MINERAL REVIEW.ppt

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					MINERAL REVIEW
WHAT IS A MINERAL?

Occurs in nature
Inorganic (not made by something living)
Solid
Crystal shape
 MINERALS ARE….
 The building blocks of rocks!!
 Remember the granite…..
      Black=Mica

    Pink=Feldspar
    White=Quartz




HOW MANY KNOWN MINERALS??
 2,400
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
SILICATES AND NON-SILICATES??
 Silicatesare made of silicon and oxygen, but Non-Silicates
  are not!!


WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
ELEMENTS AND COMPOUNDS??
 Elements  are substance that can not be broken down into a
  simpler substance by chemical means
 Compounds are substances made of 2 or more different
  atoms that can be chemically bonded
HOW DID WE IDENTIFY MINERALS?

Color
Luster
Streak
Hardness
Cleavage/Fracture
Density
Special Properties
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
MATCH THE PROPERTY TO THE DEFINITION
                    Atoms arranged in a pattern
Color
                    Mass divided by volume
Luster
                    Color of the mineral powder
Streak
Cleavage/Fracture The way a mineral breaks
                   The way the mineral reflects light
Hardness
                    The various colors of a mineral
Density
                    Magnetism, smell, fluorescence
Crystal
                    The ability to resist being
Special Property
                      scratched
WHAT IS THE DIFFERENCE BETWEEN
CLEAVAGE AND FRACTURE BREAKS??
 Cleavage   breaks are along a smooth flat surface




 Fracture   breaks are along a curved/irregular surface
WHAT IS THE ORDER OF HARDNESS
TESTS WE USED IN LAB??
Fingernail


Copper Penny


Steel Nail


Glass
WHAT IS NEEDED TO CALCULATE
DENSITY?
MASS                  VOLUME

How do you            How do you
 determine mass?        determine volume?
Use the triple beam   Cubes-L x W x H
 balance               Irregular – graduated
                        cylinder
GRID THE MASS OF ROCK PICTURED.
  GRID THE MASS OF ROCK PICTURED.

50 g + 5g = 55 g
     5 5   0 0
GRID THE VOLUME OF ROCK
       PICTURED.
GRID THE VOLUME OF ROCK
       PICTURED.
          125 ml - 100 ml = 25 ml3
                  2 5     0 0
GRID THE DENSITY OF ROCK
       PICTURED.
     GRID THE DENSITY OF ROCK
            PICTURED.


Mass =                     Volume =
 55 g                       25 ml3


   Density = Mass ÷ Volume
                         3
        D = 55 g ÷25 ml
                       3
          D = 2.2 g/ml
   GRID THE DENSITY OF ROCK
          PICTURED.
Density = Mass ÷ Volume
                3
D = 55 g ÷25 ml
                      2   2 0
             3
D = 2.2 g/ml

				
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posted:1/21/2014
language:English
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