Review of Causes_Effects of Exploration.ppt by hcj

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									    Review of
Causes/Effects of
   Exploration
► Lureof wealth from trade
► Power that came from the wealth
  § Made countries to desire more trade
              Trade Routes
► Crusades   opened up the Far East using the
  Middle East
► Italians controlled the monopoly with the
  Middle East
  § Italians got rich while Europe protested
► Europeans   searched for new routes
              New Technology
• New ships
  – Caravel
• Navigation tools
  – Compass
  – Astrolabe
  – Sextant
• Spread of knowledge
  – Printing press
►Portugal
►Spain
►France
►England
Portugal

     ►Invent  caravel
     ►First to map
      Asian route
      around Africa
                   Spain
► Columbus   sailed west
  to find Asia
► Granted territory by
  Treaty of Tordesillas
► Spanish conquistadors
  claimed much of
  America
► Encomiendas
► Haciendas
► Colonies
  § New Spain
  § Peru
► Sought    the Northwest Passage FRANCE
► Cartier
  § Explored the St. Lawrence River
► Established   fur trade
► Colony
  § New France – Champlain & Quebec
                ENGLAND
► Sought Northwest
  Passage
► Cabot
  § Newfoundland, Canada
► Hudson
  § Hudson Bay
► Established   fishing
 trade
►Mercantilism
►Changes for Native
 Americans
►Slavery
►Columbian Exchange
Mercantilism




►Coloniesexist to make profit for
 European country
►Favorable balance of trade
  § Colony produces raw materials for the country
  § Colony buys finished product from the country
 Effects on Native Americans
► Death  by disease
► Killed by the Spanish
► Loss of freedom and culture
                 SLAVERY
► Brought   to Americas to replace Natives
  § Introduced by Spanish & Portuguese
COLUMBIAN EXCHANGE

								
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