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					Literary Devices Review
      2nd and 3rd Period Pre AP Students
The place and time at which a novel
is represented as happening
Hunger Games takes place in a
futuristic fictional society called
Panem
The Many Adventures of Winnie the     Setting of the
Pooh takes place in the imaginary
world of a boy named Christopher              Novel
Robin called the Hundred Acre
Woods
Harry Potter takes place in modern
England in the magical school of
Hogwarts
§London,
 England
§Year 632 A.F.   Setting in A Brave
§A Utopic              New World

 Dystopian
 society
Definition: What is happening in the
world when the author wrote the
book
Examples:
1. When Shakespeare was                Historical/Political
     writing his plays, Queen
     Elizabeth was in power.              /Social Context
2.    When J.K. Rowling was writing
     Harry Potter, fantasy was
     becoming a very popular genre
     in books.
In 1932: The world was
suffering from
depression, fascism,
and Marxism. Assembly
line going through the
countries affecting
politics.
Example:                    Brave New World
“His face wore an
expression of pain.”
Page 60
In this quote, Bernard is
depressed because he
realizes the corruption
in his society.
 § Something generally regarded as representing the essence of something else.
   Conventional symbols have a universally understood meaning.

                                                               Symbol
                        Blue = vigilance,
                        perseverance, and justice




                                                          W oce
                                                           hit n
                                                           inn
   har our
          ess




                                                              e = ts
      din




                                                                 pu
and = val




                                                                    rit
                                                                       y
 Red




                                                                            an
                                                                                 d
“The president stood up, made the
sign of the T…” (pg. 54)
                                       Actual example
The sign of the T symbolizes worship
of Ford and the assembly line              from BNW
mentatlity
 Motif             Religion!

              A repeated idea, image,
          symbol, or incident in a work
              that serves as a unifying
             thread and key to one or
                          more themes.
Utopia!
“The Savage was
reading Romeo and
Juliet aloud” (189).
      In Brave New
§The constant use of
             World
 Shakespeare throughout
 the book supports the
 ignorance of the past
 and history by the World
 State. John constantly
 reads Shakespeare as an
 escape from World State
 and Lenina to gain
 knowledge.
                         Such as the
                                       Evil Villain,
                                                     Voldemort
                                                               .
               ain
          th em
       is
  rry
Ha o.
 h er

                                                              Archetype




  Archetypes are stereotype that are common in stories like the hero and villain.
                                                                   pure
                                            h etyp
                                                   e
                                                           o m his
                                     s arc           im fr
                             m ptres deviate h
                     t he Te n, and
           pres ents      ng Jo
                                h
         e              a
Len ina r tries to b
            e
 whe  n sh                                             Archetypes in
                                 Bernard is the scapegoat for the Savage’s bad
  path                           behavior         Brave New World
                      John re
                              pr
                     normal esents both t
                             society           h
                     novel.          , as we e outcast from
                                            ll as the
                                                      main h the
                                                            ero of t
                                                                     he
Allusion   A reference to a familiar
           person, event, or symbol,
           and possible work of
           literature or a piece of art.
           Common Allusions are
           Shakespeare, mythology,
           and the Bible.
§ Shakespeare: “When he is drunk
  asleep, or in his rage or in the
  incestuous pleasure of his bed.”
§ Mythology: “Down from the waist
  they are Centaurs, though women
  all above. But to the girdle do the
                                             Quotes from
  gods inherit.”                         Brave New World
§ Biblical: “I stood against a rock in
  the middle of the day, in summer,
  with my arms out, like Jesus on the
  Cross.”
                           Simile
Comparison of two dissimilar things
using the words “like” or “as.”

Example:
-Snow’s hair was as black as coal.
-The girl’s lips were as red as a rose.
-The cat’s eyes were like black marbles.
“The sexophones wailed like melodious cats under the moon” (76).




   “So they’re having children all the time-like dogs” (122).




   “Fanny’s kind, rather moon-like face” (40).
                                      Imaginative identification of two
Metaphor:                            different things with one another.

                                           • A laugh in the sea of
                                             sadness
                                           • He swam in the sea of
                                             diamonds
                                           • Love is a growing
                                             garland
                                           • http://www.buzzle.com
Jill Collins, Sarah Hill, Joanne Kunze       /articles/list-of-
                                             metaphors.html
§ “Hug me, honey, snuggly
  bunny…”(166).
§ “Pierced by every word that was
  spoken, the tight balloon of
  Bernard’s happy self-confidence
  was leaking from a thousand
                                        Examples from
  wounds” (175).                      Brave New World
§ “They’re (The Bokanovsky Groups)
  the gyroscope that stabilizes the
  rocket plane of state on its
  unswerving course” (222).
§ Trying to completely control all
Manipulation can lead to happiness of a
  negative elements of life takes away
society, but often at the expen
  the essence of being human.



                                                      Theme
                                               The author’s
                                               message in a
                                          piece of literature

				
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