The Decade Timeline 1910 Union of South Africa established Japan annexes Korea Revolution overthrows Portuguese monarchy Boy Scouts of America and Campfire Girls are founded Radon discovered Deaths of Edward VII, nursing pioneer Florence Nightingale, writers Mark Twain, O. Henry and Tolstoy and painter William Holman Hunt 1911 "Agadir crisis" brings France and Germany to the brink of wa. Manchu dynasty overthrown in China and a republic established Triangle Shirtwaist fire leads to reforms in building codes and labor laws First electric self-starter for automobiles First air conditioner invented Italy annexes Libya Amundsen beats Scott to the South Pole Assassination of Russian Premier Peter Stolypin Deaths of composer Mahler and writer/librettist W.S.Gilbert 1912 U.S. Public Health Service is established Arizona becomes the 48th state Albania declares its independence Woodrow Wilson elected as U.S. president Sinking of the Titanic First use of zippers in clothing 1913 Panama Canal completed (joins Atlantic and Pacific Ocean) Ford Motor Company introduces moving assembly line 1914 Ireland on the brink of civil war Outbreak of World War I Anglo-French forces halt German advance at Battle of the Marne U.S. Federal Trade Commission established Panama Canal opens 1915 First use of poison gas in warfare Liner Lusitania sunk by German U-boat Japan’s "Twenty-One Demands"? an attempt to reduce China to a protectorate Deaths of poet Rupert Brooke and educator Booker T. Washington 1916 Battle of Jutland — major naval engagement of World War I Battle of the Somme First use of tanks in war Abortive " Easter Uprising" in Dublin Arab revolt against Ottoman rule Albert Einstein proposes General Theory of Relativity Woodrow Wilson reelected as U.S. president Deaths of writers Henry James and Jack London 1917 The United States enters World War I Revolution in Russia forces tsar’s abdication Italian armies collapse at Caporetto Finland proclaims independence Puerto Rico becomes a U.S. territory Deaths of showman "Buffalo Bill" Cody, painter Edgar Degas and sculptor Auguste Rodin 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk ends war between Bolshevik Russia and Central Powers Civil war in Russia leads to murder of tsar and his family President Woodrow Wilson proposes Fourteen Points, a plan for world peace Austria becomes a Republic T.E. Lawrence leads Arabs into Damascus Germany accepts terms of Allied armistice Deaths of composer Claude Debussy, and poet Joyce Kilmer 1919 Communist rising crushed in Germany Treaty of Versailles signed in Paris (ends WW1) Amritsar massacre — British forces kill unarmed Indian demonstrators First airline links established (between London and Paris) Alcock and Brown fly the Atlantic nonstop Paris Peace Conference redraws European frontiers Worldwide influenza epidemic White Sox' scandal Inventions There were many new inventions in the 1910’s some of them I can’t imagine living without. One thing that is very important is the telephone and traffic light. Another thing that was invented was the refrigerator. Can you imagine life without a fridge? This one is really funny, the zipper. There were many different inventions. See if you can find some more. The Sinking of the Titanic The Titanic was the unsinkable ship, so they said. On April 14, 1912 enormous icebergs were sighted in the direct path of the Titanic, but little did they know one of the icebergs was going to kill the majority of them. By 11:40 p.m. the iceberg had then done the damage, by scraping the edge. The Titanic's bow was under at 2:17am . Seeing chaos all over and panicked faces was a tragedy its self. At three am the Titanic had totally vanished. Newspaper headlines were screaming again and were ubiquitous. The sinking of the Titanic was a major event of the second decade. Facts about the Titanic Capacity was 3,547 1,500 gallons milk 4,500 soup bowls people 1,200 quarts cream 1,500 coffee saucers Length was 882.9 feet 6,000 lbs butter 500 salad bowls Width was 92.5 feet 15,000 bottles of Ales 6,000 tablecloths Wieght was 46,328 tons 1,000 wine bottles 45,000 table napkins There were 20 life boats 57,600 pieces of crockery 2,000 wine glasses 705 people survived 29,000 glassware 1,200 teapots 329 First Class survivors 12,000 dinner plates 2,000 salt shakers 36,000 apples 2,500 breakfast plates 8,000 dinner forks 36,000 oranges 5,500 ice cream bowls 7,500 blankets 1,000 lb of grapes The Great War A shocking event took place along with many others in the 1910’s. This event changed history forever. Can you guess what event we're talking about? If you haven’t caught on yet it’s the Great War, otherwise known as World War I. WWI sent graves for more than 100,000 American soldiers. To begin the war, Germany invaded France, Belgium and Luxembourg. The war first started in August of 1914. The U.S. got involved in 1917, when they declared war with Germany. There were two major groups, one group would be Germany, Italy, and Austria/Hungary. The other major group was France, Russia and Great Britain. The war started when the leader of Hungary being killed by Serbian terrorists. After that Hungary declared war on Serbia. Russia and Serbia were good friends and fought for each other. Germany and Hungary were good friends and fought for each other also. After that more and more countries joined the war. The U.S. join the war in 1917 for two different reasons. One reason we joined is because the Fashions Women's fashion industry expanded dramatically after the invention of the sewing machine in the mid-19th century. By 1910, the trend towards looser , lighter clothing picked up during this time. The popularity of sports like tennis helped this trend towards comfortable fitting clothing. This was a big change from earlier decades when women wore tight clothing, corsets, padding and elaborate decoration. Large hats were popular; the hats were usually floppy and were further softened by feathers. Women also carried parasols as essential accessories. Men's clothing and fashion changed very little from the previous decades. Men preferred military looks during the war periods. Men also wore bowler hats as part of their attire. Science and Technology New discoveries were made in science. On February 27, 1912, in New York, Wilhelm Roentgen discovered X-rays when doctors removed a nail from a boy's lungs. On November 8, 1911, Marie Curie won the Nobel Prize for chemistry, discovering a new source called radium. No woman had been ever elected to the academe before. Madame Curie, in 1914, opened her own institute dedicated to learning about radioactivity. Marie Curie's hard devotion to radioactivity earned her fame and fortune around the world. Soon, her institute earned her success and was finally built in July, 1914. Sadly, a month later it was abandoned - all the students and workers had gone to defend their country in the war, known as The Great War. Ten days after the war had begun, Marie Curie received a request from the French Minister of War to equip operators for radiographic work. The use of X-rays to detect injuries in the body had already started. Marie Curie found ways to equip cars with the X-ray machines to go where the fighting was. By October, Marie, her daughter, with an operator were at work converting a car into an X-ray van. On November 1, radiological car E was was ready and rolled into action.
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