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Ocean Currents and Meteorology - Canadian Geographic Education

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									OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                        QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL




               Ocean Currents and Meteorology
Lesson Overview
This activity helps Grades 6-8 students to understand how ocean currents affect
climate. Using statistics, they will compare Quebec and France which, although
situated at similar latitudes, have very different climates. Why? Quebec is
influenced by the Labrador current, while France is influenced by the Gulf
Stream.

Grade Level
Grades 5 and 6 (3rd cycle – elementary level), Grades 1 and 2 Secondary level
(1st cycle – secondary level)

Time Required
One period of approximately 90 minutes

Curriculum Connection
Domain of the Social Universe: Geography
   Competency 1: Read the organization of a territory
   Elements of the competency: Understand how humans impact on the
     territory. Establish relationships between various geographic scales. Use
     map-related terminology.
   Competency 3: Learn to become a citizen of the world
   Elements of the competency: Demonstrate the global character of a
     geographic reality.

Link to Canadian National Geographic Standards
Essential Element #1 (Grades 6-8): The World in Spatial Terms
    Distribution of major human and physical features at country and global
     scales
    Map types
Essential Element #2 (Grades 6-8): Places and Regions
    Physical and human characteristics of places and regions in Canada and
     the world
    Factors that influence people’s perception of places and regions

Essential Element #3 (Grades 6-8): Physical Systems
    Physical processes shape patterns in the physical environment
    Wind patterns and ocean currents
    Types of precipitation
    Implications of the hydrologic cycle

Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                         1
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                        QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL


      Causes and patterns of extreme natural events

Essential Element #6 (Grades 6-8): Environment and Society
    Impact of natural and technological hazards/disasters on the human and
     physical environment
    Limits and opportunities of the physical environment for human activities

Geographic Skill #1 (Grades 6-8): Asking Geographic Questions
   Plan how to answer geographic questions

Geographic Skill #2 (Grades 6-8): Acquiring geographic information
   Use maps to collect and/or compile geographic information

Geographic Skill #4 (Grades 6-8): Analyzing Geographic Information
   Interpret information obtained from maps
   Interpret information obtained from a variety of sources

Geographic Skill #1 (Grades 6-8): Answering Geographic Questions
   Develop and present combinations of geographic information to answer
     geographic questions

Curriculum Connection
      Learning outcome: Understand geographic relationships, using a map of
       the world
      Skills - Use geographic tools
              - Interpret different forms of representations
              - Interpret graphs
              - Use accurate geographic terms

Additional Resources, Materials and Equipment Required
    The Atlas of Canada: Map of Canada (The world)
    Useful websites to help students learn more about ocean currents
   http://www.heritage.nf.ca/environment/ocean.html
   http://www.cnes.fr/html/_98_3112_3147_3463_3464_.php
   http://www.wonderquest.com/GulfStream.htm
   and the following page of links:
   http://www.bigelow.org/vendeeglobe/Gulf%20Stream.htm




Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                        2
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
    OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                                             QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL




    Main Objective
    To explain how the ocean currents influence the physical environment (climate)
    in Quebec and in France.

    Learning Outcomes
    By the end of the lesson, students will be able to:
        Identify the ocean currents that affect Quebec and France
        Know the specific characteristics of each of the climates in the two regions
           studied

    The Lesson

                                    Teacher Activity                                   Student Activity
Introduction




                        Ask students to study the oceans on a map of the         Study the map.
                         world.                                                   Revise previous knowledge of
                        Invite students to tell what they know about              oceans.
                         oceans.                                                  Find a fellow student to work
                        Ask students to form groups of two.                       with.

                        Divide the teams into two working groups, with           Follow instructions.
Lesson Development




                         one group working on Activity Sheet A and the            With partner, read carefully the
                         other on Activity Sheet B.                                questions on the Activity Sheet.
                        Hand out the Activity Sheets and ask students to         Become aware of the important
                         complete the required tasks.                              differences between the Quebec
                        Allow some time to do the work. Then have                 climate and that of France,
                         students share what they have discovered about            despite the fact that both are
                         each of the regions studied.                              situated at similar latitudes.
                        List the characteristics of the Labrador current and     Verify if their knowledge on the
                         the Gulf Steam.                                           subject was correct, when
                                                                                   answering the last question.
Conclusion




                        Reformulate the initial question: “Do oceans and         Answer question, based on
                         their currents influence climate?”                        newly-acquired knowledge.




    Lesson Extension
    Invite students to find out more about ocean currents, Then, they could create a
    large poster in class on which to insert the information.



    Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                                              3
    Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                        QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL


Assessment of Student Learning
During the following period, hand students sheets showing non-identified climate
graphs. Ask students to identify the climate graph of Quebec City and that of
Paris and to justify their answers. Then, ask students to name the two ocean
currents studied and to describe the characteristics of each one.




Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                      4
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                                    QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL




                       Student Activity Sheet A
                                           Quebec
1. Using the map of Canada (the world), between which degrees of latitude is
   Quebec City situated?

   ______________________________________________________________
   _________________
2. Which oceans border the province of Quebec?

   ______________________________________________________________
   _________________
3. Based on the following climatic statistics for Quebec City, draw a climate
   graph.
      Quebec          J      F       M      A      M        J       J      A       S       O          N    D
     AVERAGE
   TEMPERATURE      -12.8   -11.1   -4.6   3.3    11.2    16.5    19.2    17.9    12.5     6.2    -.07     9.1
        (OC)
     AVERAGE
   PRECIPITATION    89.8    70.6    90.3   81.2   106.1   114.2   127.8   116.7   125.5   101.7   102.0   104.4
       (mm)
  Source: Environment Canada
  Climate graph:




Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                                         5
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                        QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL




4. Study the climate graph and write a paragraph to describe the climate of
   Quebec City.

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________


5. What factors influence the Quebec climate?

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________


6. Write down what you know about the Labrador current (location, direction,
   hot/cold, etc.).

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________


7. Do oceans and ocean currents influence climate?

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________



Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                      6
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                                  QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL



                      Student Activity Sheet B:
                                          France
1. Using the map of Canada (the world), between which degrees of latitude is
   Paris situated?

  ______________________________________________________________


2. Which ocean borders France?

  ______________________________________________________________


3. Based on the following climatic statistics for Paris, draw a climate graph.
       Paris          J      F      M      A      M      J      J      A      S      O      N      D
     AVERAGE
   TEMPERATURE       4.1    5.2    7.8    10.6   14.3   17.4   17.4   19.2   19.2   12.7   7.7    5.0
       (OC))
     AVERAGE
   PRECIPITATION     55.0   45.4   52.2   44.5   62.0   53.2   58.3   46.0   52.9   54.9   57.0   55.1
       (mm)
  Source: Météo-France
  Climate graph:




Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                                   7
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society
OCEANS CURRENTS AND METEOROLOGY                        QUEBEC – MIDDLE SCHOOL




4. Study the climate graph and write a paragraph to describe the climate of
   Paris.

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________


5. What factors influence the Paris climate?

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________


6. Write down what you know about the Gulf Stream (location, direction,
   hot/cold, etc.).

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________


7. Do oceans and ocean currents influence climate?

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________

  ______________________________________________________________



Canadian Council for Geographic Education                                     8
Canadian Meteorological and Oceanographic Society

								
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