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Chapter 4 Review


									Chapter 4 Review

The Islamic World

The Expansion of Muslim Rule

Guided Caliphs
four caliphs


to Muhammad Guided by Muslim principles Elected to their position

Umayyad Dynasty

many changes to Caliphate
down within the family, no longer elected


he way the caliph ruled Moved capital from Medina to Damascus Caliph ruled more like a king than religious ruler


Umayyad Dynasty


reached its greatest

Warfare Treaties Distinct


Islamic culture emerges

by other cultures

Abbasid Dynasty
forces overthrow Umayyad Abbasid family installed as new caliph New capital at Baghdad


of art, science, and learning

Abbasid Dynasty

blend the ruling class by



up government service to non-


and Egypt able to break away Unable to turn back the Turkish invasion

control of empire

Abbasid Dynasty

attack Baghdad


Abbasid caliph killed

Muslims’ Daily Life


God’s laws as revealed in the Qur’an and the Sunnah

difference between everyday life and religious life


The Sharia
law code Helps a Muslim live a good life Based on the Qur’an and Sunnah Judgments of religious scholars also made up the Sharia


elements that are the basis of the Sharia
Basic Rules Rules


important rules concern the Five Pillars of Islam

rules of conduct for resolving family issues for conducting business

Social Classes
Muslim is a brother to every other Muslim” Despite emphasis on equality there were social classes in the Islamic World

Social Classes
Top were Arabs Next was the non-Arabs

main classes

converted to Islam Third was Jews and Christians

who had

were slaves

of the book, believed in same God


Men and Women


Supported their family Represented their family Could have more than one Stayed home Could inherit 1/2 Religious

the share of men


knowledge is sacred in the teachings of Islam Stressed learning


to produce art, writing, and scholarship

Urban Centers

cities grew into prosperous urban centers

by strong economic foundations Importance of merchants and souk

Urban Economy
Economic Goods
Abundance of raw Interest in trade



Rugs from Persia Swords from Damascus Leather goods from Cordoba

came from many places

Role of Merchants
and merchants played key role in urban economy Merchants were respected Center of life for merchants was the souk

Trading Methods
Located between 3 continents Became an economic force Sea



traveled in two ways
to India


Small sailing ships called dhows Sailed south to Africa and East Camel


Trading Methods

banking practices to improve trade
of credit



ideas, and inventions spread along trade routes


in long distance trading

Islamic Achievements
Practiced at hospitals Pharmacies Brain and Cancer Surgery Carry a license


Medical encyclopedia Influenced later civilizations


Islamic Achievements

Sufis Ibn

in algebra, geometry, and trigonometry Khaldun wrote history of the world poetry

and History

Art and Architecture
Architecture Painting
The Dome Taj Mahal

of the Rock

important Islamic art


art that showed human or animal figures
idol worship

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