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Overview of Japan's Energy Sector - Green Energy Summit.pptx

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					Future of
Japan’s Energy
Kiyoaki Aburaki   March 8, 2012
Power Output in 2009
Total 956.5 TkWh, (Source) Federation of Electric Power Companies (FEPC)




 




                                                                           2
Time: 3/11/11, 14:46
Magnitude :   9.0
Depth:          30km




                  3
         As of 3/5/2012




        Shut down by the
        earthquake

       Shut down for
       inspection after 3.11



Based on a Kyodo graphic

                           4
Energy Conservation
in Summer 2011




                           5
Appeared in WSJ, July 29
   Fuel Consumption by Utilities
                LNG (t)                  Crude Oil (kl)
    
        Apr-Sep       Oct-Dec        Apr-Sep        Oct-Dec
2010(A) 20,461,987      9,803,200     2,570,401         520,428 
2011(B) 24,730,436  12,990,743        3,469,457       3,577,299 
    B/A   1.21          1.33          1.35            6.87

              Heavy Oil (kl)                  Coal (t)
    
           Apr-Sep       Oct-Dec      Apr-Sep          Oct-Dec
2010(A)      3,277,360  1,215,916      24,656,679  12,634,827 
2011(B)      3,969,986  3,263,084      22,808,595  12,922,578 
    B/A     1.21            2.68        0.93            1.02 
                                  (source) FEPC
                                                             6
Power Output in Dec. 2011
 Renewa
 ble 2%    Hydro6%Nuclear 7
                     %
           Oil
          16%           Coal
                        23%


                 LNG
                 46%
                               (Source) METI

                                               7
Three Challenges in Energy Policies
1. To establish imminent-, medium- and longer-tem 
   energy strategies that reduce uncertainty for the private 
   sector and increase confidence among a public.
2. To formulate a flexible and diverse energy utilization
    u Nuclear power (a role for baseload power)
    u Fossil fuels
    u Renewable energy
3. To use technological strength to contribute to the 
   international community.
    u Climate change
    u Nuclear safety
    u Saving fossil fuels

                                                                8
Restart of Nuclear Power Plants
1. No-Nuclear scenario means;
 u Adverse effects on Japanese economy
 u Relinquishment of Japan’s critical roles in the establishment 
   of global standards on nuclear safety, security, and 
   nonproliferation
2. Actions towards Restart
 u Four Steps
    l   Stress tests by nuclear operators
    l   Approvals of Nuclear and Industrial Safety Agency(NISA) 
    l   Consents of Nuclear Safety Commission.
    l   Approvals of local governments
 u Recent statements of PM Noda and Industry Minister Edano

                                                                    9
    Japan’s Domestic Annual PV Panel
    Shipments
   1400000
(kW)
   1200000

   1000000

    800000
                                                             total
    600000
                                                             residential 
    400000

    200000

         0
          02

          03

          04

          05

          06

          07

          08

          09

          10

          11
        20

        20

        20

        20

        20

        20

        20

        20

        20

        20
                           (source) Japan Photovoltaic Energy Association


                                                                      10
For the Successful Utilization of
Renewable Energy
1. New Feed-in-Tariff as a booster (scheduled to start this 
    summer)
 u Entails utilities’ obligation to purchase all electricity 
   generated by renewable energy sources, with no limitation, 
   at prices to be fixed by the government. 
 u Surge in investments (ex. mega-solar, wind).
    l Companies (Japanese, U.S., Canadian) and  governments 
      (central, local) 
2. The success depends on various factors
    l The criteria for approval of specified suppliers
    l The requirements for interconnection (costs and sharing 
      responsibilities in stable supply)
    l The capacity of the grid   etc. 
                                                                 11
Energy Sector Resiliency
1. Current structures of the Japan’s utility sector
 u 10 utilities with a vertically integrated business model
 u The difference in frequency between eastern (50-hertz) 
    and western Japan (60-hertz) 

2. Needs to discuss new structures for greater efficiency 
   and flexibility that would fully accommodate power 
   generation from diversified sources and players
 u Ownership and participation in generation, transmission, 
   and distribution business
 u Responsibilities for maintaining stable electricity supply
 u Costs of business developments       etc.

                                                                12
Conclusion
1. Energy is the “blood” of national livelihood and 
   corporate activities. Energy policy is one of the 
   most important pillars of national strategy.

2. Three factors to shape future of Japan’s energy
 u Technology
 u Markets
 u Competition

                                                        13

				
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