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Commercial Livestock Corrin Breeding Plant and Soil Science Computers in Agriculture Topic Slide n Beef n Dairy n Hog Beef Angus n Aberdeen-Angus is the original name of the breed as developed in Scotland, and the term is still in use as such in the United Kingdom. In the United States they are usually referred to simply as Angus or Black Angus. Limousin n Limousin cattle are a breed of beef cattle originally bred in the Limousin and Marche regions of France. They are recognizable by their distinctive golden-red coloring. Maine-Anjou n Maine-Anjou cattle is a cattle breed of the Anjou region in West France. The cattle are red and white (sometimes black or roan) and have horns. They are big animals (cows: 142 cm, 800 kg; bulls: 152 cm, 1,200 kg). Salers n The Salers is a breed of cattle which originated in Cantal in the Massif Central of France. They are a large breed of cattle, with the female weighing in at between 700 and 750 kg and standing 1.40 meters tall. They have a thick mahogany red or black coat, and long, lyre- shaped, light-colored horns. Gelbvieh n Gelbvieh (Ger. "Yellow cattle") is a dual- purpose, medium- frame cattle breed originating in Bavaria, Germany around the end of the 18th century. The breed is known as the "German Yellow" and "Einfarbiges gelbes Hohenvieh." Simmental n The Simmental or Simmenthal breed originated in western Switzerland. Simmentals are one of the oldest and most widely distributed breeds of cattle in the world today. Simmental bulls on average range from 2000- 2900 pounds at mature weight, while the females can range from 1200-1700 pounds Dairy Ayrshire n Ayrshires came to the United States from the County of Ayr in Scotland in 1822. Their color varies from light to deep cherry red, mahogany, brown, or a combination of these colors with white. Some are all white. They weigh 1,200 pounds when mature. Brown Swiss n Brown Swiss came to the United States from Switzerland in 1869. They are solid brown varying from very light to dark. They weigh 1,500 pounds when mature. Guernseys n Guernseys came to the United States from the Isle of Guernsey, an island in the English Channel off the coast of France in 1831. Their color is a shade of fawn with white markings. They weigh 1,150 pounds when mature. Their milk is a distinctive golden color. Holsteins n Holsteins came to the United States from Holland in 1621. They are black and white. They weigh 1,500 pounds when mature. They produce the most milk on average. Jerseys n Jerseys came to the United States from the Isle of Jersey, another of the islands in the English Channel. They are fawn in color and may have white markings. They weigh 900 pounds when mature. They are the smallest of the dairy breeds but produce milk with the highest protein and fat content. Milking Shorthorn n The Milking Shorthorn originated in Northeastern England and arrived in the United States in 1783. Milking Shorthorn cattle are red or white or any combination. A mature cow usually weighs about 1400 pounds.. Hogs American Landrace n The various strains of Landrace swine are the descendants of the famous Danish Landrace hogs that were developed in Denmark. The development of the breed began in about 1895. It resulted from crossing the Large White hog from England with the native swine. Large Black n The Large Black was developed from the black pigs of Devon and Cornwall and the European pigs found in East Anglia. The pigs of East Anglia were believed to have developed primarily from Chinese breeds brought into England in the late 1800's. Middle White n Middle White swine originated in the Yorkshire area at about the same time and from the same general stock as the Large White and Small White breeds. Mainly, it was a selection for the intermediate size that caused it to be classified as a separate breed.
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