Literary Devices Review
2nd and 3rd Period Pre AP Students
The place and time at which a novel
is represented as happening
Hunger Games takes place in a
futuristic fictional society called
The Many Adventures of Winnie the Setting of the
Pooh takes place in the imaginary
world of a boy named Christopher Novel
Robin called the Hundred Acre
Harry Potter takes place in modern
England in the magical school of
§Year 632 A.F. Setting in A Brave
§A Utopic New World
Definition: What is happening in the
world when the author wrote the
1. When Shakespeare was Historical/Political
writing his plays, Queen
Elizabeth was in power. /Social Context
2. When J.K. Rowling was writing
Harry Potter, fantasy was
becoming a very popular genre
In 1932: The world was
and Marxism. Assembly
line going through the
Example: Brave New World
“His face wore an
expression of pain.”
In this quote, Bernard is
depressed because he
realizes the corruption
in his society.
§ Something generally regarded as representing the essence of something else.
Conventional symbols have a universally understood meaning.
Blue = vigilance,
perseverance, and justice
e = ts
and = val
“The president stood up, made the
sign of the T…” (pg. 54)
The sign of the T symbolizes worship
of Ford and the assembly line from BNW
A repeated idea, image,
symbol, or incident in a work
that serves as a unifying
thread and key to one or
“The Savage was
reading Romeo and
Juliet aloud” (189).
In Brave New
§The constant use of
the book supports the
ignorance of the past
and history by the World
State. John constantly
reads Shakespeare as an
escape from World State
and Lenina to gain
Such as the
Archetypes are stereotype that are common in stories like the hero and villain.
o m his
s arc im fr
m ptres deviate h
t he Te n, and
pres ents ng Jo
Len ina r tries to b
whe n sh Archetypes in
Bernard is the scapegoat for the Savage’s bad
path behavior Brave New World
normal esents both t
novel. , as we e outcast from
ll as the
main h the
ero of t
Allusion A reference to a familiar
person, event, or symbol,
and possible work of
literature or a piece of art.
Common Allusions are
and the Bible.
§ Shakespeare: “When he is drunk
asleep, or in his rage or in the
incestuous pleasure of his bed.”
§ Mythology: “Down from the waist
they are Centaurs, though women
all above. But to the girdle do the
gods inherit.” Brave New World
§ Biblical: “I stood against a rock in
the middle of the day, in summer,
with my arms out, like Jesus on the
Comparison of two dissimilar things
using the words “like” or “as.”
-Snow’s hair was as black as coal.
-The girl’s lips were as red as a rose.
-The cat’s eyes were like black marbles.
“The sexophones wailed like melodious cats under the moon” (76).
“So they’re having children all the time-like dogs” (122).
“Fanny’s kind, rather moon-like face” (40).
Imaginative identification of two
Metaphor: different things with one another.
• A laugh in the sea of
• He swam in the sea of
• Love is a growing
Jill Collins, Sarah Hill, Joanne Kunze /articles/list-of-
§ “Hug me, honey, snuggly
§ “Pierced by every word that was
spoken, the tight balloon of
Bernard’s happy self-confidence
was leaking from a thousand
wounds” (175). Brave New World
§ “They’re (The Bokanovsky Groups)
the gyroscope that stabilizes the
rocket plane of state on its
unswerving course” (222).
§ Trying to completely control all
Manipulation can lead to happiness of a
negative elements of life takes away
society, but often at the expen
the essence of being human.
message in a
piece of literature