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Motorcycle Safety _ Laws

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					         Motorcycle Safety &
         Laws
Stewart Milner
Chief Judge, City of Arlington

                                 1
Who are licensed motorcycle
riders?
n You and Me –Anyone over 15!
n Motorcycle sales have increased for the
  last 11 years.
n From 1997 to 2010 motorcycle
  registrations in the United States have
  increased by 70%.
n 12 million license holders nationwide.
n 90% are male.
                                            2
n   Fastest growing segment is in the 40-60
    year old age group.




                                              3
Why are more people Riding?
n   Recreation

n   Cost Saving

n   Sport - Thrill



                              4
Motorcycle Safety Issues and Facts
n Motorcycle crash fatalities rose every year
  from 2000- 2009.
n Fatalities in Texas tripled from 2007-2009.
n 96,000 motorcycle crashes in the U.S. in
  2008 resulted in injuries.
n A cyclist is 37 times more likely to die in a
  crash and 9 times more likely to be injured
  in a crash than passenger car occupants.


                                              5
                1. Safety
n What percentage of Riders involved in
  fatal Motorcycle crashes are over 40 years
  old?
n A. 25%
n B. 10%
n C. 33%
n D. 50%

                                           6
        Safety – Cont’d
n 50% of motorcycle riders killed in
 crashes are over 40 years of age.

n 29%  of motorcycle operators involved
 in fatal crashes were legally
 intoxicated, compared to 23% of fatal
 passenger car crashes.

                                       7
               2. Safety
n What percentage of motorcycle operators
  involved in fatal crashes did not have a
  valid motorcycle endorsement on their
  license?
n A. 40%
n B. 25%
n C. 63%


                                             8
          Safety – Cont’d
n 25%   of motorcycle operators involved
  in fatal crashes did not have a valid
  motorcycle license.
n Brain Injuries, Head Trauma were the
  leading cause of death in motorcycle
  crashes.


                                       9
          Safety – Cont’d
n In 2008, 35 percent of all motorcyclists
  involved in fatal crashes were speeding.
n In 2008 motorcycle helmets saved 1,829
  lives. Helmets are believed to be 37 %
  effective in preventing fatal injuries.
n 90% of motorcycle operators killed are
  male.

                                             10
        What IS a Motorcycle?

n It is a motor vehicle designed to propel
  itself with no more than three wheels in
  contact with the ground.
n It is equipped with a rider’s saddle.
n It is a motor driven cycle. (Less than
  250cc’s)
n It is a moped. (Transp. Code §541.201).


                                             11
Motorcycle




             12
What is a Motorcycle – Cont’d
n   It is:
n    an enclosed three-wheeled passenger vehicle that is
    designed to operate with three wheels in contact with the
    ground
n   with a minimum unladen weight of 900 lbs and
n   has a single, completely enclosed occupant
    compartment with seats,
n    a steering wheel and propulsion unit in front of or behind
    the enclosed occupant compartment with seatbelts for
    each occupant, and
n   a windshield and windshield wipers and, 300 or more are
    produced each year.

                                                             13
14
What is NOT a Motorcycle!

n It is not an electric bicycle. (Transp. Code
  § 541.201)
n It is not a pocket bike, mini-motor bike or
  motorized mobility device or neighborhood
  electric vehicle.


                                             15
Not a Motorcycle




                   16
      License Requirements
n A person is required to have a motorcycle
  license or class M endorsement on their
  license to operate a motorcycle or moped
  on public roadways.
n There are four types of motorcycle
  licenses. The most common is an
  unrestricted Class M.

                                              17
License Requirements




                       18
Types of Class M Licenses
n   Class M – no restrictions, any type of
    motorcycle or moped.
n   Class M with restriction code I – any moped
    or motorcycle with an engine displacement of
    less than 250 cc.
n   Class M with restriction code K – any moped
    50 cc or less with a top speed of 30 m.p.h.
n   Class M with restriction code J – licensed m/c
    operator over 21y.o.a. in sight

                                                19
      Types of Class M Licenses
n   Class M with restriction code I – any moped or
    motorcycle with an engine displacement of less
    than 250 cc.
n   Must be at least 15 year of age or older,
n   Complete and Pass a motorcycle operator
    training course,
n   Pass a road skills test, but
n   No school enrollment requirement.
n   When license holder turns 16, the 250cc
    restriction is lifted.

                                                     20
      Types of Class M Licenses
n   Class M with restriction code K – any moped 50
    cc or less with a top speed of 30 m.p.h
n   Must be at least 15 year of age or older,
n   Pass a written traffic laws knowledge test
    (applicable to mopeds),
n   However, no road skills test is required, and
n   No school enrollment requirement.


                                                 21
Getting an Unrestricted Motorcycle
             License
n   Requires:
    ¨ Knowledge   Test
    ¨ VisionTest
    ¨ Motorcycle Safety Course




                                 22
    3. Motorcycle Safety Course
n The motorcycle safety course used as a
  substitute for a Driver’s Safety Course is
  not the same as the motorcycle safety
  course used when obtaining a license?
n A. True
n B. False




                                               23
    4. Motorcycle Safety Course
n The Motorcycle Safety Course used for
  D.S.C and for obtaining a license is not the
  same as the Motorcycle Safety Course
  that can be used in exempting a
  motorcycle rider from wearing protective
  headgear?
n A. True
n B. False


                                            24
    Riding Skills Test v. Motorcycle
            Safety Course
n   Riding Skills Test
    ¨ No   longer allowed or required – Motorcycle
      safety course is now required
    ¨ However, the law authorizing motorcycle road
      skills test is still there. (Texas Trans. Code
      Sec. 521.166)




                                                   25
      Motorcycle Safety Course
n   Required to obtain a Class M
    endorsement

n   Applicants must complete a Department
    of Public Safety Approved Basic
    Motorcycle Operator Training Course.


                                            26
        Financial Responsibility
n   Financial responsibility is required for
    motorcycles just as it is for other vehicles.




                                                    27
Helmets – Required or Not?




                             28
5. Helmets – Required or Not?
n   It is against the law for someone over 21
    y.o.a. to ride a motorcycle on a public
    street in Texas without wearing a helmet?

n A. True
n B. False



                                                29
    Helmets – Required or Not?
n A person in Texas commits an offense if
  he operates a motorcycle and doesn’t
  wear an approved helmet.
n Really?




                                            30
        Helmet Law Exceptions
n   It is an exception to Sec. 661.003 if:
    ¨ The  person required to wear the helmet, at
      the time of the offense, was over 21years of
      age, and
    ¨ Had successfully completed a motorcycle
      operator training and safety course,
    Or
    ¨ Had a health insurance policy that provides at
      least $10,000.00 in coverage for injuries
      sustained as a result of an accident on a
      motorcycle.
                                                   31
                 Helmets
n Sticker for helmet exemption no longer
  required.
n NHTSA estimates that motorcycle helmets
  reduce the likelihood of a crash fatality by
  37 percent.
n Helmets are 67 percent effective in
  preventing brain injuries.

                                             32
33
Helmet Laws
n   Three general schemes found in U.S.
    ¨ Universal law – all riders must wear helmets
    ¨ Partial Laws (Weakened Law) – Those under
      18 or 21 must wear a helmet, other riders
      have restrictions
    ¨ No helmet requirement at all.




                                                 34
35
                  Helmets
n The year after Texas went from a universal
  helmet law to a weakened helmet law –
  motorcycle operator fatalities increased by 31
  percent.
n Hospital costs from motorcyclists injured in
  accidents were less than $10,000 in only
  25% of the cases.

                                             36
                  Helmet s
n Helmets must be DOT approved.
n There are helmets that do not meet
  approval.
n There is not a specific violation for this but
  a person could be charged with using non
  DPS approved equipment.



                                               37
Other Safety Equipment
n Eye Protection – most states require
n Gloves – leather or other non-slip material
  are best
n Jackets and Trousers – Clothing should
  help in the event or a crash.
n Footwear- should afford protection for feet,
  ankle and lower part of leg

                                             38
39
    Motorcycle Safety & Awareness
                Class
n Class requirements governed by statute.
n Class is 16 hours long.
n Will substitute for D.S.C. if violation
  committed while operating motorcycle.
n Will allow rider to ride without helmet.




                                             40
    Motorcycle Safety & Awareness
                Class
n Provisions, guidelines and requirements
  for class are found in Chapter 662 of the
  Texas Transportation Code.
n Fee is typically $190.
n It is a 16 hour class.




                                              41
Motorcycle Safety Trends &
Innovations
n   ?




                             42
    Miscellaneous Laws & Rules
n Have to pay toll but not more than cars.
n Motorcycles can use the HOV lanes even
  if only occupied by the driver.
n Passengers must wear helmets unless
  exemption applies.
n Motorcycles must be inspected and
  registered to operate on a public street.

                                              43
Miscellaneous Laws & Rules
n   Must be at least 5 years old to ride as a
    passenger on a motorcycle unless riding in
    a side car. Fine range $100 to $200.




                                            44
     Share the Road!
The Motorcycle, not so much.   45
46

				
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posted:1/21/2014
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