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Occlusion 6800 Final Examination Review.ppt

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					OCCUPATIONAL HEALTH
     AND SAFETY
    PROFESSIONS
          PUBH 3310
 Occupational Health and Safety
     September 12, 2012
  Supplemental Resources
• Selected Internet websites, as noted in 
  this presentation




                                             2
               Objectives
• After this session, students should be 
  familiar with the occupational safety and 
  health professions, including:
  – Education requirements
  – Professional certification
  – Role
• Salary and demographic information is 
  offered for information only

                                           3
                Outline
•   Introduction
•   Safety Professional
•   Industrial Hygienist
•   Occupational Health Nurse
•   Occupational Medicine Physician
•   Health Physicist

                                      4
                Introduction
• In the U.S., the occupational heath and safety 
  professions began in the 1930's.  
• These professions work together as a team to 
  assure a safe and healthful workplace:  
  –   Safety Professionals 
  –   Industrial Hygiene 
  –   Occupational Medicine 
  –   Occupational Health Nursing 
  –   Health Physics 
                                                5
                Introduction
• Occupational safety & health professionals
  – Professional certification 
     • Establishes credibility
     • Certification is based on education, experience, and 
       examination
  – Professional organizations
     • Journals
     • Meetings, conferences, continuing education
     • Member services
  – Code of Ethics


                                                               6
          Safety Professional
• Role:
  – Anticipate, identify and evaluate hazardous 
    conditions and practices. 
  – Develop hazard control designs, methods, 
    procedures and programs. 
  – Implement, administer and advise others on 
    hazard controls and hazard control programs. 
  – Measure, audit and evaluate the effectiveness of 
    hazard controls and hazard control programs. 

                                                        7
        Safety Professional
• Role (cont.) 
   – Duties
      • Accident and injury prevention
      • Emphasis in training, motivation, behavior 
        modification
      • Often know as a “Safety Engineer”
          – However, safety professionals often do not 
            have an engineering degree


                                                          8
       Safety Professional
• Professional Certification
  – Board of Certified Safety Professionals, BCSP, 
    http://www.bcsp.org/ 
     • Established 1969
     • Certifications:
        – Associate Safety Professional (ASP)
           » Safety Fundamentals exam
           » Interim certification toward CSP
        – Certified Safety Professional (CSP)
           » Comprehensive Practice exam
           » Over 18,000 have achieved CSP since 1969 
                                                         9
           » Over 10,000 current CSP
       Safety Professional
• Professional Certification
  – Qualifications: 
     • Degree and experience required
     • BCSP “point” system
        – 48 points needed for ASP
        – 96 points for CSP
        – Education points 
            » BS in related field:  48 points (including USU 
              Industrial hygiene graduates)
            » BS in unrelated field (i.e., biology):  30 points
            » AS in safety & health: 24 points
        – Experience points
            » Each month of applicable experience is one point
         Safety Professional
• Professional Certification
  – Educational level of current CSPs  (BCSP 2006)
     • None 2% 
          – Higher education levels were not required in the past 
     •   Associates 2% 
     •   Bachelor‘s 50% 
     •   Master's 41% 
     •   Doctorate 3% 




                                                                     11
       Safety Professional
• Where CSPs work (2001 BCSP):
      Manufacturing                    19%
      Insurance                        22%
      Petrochemical                    15%
      Government                       9%
      Construction                     5%
      Utilities, Communications        4%
      Transportation                   2%
      Other Industries                 9%

  – Utah has 133 CSPs  (BSCP 2012)
     • http://www.bcsp.org/Certification_Directory    12
                Safety Professional
    • Gender: 
        – Approximately 12% of CSPs are female
    • Salary
        – $99 K average for CSP (BCSP 2009)
        – $68 K average for all safety professionals (IH&SN, 
          2008)
        – CSP certification adds $10 K (ASSE, 2004)


Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
                                                                                13
Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
       Safety Professional
• Professional organizations:
  – American Society of Safety Engineers, 
    ASSE, http://www.asse.org 
     • Since1911
     • 34,000 members in 75 countries
     • Local chapters
        – 292 Utah members in 2012
        – Monthly meetings
        – Co-sponsor of the Annual Utah Conference on 
          Safety and Industrial Hygiene
        – http://utah.asse.org/  
     • Professional Safety (journal)                     15
       Industrial Hygienist
• Recognized discipline since the 1930's
• Known as “Occupational Hygiene” in much of 
  the world
   – “Hygiene” means “health”
      • From Hygeia, the Greek goddess of health
• Role:  
   – Anticipation, recognition, evaluation and control of 
     health hazards
• Education:  
   – Appropriate BS degree minimum 

                                                        16
          Industrial Hygienist
• Professional certification:
   – American Board of Industrial Hygiene, ABIH www.abih.org
      • Established 1960
      • Certified Industrial Hygienist, CIH
         – Qualifications
            » Bachelors degree
            » Industrial hygiene education
            » Exam
            » 4 years of work experience
         – Number of active CIH = 6543 in 2012
            » Utah has 84 CIHs
         – 61% of industrial hygiene professionals are CIH 
                                                         17
           (AIHA  survey, 2003)
       Industrial Hygienist
• American Board of Industrial Hygiene, cont.
  – CIH history




                                                18
      Industrial Hygienist
• Educational level of current CIHs 
  – Bachelors - 32% 
  – Masters - 55% 
  – Ph.D., etc. - 10% 
• Gender:
  – 25% of IH's are female (2004 AIHA survey)


                                            19
          Industrial Hygienist
ABIH CANONS OF ETHICAL CONDUCT
• Industrial Hygienists shall:
   1. Practice their profession following recognized scientific 
      principles with the realization that the lives, health and well-
      being of people may depend upon their professional judgment 
      and that they are obligated to protect the health and well-being 
      of people.
   2. Counsel affected parties factually regarding potential health 
      risks and precautions necessary to avoid adverse health 
      effects. 
   3. Keep confidential personal and business information obtained 
      during the exercise of industrial hygiene activities, except when 
      required by law or overriding health and safety considerations. 
   4. Avoid circumstances where a compromise of professional 
      judgment or conflict of interest may arise. 
   5. Perform services only in the areas of their competence. 
   6. Act responsibly to uphold the integrity of the profession. 
                                                                   20
                Industrial Hygienist
    • Pay:   
        – $45K - $55K Starting salary (or more)
        – $70K - $90K Mid career (or more)
        – $IOOK+ Corporate positions, consultants 




Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
                                                                                21
                                                                          22
Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
          2008 AIHA Salary Survey
                 Industrial                         $99,512 
                 Private Consultant                 $97,137 
                 Consulting firm                    $94,610 
                 Govt. or military                  $91,585 
                 Other                              $85,916 
                 Academic                           $78,737
                 All                                $94,947
           http://www.aiha.org/salarycalc/ariwelcome.asp 
Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
        2008 AIHA Salary Survey




Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
         2008 AIHA Salary Survey




Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
       Industrial Hygienist
• Professional organizations:
  – American Conference of Governmental Industrial 
    Hygienists, ACGIH, www.acgih.org/
  – American Industrial Hygiene Association, AIHA, 
    http://www.aiha.org/
     • Local “sections”, 
       http://www.aiha.org/LocalSections/html/utah/index.htm 
         – Quarterly meetings
         – Co-sponsor of the Annual Utah Conference on Safety and 
           Industrial Hygiene
     • Synergist professional journal
  – Jointly published journal
     • Occupational and Environmental Hygiene
         – Peer-reviewed research
                                                                 26
    Occupation Health Nursing
  • Role:
       – Industrial clinics
       – Occupational health and safety 
           • In many cases an occupational health nurse is the only 
             safety and health person in their facility 
  • Education: 
       – RN first 
  • Salary
       – $60 K for Certified OHN (2003)

Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
 Occupation Health Nursing
• Professional Certification
  – American Board for Occupational Health 
    Nursing,  ABOHN, http://www.abohn.org/
  – Certified Occupational Health Nurse
     • RN Licensure
     • Five years experience and 50 course hours of 
       OH continuing education prior to certification 
     • Certified by examination 
        – 72% pass rate (2007)
     • 6000 active COHNs (2007)
                                                         28
Local 
OHN 
example 
(2009)




           29
      Occupational Medicine
•   Role:
           Physician
    –   All occupational illnesses & injuries
    –   Medical surveillance, exam
    –   Workers compensation issues
    –   “Occ doc”
• Demand
    – 10,000 physicians do some occupational 
      medicine
    – 1,500 - 1,800 Board-certified occupational 
      medicine physicians are actually in practice
    – National need - 5,000

         •   Bureau of Health Professions needs estimate - 
             4,830
         •   Institute of Medicine needs estimate - 3,100 - 5,500
          Occupational Medicine
               Physician
  • Professional certification:
       – Certification by examination by American Board of 
         Preventive Medicine, ABPM
           • http://www.abprevmed.org/ 
       – Qualifications
           •  2-4 years post MD and or specialty
           • MDs are often specialize in pulmonary or internal medicine 
             prior to occ doc status.
       – Approximately 3600 "board certified“ occupational 
         physicians since 1955
       – Salary
           • $205 K (2005 ACOEM)

Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
    Occupational Medicine
         Physician
• Professional organization:  
  – American College of Occupational and 
    Environmental Medicine (ACOEM), 
    http://www.acoem.org/
     • ACOEM represents over 7,000 physicians (1997) 
       specializing in occupational and environmental medicine     
• Professional Journals:
  – Journal of Occupational and Environmental 
    Medicine, http://www.joem.org/


                                                               32
Health Physics Professional
• Role:
   – Radiation safety
   – Strong health physics presence after WWII 
• Professional certification:
   – Certified Health Physicist (CHP) by the American 
     Board of Health Physics (ABHP)
      • http://www.hps1.org/aahp/ 
   – Qualifications:
      •   BS degree
      •   6 years professional experience
      •   Written report
      •   2- part exam 
   –  Currently about 1300 CHP's  (2004)             33
   Health Physics Professional
  • 2007 Salary Survey
       – $90k average all HP
       – $109 K average for CHP
           • http://hps.org/documents/2007_hps_salary_survey.pdf


  • Professional organizations:
       – Health Physics Society, http://www.hps.org/




Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
      Industrial Safety and Health News
                Annual Survey
  •   2008
       – http://www.ishn.com/ISHN/Home/Files/PDFs/ishn0108_whitePaper
         Results.pdf 
  •   2009
       •   http://www.ishn.com/ISHN/Home/Files/PDFs/ISHN0109_CS_white
           Paper09.pdf (In 2009 IHSN began listing salary ranges, rather than 
           average salaries)
       – 2010
       •   http://www.ishn.com/ISHN/Home/Files/PDFs/ISHN0110_CS_white
           paper.pdf 
       – 2011
       •   http://www.ishn.com/ext/resources/ISHN/Home/Files/PDFs/ISHN0111_whit
           ePaper2011.pdf



Note: This salary data is not independently obtained and may not be objective
National Association of Colleges
     and Employers, NACE

                                  Entry Level Salary, 
                                  BS degree, Spring 2011
Occupational health and safety             $52, 404
Environmental engineering                  $54, 333




             Note: This is objective data, from N.A.C.E    36
                         O-Net OnLine
                                September, 2012 

Profession               Median     Employees      Outlook (2010-2020)
                         wage, 2011                Growth         Job 
                                                                  openings
Industrial Safety and     $75,470      24,000      Average        9200
Health Engineers
Occupational Health  $66,270           59,000      Slower than  25,700
and Safety Specialists                             Average
Environmental            $79,050       51,000      Faster than    22,600
Engineers                                          average

Preventive Medicine      n.a.          691,000     Much faster  305,100
Physicians                                         than 
                                                   average

     Note: This is objective data, from the Dept. of Labor                 37

				
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