l China- causes- Mao told people to have
many children. Confucian philosophy-
people prefer to have boys rather than girls.
Farming communities- more people to help.
l Solution- Deng’s “One Child Policy.”
Fines and punishments for people that have
more than one child. Human Rights
l Amazon rainforest in Brazil. Cause- cut
down the trees and sell the lumber.
Depletes the worlds oxygen supply,
endangered species, medicines.
l Solution- President Bush Earth Day Summit
in Rio. Reduce Latin America’s debts.
l North Africa- Ethiopia. Causes-
overgrazing of cattle. Eat vegetation that
holds the sand in place. The desert is
gradually spreading which brings the arid
climate with it. Causes drought and famine.
l Solution- Replant, irrigation systems.
Hunger and Famine
l Africa- caused by desertification (Africa/
l Caused by overpopulation and unpredictable
l Over exhaust the land
l In developing nations 150 million children under 5
go to bed hungry.
l Solution- Green Revolution- introduction of high
yielding seeds and chemical fertilizer.
l Need to control population- family planning.
l Cause- Latin America borrowed heavily
especially from the U.S. in order to
industrialize. Planned to make money from
industry and pay back debts.
l Impact/solution- Economy went into
recession. Not able to pay back debts.
Many argue industrial nations should
Human Rights Violations
l Cause- 1948- Universal Declaration of
Human Rights (U.N.)
l Examples- China- Tiananmen’s Square
l South Africa- apartheid.
l Solutions- economic sanctions.
l Causes- overpopulation, overcrowding,
unsanitary conditions, poor health care.
l There is currently an AIDS epidemic in
l Solution- World Health Organization
l “Marshall Plan” for Africa
l Cause- result of overpopulation.
Government needs money for schools,
housing and jobs.
l Solution- Education- skilled workers.
l Urbanization taking place.
l Limit population growth.
l Shift to free markets.