Library Research and Citing Sources - Amazon Web Services

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					LIBRARY RESEARCH & CITING
SOURCES
Christine Drew, Joanne Beller, Lynne Riley
Research Guide for this class:
http://libguides.wpi.edu/esl
WHY CITE & TOOLS THAT CAN HELP -
LYNNE
CITATIONS – WHY CITE
SOURCES?
 Shows amount of research you've done
 Strengthens and supports your own ideas
 Differentiates your original ideas and work
                                      Your own
  from others                          ideas &
                                      thoughts
 Allows reader to trace ideas and quotes back
  to original source for follow up
 Protects your reputation
 Consistency
TOOLS FOR CREATING
CITATIONS
•   MS Word 2007
    On the References tab, in the
    Citations & Bibliography
    group, click the arrow next to
    Style

    Be aware: Word doesn’t have
    MLA 2009 format at this time.
FREE TOOL FOR MLA:
EASYBIB
Free web site to try: EasyBib.com
TOOLS FOR MANAGING
CITATIONS

For large research projects:

 Use RefWorks & EndNote
 Web to create a personal
 database of your references, share
 with team, integrates with MS
 Word also to output citations in
 your paper.

  Use these tools, but you still need to know how
           the citations are formatted.
MLA MODERN LANGUAGE
ASSOCIATION
Many styles based on disciplines: APA,
 Chicago, MLA

2 Parts to MLA 7th edition (2009):
   Work Cited section at end of paper
   Parenthetical or in-text citations which
    refer readers to Work Cited
   See sample paper
SAMPLE PAPER ACTIVITY -
CHRISTINE
“SAMPLE PAPER” REVIEW
QUESTIONS
    Find first citation, how does it connect
     with the Works Cited?
    What components are in the in-text (also
     called parenthetical reference)?
    How is the Work Cited arranged?
    What if there’s no author for a reference?
HOW TO CITE - JOANNE
WHAT TO CITE
Which of the following needs a reference?

 There are around 170,000 people living in
  Worcester, MA
 28% of people 25 years and over living
  Worcester, MA have a college degree
CITING WEB SITES
The second one:

 28%of people 25 years and over living
 Worcester, MA have a college degree



 United States. Census Bureau. “American Community Survey,
     2005-2007.” American Factfinder. Web. 28 July 2009.
COMMON KNOWLEDGE TEST
 Does your average reader/audience know this
  information?
 Did you know this before you began your
  research?

    If in doubt, add a citation.
DISSECTING THE CITATION

Title   Author




                             Page length
 Journal Title   Volume
                     Issue



                                           Associated Free Press. “Fluorescent Fish.” 24 Nov.
                                           2004. Web. 28 July 2009.
ONLINE JOURNAL & NEWSPAPER
ARTICLES

     Sample MLA format:

     Author(s). "Title of Article." Title of Source Volume.
        Issue Day Month Year: page. Format. Date of
        access. <URL if needed or instructor wants you
     to include>.

     Example:

     Gorman, James. "Does Mercury Matter? Experts
       Debate the Big Fish Question." New York Times
       29 July 2003. Web. 28 July 2009. <
       http://www.nytimes.com/2003/07/29/health/does-
       mercury-matter-experts-debate-the-big-fish-
       question.html>.
YOUR TURN: CITATION TEAM
MACHINE

      Each team member will receive
      a part of a citation. Get your
      team in order of an MLA citation
      use the sample paper for hints
CITING A BOOK
Author(s). Title of Book. Place of Publication:
    Publisher, Year of Publication. Print.




                                       The Library Catalog
                                       record has all the 
                                       information you need 
                                       to cite a book.
BOOK CITATION EXAMPLE
Zimmer, Marc. Glowing Genes: A Revolution in
  Biotechnology. Amherst, NY: Prometheus
  Books, 2005. Print.
CITING WEB SITES
Give as many of the following elements as
 apply and as are available:
     name of the author or corporate author (if
      known)
     title of the site in italics
     names of any editors
     date of publication or last update
     name of any sponsoring organization
     date of access
     URL if your instructor’s wants this
WEB CITATIONS

 Entire Web Site

 Author(s). Name of Page. Date of Posting/Revision.
  Name of institution/organization affiliated with the site.
  Date of Access. <electronic address>.

Part of Web Site

Author(s)."Article Title." Name of Web Site. Date of
 posting/revision. Name of institution/organization
 affiliated with site. Web. Date of access.
WEB NEWS CITATION
EXAMPLE
Caplan, Arthur. “A Dark Side of Glowing Fish?
 More Oversight in Genetic Engineering
 Needed.” msnbc. 12 Jan. 2004. Web. 28 July
 2009.
CREATING CITATION WITHIN YOUR
PAPER
   Christine
 CITING WITHIN YOUR PAPER
 In-text citations: combine signal phrases and
  parenthetical references
 Good examples:
     Everyday Writer
     Diane Hacker’s site


    In testing cans of tuna fish, researchers “found mercury
      levels averaging 0.5 parts per million, significantly
      higher than F.D.A. data” (Gorman).

    No author? Use abbreviated title.
SAMPLE SIGNAL PHRASES
                                      Numbers 
 As Joe Smith says, … (12).          represent page(s). 
 ….as demonstrated by Rider (202). No need to cite 
                                      last name if you 
 …according to Carter (22-23).       have within your 
                                      sentence. 
 As Kaplansky et al. assert… (2212).
 Cartwright indicates that… (88).
 Smith implies…
 Jeffrey Fox reports… (A1).
 Researchers at the Environmental
  Protection Agency found… (9)
IN-TEXT REFERENCE TO A
PARAPHRASE
Which is correct, 1st, 2nd, or both?
1. A green fluorescent protein from jellyfish has
    been found to successfully combine with genes
    of many different organisms (Manning 2).

2. According to a Bioscience article by Manning, a
    green fluorescent protein from jellyfish has
    been found to successfully combine with genes
    of many different organisms (2).
PARAPHRASE & CREATE A
PARENTHETICAL CITE

 (add your paraphrase and/or quotation here)




 Original quote: Yorktown Technologies has started selling a 
 limited number of genetically engineered aquarium fish that glow 
 in the dark. The company says these critters will be available 
 nationwide Jan. 5.

 Citation: 
 Caplan, Arthur. “A Dark Side of Glowing Fish? More Oversight in Genetic   
      Engineering Needed.” msnbc. 12 Jan. 2004. 28 July 2009. 
      <http://www.msnbc.msn.com/id/3759755/>.
HOW MUCH IS TOO MUCH?
 Use quoted material sparingly
 Use only to support what you have written in
  your own words
 More than 4 lines? Indent the entire section
                                                                   SHOULD
                                                                   YOU CITE
                                                                   IMAGES?
 “GloFish™ Fluorescent Fish.” 22 Aug. 2005. Yorktown Technologies. 28 July 2009
 <http://www.glofish.com/images/glofish_8_low_res.jpg>.




                                                                          Movies?
“Zebrafish Used in Cancer Study.” ITN News. 28 July 2009.
<http://www.blinkx.com/burl?v=7Fv2Zmc75iNN5MQcq9iVFA>
CITING IMAGES & VIDEOS - LYNNE
ADDITIONAL RESOURCES
If you are not sure how to cite something:
   Ask for help at Library or Writing Center
       libguides.wpi.edu/help
       www.wpi.edu/+writing

   Consult web sites:
       MLA 2009 Formatting and Style Guide (OWL at Purdue)
       MLA Citation Style Examples (Northern Michigan University)

   Ask for MLA Style books at Library Information Desk:
       MLA Handbook
       MLA Style Manual
WPI’S ACADEMIC HONESTY
POLICY
www.wpi.edu/about/policies/Judicial/sect5.html
Any act that interferes with the process of evaluation by
  misrepresentation of the relation between the work being
  evaluated (or the resulting evaluation) and the student’s
  actual state of knowledge is an act of academic dishonesty.
Plagiarism
  Examples:

       Misrepresenting the work of another as one’s own
       Inaccurately or inadequately citing sources including

        those from the Internet


Cite all sources to avoid plagiarism!
QUESTIONS?


             Ask Us!
             Chat: wpiref
             libguides.wpi.edu/help
             508-831-6700

				
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