Millikan's Oil Drop Experiment - doleweb.ppt by hcj

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									Millikan’s Oil Drop Experiment

         PHYSICS CHAPTER 22 C
                           Atoms

 By the early 1900s, we knew:
   Atoms had electrons in them (J. J. Thomson)

   Atoms had positive charges in them (protons)

   Structure???
             Millikan’s Experiment

 Milikan Oil Drop
 Millikan
              Millikan’s Experiment

 Experiment balanced gravity and charges
 Eq = mg
 If E is known due to voltage (V = Ed)
 And weight is determined
 We can find q
 Q was found to be a multiple of 1.6 x 10-19 C
                          Example p375

 An oil drop weighs 1.9 x 10-14 N. It is suspended in
  an electric field of intensity 4.0 x 104 N/C. What is
  the charge on the oil drop?
 What we know:
     W = 1.9 x 10-14 N               E = 4.0 x 104 N/C
 Equation:
   Q = W/E

 Substitute:
                  -14
   Q = (1.9 x 10     N)/(4.0 x 104 N/C)
 Math:
                 -19
   Q= 4.75 x 10      C
                Example p 375 continued

 If the drop is attracted toward the positive plate, how
  many excess electrons does it have?
 What we know:
     Q = 4.75 x 10-19 C        e- charge: 1.6 x 10-19 C
 Equation:
   # e- = q/charge of e-

 Substitute:
                     -19
   #e- = (4.75 x 10     C)/(1.6 x 10-19 C)
 Math:
   #e- = 2.9688 = 3

								
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