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Chapter 4 Review

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									Chapter 4 Review

The Islamic World

The Expansion of Muslim Rule
Rightly
Firsts

Guided Caliphs
four caliphs

Ties

to Muhammad Guided by Muslim principles Elected to their position

Umayyad Dynasty
Made
First

many changes to Caliphate
dynasty
down within the family, no longer elected

Changed

he way the caliph ruled Moved capital from Medina to Damascus Caliph ruled more like a king than religious ruler

Passed

Umayyad Dynasty
Capliphate

height

reached its greatest

Warfare Treaties Distinct

Influenced

Islamic culture emerges

by other cultures

Abbasid Dynasty
forces overthrow Umayyad Abbasid family installed as new caliph New capital at Baghdad
Center

Rebel

of art, science, and learning

Abbasid Dynasty
Helped
Opening

blend the ruling class by

Lost

Arabs

up government service to non-

Spain

and Egypt able to break away Unable to turn back the Turkish invasion

control of empire

Abbasid Dynasty
Mongols

attack Baghdad

Last

Abbasid caliph killed

Muslims’ Daily Life
Islamic
No

Following

God’s laws as revealed in the Qur’an and the Sunnah

difference between everyday life and religious life

Law

The Sharia
law code Helps a Muslim live a good life Based on the Qur’an and Sunnah Judgments of religious scholars also made up the Sharia
Islamic

Sharia
Three

elements that are the basis of the Sharia
Basic Rules Rules

Most

important rules concern the Five Pillars of Islam

rules of conduct for resolving family issues for conducting business

Social Classes
Muslim is a brother to every other Muslim” Despite emphasis on equality there were social classes in the Islamic World
“Every

Social Classes
Four
Top were Arabs Next was the non-Arabs

main classes

converted to Islam Third was Jews and Christians
Bottom
People

who had

were slaves

of the book, believed in same God

Men

Men and Women
wife

Women
Both

Supported their family Represented their family Could have more than one Stayed home Could inherit 1/2 Religious

the share of men

equality

Education
knowledge is sacred in the teachings of Islam Stressed learning
Able

All

to produce art, writing, and scholarship

Urban Centers
Muslim

cities grew into prosperous urban centers
Helped

by strong economic foundations Importance of merchants and souk

Urban Economy
Economic Goods
Abundance of raw Interest in trade

foundation

materials

Rugs from Persia Swords from Damascus Leather goods from Cordoba

came from many places

Role of Merchants
and merchants played key role in urban economy Merchants were respected Center of life for merchants was the souk
Traders

Trading Methods
Geographic
Located between 3 continents Became an economic force Sea

location

Traders

traveled in two ways
to India

Land

Small sailing ships called dhows Sailed south to Africa and East Camel

caravan

Trading Methods
Developed
Letter
Useful

banking practices to improve trade
of credit

Trade

Goods,

ideas, and inventions spread along trade routes

flourished

in long distance trading

Islamic Achievements
Medicine
Practiced at hospitals Pharmacies Brain and Cancer Surgery Carry a license

Ibn

Medical encyclopedia Influenced later civilizations

Sina

Islamic Achievements
Math
Advances

Geography
Literature
Sufis Ibn

in algebra, geometry, and trigonometry Khaldun wrote history of the world poetry

and History

Art and Architecture
Architecture Painting
The Dome Taj Mahal

of the Rock

important Islamic art

Discouraged
Considered

art that showed human or animal figures
idol worship


								
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