Zlatoust Zlatoust is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast_ Russia_ situated on

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Zlatoust Zlatoust is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast_ Russia_ situated on Powered By Docstoc
					                               Zlatoust                                                                   Zlatoust

        Zlatoust is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, situated on              Zlatoust is a city in Chelyabinsk Oblast, Russia, situated on
the Ay River (the Kama basin) 160 km west of Chelyabinsk. The              the Ay River (the Kama basin) 160 km west of Chelyabinsk. The
city's name is derived from the Russian translation of Chrysostom,         city's name is derived from the Russian translation of Chrysostom,
because it was founded near a church dedicated to that saint.              because it was founded near a church dedicated to that saint.
Population: 194,551 (2002 Census).                                         Population: 194,551 (2002 Census).
        Zlatoust was founded in 1754 due to construction of the                    Zlatoust was founded in 1754 due to construction of the
ironworks. In 1774–1776, the workers of the plant took part in the         ironworks. In 1774–1776, the workers of the plant took part in the
insurrection led by Yemelyan Pugachev. In the early 19th century,          insurrection led by Yemelyan Pugachev. In the early 19th century,
Pavel Anosov made the first Russian bulat steel blades in Zlatoust.        Pavel Anosov made the first Russian bulat steel blades in Zlatoust.
The town is also known for the first cannons made of Russian steel.        The town is also known for the first cannons made of Russian steel.
In 1903, the tsarist authorities brutally suppressed a strike, organized   In 1903, the tsarist authorities brutally suppressed a strike, organized
by the workers of Zlatoust.                                                by the workers of Zlatoust.
        In the beginning of the 19th century, an arms factory was                  In the beginning of the 19th century, an arms factory was
constructed there which began to produce sabres and swords.                constructed there which began to produce sabres and swords.
Famous artists Ivan Bushuyev and Ivan Boyarshinov left us unique           Famous artists Ivan Bushuyev and Ivan Boyarshinov left us unique
patterns of cold-steel decorated with engravings. Flying winged            patterns of cold-steel decorated with engravings. Flying winged
horse was a favorite element of many of Bushuyev's engravings, so          horse was a favorite element of many of Bushuyev's engravings, so
he was given a nickname Ivan the Wingy (Ivanko Krylatko). Since            he was given a nickname Ivan the Wingy (Ivanko Krylatko). Since
then, a flying winged horse was an emblem of the town.                     then, a flying winged horse was an emblem of the town.
        The Soviets gained control over Zlatoust in March of 1918.                 The Soviets gained control over Zlatoust in March of 1918.
The town was occupied by the Whites between June of 1918 and               The town was occupied by the Whites between June of 1918 and
July of 1919. On July 13, 1919, Zlatoust was seized by the Red             July of 1919. On July 13, 1919, Zlatoust was seized by the Red
Army.                                                                      Army.
        During the Soviet period, Zlatoust became an industrial city,              During the Soviet period, Zlatoust became an industrial city,
which specialized in metallurgy, mechanical engineering, tool-             which specialized in metallurgy, mechanical engineering, tool-
making, food production, and other industries. Zlatoust is one of the      making, food production, and other industries. Zlatoust is one of the
centers of artistic engraving on metal in Russia. Traditionally, such      centers of artistic engraving on metal in Russia. Traditionally, such
engravings were done on weapons, such as knives and swords;                engravings were done on weapons, such as knives and swords;
however, during Soviet period the engraving was shifted onto               however, during Soviet period the engraving was shifted onto
decorative metal plates. Nowadays the weapon engraving is popular          decorative metal plates. Nowadays the weapon engraving is popular
again.                                                                     again.
        Traditionally, Zlatoust, like the rest of the Urals region, has            Traditionally, Zlatoust, like the rest of the Urals region, has
also been famous for its pelmeni.                                          also been famous for its pelmeni.

				
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