Praxis Review American History Part II - Kean University.ppt

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    www.kean.edu
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Frank J. Wetta, Ph.D.
History Department
  Kean University
                                                     2




1.    The Jacksonian Era (1830s)
2.    Sectionalism and Nationalism (1830s -1850s)
3.    American Westward Continental Expansion
4.    Slavery and the Sectional Crisis
5.    The American Civil War (1861-1865)
6.    Reconstruction (1863-1877)
7.    Big Business, Labor, and the Gilded Age
8.    The New Immigration
9.    The Populist Movement
10.   The Progressive Movement
11.   America: The New World Power (1898)
12.   American and the First World War (1917-1919)
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“I was born for a
   storm, and a
   calm does not
   suit me.”
   Andrew Jackson
                                 4




   Old Hickory the Indian
    fighter
   Hero of the Battle of New
    Orleans
   Champion of the common
    man
   Foe of special interests -
    “aristocracy” of banks and
    special privilege
   Strong, Activist President

      The Real Jackson?
                                 5




"Andrew Jackson was the first
modern president, because he
was the first one who asserted
that the president was not
merely a member of the
government's symphony: he
was its conductor."
                Jon Meacham
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                                                                           7




1.    Election of 1824 / “Corrupt Bargain” charge
2.    Revival of a Two-Party System: National Republicans (Whigs) v
      Democrats / End of the “Era of Good Feelings”
3.    Election of 1828
4.    Expansion of Democracy
5.    Activist Presidency – the President of US sets the national agenda
6.    Nullification crisis
7.    Spoils System
8.    Election of 1832
9.    The Bank War
10.   Species Circular / Panic of 1837
11.   Indian Removal from Southeast (1830-1838)
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The Election of 1824             Election of 1828
  Four candidates               John Quincy Adams
                                        v
   Wm Crawford (South)        Andrew Jackson – winner
   Henry Clay (West)
   Andrew Jackson (West)
   John Quincy Adams             Election of 1832
    (North) - winner
   “corrupt bargain” charge   Andrew Jackson – winner
   End of “Era of Good                  v
    Feelings”                       Henry Clay
                                9
Pro-Jackson Political Cartoon
                              10




King Andrew   Spoils System
                               11




Such a cortege as followed him!
Country men, farmers,
gentlemen, mounted and
dismounted, boys, women and
children, black and white.
Carriages, wagons and carts all
pursuing him to the President's
house. . . . What a scene did we
witness [at the White House]!
The Majesty of the People had
disappeared, and a rabble, a
mob, of boys, negros, women,
children, scrambling fighting,
romping . . . the whole house
had been inundated by the
rabble mob. . . .”
12
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Cherokee Nation v. State of Georgia

   Chief Justice Marshall delivered the
    opinion of the Court:                              Jackson refuses to enforce
                                                       the Supreme Court Decision
    “This… is brought by the Cherokee Nation,
    praying an injunction to restrain the state
    of Georgia from the execution of certain
    laws of that state, which as is alleged, go
    directly to annihilate the Cherokees as a
    political society, and to seize, for the use
    of Georgia, the lands of the nation which
    have been assured to them by the United
    States in solemn treaties repeatedly
    made and still in force.”

                        “He put the man in Manifest Destiny.” from
                        Bloody, Bloody Andrew Jackson, Broadway Musical, 2010
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   Marvin Myers, The Jacksonian Persuasion: Politics and
    Belief

   Robert V. Remini, The Jacksonian Era (American
    History Series)

   Arthur Schlesinger,Jr.,The Age of Jackson

   John William Ward, Andrew Jackson: Symbol for an
    Age

				
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