Learning Review Game.pptx

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					Learning Review Game
Purchasing lottery tickets and
 being rewarded with money is
 being reinforced on what kind of
 schedule?
Variable-ratio
Dolphins in an aquarium will repeat
 behaviors, such as jumping and
 spinning, that prompt trainers to toss
 them a fish. What type of learning(as
 in a type of conditioning) are these
 dolphins demonstrating?
Operant conditioning
Albert Bandura’s Bobo doll
 experiment demonstrated
 what kind of learning?
Observational
The more often Matthew is
 scolded following a temper
 tantrum, the more frequently he
 loses his temper. In this case, the
 scolding is what kind of
 reinforcement or punishment for
 Matthew’s temper tantrums?
Positive reinforcement
What does the word
 “unconditioned” mean?
Unlearned
 An executive in a computer software
  firm works with his office door closed. At
  the same time every hour he opens the
  door to see what his employees are doing.
  The employees have learned to work
  especially hard during the five minutes
  before and while the door is open. Their
  work pattern is typical of responses that
  are reinforced on what kind of
  schedule?
Fixed-interval
In Pavlov’s experiments, the dog’s
 salivation triggered by the taste of
 food was which of the four
 elements of classical
 conditioning?
Unconditioned response
In Pavlov’s experiments, the dog’s
 salivation triggered by the sound
 of the tone was which of the four
 elements of classical
 conditioning?
Conditioned response
Researchers condition a flatworm to
 contract its body to a light by
 repeatedly pairing the light with
 electric shock. What is the stage in
 which the flatworm’s contraction
 response to light is established and
 gradually strengthened?
Acquisition
A teacher gives her students pop
 quizzes at unpredictable times
 throughout the year. Studying will
 be reinforced on what kind of
 schedule?
Variable-interval
After Pavlov had conditioned a
 dog to salivate to a tone, he
 repeatedly sounded the tone
 without presenting the food.
 What phenomenon would occur?
Extinction
Monica’s psychotherapist reminds her
 so much of her own father that she
 has many of the same mixed
 emotional reactions to him that she
 has to her own dad. Her reactions to
 her therapist best illustrate the
 importance of what classical
 conditioning phenomenon?
Generalization
To teach an animal to perform a
 complex sequence of behaviors,
 animal trainers are most likely to
 use a procedure known as what?
Shaping
In the book, Brave New World, infants
 develop a fear of books after books
 are repeatedly presented with a loud
 noise. In this fictional example, the
 loud noise is which of the four
 elements of classical conditioning?
Unconditioned stimulus
Because Mom always picked up her
 newborn when she cried, her
 daughter is now a crybaby. Picking
 up the baby was what kind of
 reinforcement or punishment for
 crying?
Positive reinforcement
Escaping from an aversive
 stimulus is what kind of
 reinforcer?
Negative
If running reduces stress,
 running is what kind of
 reinforcer?
Negative
A fixed-ratio schedule of
 reinforcement is when a
 response is reinforced after
 what?
Specified number of
 responses
Asking for a raise is most likely to
 be reinforced on what kind of
 schedule?
Variable-ratio
In a variable-interval schedule of
 reinforcement, the response is
 reinforced after what?
An unpredictable period of time
 has passed
Taking away a driver’s license
 after drunk driving is intended to
 serve as what?
Negative punishment
Which do psychologists
 recommend in raising children:
 reinforcement or punishment?
Reinforcement
What is the desire to engage
 in an activity for the sake of its
 own enjoyment?
Internal/Intrinsic motivation
A teacher has improved student
 effectiveness by occasionally sending
 notes of appreciation to her hard-
 working students. The teacher has
 improved productivity through what
 kind of conditioning?
Operant
Coffee shops that reward
 customers with one free cup of
 coffee after every ten coffee
 purchases are using what kind of
 reinforcement schedule?
Fixed-ratio
The last time you came home after
 your curfew, your parents grounded
 you for the next two weekends. Ever
 since then, you’ve been careful to
 come home on time. What type of
 conditioning explains your behavior?
 Operant conditioning
 Give an example of a fixed-interval
  schedule.
 Monthly paycheck; weekly quiz
 On Monday, Johnny’s mom gave him
  cookies and milk after he had played
  quietly for 10 minutes. On Tuesday, she
  required 20 minutes of quiet play before
  treat time, and on Wednesday, the
  cookies were given only after a full hour
  of quiet play. Johnny was taught to play
  quietly for extended periods of time
  through what technique?
 Shaping
 What is the difference between
  reinforcement and punishment?
 Reinforcement increases behavior;
 punishment decreases behavior
What is the reappearance,
 after a time lapse, of an
 extinguished CR?
 Spontaneous recovery
 A stimulus that, when removed after a
  response, strengthens the response is a
  what?
 Negative reinforcer
 Jacqueline is attracted to her handsome
  boyfriend but not to her equally
  handsome brother. This illustrates which
  classical conditioning phenomenon?
 Discrimination
 A manuscript editor is paid $25 for every
  three pages she edits. The company is
  using what kind of reinforcement
  schedule?
 Fixed-ratio
 What researcher is most closely
  associated with classical conditioning?
 Ivan Pavlov
 Pets that learn that the sound of an
  electric can opener signals the arrival of
  their food illustrates what method of
  learning?
 Classical conditioning
 A student who loves to read and look up
  the meaning of words she does not
  know is promised a gold star for every
  time she learns a new word. The student
  displays what type of motivation?
 Intrinsic
 Give an example of a variable-ratio
  schedule
 Slot machine; fishing
 What is the difference between classical
  and operant conditioning?
 Classical = uncontrolled; operant =
  controlled

				
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