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Overview of ANAFE and its Programme for Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural Capacity for Impact on Development _SASACID_.pptx

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Overview of ANAFE and  its Programme for Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural Capacity for Impact on Development _SASACID_.pptx Powered By Docstoc
					  Overview of ANAFE and  its Programme for 
 Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural 
Capacity for Impact on Development (SASACID)

   Presentation for Sida, Nairobi, 12 October
                      2012
          Outline of Presentation
•   ANAFE view on TAE in Africa
•   About ANAFE
•   SASACID
•   External Evaluation of SASACID
•   Partnerships
•   Conclusion
         ANAFE View on TAE in Africa
q The enormous potential of the agriculture sector in Africa to drive
  improved livelihoods and development (thus contributing to
  achievement in one way or another to most of the Millennium
  Development Goals (MDGs)) is vastly underutilized today.
q A major contributing factor to underutilized and untapped
  potential is that agricultural education in its current form is poorly
  targeted and structured to adequately respond to the challenges
  for achieving food security, eradicating malnutrition, alleviating
  poverty, preserving the environment and spurring development in
  rural Africa.
q Vertical linkages of TAE to lower levels of education remains weak.
q It is time to invest in change, more specifically in the
  transformation of TAE. Well-designed, well-targeted TAE can
  provide scientific expertise, technical innovations and training in
  strategic areas of education for rural people, industry and policy
  makers.
        ANAFE View on TAE in Africa
q It is important that TAE transformation in Africa be African-
  owned and African-implemented to ensure that results are
  sustainable.
q African Heads of State have endorsed CAADP for the
  development of Agriculture , but TAE institutions are still not
  properly involved in CAADP processes
q ANAFE, the African Network for Agriculture, Agroforestry
  and Natural Resources Education, is an established network
  of 132 African institutions of higher learning across the
  continent that works actively to transform TAE
     What is ANAFE?
Created in 1993 by 29 TAE         ANAFE Member
institutions                    Countries in 2012 (in
                                   dark green)
In 2012: the network is
made up of 132 Agricultural
Colleges and Universities in
35 African countries

Mission Statement: “To
improve the quality,
relevance and application of
tertiary agricultural
education in Africa”

ANAFE relies on regionalized
approach for decision making,
planning, implementation,
monitoring and control
 Decide on policies,
                             GENERAL
   strategies and            MEETING                                                                             Make decisions and
 leadership: Elects
  Board members                                                                                                  coordinate


                                                                                                                   Advise and give
                                                                                                                   information


 Overall Financial and          BOARD
   administrative                 Board
Network Management                                                       Make decisions and
                                Committees
                                                                         coordinate regional
                                                                              activities



                                                                                                                Make policy links, conduct
                                                                                                               situation analysis and needs
                                                                                                               assessment and implement
  Implement Board’s                                                                                                      activities
    decisions and            Executive
                                                                             RAFTs
  supervise activities
                            Secretariat

                                                                                                                         NAFTs


                                                                                         Implement
                                                                                       RAFTs’ decisions
                                                      FIs and SEFs


FI, Focal Institution; SEF, Senior Education Fellow; RAFT, Regional Agricultural Forum for Training; NAFT, National Agricultural Forum
for Training
                                                           e                      staff
                                                                      or                                c
                                                           r                      and
                                                                      con                               e
                                                           t                      graduat
                                                                      trib                              a
                                                           y                      es to
                                                                      utin                              n
                                                           in
The ANAFE Results Chain for Tertiary Agricultural 




                                                                      g           work                  d
                                                           r                      with
                                                                      sign                              a
                                                           u                      key
                                                                      ifica                             p
                                                           r                      agricult
                                                                      ntly                              pl
                                                           a                      ure and
                                                                      to                                ic
      Education (TAE) and Development




                                                           l                      rural
                                                                      gro                               a
                                                           a                      develop
                                                                      wth,                              ti
                                                           r                      ment
                                                                      food                              o
                                                           e                      (ARD)
                                                                      sec                               n
                                                           a                      sector
                                                                      urit                              o
                                                           s                      stakeho
                                                                      y                                 f
                                                           o                      lders to
                                                                      and                               t
                                                           f                      improv
                                                                      incr                              e
                                                           A                      e
                                                                      eas                               rt
                                                           f                      agricult
                                                                      ed                                ia
                                                           r                      ural
                                                                      inco                              r
                                                           i                      product
                                                                      me                                y
                                                           c                      ion,
                                                                      for                               a
                                                           a                      product
                                                                      sma                               g
                                                           a                      ivity,
                                                                      ll-                               ri
                                                           l                      sustain
                                                                      hol                               c
                                                           l                      ability,
                                                                      der                               ul
                                                           e                      and
                                                                      far                               t
                                                           v                      marketi
                                                                      min                               u




                                                                                               Outcome             
                                                           i                      ng
                                                                  Medium-term 
                                                                      g                                 r
                                                           a                      mechan




                                                                                 Short-term 
                                                     Long-term 
                                                                      hou                               al
                                                           t                      isms                  e
                                                       Impact


                                                                    Impact
                                                                      seh




                                                                                   impact
                                                           e                      benefiti
                                                                      olds                              d
                                                           d                      ng
                                                                      in                                u
                                                                      rura        small-                c
                                                                      l           holder                a
                                                                      are         farming               ti
                                                                      as          househ                o
 ANAFE Strategy for Achieving its Stated Outcome
                  and Impacts
q The ANAFE 2008-2012 strategy focuses on improved quality,
  relevance and application of TAE.
q The strategic approach to be followed calls for work on three
  fronts to simultaneously improve:
   Ø    (1) TAE in higher institutions of learning,
   Ø   (2) the context and links of TAE with rural and agri-business
       development objectives, and
   Ø   (3) the relevance of TAE through applied research and development
       (R&D) benefiting small-farmer households in rural areas.
  “Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural
 Capacity for Impact on Development” (SASACID)
q Has been prepared and presented to Africa Development
  Bank (ADB) and to Sida.
q Endorsed by the AU Commission, Department of Rural
  Economy.
q Responses from all parties have been positive.
q While SASACID will cover most of the external financing
  requirements of ANAFE’s “Transforming Agricultural
  Education in Africa” Programme, ANAFE will seek and/or
  have other sources of funding/collaboration to linked to
  SASACID programme-related projects.
                         Why SASACID
•   TAE poorly articulated
•   Curricula still largely unsuitable and incoherent
•   The tools, methods and quality of teaching and learning are weak,
    especially with respect to practicum
•   There is poor understanding of the integrative nature of land use
    disciplines
•   The business and industrial development aspects are not well articulated
    particularly in academic research
•   Local innovations and links with communities are very weak, at a time
    when the population of jobless rural youth is growing
•   Women represent only 15-18 % of the student population
•   For countries emerging from civil strife, the capacity of their TAE
    institutions has been greatly weakened
                                                                                                       thenin
                                                                                                       g
                                                                                                       Capaci
“Strengthening Africa’s Strategic Agricultural Capacity for




                                                                           • Establi
                                                                                                       ty for
                                                                             shing      • Buildin
                                                                                                       Agri-
                                                                             the          g
                                                                                                       Busine
                                                                             Capaci       Capaci
                                                                                                       ss
                                                                             ty of        ty for
      Impact on Development” (SASACID): Projects




                                                                                                       Educat
                                                                             Agricul      Innova
                                                                                                       ion
                                                              • Refocu       tural        tions
                                                                                                       and
                                                                sing         Scienti      Syste
                                                                                                       Trainin
                                                                Agricul      sts to       ms
                                                                                                       g,
                                                                ture         Develo       Appro
                                                                                                       Particu
                                                                Educat       p            aches:
                                                                                                       larly
                                                                ion          Releva       Linking
                                                                                                       Streng
                                                                Objecti      nt           agricul
                                                                                                       thenin
                                                                ves          Learni       tural
                                                                                                       g the
                                                                and          ng           policy
                                                                                                       Interes
                                                                Improv       Resour       with
                                                                                                       t and
                                                                ing          ces          resear
                                                                                                       Capaci
                                                                Curric       Based        ch,
                                                                                                       ty of
                                                                ula          on           educat
                                                                                                       Wome
                                                                             African      ion,
                                                                                                       n and
                                                                             Knowl        industr
                                                                                                       Youth
                                                                             edge         y and
                                                                                                       to
                                                                             and          practic
                                                                                                       take
                                                                             Experi       e
                                                                                                       up
                                                                             ences
                                                                                                       Agricul
                                                                                                       tural
                                                                                                       Career
                                                              Project 1:
                                                                           Project 2:
                                                                                        Project 3:
                                                                                                     Project 4:
                                                                                                       s
              SASACID Projects (contd)

   Project 




                                  • Managi
                                    Change
                                    Climate
                                    y and
                                    Biosafet
                                    micals,
                                    Agroche
                                    g
                                    Includin
                                    ure,
                                    Agricult
                                    nty in
                                    Uncertai
                                    and
                                    ng Risk
     5:

   Project 




                           • Strength
                             ment
                             Manage
                             dge
                             Knowle
                             tion and
                             Informa
                             ural
                             Agricult
                             ng
                             Enhanci
                             and
                             Learning
                             g and
                             Teachin
                             s for
                             Method
                             ening
     6:
vCounterpart contributions to both ANAFE in total and SASACID in particular are in the form of in
-kind contributions by ANAFE institutions (e.g. faculty time, facilities, local transport, per diems
sometimes, etc.). About 20 percent of total Budget
          Projects and expected outputs
Project                                     Expected Output
Refocusing agricultural learning            Refocused agricultural education objectives and
objectives and improved curricula           improved curricula
Establishing the capacity of agricultural   High quality and locally contextualised agricultural
scientists                                  learning resources
Building capacity for innovation systems    Synergy and institutional links in agricultural policy,
approach                                    research, education, industry and practice
Strengthening capacity for agribusiness     Graduates with knowledge and skills in agricultural
education and training                      business enterprising
Managing risk and uncertainty               Resilience: Increased capacity on managing risks and
                                            uncertainty in agriculture
Strengthening methods of teaching and       Teaching and learning methods and tools and sharing
learning                                    of agricultural information enhanced
     External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida

Done by Independent Consultants:
• Prof Ulf Magnusson from SLU, Sweden
• Prof Amon Z. Mattee from Sokoine University
  of Agriculture
     External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida
General Assessment:
1. SASACID Proposal targets one of the most
   important elements for poverty alleviation,
   hunger reduction and economic
   development in Africa: Building African
   human capacity within the field of agriculture
2. SASACID aligns with the Swedish programme
   on refocusing on poverty and hunger
   eradication
 External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
What was appreciated within SASACID:
1. SASACID is a huge commitment with high
   ambitions for Africa
2. SASACID wants to use holistic and
   comprehensive approaches
3. Importance given to the Regional approach with
   initiatives coming from member institutions
4. Clear inter-connectedness and synergies of the
   projects
 External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
General Recommendations:
1.   SASACID should also work on gender issues and strengthen
     interventions aiming to get more women in more senior positions
2.   Use the regional approach for peer pressure
3.   Include Agribusiness elements in curricula and develop good links
     with the private sector
4.   Develop links to other disciplines (Not Forestry and Agroforestry
     alone) within Research and Extension
5.   Refine the programme during the initial phase to achieve
     optimal effectiveness
6.   Involve Leaders from national members, policy makers and other
     stakeholders in regional meetings and activities would strengthen
     linkages and boost their interest for TAE.
 External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. RAFTs should be more proactive, take care of
   synergies, boost regional cooperation and use peer
   pressure (RAFTs Chairs will make presentations).
2. Need for a result –based Management framework
   based on sharpened log frame and indicators (will be 
   presented by James and Andy)
3. Need for the ANAFE Secretariat to have a strong,
   professional and transparent mechanism for
   accounting of funding (presentation on accounting 
   by Josephine)
  External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. Make better use of the potential synergy at
   regional levels and the peer pressure
   generated through cross institutions’
   comparisons
2. Develop the element of climate change and
   biosecurity
3. Make the log frame sharper, particularly the
   “means of verification of outputs”.
  External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. Best process is for SASACID to work with a pilot list
   of members in each region, and implement all the
   projects with them.
2. Continue to work with short courses and workshops on
   annual basis to include maximum number of
   institutions.
3. Continue to use curriculum assessment and
   development as a working tool, and include agribusiness,
   involvement of women/gender perspective, climate
   change as cross cutting issues in all assessments ad
   development
  External Appraisal of SASACID by Sida (Cont.)
Recommendations for Implementation:
1. Establish a process to select 2 – 3 (4) pilot institutions
   per regions (similar to that when selecting regional
   Focal institutions); Criteria for selection include top
   level management with clear institutional and political
   support; be already engaged in at least 2 to 3 activities
   linked to the SASACID projects.
2. Pilot institutions should report to the General Assembly
   about their experiences and progress within SASACID
3. Sida will commission an independent mid term review
   of SASACID in 2013
          SASACID Funded Activities

• See document with budget
                        Partnerships
q ANAFE officially selected as a key implementer of TAE under
  CAADP Pillar IV. Key Member of TEAM Africa.
q ANAFE works with others on important major education and
  capacity-building initiatives in Africa: Partners with African
  TAE organizations (AAU, AVU, RUFORUM, CAMES,
  CRUFAOCI,REESAO, etc.), African SROs (ASARECA,
  CORAF/WECARD, SADC), Political Organizations ( AUC, NEPAD,
  FARA, ACTS, FANRPAN, AFF, CTA) national Research
  Institutes (KARI, INRAN, INERA), CGIAR Centres (ICRAF,
  Bioversity International, ICRISAT, AWARD, etc.) UN Agencies
  (FAO, UNEP, World Bank, etc,), Northern partners (SLU,
  AGRINATURA, APLU, Nebraska University, Montpellier
  SupAgro, Danish Universities, Finish Universities, NORAD,
  etc.)
                        CONCLUSION
q The funds allocated by Sida for the Preparatory Phase of
  SASACID allowed ANAFE to get RAFTs and member
  institutions ready for the full implementation of SASACID.
q The Preparatory Phase has built an enormous hope and
  enthusiasm within the member institutions.
q Various aspects of the SASACID projects were funded by
  various funding sources such as DFID through the
  Association of African Universities (MRCI 1,2), DANIDA
  through FARA (UniBRAIN), UNEP and FAO (Climate Change).
q This support from Sida will allow the implementation to take
  place and bring new donors and partners on board.

				
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