MIDTERM EXAM Review for the Test by pptfiles

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									MIDTERM EXAM
Review for the Test


 TEST DAYS:
 1*- FRIDAY
 2* - MONDAY
 4-5*- FRIDAY
        EXAM OVERVIEW
pMultiple Choice
pShort Answers
pESSAY (4-5 Paragraph Compare/Contrast)
         EXAM CONTENT
pGrammar
pFahrenheit 451
pAntigone
pHarrison Bergeron
pMythology & Theseus
pThe Lottery
pWriting, Research, MLA Style
    Grammar
pKnow the 8 PARTS OF SPEECH
       Possessives
                             PLURAL
                            SINGULAR
                         Dogs’ bones
                       p Dog’s bone
                         Students’ desks
                       p Student’s desk
                         Men’s locker
                       p Man’s lockers

 DO NOT USE POSESSIVE FORMS TO
     MAKE WORDS PLURAL!
INCORRECT: My two dog’s are named Axel and
Scarlett.
CORRECT: My two dogs are named Axel and
Scarlett.
       PRONOUNS
pTYPES OF PRONOUNS
 nInterrogative -
 nPersonal -
 nPossessive -
 nIndefinite -
 nObject -
 nSubject -
Subject-Verb Agreement
 LITERARY TERMS
pKnow how to use them
pKnow how to apply them to the literature
  nShort Stories
  nFahrenheit 451
  nAntigone
    FOIL                    Metaphor
                            A comparison NOT using
Two opposing characters,          like or as
 usually of the same sex,
who serve as opposites of
       each other

       examples:
   Antigone & Ismene
    Millie & Clarisse
    Montag & Faber
Foreshadowin                   Motivation
      g                       The factors the drive a
                            character to do something,
Hints at what will happen
                             act a certain way or think
    next in the story
                                    a certain way
       examples:
        DYSTOPIA                                          UTOPIA
A seemingly place of ideal                          A place, state, or condition
perfect on the surface, but                          that is ideally perfect in
   it is actually flawed                             respect of politics, laws,
     Characteristics:                                customs, and conditions.
• Citizens have a fear of the outside world.
• Citizens live in a dehumanized state.
• The natural world is banished and distrusted.
• Citizens conform to uniform expectations.           Most characters think
• The society is an illusion of a perfect utopian
world.                                               their world is perfect in
• Citizens are perceived to be under constant
surveillance.
                                                          the beginning!
         Examples:
       Fahrenheit 451
     “Harrison Bergeron”
    Static                   Dynamic
  Character                  Character
   A character that            A character that
experiences NO changes      experiences change in
during a story; does not   personality and growth
   grow or develop             during the story

      examples:                 examples:
       Clarisse                 Guy Montag
        Millie                    Creon
       Antigone
     VERBAL                     DRAMATIC
      IRONY                       IRONY
A character says one thing,      Audience knows
    but means another         something the characters
                                    don’t know
        examples:
                                    examples:
    Setting                    Theme
Time, place, date of a   The central idea of a work
        story                  of literature

     examples:                  examples:
               TRAGEDY
pPlay, novel or other
 work of Literature,
 depicting serious &
 important events,
 the main character
 comes to an
 unhappy end
             TRAGIC HERO
Aristole’s Defintion of a HERO
pComes from nobility
pTragic flaw – the serious character weakness
  leading to the downfall of the character
pUndergoes a reversal of fortune
pRecognizes his mistakes (in a catharsis or
  purgation of pity and fear)
pThe tragic hero’s actions should arouse
  feelings of both pity and fear in the audience.
       CATHARIS & HUBRIS
pCatharsis – purging of one’s soul

pHubris- overconfidence, pride
       STRUCTURE OF GREEK
             DRAMA
p Prologue: beginning of the play, before the action occurs
p Parodos: song that marks the entry of the chorus
p Scene: where the majority of the action of the play takes
  place
p Ode: song that is chanted by the chorus, often is a
  commentary on the action from the scene. Sometimes the
  comparison to the actions of the gods or historical figures
p Paean: hymn sung by the chorus, appealing to the gods for
  assistance
p Exodos: last episode in the play. It is followed by a final
  speech addressed directly to the audience by the chorus


      pKNOW THE PARTS IN ORDER!
     Benefits of Greek Drama
pReligious rite to Dionysus
pFestivals
pCATHARSIS
  nSpiritual purging
  nCleansed the soul of the participants
  nHelped their health
FAHRENHEIT 451 &
SCIENCE FICTION
CHARACTERISTICS OF SCIENCE
FICTION
ANTIGONE
                                                     of                                n
                         s
                                                     fa                                co
                         st
                                                     mi                                m
                         ub
                                                     ly           • Yo                 es
                         bo
CREON AS TRAGIC HERO




                                                     –              u                  to
                         rn
                                                     Ha             do                 o
                         ne
                                      • Ac           im             n’t                lat
                         ss
                                        tin          on             w                  e
                         &
                                        g            &              an                 for
                         ex
                                        Ki           Wi             t                  hi
                         ce
                                        ng           fe             to                 m
                         ssi
                         ve             of         • Lo             en                 aft
                         pri            Th           ss             d                  er
                         de             eb           of             up                 de
                                        es           th             lik                at
                       • Hi                                         e                  hs
                                                     e
                         s                                          hi                 of
                                                     Th
                         ar                                         m                  An
                                                     ro
                         ro                                                            tig
                                                     ne
                         ga                                                            on
                                                     &




                                                                Feelings of Pity
                         nc                                                            e
                                     Comes From      Co
                       Tragic Flaw

                         e




                                                                                   Recognizes
                                                  Reversal of
                                                     nt                                &




                                                                                    Mistakes
                                       Nobility

                                                   Fortune

                                                                    & Fear
                                                     rol                               Ha
                                                                                       im
                                                                                       on
Verbal & Dramatic Irony
“Harrison Bergeron”
“The Lottery”
“Theseus”
SHORT STORIES
“THE LOTTERY”
WRITING
RESEARCH,
ESSAYS &
MLA STYLE
 Correct MLA Format
pFOR A BOOK
  nCollins, Suzanne. The Hunger Games. New York:
   Harper Collins, 2008. Print.


pCITATION FORMAT
 n“Of course, the odds have not been very
   dependable of late,” (Collins 33)
NOTETAKING
 THESIS STATEMENTS
pShould not have “I think” written in the
 statement
pShould preview the examples/content of
 paper
pShould be avoid being vague
pShould not be a question
COMPARE/CONTRAST
    WRITING

								
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