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					Note: Copyright law is technical and uses terms and concepts with which most people are not
familiar. PRS for Music tries to explain the legal requirement in clear terms for its customers.
Please refer to the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 for full details or seek independent
legal advice.



   1. How much will a Music Licence cost?
   2. Do I need a Music Licence if I already have a TV Licence?
   3. Do I need a Music Licence if I already have a PPL Licence?
   4. Do I need a Music Licence for TV and radio, even for sports and news channels?
   5. How long has PRS for Music been licensing music use?
   6. Is there anywhere else I can get more advice about PRS for Music?
   7. How long has PRS for Music been licensing music use in workplaces?
   8. I work alone. What is the licensing requirement?
   9. I work in a home office. What is the licensing requirement?
   10. I am self-employed. Does that make a difference?
   11. Employees bring in their own equipment. Do I need a licence?
   12. Do all performances in the workplace need to be licensed – what about personal stereos
       and MP3 players?
   13. What are the benefits of using music?
   14. I wasn’t aware of the requirement for a licence.
   15. What happens if I remove music from now on?
   16. What is Copyright?
   17. When does Copyright begin?
   18. What rights does a Copyright owner have?
   19. How long does Copyright last?
   20. How do I pay my PRS for Music invoice?
   21. Do I have to give my credit card details over the phone?
   22. Someone from PRS for Music has contacted me asking for my credit card details but I’m
       not sure they’re from PRS for Music. What should I do?
   23. Someone claiming to be from PRS for Music wants access to my premises. How do I
       know they’re from PRS for Music?
   24. I have also been contacted by Filmbank. Who are they?
   25. I have also been contacted by MPLC. Who are they?
   26. What is the higher royalty rate and when does it apply?
   27. What happens if I have been using music without a licence? Do charges apply for prior
       years use?
   28. Does PRS for Music issue licences for the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man?
   29. Can I receive documents in large print?
   30. What is a 'public performance'?
   31. What do you mean when you refer to 'our music'?
   32. Is there any music which isn't covered by a licence from PRS for Music?
   33. How many people make up an audience?
   34. Who decides how much PRS for Music should charge for a licence?
   35. Do charity and community groups need a licence?
   36. I thought there was an exemption for charity and community groups in the Copyright,
       Designs and Patents Act 1988.
   37. We haven't had a licence before. I'm really worried that I'll get in trouble or that my
       charity or community group will have high outstanding charges to pay if I try to arrange a
       licence.
   38. Our charity and community group simply can't afford to pay the licence fee.
   39. I need more help to understand this information.


1. How much will a Music Licence cost?

The cost of your Music Licence can depend on various factors:

      The type of premises
      The size of the premises
      The nature and extent to which music is used

View more detailed information, including tariffs.

To find out if you need a licence and to get an accurate quote, please call us on 0800 068 4828.

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2. Do I need a Music Licence if I already have a TV Licence?

Although you may have other licences, a Music Licence is an entirely separate legal requirement
to your TV Licence. A Music Licence is required regardless of any other type of licence you
may own.

A TV licence permits you to receive certain broadcast signals. It is not concerned with copyright
material or public performance rights.

View more information on other licences.

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3. Do I need a Music Licence if I already have a PPL Licence?

PPL is the representative body for record companies and performers. PRS for Music represents
composers and music publishers.
Although you may have other licences, a Music Licence is an entirely separate legal requirement
to your PPL Licence. A Music Licence is required regardless of any other type of licence you
may own.

PRS for Music licenses the public performance of original musical works however performed
(live or otherwise) on behalf of the composers, writers and publishers of music. Entirely separate
to this, PPL licenses the public performance of sound recordings on behalf of record companies
and the musicians on the recording.

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4. Do I need a Music Licence for TV and radio, even for sports and news channels?

Public performance includes music performed by playing TV and radio channels, including
copyright music heard as part of advertisements, theme songs and channel ‘ident’ music. Sports
and news channels normally include some music use.

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5. How long has PRS for Music been licensing music use?

PRS for Music has been licensing music use since its formation in 1914.

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6. Is there anywhere else I can get more advice about PRS for Music?

Any good business advice service will be able to advise you on the requirement for a Music
Licence.

If you require further information about your licensing requirements and copyright law, you
could visit www.businesslink.gov.uk or www.ipo.gov.uk.

The UK Intellectual Property Office was formally known as The Patent Office.

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7. How long has PRS for Music been licensing music use in workplaces?
PRS for Music has been licensing music use in offices and factories for decades, since after its
formation in 1914.

A test case in 1943 upheld PRS’s right to license public performance in the workplace. In the
Court of Appeal cases in 1943, Ernest Turner Electrical Instruments Ltd v PRS and PRS v
Gillette Industries Ltd, the court concluded that “workpeople are an audience”. It was held that
in both cases the performance of PRS music was in public and the employer’s appeals were
dismissed.

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8. I work alone. What is the licensing requirement?

We advise any businesses using music in the workplace in any way to contact PRS for Music to
discuss their requirement for a licence. PRS for Music will help you ensure that you have the
right licence in place to lawfully perform and authorise the performance of our music in your
premises.

In certain limited cases, at our discretion, PRS for Music may assess that no licence fee is
payable.

If you are the only person working on a premises (lone worker), and music is not audible to
anyone who visits the premises (such as your clients), then PRS for Music does not charge a
licence fee.

It’s always best to contact PRS for Music and discuss your music use to be sure that a licence fee
is not payable.

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9. I work in a home office. What is the licensing requirement?

We advise any businesses using music in the workplace in any way to contact PRS for Music to
discuss their requirement for a licence. PRS for Music will help you ensure that you have the
right licence in place to lawfully perform and authorise the performance of our music in your
premises.

In certain limited cases, at PRS for Music’s discretion, PRS for Music may assess that no licence
fee is payable.
If you, or other members of your family, are working in a defined workspace in your own home,
PRS for Music does not charge a licence fee. However, if you make music available to
colleagues or clients visiting your home, a licence fee may be payable.

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10. I am self-employed. Does that make a difference?

PRS for Music cannot and does not differentiate based on the ‘employment status’ of music
users. A Music Licence will generally be required to authorise all public performances of music.

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11. Employees bring in their own equipment. Do I need a licence?

The ownership of equipment does not affect the requirement for a Music Licence. If our music
is performed in public, a Music Licence is required. The premises owner or business owner may
be legally liable for any unlicensed public performances of copyright music that take place on
the premises.

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12. Do all performances in the workplace need to be licensed – what about personal stereos and
MP3 players?

We advise any businesses using music in the workplace in any way to contact PRS for Music to
discuss their requirement for a licence. PRS for Music will help you ensure that you have the
right licence in place to lawfully perform and authorise the performance of our music in your
premises.

In certain limited cases, at our discretion, PRS for Music may assess that no licence fee is
payable.

Where music is used in the workplace by individual employees or workers solely by means of
Personal Portable Devices (such as MP3 players) with headphones PRS for Music does not
charge a licence fee. Any music must only be audible to the employee or worker to whom the
Personal Portable Device belongs through a headset attached to that device and not to any other
individual in the workplace.

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13. What are the benefits of using music?

Studies have shown that music can provide many benefits when used effectively in a business.
For example, in the workplace music can increase staff productivity and boost employee morale.

Read more about the benefits of music in the workplace

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14. I wasn’t aware of the requirement for a licence.

As with any licensing requirement, it is the responsibility of the music user to understand and
meet their legal obligations.

Within the UK, everyone is required to comply with copyright law (as defined in the Copyright,
Designs and Patents Act, 1988).

If music is used in your premises, it is your responsibility to ensure that the correct licences are
in place so that you and/or any person working on your premises can perform copyright music in
public lawfully.

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15. What happens if I remove music from now on?

A music user, such as the proprietor of a business, requires a copyright licence covering the
duration of copyright music use in their premises. Music users can choose to stop using
copyright music on their premises and will not require a copyright licence once performances
have ceased. However, they may be required to pay a licence fee to cover any copyright music
use to that date.

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16. What is Copyright?

Copyright protects original literary, dramatic, musical and artistic works (and other intellectual
property). It allows an original work to be considered a property that is owned by somebody. The
framework for Copyright Law is the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 ('the Act').
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17. When does Copyright begin?

In music, copyright begins automatically once a piece of music is created, and documented or
recorded (eg. on video, tape or CD or simply writing down the notation of a score).

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18. What rights does a Copyright owner have?

If you own the copyright you possess the sole authority to:

      copy the music
      issue, lend or rent copies to the public
      perform, show or play the music in public
      communicate the music to the public (i.e. broadcasting it via TV, radio, Internet etc.)

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19. How long does Copyright last?

In the UK, music copyright generally lasts for a period of 70 years from the end of the calendar
year in which the author dies. If the music originates from outside the European Economic Area
(EEA), the copyright lasts for as long as the music is protected by copyright in its country of
origin, provided that the length of time does not exceed 70 years.

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20. How do I pay my PRS for Music invoice?

If you want to pay your PRS for Music invoice you can visit www.prsformusic.com/payments

or call PRS for Music Payment Hotline: 0845 300 70 90

Alternatively a cheque payable to Performing Right Society Ltd can be sent to the address
below. Please write your account number on the back of the cheque and enclose the payment
slip from your invoice or statement.
PRS – PAYMENTS
PO BOX 4575
Worthing
BN11 9AR

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21. Do I have to give my credit card details over the phone?

Some PRS for Music account teams can take payment over the phone, if you choose, but this is
entirely optional for customers. If you wish to pay by cheque, you may do so. If you have any
concerns, do not provide your details and call our Customer Service team on 0845 309 3090.

If you want to pay your PRS for Music invoice, you can pay over the phone by calling:

PRS for Music Payment Hotline: 0845 300 70 90

Or a cheque payable to Performing Right Society Ltd can be sent to the address below. Please
write your account number on the back of the cheque and enclose the payment slip from your
invoice or statement.

PRS – PAYMENTS
PO BOX 4575
Worthing
BN11 9AR

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22. Someone from PRS for Music has contacted me asking for my credit card details but I’m not
sure they’re from PRS for Music. What should I do?

PRS for Music never insists that you make payment over the phone. Some PRS for Music teams
can take payment over the phone, for your convenience, but this is entirely optional for the
customer. If you have any concerns, do not provide your details and call our Customer Service
team on 0845 309 3090.

Also see Do I have to give my credit card details over the phone?

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23. Someone claiming to be from PRS for Music wants access to my premises. How do I know
they’re from PRS for Music?

PRS for Music has received a report, as yet unconfirmed, that some people not connected with
PRS for Music are claiming to be from PRS for Music in order to gain access to premises. PRS
for Music will never visit your premises without contacting you first and arranging an
appointment. PRS for Music staff always carry ID and you can call and check any details
through our Customer Services team on 0845 309 3090.

If someone doesn’t have an appointment you don’t have to let them in. If you have any concerns
about the identity of anyone trying to gain entry to your premises, do not allow them access and
call our Customer Service team on 0845 309 3090.

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24. I have also been contacted by Filmbank. Who are they?

Filmbank is a totally separate organisation to PRS for Music. A Filmbank Public Video
Screening Licence (PVSL) is legally required for film screenings outside cinemas and the home,
other than where an exception applies (such as certain educational uses).


You may also need a licence from MPLC. Whether you need a Filmbank or MPLC licence
depends on which film you are screening and which market sector your business operates in.
Please contact Filmbank or MPLC to confirm which licence you need to obtain.


Contact Filmbank on 0207 984 5950 or email info@filmbank.co.uk
Contact MPLC on 01323 649 647 or email ukinfo@mplc.com

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25. I have also been contacted by MPLC. Who are they?

The Motion Picture Licensing Company (MPLC) is a totally separate organisation to PRS for
Music. The MPLC Umbrella Licence ® is legally required for film screenings outside cinemas
and the home, other than where an exception applies (such as certain educational uses).


You may also need a licence from Filmbank. Whether you need a MPLC or Filmbank licence
depends on which film you are screening and which market sector your business operates in.
Please contact MPLC or Filmbank to confirm which licence you need to obtain.
Contact MPLC on 01323 649 647 or email ukinfo@mplc.com
Contact Filmbank on 0207 984 5950 or email info@filmbank.co.uk

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26. What is the higher royalty rate and when does it apply?

It is the music user’s responsibility to ensure they have the correct licences in place before using
any copyright material. The higher royalty rate helps cover our costs of identifying and
contacting businesses and organisations using music without a licence.

Most of our tariffs have a higher royalty rate, which applies if the music user has not obtained a
licence before starting to play music in their premises or at their event.

The higher royalty rate is the standard rate plus 50%, and applies to the first year of the licence
only. The higher rate is not a statutory fine.

The higher royalty rate may be applied whenever the user has not applied for a licence in
advance. For a limited period, the higher royalty rate is being waived in the following
circumstances (note: does not apply to corporate customers with five or more premises or
licences for events):

       If you contact us to arrange a licence (and we have not already contacted you)
       Workplaces, with 4 or fewer employees, for music in the workplace only (charged under
        our Tariff I)
       For hotels and holiday accommodation businesses with 15 bedrooms or less (charged
        under our Tariff HR)
       Charitable organisations, community buildings, nurseries, youth clubs and not-for-profit
        members’ clubs

PRS for Music reserves all its rights, including the right to change its policy from time to time
with regard to the application of the higher royalty rate.

Where a music user has refused to obtain a licence and continues to use our music and we have
to take further steps to protect our rights, the higher royalty rate will be applied to the first year
of licence.

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27. What happens if I have been using music without a licence? Do charges apply for prior years
use?
It is the music user’s responsibility to ensure they have the correct licences in place before using
any copyright material.

If you have been using music without a licence, you may be liable to make a payment to cover
the years you have been using music without a licence (up to 6 years based on the Limitation
Act).

If a music user voluntarily contacts us to arrange a licence or, when we contact a music user for
the first time to arrange a licence and the music user agrees to take out our licence:

      We normally only ask for one year of prior year charges from the time we first contacted
       the organisation.
      PRS for Music reserves the right to charge for up to six years of prior music use.
      In addition, a higher royalty rate may apply, see previous question for details.

For a limited period, charges for prior years use are being waived in the following circumstances
to assist music users to get their licences up to date (note: does not apply to corporate customers
with five or more premises or licences for events):

      Workplaces, with 4 or fewer employees, for music in the workplace only (charged under
       our Tariff I)
      For hotels and holiday accommodation businesses with 15 bedrooms or less (charged
       under our Tariff HR)
      Charitable organisations, community buildings, nurseries, youth clubs and not-for-profit
       members’ clubs

PRS for Music reserves the right to claim charges for up to six years of prior use and the right to
change its policy from time to time with regard to the application of charges for prior years.
Where a music user has refused to obtain a licence and continues to use our music and we have
to take further steps to protect our rights, we will pursue payment of royalties to cover all years
that music has been used (up to 6 years).

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28. Does PRS for Music issue licences for the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man?

 Yes, in addition to the United Kingdom, PRS for Music does issue licences for performances of
its music in the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man. This is authorised by legislation specific to
those islands. Please contact us if you need further information about this.

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29. Can I receive documents in large print?

If you are visually impaired and wish to receive our documents, such as our terms and
conditions, in large print, please speak to one of our advisors who will be able to send you the
information in your preferred font size. Please call our customer service team on 0800 068 4828
(lines are open Monday to Friday, 9am to 5pm).

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30. What is a 'public performance'?

Music is performed ‘in public’ when it is performed outside what could be regarded as the
domestic circle or home life. This includes music performances – of live and recorded music or
music from TV and radio – in premises from concert halls to corner shops.

For example, the composer’s audience in a workplace would be people at work, whether in an
office or staff canteen, a factory or the kitchen of a restaurant. A workplace is obviously not a
domestic environment and therefore a Music Licence is required if our copyright music is being
used.



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31. What do you mean when you refer to 'our music'?

The term 'our music' refers to the music controlled by PRS for Music.

The majority of copyright music from the UK, and around the world, is controlled by PRS for
Music in the UK. This includes everything from advertising jingles to entire symphonies.

A Music Licence grants you the legal permission to play millions of songs, saving you the time
and money needed to gain permission from the music creators directly.

When a music-creator becomes a member of PRS for Music, they give us exclusive permission to
license the public performance of their works. Therefore, you can’t get a licence to play those
works from anyone else.
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32. Is there any music which isn’t covered by a licence from PRS for Music?

A licence from PRS for Music covers the majority of copyright music being played, but there is
some music which is not covered by your PRS for Music licence, or for which you do not require
a PRS for Music licence.

A licence from PRS for Music does not cover:

      Music which is out of copyright. Please note that music, where the original composition
       is out of copyright, may be performed in a copyright arrangement and, in this case, a
       licence may be required. Details about the arrangement are normally available on the
       musical score or with the music recording you have purchased.



      Copyright music where the rights holders have not assigned or licensed the performing
       rights to PRS for Music or to one of our overseas affiliates (whose rights we represent and
       control in the UK). To use this music, you may need to get permission from the rights
       holders directly, or the rights holder may have given a licence to a music service
       provider.



      “Copyright-free” music where the music is in copyright but the rights holder does not
       require the user to obtain any additional licence. This is most common where copyright
       material is used for educational purposes.



      Music which is specially written for dramatic performances, such as musicals, operas and
       ballets (also known as Grand Right works). To use this music, you need to get permission
       from the rights holder directly, which is usually the music publisher.

If you believe you may be using music which does not require a PRS for Music licence, you can
call us for advice and further information about the music which is covered by our licence. If you
wish to use music, which is advertised as not requiring a licence from PRS for Music, you should
take reasonable steps to ensure that the music is correctly licensed. Please note that some music
which is not controlled by PRS for Music may become controlled by PRS for Music, if the rights
holder assigns their rights to PRS for Music or one of our affiliates at a later date.
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33. How many people make up an audience?

The composer’s audience isn’t just people sat in an audience at a formal concert. Their audience
includes anyone listening to their music outside the domestic circle or home life.

There is no statutory minimum of people required to constitute an audience. However, in some
cases, PRS for Music does not charge a licence fee to workplaces with a single (lone) worker.

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34. Who decides how much PRS for Music should charge for a licence?

PRS for Music currently has over 40 tariffs applying to different types of premises and events.
The tariffs take into account the nature and extent of music use in different premises and events.

PRS for Music and its members can determine the fee for their licence. However, wherever
possible, we agree our charges with national trade associations or representative bodies from
particular sectors.

In addition, PRS for Music tariffs and the terms and conditions of its licences are subject to
referral to and scrutiny by the Copyright Tribunal.



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35. Do charity and community groups need a licence?

Yes. Whenever our members’ copyright music is played outside the domestic environment, a
licence from PRS for Music is required. Please visit our charity and community page for more
information.

In fact, one of the most important cases, which set copyright precedent, concerned a Women’s
Institute meeting, where a performance was given by members to other members of the group
(Jennings v Stephens 1936). The court decided that this was a public performance. From that
judgement it emerged that, for copyright purposes, every entertainment should be regarded as
public unless it takes place within the domestic circle or home life of the audience. The
judgement made it clear that, for example, the following considerations are immaterial: the
nature of the premises and audience; whether admission is free or conditional upon payment of
an annual subscription; whether the audience is limited to members of a club or other
organisation; whether the performers are paid or unpaid and whether they are members of an
organisation.
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36. I thought there was an exemption for charity and community groups in the Copyright,
Designs and Patents Act 1988.

Until January 2011 Sections 67 and 72 of the Copyright, Designs and Patents Act 1988 exempted
third sector organisations from a requirement to hold a Phonographic Performance Ltd. (PPL)
music licence in certain circumstances. These exemptions did not apply to PRS for Music
licensing and no longer apply to PPL licensing.

For more information about PPL licensing the not-for-profit sector please visit ppluk.com or
contact the organisation on notforprofit@ppluk.com.

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37. We haven’t had a licence before. I’m really worried that I’ll get in trouble or that my charity
or community group will have high outstanding charges to pay if I try to arrange a licence.

Firstly, don’t worry. As a charity or community premises, if you contact us now, we’ll sort out
your licence and we’ll waive any outstanding charges for prior years.
Normally, if you have been using music without a licence, a higher royalty charge applies in the
first year of your licence. This amounts to the standard charge plus 50 percent. You may also be
liable for charges for music used in prior years. However, we are currently offering a special
arrangement for charity and community premises to allow them to get their licences up-to-date.
If you contact us now, and assuming we haven’t contacted you previously about a licence, we
will waive the higher charge and any outstanding charges for previous years. Conditions apply
so please contact us for more details.



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38. Our charity and community group simply can’t afford to pay the licence fee.

If you are having real financial difficulty, please let us know. We will assess your charges and
discuss payment options with you.



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39. I need a bit more help to understand this information.

We know that some of our customers may need extra support to understand what may seem like
complicated information. Please make us aware of your needs, and we’ll do everything we can to
help. For example, if you find it difficult to download web documents, we can send them to you
by post.

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Note: This information relates only to the public performance of music, as covered by a public
performance music licence. Other uses of music, such as copying, broadcasting and online use,
require other licences. We recommend that music users obtain professional and business advice
for details of extent of their licensing requirements.

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