Cough Syrup for normal.pptx by hcj

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									          Simple Solutions
                   Cough Syrup for normal
 Rx                                      X 0.5
 Codeine phosphate                 0.3 g    0.15
 Cpd Tartarazine solution          1 ml     g
                                            0.5ml
 Benzoic acid solution             2 ml     1 ml
 Water                             2 ml     1ml
 Lemon syrup                      20 ml 10ml
 Syrup to                         100 ml 50ml
 Send                             50 ml
 Fiat: Cough Syrup
 Sig: Ʒi t.d.s.p.c.

Factor = 50/100 = 0.5
Calculation:
    vehicle = 50 – (10+1+1+0.5) =37.5 ml

    ¾ vehicle = ¾ X 37.5 = 28.125 ml =              28 ml
            0.15 g
                      Glass-rod
           codeine
          phosphate
                                            1 ml water




                          Cup measure
0.000 g




                                        0.5 ml Compound
                                        tartarazine                     1 ml benzoic
                                        solution                        acid solution




                                                          Cup measure
              10 ml lemon
              syrup




Cup measure                                  Adjust
                                          volume to 50
                                            ml with
                                             syrup




                            Cup measure
            The Cough Syrup

Label       One teaspoonful to be
        taken three times daily
        after meals.


         Cough Syrup for
Use      treatment of dry
              cough
        Cough Syrup for normal
Rx
Codeine phosphate       0.3 g    Cough Suppressant

Cpd Tartarazine solution 1 ml    Coloring   agent

Benzoic acid solution    2 ml     Preservative

Water                    2 ml     Solvent for drug

Lemon syrup             20 ml    Sweetening &
                                 flavoring agent

Syrup to                100 ml    Vehicle

Fiat: Cough Syrup
Sig: Ʒi t.d.s.p.c.
EXTRACTIVES
 (Decoction)
    (P.80)
                          Decoction
Rx                                       X3
Potassium citrate                     1g 3g
Tincture Hyoscyamus                  2 ml 6ml
Spirit chloroform                   0.5 ml 1.5 ml
Decoction of ammi visnaga (1/40) to 30 ml 90 ml
Fiat: Mistura
Mitte: III doses
Sig: ℥i t.d.s. p.c.
     Factor = 3
        Amount of decoction = 100 ml
              1 g ammi visnaga  40 ml water
              xg                100 ml water
        Amount of ammi visnaga = 2.5      g
   20% xss to compensate loss by evaporation = 100 + 20% xss = 120 ml
                                         Rx
                                         Potassium citrate
Preparation:                             Tincture Hyoscyamus
                                         Spirit chloroform
                                         Decoction of ammi visnage (1/40)
                                         Fiat: mistura
                                         Mitte: III doses
                                         Sig: ℥i t.d.s. p.c.


                                       Use: Antispasmodic
                                           in renal colic
                                           BOIL 120 ml WATER
                               Shake The+ 2.5 g Ammi visnaga
                                            Bottle
                                           After
                                  The Mixture start of boiling
                                          COOL to 400C flame
                              One coffeecupful tothe
                                           LOWER be
                                           Leave for 15
                          Filter onthree times daily minutes
                           taken cotton while HOT
   Dissolve K citrate while       Transfer ON FLAME
                      COOL after meals. ½ decoction
                           èPRESS COTTON
   WARM                           to cup measure
                    Add spirit chloroform
                           èCOMPLETE VOLUME to
                    Add tincture hyoscyamus
                           100 ml in cup measure
                     Complete final volume with COLD decoction
     TAKE CARE!!!!!!!!!!!!

Boil
 Water with ammi visnaga
Extraction best with gradual heating

Active ingriedients here not heat-senstive

Cool before filteration Y? To ppt. albuminous
matter (not wanted) then filter
Filter while hot (600c)

After filtration press the cotton
After filtration complete volume to 100
ml in cup measure
      TAKE CARE!!!!!!!!!!!!

  If       amount of water is lost
  during boiling            ADD water
  to prevent charring of the drug.

 All
 preparations containing decoction
should labeled “Shake The Bottle”
SUSPENSIONS
    (P.85)
                   Mist alba
Rx                            X4
Magnesium sulphate        5g    20 g
Light magnesium carbonate 1 g   4g
Peppermint water to       15 ml 60 ml
Fiat: Mist
Mitte: iv doses
Sig.: 15 ml o.m.

Factor = 4
                                    Rx
                                    Magnesium sulphate        5g
  Use: Laxative
Preparation: and                    Light magnesium carbonate 1 g
     antacid in liver               Peppermint water to       15 ml
                                    Fiat: Mist
        cirrhosis                   Sig.: 15 ml o.m.




Grind               Add MgCO3 in        Add peppermint
MgSO4 in            mortar              water till pourable
mortar                Shake The Bottle
   Rinse mortar with a The Mixture
   LITTLE of peppermint
         Transfer to cup tablespoonfulContinue
                     One
   water measure to be taken every volume with
                   morning.            peppermint
                                       water
       TAKE CARE!!!!!!!!!!!!

Light magnesium carbonate is self-
diffusable & suspending so, NO
need for suspending agent
CALCULATION of
    DOSES
     (P.20)
     Label             Sig.
One teaspoonful     5 ml      Ʒi

One tablespoonful   15 ml     ℥ss


One coffeecupful    30 ml     ℥i


One wineglassful    60 ml     ℥ii
                CHILDREN DOSE
Young’s rule  CHILD DOSE =


Cowling’s rule  CHILD DOSE =


Fried’s rule  CHILD DOSE =


Clark’s rule  CHILD DOSE =

Using BSA (body surface area)  CHILD DOSE =
NOMOGRAM
REDUCING &
ENLARGING
 FORMULAS
   (P.29)
% PREPARATION
     (P.32)
(1)For slution or liq. Preparation:
%W/ V              ? gm→100 ml
(2)For solution of liq. In liq.:
%V/ V             ?ml →100 ml
(3)For mix. Of solids:
%W/ W              ? gm → 100 gm
(4)For gases in liq.:
%W/ V
(5)Mg %:
? mg → 100 ml               (Biological Fluids)
(6) PPM :
 (Test Limits)              V-dil. solutions
RATIO STRENGTH
     (P.36)
50% = 50:100
50/100 = 0.5
       A                 B
  12.5% → 0.??      0.? → %
→12.5/100 = 0.125 0.? ×100 =??%
*For conc. of weak solutions or liq. preparations
*Less frequently for mix. of solids
@For Solids in Liq.
1 gm           1000 ml
OR
1 gr.   .       1000 gr. Water
@For Liq. in Liq.
1 ml           1000 ml
OR
1 minim              1000 minims
@For Solids in Solids
1 gm            1000 gm
OR
1 gr.           1000 gr.
% ERROR (P.56)
      % of Error =       Error              ×
100
                     Quantity desired


  Smallest quantity = 100 × max. potential error
                     permissible percentage of error
    Wednesday &Thursday
      (24 & 25/10/2012)


         NO Prelabs

     Tuesday (30/10/2012)
        NO Sections

Wednesday & Thursday     (1&
   2/11/2012)    Prelabs

								
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