School District Budgets and Funding Sources Operational Capital Instructional Materials Transportation Federal funding Outside funding sources (State funding, (State funding) (State funding) (State funding) temporary federal Principally funded through: Principally funded through: Principally funded through: Principally funded through: Principally funded through: assistance) • Voter-approved bond • State instructional • State school transportation • Federal government • Booster clubs Principally funded through: issues materials funds funds • PTA’s / PTO’s • SB-9 mill levy for Pays for: • Grants • SEG - State Equalization maintenance and Pays for: Pays for: • Programs to support low- • Education Foundation Guarantee (funding technology • Approved textbooks • School buses, drivers, income and other at-risk • Sandoval County formula), temporarily • State matching funds for • Approved workbooks and staff, and other expenses students • Activity funds supplemented with federal school construction other supplements or related to transporting • Federal school meal • Business donations stimulus funds • Legislative appropriations materials used in lieu of students to and from programs • Parent fees and donations • (Rarely) other direct textbooks school • Certain special education legislative appropriations Pays for: • Instructional software • Does not include buses for services Pays for: Pays for: teaching and learning • New school construction extracurricular activities • Certain bilingual and ELL • Expenses and travel for and support for schools, • Major additions and and field trips services some extracurricular including renovations to existing • Certain federal No Child activities, field trips, etc. • Salaries buildings and campuses Left Behind mandates for • Some expenses for • Benefits • Real estate (land for schools in need of Research (science) EXPO, • Utilities schools) improvement fine arts, athletics, etc. • Property/liability insurance • Technology infrastructure • Specific programs/projects • Supplies and materials and hardware • Before- and after-school • Professional development • Furniture, fittings, and programs • Ongoing maintenance and equipment for new schools • Tutoring building operations • Activity buses • Some books/materials • Substitutes • Some professional • Some travel development and travel • Some athletics expenses • Some athletics expenses By law, money cannot be transferred from the instructional materials, transportation, and capital budgets to the operational budget in order to cover operational expenses such as salaries, utilities and insurance. However, expense overages in most funding sources can be covered by operational funds if there is extra operational money available. Federal and outside funds generally can be used only for those areas designated in federal regulation or by the provider of the outside funding.
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