SAFETY ON HALLOWEEN *Avoid giving choking hazards such as gum, peanuts, hard candies, or
small toys as treats to young children.
Most people think of Halloween as a time for fun and treats. *Inspect all candy for safety before children eat it.
However, roughly four times as many children aged 5-14 are *Parents and adults should ensure the safety of pedestrian trick-or-
killed while walking on Halloween evening compared with other treaters
evenings of the year, and falls are a leading cause of injuries among *Make sure children under age 10 are supervised as they cross the
children on Halloween. Many Halloween-related injuries can be pre- street.
vented if parents closely supervise school-aged children during trick- *Drive slowly.
or-treat activities. *Watch for children in the street and on medians.
*Exit driveways and alleyways carefully.
Parents can help prevent children from getting injured at Halloween *Have children get out of cars on the curb side, not on the traffic side.
by following these safety tips from the American Academy of Pediat-
rics, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, and the National A few tips about pumpkins:
Safety Council. *Carve pumpkins on stable, flat surfaces with good lighting.
*Have children draw a face on the outside of the pumpkin, then parents
Children should: should do the cutting.
*Go only to well-lit houses and remain on porches rather than *Place lighted pumpkins away from curtains and other flammable ob-
entering houses. jects, and do not leave lighted pumpkins unattended.
*Travel in small groups and be accompanied by an adult.
*Have their names and addresses attached to their costumes.
Who is affected?
*Bring treats home before eating them so parents can inspect them.
A study conducted by the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention
*Use costume knives and swords that are flexible, not rigid or sharp.
(CDC) showed that during 1975-1996, the number of deaths among
young pedestrians was four times higher on Halloween evening when
When walking in neighborhoods, children should: compared with the same time period during all other evenings of the
*Use flashlights, stay on sidewalks, and avoid crossing yards. year. Halloween poses special risks to young pedestrians. For example,
*Cross streets at the corner, use crosswalks (where they exist), and most of the time children spend outdoors is typically during daylight
do not cross between parked cars. hours. However, Halloween activities often occur after dark. Also, chil-
*Stop at all corners and stay together in a group before crossing. dren engaged in "trick or treat" activities frequently cross streets at
*Wear clothing that is bright, reflective, and flame retardant. mid-block rather than at corners or crosswalks, putting them at risk
*Consider using face paint instead of masks. (Masks can obstruct a for pedestrian injury.
child's vision.) Many parents overestimate children's street-crossing skills. The pe-
*Avoid wearing hats that will slide over their eyes. destrian skills of children are limited by several factors related to
*Avoid wearing long, baggy, or loose costumes or oversized shoes (to their physical size and developmental stage. For instance, young chil-
prevent tripping). dren may lack the physical ability to cross a street quickly, and their
*Be reminded to look left, right, and left again small size limits their visibility to drivers. Children are likely to choose
before crossing the street. the shortest rather than the safest route across streets, often dart-
ing out between parked cars. In addition, young children do not evaluate
potential traffic threats effectively, cannot anticipate driver behavior,
Parents and Adults should: and process sensory information more slowly than adults.
*Supervise the outing for children under age 12.
*Establish a curfew (a return time) for older children.
*Prepare homes for trick-or-treaters by clearing porches, lawns, and
sidewalks and by placing jack-o-lanterns away from doorways
HAVE A SAFE HALLOWEEN!
The Early Head Start program is brought to you by…
Identity Development and Young Children WELCOME...
Inspiration comes at times when maybe one’s not expecting it, or
To the NEW First Steps
maybe at times when one needs it most. It’s that time of year
when many of us have children back in school. It might be a big Early Head Start
year for you and your child as they enter preschool for the first Policy Council!
time, kindergarten, middle school or even high school. For me it’s
You have taken on a task
having a child who entering the 8th grade that inspired me to sit
back and admire what a fine young lady she has become. Then, that will benefit our program and community.
when I thought about what I wanted for her as a child and what As a Policy Council member you will take part in
I wanted her to become, was somewhat out of my hands now and
major policy decisions affecting and the plan-
it made me wonder how her identity developed over time into
who she wants to be, not necessarily what I want. ning and operations of our program. This is one
Research on the development of identity from infancy through of the most important forms of volunteering in
adolescence demonstrates certain distinct patterns and shifts any Head Start or Early Head Start program.
from physically based to psychologically based conceptions of
self, the development of self and characterizations by stable Thank you for sharing
social personality factors. Over the time period as early as in-
fancy into adolescents there are four basic elements; physical,
volitional, social, and psychological. At each new level, a different
factor for the development of identity becomes dominant and SHERRIE WALKER
lends its characteristics to the development stage, the domi-
nance of one area over the other varies throughout each stage.
In the first hours of life, children can tell one smell from an-
other, one voice from another and they prefer their mothers
smell from the beginning. After several months, children be-
How to Roast Pumpkin Seeds
come aware of strangers and they become observers and docu- Separate the seeds of a freshly carved pumpkin
menters of similarities and differences. Infants then start look- from the stringy membrane. Rinse the seeds just
ing at themselves in mirrors and as they have this visual self rec- until they are free of any membrane matter.
ognition you can see the process of identity recognition happen-
ing in action. You can see them smiling at the reflection, making
eye contact and trying to talk to it.
1. Heat the oven to 350 degrees F.
2. Put the seeds on a paper towel and let them
Children who feel worthy and capable are more likely to be opti-
mistic and to do well in school. A healthy sense of identity also dry for a few minutes.
helps children be more open to people from other backgrounds 3. Spray a baking sheet with butter-flavored
because they are less likely to fear differences or put other nonstick cooking spray or brush with a light
children down to feel better about themselves. Children also coating of vegetable oil. Put the seeds on the
need the opportunity to build a sense of group identity so they
can feel a sense of belonging. Group identity can be constructed
baking sheet in a single layer, turning to coat
in many different ways, such as sharing values, being part of a lightly with the spray or the oil. Sprinkle the
class, team or sharing thoughts on beliefs, views and religion. seeds lightly with salt, or garlic salt, etc...if
We all want the best for our children and want them to be desired.
happy, healthy and successful in life! The question we need to 4. Put the baking sheet in the oven. Cook the
ask ourselves is, “when do we let go of what we want for them seeds for 10 to 20 minutes, or until brown and
and let them turn it into what they want?” It boils down to just
slightly crisp, turning once. Allow to cool before
needing to love them for who they are and the choices they make
and just support them from a far and near when they let us! eating.
5. Store seeds in an airtight container.
Diane **Caution: seeds may be a
choking hazard to children
under 3 years of age.
Early Head Start
Wednesday, October 14
5:15 to 7:00 p.m.
EHS Health Manager &
Shelly Brooks, Registered Nurse
Meals and Childcare are provided.
Please RSVP by Monday, October 12
Come join in on the fun!!!
Call 269-1523 to RSVP
or if you have any questions.