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Medical Terminology Semester Review - Mrs. Opland's Health Care

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					Medical Terminology
 Semester Review


   Knowledge Bowl
       2006
• The medical term for the surgical repair or
  replacement of a damaged joint.
  – Arthroplasty
• A single respiration consists of
  – One inhalation / one exhalation
• A localized balloon-like enlargement of the
  wall of an artery (weak area in the wall of
  an artery)
  – Aneurysm
• Body mechanics involving the design and
  operation of tools and the work
  environment.
  – ergonomics
• Respiratory pattern consisting of
  alternating periods of rapid breathing, slow
  breathing, and the absence of breathing.
  Often seen right before death.
  – Cheyne-Stokes respiration
• Suffix meaning “to suture”
  – -rrhaphy
• An abnormal increase in the outward
  curvature of the thoracic spine as viewed
  from the side.
  – Kyphosis
• Term meaning inflammation of a nerve.
  – Neuritis
• Term pertaining to lack of (bad) muscle
  tone
  – Dystonia
• Term meaning the absence of
  spontaneous respirations.
  – Apnea
• Term meaning a weakness or wasting
  away of muscles caused by disuse over a
  period of time.
  – atrophy
• A specialist who treats diseases and
  disorders of the blood.
  – Hematologist
• Combining form meaning joint.
  – Arthr/o
• Condition is paralysis of the larynx.
  – Laryngoplegia
• Condition of inflammation of the bone and
  bone marrow.
  – osteomyelitis
• Combining for meaning white.
  – Leuk/o
• Term meaning heart attack.
  – Myocardial infarction
• Term meaning red blood cells.
  – Erythrocytes
• Based on word parts, what does the term
  hepatorrhagia mean?
  – Bleeding from the liver
• What prefix means between or among?
  – intra
• Medical term describing a condition of a
  protrusion of a muscle through its ruptured
  sheath. (using word parts)
  – Myocele
• Term meaning any pathologic change or
  disease in the spinal cord or bone marrow.
  – Myelopathy
• Respiratory condition occurring in the
  winter months. A vaccine is available for
  this every year.
  – influenza
• Type of muscle slanted outward, away
  from the midline of the body.
  – Oblique
• Suffix meaning specialist.
  – -ologist
• Term describing an abnormal shortening
  of muscle tissues, making the muscle
  resistant to stretching.
  – Contracture
• Congenital defect in which the spinal canal
  fails to close around the spinal cord.
  – Spina bifida
• Combining form meaning fever.
  – Pyr/o
• Term describing where a muscle starts
  (begins)
  – Origin
• Term meaning pain in the stomach.
  – Gastralgia
• Term meaning muscle tone.
  – Myotonia
• Substance that transports oxygen in the
  blood.
  – hemoglobin
• Term describing symptoms that occur
  when the median nerve is compressed as
  it passes through the narrow area in the
  wrist.
  – Carpal tunnel syndrome
• Condition that is the chronic enlargement
  of the bronchi.
  – Bronchiectasis
• A term describing a torn, ragged wound.
  – Laceration
• Term meaning the tissue death of an
  artery or arteries.
  – arterionecrosis
• Blood vessels that are microscopic and
  are only one cell in thickness.
  – Capillaries
• Condition of the heart in which there is
  irregular quivering of the heart muscles.
  – Fibrillation
• Medication that controls irregularities of
  the heart.
  – Antiarrhythmic
• Diagnostic test using ultrasound to trace
  the flow of blood through the heart.
  – echocardiogram
• Any term meaning voice impairment,
  including hoarseness, weakness, or loss
  of voice.
  – Dysphonia
• Condition in which there is an absence, or
  almost complete absence, of oxygen from
  inhaled gases, arterial blood, or tissues.
  – Anoxia
• Condition of total paralysis of one side of
  the body.
  – hemiplegia
• Procedure is the surgical repair of
  cartilage.
  – Chondroplasty
• Suffix requiring the use of a combining
  vowel.

• Term describes the highest pressure
  against the walls of the blood vessels.
  – Systolic pressure
• Condition of abnormal hardening of an
  artery
  – arteriosclerosis
• Term meaning the act of closing a wound
  or incision by stitching or a similar means.
  – Suturing
• Procedure is the surgical repair of the
  pharynx
  – Pharyngoplasty
• In the term pericardiectomy, -ectomy is a
  prefix, suffix, or word part
  – Suffix
• A marked loss of bone density and an
  increase in porosisty is known as ______
  – osteoporosis
• Medical term for hiccups ________
   – singulutus

• Fatty deposits within the walls of an artery,
  which is characteristic of atherosclerosis is a
  _________________
   – lipoma

• Specialist in disorders of the lungs and
  associated tissues is a / an _________
   – Pulmonologist
• A band of fibrous tissue that holds structures
  together abnormally is known as
  ________________
   – adhesions
• The procedure of suturing the trachea is
  known as ________________
  – Tracheorrhaphy
• The medical term meaning inflammation of
  the bursa is _________________
  – Bursitis
• The medical term meaning inflammation of
  the pharynx is called _________________
  – Pharyngitis
• The flexible tip of the nose is made up of
  the type of tissue called ______________
  – cartilage
• Medical name for white blood cells ______
  – Leukocytes
• Condition of abnormal hardening of muscle
  tissue ____________________
  – Myosclerosis
• Abnormally slow rate of respirations of less
  than 10 breaths per minute is known as ___
  – Hypopnia, bradypnea
• Condition of subnormal oxygen levels in the
  cells is known as ____________
  – hypoxia
• Surgical repair of a muscle _____________
  – Myoplasty
• An accumulation of fluid in lung tissues is
  known as pulmonary _____________
  – Edema
• Medical term meaning the surgical repair of
  the nose _______________
  – Rhinoplasty
• Term meaning the surgical puncture to
  remove fluid of a joint space
  – Arthocentesis
• Hardening and narrowing of the arteries due
  to a buildup of cholesterol plaques is known
  as ________________
  – Athrosclerosis
• The death of bone tissue due to an
  insufficient blood supply, infection,
  malignancy, or trauma is known as _______
  – Osteonecrosis
• Abnormally rapid, deep breathing resulting in
  decreased levels of CO2 at the cellular level
  – hyperventilation
• Condition in which a blood clot forms within a
  blood vessel is known as ______________
  – Thrombus
• Medical term for the condition commonly
  known as a nosebleed ________________
  – Epistaxis
• Abnormal enlargement of the liver ________
  – Hepatomegaly
• Term meaning higher than normal b/p _____
  – Hypertension
• Condition of inflammation of the fascia is
  – fasciitis
• Examination and treatment through an
  arthroscope is known as _____________
  – Arthroscopy
• Inflammation of several arteries _________
  – Polyarthritis
• Condition of pain in a tendon is _________
  – Tenalgia
• Potentially lethal condition in which
  breathing recurrently stops during sleep is
  known as sleep _________
  – apnea
• Severe episodes of spasmodic choking or
  suffocating chest pain are known as _______
  pectoris.
  – Angia
• Pain in the pleura or in the side is known as
  – pleuralgia

• The term meaning a pounding or racing heart
  – Palpatations
• Malignancy characterized by a progressive
  increase of abnormal leukocytes is known as
  – leukemia
• Surgical incision into the cranium is a / an
   – Craniotomy
• Term meaning abnormal hardening of the walls of
  an artery or arteries is
   – Arteriosclerosis
• Abnormally swollen veins in the legs are known as
  ________ veins.
   – Varicose
• Condition of abnormal softening of muscle tissue
   – Myomalacia
• A fast heartbeat of sudden onset is known as
  paroxysmal _________
   – tachycardia
               Positioning
•   Lateral
•   Recumbent
•   Supine
•   Dorsal recumbent
•   Prone
•   Sims
•   Trendelenburg
•   Lithotomy
                ROM
•   Abduction
•   Adduction
•   Flexion
•   Extension
•   Rotation

				
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