Clean Cities Strategies.pptx by pptfiles

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									Idle Reduction Overview
Contact Information




  Clean Cities / ‹#›
Clean Cities Strategies



 § Replace petroleum with alternative and
   renewable fuels




                                              ce


                                                         Re
 § Reduce petroleum use through fuel




                                              du



                                                            p
   efficiency measures, smarter driving




                                                           lac
                                            Re
   practices, and idle reduction




                                                               e
 § Eliminate petroleum use by promoting
   mass transit, trip elimination, and
   congestion mitigation                           Eliminate

 Clean Cities has saved more than 4.5
 billion gallons of petroleum since 1993.


Clean Cities / ‹#›
Clean Cities Coalitions




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: What Is Idling?

Idling is running a vehicle engine while the vehicle
isn’t moving. Vehicle operators idle for a number of
reasons—some better than others.




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: What Kinds of Vehicles Idle?

Light duty
• Passenger vehicles, including taxis,
   police cruisers, and some light
   trucks


Medium duty
• Utility vehicles, delivery trucks,
  shuttle buses, ambulances


Heavy duty
• Long-haul trucks, tour buses,
  school buses
                                         All vehicle types may idle, but not necessarily
                                         for the same reasons.

Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Why Do Drivers Idle?


• Habit
• Power
       – For onboard auxiliaries
         (e.g., lights, computers)
       – For work trucks (power
         take-off, or PTO)
       – For moving in creep
         mode




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Idling out of Habit


Or, “That’s what I was taught.”




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Idling for Power


Power for Auxiliaries

• For driver and passenger safety
  and comfort
• To provide power for warning lights
  and communications equipment
• To maintain proper temperature for
  sensitive equipment and goods




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Idling for Power, cont.


Power Take-Off (PTO)

•   Power take-off refers to a
    device that diverts power from
    a vehicle engine to power
    another device (e.g., hydraulic
    lift on a bucket truck).

•   PTO powers nonpropulsion
    functions on work trucks.




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Idling for Power, cont.


Other Workday Idling

•    “Creeping” in line

•    Some cases of waiting to load or
     unload goods or passengers,
     including:
      •     Delivery trucks
      •     Transit buses and motor
            coaches
      •     Shuttle buses
      •     Taxis




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: What’s Wrong with Idling?


• The cost of fuel (for which the vehicle owner
  gets 0 mpg)
      •    Idling wastes about 6 billion gallons of fuel per year; about half of that is
           from trucks idling overnight and during the workday

• Increased petroleum consumption and reliance
  on nonrenewable resources

• Engine wear
      •    Increased maintenance costs




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: What’s Wrong with Idling? cont.


• Air pollution
      • Harmful emissions,
        including greenhouse
        gases and those that
        cause smog
      • Potentially costly
        regulatory consequences


• Noise

• Idling is illegal in
  some states and
  municipalities



 Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Petroleum Use and Emissions

• In the U.S., idling consumes about 4% of oil imports and about 8% of
  truck fuel.
• More than 1 million long-haul trucks operate on U.S. roads, with nearly
  ¾ of these idling their engines overnight.
• Half of idling fuel losses are estimated to be from everyday
  (noncommercial) drivers.




    Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Idling May Be Against the Law




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Basics: Idling May Be Against the Law, cont.




                      cleancities.energy.gov/idlebase

Clean Cities / ‹#›
Benefits: Idle Reduction Is the
Low-Hanging Fruit of Fuel Economy

                                    Idle-reduction equipment
                                    pays for itself in 6 months to
                                    2 years (at 2013 fuel prices).
                                    This graph represents the
                                    payback time for a long-haul
                                    truck that idles an average of
                                    40 hours per week.




Clean Cities / ‹#›
Availability: Options for Heavy-Duty
Vehicles

On-Board Options
• Auxiliary power units (APUs)
• Automatic engine stop-start controls

• For heat (and/or engine warming)
  only
    • Fuel-fired heaters
    • Coolant heaters
    • Waste-heat recovery systems
    • Engine block heaters (to preheat
       engine only)

• For cooling only
    • Thermal storage cooling systems
    • Battery-electric air conditioners
    • Evaporative cooling systems

 Clean Cities / ‹#›
Availability: Options for Heavy-Duty
Vehicles, cont.



A Weighty Issue

Some idling solutions can
add a lot of weight to a
vehicle. Some, but not all,
states provide a weight
exemption for these devices.




Clean Cities / ‹#›
    Availability: Options for Heavy-Duty
    Vehicles, cont.
Off-board Options
(Electrification)
•     Single system
        – Hookup, via a window adaptor,
          provides heating, cooling,
          electrical outlets, and amenities
          such as TV (no on-board
          equipment required)
•     Dual system (shore power)
        – Power connection allows driver
          to plug in to power on-board
          equipment, such as heater, A/C,
          computer, and appliances such
          as microwaves




    Find TSE sites for heavy-duty trucks at
    www.afdc.energy.gov/afdc/locator/tse/

    Clean Cities / ‹#›
Availability: Options for Medium- and
Light-Duty Vehicles

Driver Education, Policy Implementation, Schedule Adjustments
• Vehicle/fleet telematics (to monitor driver behavior, including idling time) can
  support education and policy.

Devices and Technologies
• Idle limiters (engine shutdown timers)
• Automatic engine stop-start controls with battery-charge monitor
• Air and coolant heaters
      • Air heaters operate with a flame and blower
      • Coolant heaters circulate warmed coolant from the engine to the cabin; can
        provide heat for several hours
• Small fans (blow heat out of a hot vehicle)




                                                                     Photo courtesy of Energy Xtreme.
Clean Cities / ‹#›
Availability: Options for Medium- and
Light-Duty Vehicles (cont.)

Devices and Technologies
   (cont.)

• Hybrid Drivetrain
   • Solves “creep” idling
     problem

• Hybrid Auxiliary Power
   • Auxiliary battery/power cells

• Electrified Parking Spaces
   • Technology is emerging for
     some medium-duty vehicles
     such as ambulances


                                        Photo courtesy of Craufurd Manufacturing.


Clean Cities / ‹#›
Implementation: How Can We Implement—
and Afford—Idling Reduction?

• Bank loans

• National grants, loans, and rebates
       –    EPA’s Diesel Emissions Reduction Program (DERA)
       –    EPA SmartWay Finance Program
       –    Manufacturer rebates and loans
       –    Nonprofit organizations (e.g., Cascade Sierra Solutions)

• State grants and loans (including programs targeted to
  small businesses)
       – State Clean Diesel grant programs (EPA) and Congestion
         Mitigation and Air Quality (CMAQ [DOT]) grant programs
       – Some other state agencies and programs



Clean Cities / ‹#›
Implementation: How Can We Implement—
and Afford—Idling Reduction?

 Clean Cities can help with IdleBox




Clean Cities / ‹#›
For More Information




A free monthly, electronic newsletter that provides:
•     Information about current funding opportunities and recent awards
•     News about changes in ordinances, laws, regulations, and enforcement
•     Alerts about upcoming meetings, events, and other resources of interest
•     Links to idling cost calculators and other idling reduction resources


www.eere.energy.gov/vehiclesandfuels/resources/fcvt_national_idling.html




Clean Cities / ‹#›
For More Information

Alternative Fuels Data Center (AFDC)
Idling Reduction
    www.afdc.energy.gov/conserve/idle_
    reduction_basics.html

Clean Cities
   www.cleancities.energy.gov

Argonne National Laboratory’s
Idling Reduction Page
    www.transportation.anl.gov/engines/i
    dling.html

EPA SmartWay
  www.epa.gov/smartway/




Clean Cities / ‹#›
For More Information

Presenter’s Name
E-mail address
Phone number




Clean Cities / ‹#›

								
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