suggests possible questions that needs to be addressed.
       Separate section
     4. Mixed methods research
     3. Summary
18


     5. Steps in conducting a literature review
     6. Define the key terms
THANKS FOR LISTENING

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posted:3/17/2014
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